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Mors (automobile)

The Mors automobile factory was an early French car manufacturer. It was one of the first to take part in automobile racing, beginning in 1897, due to the belief of the company founder, Émile Mors, in racing's technical and promotional benefits. By the turn of the century, automobile racing had become a contest between Mors and Panhard et Levassor. Mors was one of the first automobiles to use the V engine configuration; the Mors 60 horsepower Grand Prix car was powered by a 10-litre V4 side valve engine, with magneto ignition and dry sump lubrication, which could reach 950 rpm. The car had a steel chassis and a four-speed transmission that drove the rear wheels via chain drive, rear-wheel brakes. In 1902, Mors added pneumatic shock absorbers to their cars, which represented a great leap forward given the quality of the roads and racetracks at the time. With this car, Henri Fournier was able to win the significant Paris-Berlin race, with the drive chain breaking afterwards. Mors ended racing in 1908.

Plans to return to auto racing were cancelled due to World War I. André Citroën restored the company's viability. In 1925, Citroën bought Mors outright and closed it down, using its factory for the production of his Citroën automobiles; the company produced a number of models which were sold in Europe and in the USA. In 1905 these ranged from 2.3 litres to the 8.1 litre 40/52 HP and by 1914 Minerva-built Knight sleeve valve engines replaced side-valve units in the larger cars. Post-1918 only sleeve valve engines were used. Citroën's chevron gears were used for the bevel drive rear axles from 1914 and a unique feature was the Mors patented clutch, which had a contracting band system which replaced the cone clutch used until 1903; the marque was resurrected when a few small electric cars were made during World War II by a subsidiary electrical company of Émile Mors. Central Automobile Company was the US importer of Mors automobiles in New York, New York in the early part of the 20th century; the 1904 Mors 18 HP was a touring car.

Equipped with a tonneau, it could seat 4 to 6 passengers and sold for a high US$8000. The vertically mounted water-cooled straight-4, situated at the front of the car, produced 18 HP. A 4-speed transmission was fitted; the pressed steel-framed car was quite modern, with a throttle control. The Mors 11 HP sold for US$5000; the St. Louis Car Company manufactured the American Mors. After manufacturing the St. Louis and Kobusch cars, the latter of which looked like a Mors, the St. Louis Car Company acquired an official license and plans from the Parisian factory to manufacture Mors cars in the U. S. After making the American Mors for three years, the company turned to the manufacture of a car of their own design, the Standard Six. Frank Leslie's Nick; the Beaulieu Encyclopedia of the Automobile. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2000. ISBN 1-57958-293-1 Kimes, Beverley Rae, & Clark Jr, Henry Austin. Standard Catalog of American cars: 1805-1942. Iola, WI: Krause, 1996. ISBN 0-87341-428-4

Ministry of Home Affairs (Bangladesh)

The Ministry of Home Affairs or Home Ministry is a ministry of the Government of Bangladesh. An interior ministry, it is responsible for the maintenance of internal security and domestic policy, it contains two divisions: Public Security Division Security Service Division The ministerial team at the MHA is headed by the Minister of Home Affairs, assigned to them to manage the ministers office and ministry. Minister — Mr. Asaduzzaman Khan, MP The Ministers are supported by a number of civilian and professional advisors; the Home Secretary is the senior civil servant at the MHA. His/Her role is to ensure the MHA operates as a department of the government. Home Secretary — Mostafa Kamal Uddin Bangladesh Police Border Guard BangladeshMatters relating to coordination by administrative, security, legal and economic agencies of the country for the management of international borders, creation of infrastructure like roads/fencing and floodlighting of borders, border areas development programme pilot project on Multi-purpose National Identity Card.

Bangladesh Coast GuardDealing with management of coastal borders. Bangladesh Ansar and VDPDealing with management assistance of law and order along with other enforcement agencies. Village Defence Party works for the village order along with socioeconomic development. Department of Narcotics ControlControls the Illegal trafficking and consumption of narcotic Drugs. Department of Immigration & Passport Department of Fire Service & Civil Defence Department of Prison

Peridot Mesa

The Peridot Mesa vent is a part of the San Carlos volcanic field located in San Carlos, Arizona, USA on the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation. The mesa is about 3 km in diameter and is capped by a basalt flow 3 to 6 meters thick that originated from a volcanic cone located in the Southwest corner of the mesa; the flow which surrounds this vent is of special interest to igneous petrologists due to several unique qualities including the high concentration of xenoliths. The formation of Peridot Mesa is still being studied and debated today, but several theories about the initial formation have come to be accepted among scientists; the initial eruption was an violent, high-energy pyroclastic flow. The presence of xenoliths which reach up to basketball size and beyond suggests that the magma had to have been traveling at high speeds to have been able to carry such heavy pieces up with it. Current studies are being done at Arizona State University to determine a timeline history for these xenoliths based on analysis of the reaction rims around olivine crystals.

The theory that a lava fountain created this unique flow is the most accepted theory. This is because the lava flow is "rootless" meaning that it begins outside of the tuff ring directly around the vent; this indicates that a lava fountain blasted lava away from its point of origin. The vent is best described as a diatreme, defined as a volcanic vent blasted through solid rock by exploding gases; the magma contained a large mass amount of water and carbon dioxide which are two volatile substances known to cause high-energy and violent eruptions. The amount of volatiles in magma is directly correlated to the amount of partial melting and energy of the volcanic eruption; the flow followed topography down a depression trending to the NE carrying numerous nodules of peridotite xenoliths, blasted out by vigorous fountaining. The volcanic neck of the vent is now collapsed, it is thought that the final stage of activity was marked by a cessation of fountaining, the remaining volumes of magma hardened to create a plug in the vent