click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Merryfield, Ilton

Merryfield is a historic estate in the parish of Ilton, near Ilminster in Somerset, England. It was the principal seat of the Wadham family, was called by Prince their "noble moated seat of Meryfeild"; the mansion house was demolished in 1618 by Sir John Wyndham, of Orchard Wyndham, a nephew and co-heir of Nicholas II Wadham, co-founder of Wadham College, the last in the senior male line of the Wadham family. It bears no relation to the present large 19th-century grade II listed mansion known as Merryfield House the vicarage south of St Peter's Church, Ilton. About 1 mile west-north-west of St Peter's Church, the parish church of Ilton, situated on agricultural land south of RAF Merryfield aerodrome and between the disused railway line and the disused Chard Canal, is a moated site, all that remains of the medieval fortified manor house of Merryfield, the seat of the ancient Wadham family; the Wadham family originated at the manor of Wadham in North Devon. Wadeham was a manor recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as held in-chief from King William the Conqueror by the Saxon thane Ulf, who had held it since before the Norman Conquest of 1066.

Such continuing holdings by Saxons after the Conquest are rare, Ulf in 1086 is still described as one of "The King's Thanes", so was serving the new Norman king satisfactorily. The Wadhams other Devon seat, in the South of the county, was Edge in the parish of Branscombe; the house was demolished in 1618. The rectangular moat remains and an area which may have been an associated fishpond for the supply of food to the household according to religious usage during Lent and on Fridays. In 1524 King Henry VIII granted a licence to empark to his courtier Sir Nicholas I Wadham, present at the Field of Cloth of Gold in 1520, for him to make a park of 200 acres of woodland and 40 acres of woodland; the deer park so created was situated to the east of the moated site. The last of the family in the senior male line was Nicholas II Wadham, who posthumously with his widow Dorothy Petre, founded Wadham College, Oxford in 1610. Monuments to the Wadham family survive in St Peter's Church, Ilton and on a grander scale in nearby St Mary's Church, Ilminster.

The three sisters of Nicholas Wadham were his heirs, one of whom was Florence Wadham, wife of Sir John Wyndham of Orchard Wyndham in Somerset, mother of Sir John Wyndham. The Wyndham family, which commonly used the first name "Wadham", inherited the estate of Merryfield and the "Wyndham Estate" is still today the largest employer in the village of Ilton; the last of the Pophams to hold the manor of Braydon, near Merryfield not, however, as a principal seat, was Sir Stephen Popham of Popham, five times MP for Hampshire. A junior branch of the Popham family was seated at Huntworth, Somerset, of which a prominent member was John Popham, Speaker of the House of Commons and Lord Chief Justice of England. Sir Stephen Popham died without male issue and his five daughters became his co-heiresses; the manor of Braydon, near Merryfield, went to his daughter Elizabeth Popham the wife of Sir John III Wadham. Sir John III Wadham, eldest son and heir of William Wadham of Edge, Branscombe in Devon, Sheriff of Devon in 1442, by his wife Margaret Chiselden, a daughter and co-heiress of John Chiselden of Holcombe Rogus in Devon.

He married a daughter and co-heiress of Sir Stephen Popham. From this marriage the Wadhams inherited land in Braydon, near Merryfield, which they made their principal seat, it is believed by Rogers that the small but finely sculpted surviving alabaster effigy of a lady in Ilton Church represents Elizabeth Popham, heiress of Merryfield. Sir John IV Wadham and heir, who married Elizabeth Stucley, a daughter of Sir Hugh Stucley of Trent, Sheriff of Devon in 1449. Sir Nicholas I Wadham and heir, who married four times. By his first wife Joan Hill, daughter of Robert Hill of Halfway and Houndstone, he had issue Lawrence Wadham, who died without progeny, John Wadham, his eventual heir. John V Wadham, 2nd son and eventual heir, chiefly remembered for having been the father of Nicholas Wadham, co-founder Wadham College and for the surviving mural monument to his wife in Branscombe Church on which appears his effigy and armorials, he married Joan Tregarthin, a daughter and co-heiress of John Tregarthin of Cornwall and widow of John Kelloway of Cullompton, Devon.

Nicholas II Wadham, eldest son and heir, co-founder with his wife Dorothy Petre of Wadham College, Oxford. He died without progeny. Florence Wadham, wife of Sir John Wyndham of Orchard Wyndham, Watchet and mother of Sir John Wyndham, ancestor of the Wyndham Earls of Egremont of Petworth House in Sussex. Sir John Wyndham, of Orchard Wyndham, who demolished Merryfield. According to Collinson:"When John Wyndham came to the estate, disliking the situation of the house, because it was surrounded with wood, he pulled it down, with the materials built a farm-house at a little distance, now called Woodhouse, an alms-house in the village of Ilton. There now remains no part of the ancient edifice, except an old wall on the east side; the seat was moted round, the buildings exhibited many striking indications of remote antiq

Noravan, Armavir

Noravan is a town in the Armavir Province of Armenia. It is home to the Noravan Agriculture Association. In 2012 the World Bank funded a road improvement in the area. In 2012, the Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan visited the area to see irrigation infrastructure works; the Irrigation System Rehabilitation Works are funded by the World Bank. There have been accusations that Noravan forest was sold by the regional administration to corrupt officials in a sham auction, without informing the people who rented the land; the buyers resold the land for a substantial profit. The local government for the town is the Noravan Municipality, the head of community for the municipality is Arthur Mikayelyan. Arthur Mikayelyan was awarded gold medals for agricultural achievements by the minister of agriculture Sergo Karapetyan in 2014. Armavir Province Report of the results of the 2001 Armenian Census, Statistical Committee of Armenia Brady Kiesling, Rediscovering Armenia, p. 40.

Francis Douglas, Viscount Drumlanrig

Francis Archibald Douglas, Viscount Drumlanrig 1st Baron Kelhead in his own right, was a Scottish nobleman and Liberal politician. Born at 8 Chesterfield Street, London, Drumlanrig was the eldest son of John Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry, by his first wife Sibyl, daughter of Alfred Montgomery; as the heir apparent of the Marquess, he used the courtesy title Viscount Drumlanrig. He was educated at Harrow and at the Royal Military Academy and served as Lieutenant in the 2nd Battalion of the Coldstream Guards from 1887 to 1893. Lord Drumlanrig served as private secretary to the Liberal politician Lord Rosebery. Owing to Rosebery's patronage, on 22 June 1893 he was created Baron Kelhead, of Kelhead in the County of Dumfries, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom; this gave him his own seat in the House of Lords, unlike his father, whose titles were all in the Peerage of Scotland. In July 1893 he was appointed a Lord-in-waiting by Rosebery. Lord Queensberry had served in Parliament from 1872 to 1880 as a representative peer, but in 1880 he refused, as an atheist, to take the religious oath of allegiance to the Queen.

He was not allowed to take his seat and was never again chosen as a representative peer by the Scottish nobles. Drumlanrig's accession to Parliament as the 1st Baron Kelhead precipitated a bitter dispute between him and Queensberry, between Queensberry and Rosebery, who became Prime Minister in 1894. On 18 October 1894, sixteen months after his ennoblement, Drumlanrig died at Quantock Lodge, from injuries received during a shooting party; the inquest returned a verdict of "accidental death", but his death was rumoured to be suicide or murder. He was buried in the family burial ground at Dumfriesshire, he was unmarried and his younger brother Lord Percy Douglas became heir to his father's titles. It was speculated at the time, evidence suggests, that Drumlanrig may have had a homosexual relationship with Rosebery, it has been further suggested that Queensberry had threatened to expose the Prime Minister's supposed proclivities if his government did not vigorously prosecute Oscar Wilde for Wilde's relationship with Drumlanrig's younger brother, Lord Alfred Douglas.

Rosebery was, by most accounts married until the death of his wife in 1890, though gossip that Rosebery was homosexual or bisexual was widespread. Queensberry believed, as he put it in a letter, that "Snob Queers like Rosebery" had corrupted his sons, he held Rosebery indirectly responsible for Drumlanrig's death. Data on the Barony of Kelhead "Why was Wilde Persecuted?" from an article by A. J. H. Morris in the Queensland Bar News; the conjecture that Drumlanrig may have had a relationship with Rosebery is dramatised in Richard Woulfe "His Most Obedient Servant"

Peg Phillips

Peg Phillips was an American actress best known for playing storekeeper Ruth-Anne Miller on the television series Northern Exposure. Phillips was born Margaret Linton in Everett, Washington, to Myrtle Linton, she performed in dinner theater as a hobby. She was the wife of Daniel Greene, a Navy man stationed in the Territory of Hawaii when the attack on Pearl Harbor occurred, she was married to Chester Phillips in the 1950s, during which time she suffered a near-fatal bout of "polio and a serious abdominal infection". Both marriages ended in divorce, she had three daughters, Elizabeth and Virginia, a son, Arthur. She lived with Kathy and Arthur in Santa Cruz, California, in the early to mid-1960s, her oldest daughter, had left the household. She worked as an accountant at Sweet Service in Santa Cruz during that time, she was involved with local theatrical groups. After retiring from accounting, Phillips moved back to Washington to enroll in drama school at the University of Washington, but never completed her degree "because I started getting so much work."

She started acting professionally in her late 60s. Her first film performance was in the TV movie Chase in 1985. In 1990, she originated the role of Ruth-Anne Miller on Northern Exposure; the character had been intended to be intermittent, but appeared more until she became a regular. She was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series in 1993. After the fifth season of the show was wrapped up in 1995, she was undergoing heart surgery when an aortic aneurysm ruptured. Had she not been on the operating table, it would have been fatal. After Northern Exposure, Phillips played several guest roles on 7th Heaven, she played the dude ranch-owning godmother of Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen's characters in How the West Was Fun. Her last role was a guest spot on ER in 2000, she founded the Woodinville Repertory Theatre in 1998 and served as its artistic director in Woodinville, until her death. She died in 2002 from pulmonary disease in Seattle, aged 84. Like her Northern Exposure character, she was a smoker from an early age, having started at thirteen.

Her son Arthur died in 1970 and her second daughter, Kathy predeceased her. Peg Phillips on IMDb Woodinville Repertory Theatre began by Peg Phillips in 1998

Alexandr Shilov

Alexander Maxovich Shilov is a prominent Soviet and Russian portrait painter. Shilov was born in Moscow, between 1968 and 1973 studied at the Surikov Moscow Art Institute. In 1976 he became a member of the Union of Artists of the USSR. In 1985 he became People's Artist of the USSR. In 1992 one of the asteroids was named after him. In 1996 he donated to the Russian Government 365 portraits painted by him. Since 2001 he is a full member of Russian Academy of Arts In March 2014 he signed a letter in support of the position of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin on Russia's military intervention in Ukraine; the speciality of Alexander Shilov are ceremonial portraits painted from photographs without seeing his subjects. He painted more than 600 of them. Hailed in his youth as the great champion of Socialist Realism and patronized by Kremlin rulers, he painted portraits of all the leaders of the Soviet Union and Russia including Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov, Konstantin Chernenko, Mikhail Gorbachev, Boris Yeltsin, Vladimir Putin, most of Cosmonauts, etc.

He produced portraits of his daughter Mashenka, his mother and grandmother. Shilov's opponents insisted that his portraits are little more than the flattering photographs transferred onto canvas, but his proponents claim a unique realistic style directly inherited from Dmitry Levitzky and Orest Kiprensky. In 1997 one of the leading proponents, the Moscow mayor Yuriy Luzhkov, opened the Moscow State Art Gallery of People's Artist of the USSR Alexander Shilov, just several steps away from the Moscow Kremlin; the gallery is devoted to exhibitions of Shilov's work. Website of the Shillov Gallery Biography in Russian