Cromwell Township, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania
Cromwell Township is a township in Huntingdon County, United States. The population was 1,510 at the 2010 census; the St. Mary's Covered Bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 50.8 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,632 people, 580 households, 436 families residing in the township; the population density was 32.1 people per square mile. There were 873 housing units at an average density of 17.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 99.14% White, 0.37% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.37% from two or more races. There were 580 households, out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.2% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.8% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.97. In the township the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, 21.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males. The median income for a household in the township was $36,629, the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $30,605 versus $18,125 for females; the per capita income for the township was $14,806. About 6.0% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 16.1% of those age 65 or over
Barree Township, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania
Barree Township is a township in Huntingdon County, United States. The population was 469 at the 2010 census; the Monroe Furnace and Christian Oyer Jr. House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 24.1 square miles, of which, 23.9 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 460 people, 178 households, 132 families residing in the township; the population density was 19.2 people per square mile. There were 247 housing units at an average density of 10.3/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 99.78% White, 0.22% from two or more races. There were 178 households, out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.2% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.04. In the township the population was spread out, with 25.2% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 114.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.6 males. The median income for a household in the township was $39,740, the median income for a family was $41,818. Males had a median income of $29,028 versus $26,786 for females; the per capita income for the township was $17,762. None of the families and 2.8% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 10.8% of those over 64
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Huntingdon is a borough in Huntingdon County, United States. It is located along the Juniata River 32 miles east of Altoona and 92 miles west of Harrisburg. With a population of 7,093 at the 2010 census, it is the largest population center near Raystown Lake, a winding, 28-mile-long flood-control reservoir managed by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers; the borough is located on the main line of the Norfolk Southern Railway, in an agricultural and outdoor recreational region with extensive forests and scattered deposits of ganister rock, fire clay, limestone. The region surrounding Huntingdon was dotted with iron furnaces and forges, consuming limestone, iron ore and wood throughout the 19th century. Dairy farms dominate the local agriculture; the town is a regular stop for the Amtrak passenger service which connects Harrisburg with Pittsburgh. Huntingdon is home to Juniata College, a private liberal arts college founded by members of the Church of the Brethren in 1876. In 1768, Rev. Dr. William Smith began selling lots on the Standing Stone Tract along the Juniata, land he had acquired.
The tract's two prior owners had not attempted to lay out a town, so Dr. Smith is considered the founder. Huntingdon sits at the site of corn fields, cultivated at a date now unknown, next to where Standing Stone Creek flows into the Juniata River; the 100th anniversary of its incorporation was marked by the erection of a "Standing Stone Monument" on Third Street, modeled on a tall, narrow shaft known to have existed before 1750, whose purpose is unclear but may have served as a trail marker. It may be significant. A story surfaced during the early 19th century that Smith had renamed Standing Stone Settlement to honor an Englishwoman, Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon. Smith's descendants vehemently denied the story, there exists no evidence to support it, despite a wide circulation in published sources. More the Anglican cleric named it after the town of the same name in England. In 1796, the little village was incorporated as a borough. Huntingdon long served as the junction of the Huntingdon and Broad Top Mountain Railroad with the Pennsylvania Railroad, as an important port on the Main Line of Public Works of the Pennsylvania Canal.
In past years, Huntingdon boasted of manufacturers of flour, heavy machinery, furniture, woolen goods, shoes, electronic components, finished lumber, fiberglass yarn and underground storage tanks. In the 19th century, J. C. Blair, a native of Shade Gap and a stationer and businessman, popularized the writing tablet and began marketing it nationwide, his factory in downtown Huntingdon was relocated to nearby Alexandria. The vicinity has been the subject of repeated flooding, in 1889, in 1936, again in 1972. More in 2004, Hurricane Ivan resulted in major flooding close to Huntingdon, the worst since the remnants of Hurricane Agnes stalled over the region in July 1972; the Huntingdon Borough Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986. From June 8 to 11, 2017, Huntingdon celebrated its 250th anniversary. Huntingdon is located north of the center of Huntingdon County at 40°29′43″N 78°0′47″W, on the northeast side of the Juniata River, an east-flowing major tributary of the Susquehanna River.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 3.7 square miles, of which 3.6 square miles are land and 0.1 square miles, or 2.50%, are water. The following municipalities are located in Huntingdon County, bordering on the borough: Smithfield Township to the south and west, across the Juniata River Henderson Township to the east Oneida Township to the north and east As of the census of 2010, there were 7,093 people, 2,674 households, 1,461 families residing in the borough; the population density was 2,026.6 people per square mile. There were 2,911 housing units at an average density of 831.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 94.61% White, 1.93% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 1.51% Asian, 0.31% from other races, 1.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.49% of the population. There were 2,674 households, out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.2% were married couples living together, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 45.4% were non-families.
38.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 15.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.82. In the borough the population was spread out, with 17.7% under the age of 18, 24.4% from 18 to 24, 19.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $35,057, the median income for a family was $54,621; the per capita income for the borough was $19,070. About 6.3% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over. In adjoining Smithfield Township (acros
Coalmont is a borough in Huntingdon County, United States. The population was 106 at the 2010 census. Coalmont is located near the southwestern border of Huntingdon County at 40°12′38″N 78°12′3″W, in the valley of Shoup Run, a tributary of the Raystown Branch Juniata River. Pennsylvania Route 913 passes through the center of the borough, leading east 2 miles to Dudley and west 4 miles to Saxton. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.1 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 128 people, 50 households, 37 families residing in the borough; the population density was 1,108.2 people per square mile. There were 55 housing units at an average density of 476.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 100.00% White. There were 50 households, out of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 2.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.0% were non-families.
26.0% of all households were made up of individuals, 18.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.08. In the borough the population was spread out, with 28.9% under the age of 18, 1.6% from 18 to 24, 36.7% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.8 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $38,750, the median income for a family was $52,917. Males had a median income of $30,625 versus $28,750 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $15,260. There were 5.1% of families and 7.6% of the population living below the poverty line, including 11.4% of under eighteens and none of those over 64
Rockhill or Rockhill Furnace is a borough in Huntingdon County, United States. The population was 371 at the 2010 census, down from 414 at the 2000 census, it is the site of the East Broad Top Railroad. Although the community was long known as "Rockhill Furnace", its name has always been "Rockhill". Rockhill is located in southern Huntingdon County at 40°14′35″N 77°54′2″W, it sits across from its neighbor, the borough of Orbisonia. It is bordered to the west by 920-foot-high Saddle Back Ridge. Pennsylvania Route 994 passes through Rockhill, ending to the north in Orbisonia at U. S. Route 522 and leading southwest 6 miles to Three Springs. According to the United States Census Bureau, Rockhill borough has a total area of 0.29 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 414 people, 173 households, 119 families residing in the borough; the population density was 1,323.8 people per square mile. There were 186 housing units at an average density of 594.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 99.28 % 0.72 % from other races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.42% of the population. There were 173 households, out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.90. In the borough the population was spread out, with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $27,639, the median income for a family was $36,250. Males had a median income of $31,125 versus $20,375 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $15,376. About 9.4% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.0% of those under age 18 and 21.3% of those age 65 or over.
The narrow-gauge East Broad Top Railroad was constructed through the community in 1873. Rockhill was selected as the location of the railroad's maintenance facility; the parent company Rockhill Iron and Coal located their dual-stack coke-fired iron furnace here. Rockhill as it exists today was created by the coal company and the railroad as a support community for their infrastructure; the iron furnace shut down for the last time in 1907, the railroad became the primary employer. The EBT shut down in 1956, but a portion from Rockhill north to Shirleysburg was reactivated in 1960 as a tourist operation. In the late 2000s the track to the south was rehabilitated to PA 475 sufficiently for speeders to operate and give rides to the public; the Friends of the East Broad Top, Inc. have been working to provide rehabilitation to the facilities in Rockhill. Tours inside the East Broad Top shop complex are offered during the summer months. Rockhill Trolley Museum East Broad Top Railroad Friends of the East Broad Top, Inc