Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial
The Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial is a museum and exhibition centre dedicated to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel at Moti Shahi Mahal, located in Shahibaug, Gujarat, near Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad. Moti Shahi Mahal was constructed by the Mughal emperor Shahjahan between 1618 and 1622, it is surrounded by a garden. The palace was built in 1622 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to give work to the poor during a season of scarcity; the Shahibaug gardens of the palace were in the seventeenth century famous, the resort of the whole city, one of its chief ornaments. A century and a half though the well was in ruins and the fountains and water-courses broken, the gardens could still boast of some noble cypresses, palms and cassias, with mango and other spreading fruit trees. Besides the gardens, there was, a little beyond, an older garden called the Andhari Badi, or dark garden, with large ruins; the palace, always kept in good repair, is thus described by Forbes in 1781: The saloon is spacious and lofty as the building.
The angular recesses lead to eight small octagon rooms, four below and as many above with separate stairs to each. They are finished in the same style as the saloon, the walls like alabaster and the ceiling embossed; the flat roof commands a wide view. At a little distance from the royal mansion, on the bank of the Sabarmati river, with separate gardens and fountains, was the zanana or ladies' palace. In 1638 the Shahi Baug was large, shut in by a great wall with ditches full of water, a beautiful house, rich rooms. In 1666 Thevenot found the King's garden full of all kinds of trees; the road lay through an avenue like those in Paris. The garden was large or rather there were several gardens rising like an amphitheatre. There were four wonderful walks fringed, on either side right across the garden, by a terrace full of flowers and meeting in the form of a cross, where was a great building with a roof covered with green tiles; the palace was controlled by the British Raj when the Ahmedabad Cantonment was established in the mid-nineteenth century, used for government purposes.
To the original centre saloon, two large wings and several rooms and terraces were, about 1835, added by Mr. Williams, of the Civil Service; the apartments for the officers and attendants of the court were still further detached. In the great flood of 1875 the strong stone wall, which prevents the river from passing south towards the city, was damaged, sand was washed over it covering and destroying the garden beds. Following Indian independence, this palace was the Raj Bhavan - an official residence of the Governor of Gujarat, from 1960 to 1978, it was endowed by the Government of Gujarat in 1975, upon the centennial birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, to establish a memorial to honour him. The memorial was founded on 7 March 1980. Moti Shahi Mahal is an example of Mughal architecture. According to historian James Douglas, it inspired Shahjahan to build the Taj Mahal later. Four pillars mark one floor and the central hall of the palace; the Vallabhbhai Patel memorial is located on the ground floor, covering the central hall and four adjacent rooms.
The central hall is filled with portraits of Patel, his family and colleagues in the Indian freedom struggle. They are in chronological order and with biographical descriptions of periods of his life, quotes by his colleagues and admirers. Two of the four adjacent rooms house relics of Patel's life, his personal possessions as well as displayed accounts and political cartoons from newspapers of the time. One room is devoted to a particular phase of Patel's work - his comradeship with Mohandas Gandhi in the 1930s, his youth and legal career, his work as India's home minister in integrating princely states into India. In a room to the right of the main entrance into the palace, is where Patel's personal effects are on display; these include his khadi kurta and dhoti, his shoes and European-style clothes from his younger days. On display is a flag of India as created by the Indian National Congress in 1930-31. In a room connected through the Sardar Sarovar hall, the life and work of Mahatma Gandhi are on display.
These include portraits, quotes, busts and books. Gandhi's close partnership and personal friendship with Patel is an important and recurrent theme throughout the memorial. Rabindranath Tagore, Bengali poet and philosopher stayed in the palace in 1878, when he was seventeen years old, he wrote The Hungry Stones and his first song here. On the first floor in the right wing of the palace, is the room where Rabindranath Tagore lived during his time at the palace, it is dedicated to his memory, it is accessed by a pathway into the right column. There are numerous portraits and information on display, the main room consists of a large statue of Tagore, including paintings to preserve his memory and contributions. A major room and sub-hall on the ground floor is devoted to the Sardar Sarovar Project - a major dam and hydroelectric power plants project on the Narmada River valley, covering the states of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh; the room contains pictures, books and other information on the project - from its inception, technical details and present functioning.
In 2012 the Government of India provided funding of the structure, however subsequently the Gujarat High Court order
Mehrangarh or Mehran Fort, located in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, is one of the largest forts in India. Built in around 1459 by Rao Jodha, the fort is situated 410 feet above the city and is enclosed by imposing thick walls. Inside its boundaries there are several palaces known for their intricate carvings and expansive courtyards. A winding road leads to and from the city below; the imprints of the impact of cannonballs fired by attacking armies of Jaipur can still be seen on the second gate. To the left of the fort is the chhatri of Kirat Singh Soda, a soldier who fell on the spot defending the Mehrangarh fort. There are seven gates, which include Jayapol, built by Maharaja Man Singh to commemorate his victories over Jaipur and Bikaner armies. Fattehpol (also meaning'victory' which includes the Maharaja Ajit Singhji defeated Mughals; the palm imprints. The museum in the Mehrangarh fort is one of the most well-stocked museums in Rajasthan. In one section of the fort museum there is a selection of old royal palanquins, including the elaborate domed gilt Mahadol palanquin, won in a battle from the Governor of Gujarat in 1730.
The museum exhibits the heritage of the Rathores in arms, costumes and decorated period. Rao Jodha, the chief of the Rathore clan, is credited with the origin of Jodhpur in India, he founded Jodhpur in 1459. He became the fifteenth Rathore ruler. One year after his accession to the throne, Jodha decided to move his capital to the safer location of Jodhpur, as the one thousand years old Mandore fort was no longer considered to provide sufficient security. With the trusted aid of Rao Nara, the Mewar forces were subdued at Mandore. With that, Rao Jodha gave Rao Nara the title of Diwan. With the help of Rao Nara, the foundation of the fort was decided on 12 May 1459 by Jodha on a rocky hill 9 kilometres to the south of Mandore; this hill was known as the mountain of birds. According to legend to build the fort he had to displace the hill's sole human occupant, a hermit called Cheeria Nathji, the lord of birds. Cheeria Nathji was a man with hence influential in the region; when requested to move he refused categorically.
This happened many times. Rao Jodha took extreme measures and sought help from another more powerful saint, the female warrior sage of Charan caste Shri Karni Mata of Deshnok. On request of the king she asked Cheeria Nathji to quit immediately. Seeing a superior power he left at once but cursed Rao Jodha with words "Jodha! May your citadel suffer a scarcity of water!". Rao Jodha managed to appease the hermit by building a temple in the fort. Seeing the influence of Karni Mata Rao Jodha invited her to lay down the foundation stone of the Mehrangarh Fort and the same was carried out by her. Today only the forts of Bikaner and Jodhpur remain in the hands of Rathors, both had their foundation stone laid by Shri Karni Mata. All other Rajput forts of Rajasthan were abandoned for some or the other reasons by the respective clans. Only the Rathors of Jodhpur and Bikaner have their forts with them till date; this fact is attributed to Shri Karni Mata. Rao Jodha granted villages of Mathania and Chopasni to the two Charan warlords who were sent by him to request Shri Karni Mata to come to Jodhpur.
To ensure that the new site proved propitious. "Raja Ram Meghwal" was promised. To this day his descendants still live in Raj Bagh, "Raja Ram Meghwal's" Garden. Mehrangarh. Though the fortress was started in 1459 by Rao Jodha, founder of Jodhpur, most of the fort which stands today dates from the period of Jaswant Singh of Marwar; the fort is located at the centre of the city spreading over 5 kilometres on top of a high hill. Its walls, which are up to 36 metres high and 21 metres wide, protect some of the most beautiful and historic palaces in Rajasthan. Entry to the fort is gained though a series of seven gates; the most famous of the gates are: Jai Pol, built by Maharaja Man Singh in 1806 to celebrate his victory in a war with Jaipur and Bikaner. Fateh Pol, built to celebrate a victory over the Mughals in 1707. To the left are the handprints of the ranis who in 1843 immolated themselves on the funeral pyre of their husband, Maharaja Man Singh. Within the fort are several brilliantly crafted and decorated palaces.
These include, Phool Mahal, Sheesha Mahal, Sileh Khana and Daulat Khana. The museum houses a collection of palanquins, royal cradles, musical instruments and furniture; the ramparts of the fort house preserved old cannon, provided a breath-taking view of the city. The howdahs were a kind of two-compartment wooden seat, which were fastened onto the elephant's back; the front compartment, with more leg space and a raised protective metal sheet, was meant
Faizabad is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, which forms a municipal corporation with Ayodhya. It is the headquarters of Faizabad Faizabad division. On 6 November 2018 the Chief Minister of UP, Yogi Adityanath, announced that the district will be renamed to Ayodhya and now it has been approved by the UP cabinet. Faizabad is situated on the banks of river Ghaghra about 130 km east of state capital Lucknow, it was the first capital of the Nawabs of Awadh and has monuments built by the Nawabs, like the Tomb of Bahu Begum, Gulab Bari. The earliest reference made to Ayodhya is said to be in the Ramayana, in which the city is referred to as Saket, the mythical private estate of King Dashrath father of Lord Ram but the other sources indicate that Saket, which means Heaven in Sanskrit, is the ancient name of holy city of Ayodhya not Faizabad. However, more the reference is found in Medieval and Modern history, when Nawab Saadat Ali Khan, Burhan-ul-Mulk was given the charge of the Subah of Awadh around 1722 by the Mughal Court.
Nawab Sa'adat Khan made the first settlements along the banks of Ghaghra with a cantonment consisting of a fortress and mud barracks. Due to these temporary dwellings, Faizabad was first known as'Bangla'. Avadh, a princely state of India, was established around 1722 AD with Faizabad as its capital and Saadat Ali Khan I as its first Nawab and progenitor of Nawabs of Awadh, he laid the foundation for his own palace at Saket on the outskirt of ancient city of Ayodhya, renamed that city to Faizabad, which became the capital of the new government. Due to his management policy state's income rose from Rs.7 to 20 million. Faizabad further developed as a township during the reign of Safdar Jang, the second nawab of Avadh, who made it his military headquarters while his successor Shuja-ud-daula made it full-fledged capital city, it was developed by Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula the third Nawab of Awadh into a full-fledged capital city, with gardens, markets and other infrastructure. He built a fort known as Chhota Calcutta, now in ruins.
He built it on the banks of Saryu after he lost the battle of Buxar in 1764. In 1765 he built the Chowk and Tirpaulia and subsequently laid out the Anguribagh and Motibagh to the south of it, Asafbagh and Bulandbagh to the west of the city. Under Shuja-ud-Daula's reign Faizabad achieved its culmination as an important centre of trade and commerce in northern India and attracted travellers, merchants and courtesans from all over Europe and Asia. During the reign of Shuja-Ud-Daula, Faizabad attained such a prosperity; the Nawabs graced Faizabad with several significant buildings, notable among them being the Gulab Bari, Moti Mahal and the tomb of Bahu Begum. Gulab Bari stands in a garden surrounded by approachable through two large gateways; these buildings are interesting for their assimilative architectural styles. Shuja-ud-daula's wife was the well known Bahu Begum, who married the Nawab in 1743 and continued to reside in Faizabad, her residence being the Moti-Mahal. Close by at Jawaharbagh lies her Maqbara, where she was buried after her death in 1816.
It is considered to be one of the finest buildings of its kind in Avadh, built at the cost of three lakh rupees by her chief advisor Darab Ali Khan. A fine view of the city is obtainable from top of the begum's tomb. Bahu Begum was a woman of great rank, bearing dignity. Most of the Muslim buildings of Faizabad are attributed to her. From the date of Bahu Begum's death in 1815 until the annexation of Avadh, the city of Faizabad fell into decay; the glory of Faizabad eclipsed with the shifting of capital from Faizabad to Lucknow by Nawab Asaf-ud-daula. Faizabad was a centre of one of many battles of the Mutiny of 1857. A detailed history of Faizabad can be read in'Tareekh-e-Farahbaksh', written by Munshi Mohd. Faiz Baksh, a courtier in the Shuja-ud-Daula's court; this book has been translated into English by Hamid Afaq Qureshi as'Memoirs of Faizabad'. Faizabad finds a prominent and detailed mention in'Guzishta Lakhnau' written by Maulvi Abdul Halim'Sharar'; the fourth nawab of Awadh, Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula, shifted the Capital of Avadh to Lucknow in 1775 after his terms with his mother became sour.
Ashfaqulla Khan was detained in the Faizabad jail, as a consequence of the Kakori conspiracy, a case filed against him. His brother, Riyasat Ulla Khan employed Kripa Shankar Hajela, a senior advocate to plead his case in court, but was unsuccessful. Death sentences were awarded to four defendants; the other sixteen defendants were sentenced to imprisonment from four years to life. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Faizabad in 2011 is 167,544; the sex ratio of Faizabad city is 920 per 1000 males. In education section, total literates in Faizabad city are 130,700 of which 70,243 are males while 60,457 are females. Average literacy rate of Faizabad city is 86.52 percent of which male and female literacy was 89.34 and 83.45 percent. Total children in Faizabad city are 16,479 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 8,658 boys. Child sex ratio of girls is 903 per 1000 boys. Summer temperatures can range from 35 to 45 degrees Celsius. Winters temperatures can range from 6 to 25 degrees Celsius.
Rains during monsoon season. Faizabad is situated on National Highway 28 and has good connectivity with Kanpur, Varana
Bharatpur is a city and a municipal corporation in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The city is situated 180 km south of India's capital, New Delhi, 178 km from Rajasthan's capital Jaipur, 55 km west of Agra of Uttar Pradesh and 38 km from Mathura of Uttar Pradesh, it is the administrative headquarters of Bharatpur District and the headquarters of Bharatpur Division of Rajasthan State. Bharatpur is part of National Capital Region of India; the city has an average elevation of 183 metres and is known as "Lohagarh" and the "Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan". As of 2011 Indian census, Bharatpur district had a population of 2,548,462 of which males are 1,355,726 and females are 1,192,736. Bharatpur has an average literacy rate of 82.13%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Source: Source: Pinangwan Keoladeo National Park Bharatpur1.com Imperial Gazetteer of India Vol 8, P-73 Bharatpur State R. C. Majumdar, H. C. Raychaudhury, Kalikaranjan Datta: An Advanced History of India, fourth edition, 1978, ISBN 0-333-90298-X, p. 535-36 Female infanticide and child marriage
Moti Mahal Delux
Moti Mahal Delux is a global chain of restaurants with over 150 franchises in India and around the world. After the partition of India in 1947, the first Moti Mahal in Delhi founded by Kundan Lal Jaggi, Kundan Lal Gujral and Thakur Dass was one of the first restaurants to introduce the Punjabi cuisine to the rest of the world and many famous dishes include tandoori chicken, butter chicken and dal makhani.'Moti Mahal' was founded by Kundan Lal Jaggi, Kundan Lal Gujral, Thakur Dass in Delhi in 1947, they worked at a small eatery called Moti Mahal, owned by a man named'Mokha Singh' in Peshawar, British India, from 1920's to 1947. Moti Mahal was the first to dig up a tandoor right in the middle of the eatery and since Peshawar was introduced to the culinary art of tandoori chicken by them; this was a success and soon there was in demand for Tandoori at social gatherings and wedding feasts where they would use an improvised tandoor. After the partition of India in 1947, they fled to Delhi with their family.
In Delhi, the 3 partners bought a thara in Daryaganj area considered a newer part of Old Delhi and they started Moti Mahal, Daryaganj Moti Mahal further went on to invent butter chicken and dal makhani. This brought about a revolution in a place on the International Gourmet Map, thus was born the Moti Mahal Restaurant, which contributed to putting India on the food map of the world. Indian leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Zakir Hussain among various foreign dignitaries like Richard Nixon, John F. Kennedy and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. have visited Moti Mahal to sample Moti Mahal’s innovations – its tandoori delicacies on various occasions. And M. Maulana Azad, the great Muslim leader told the Shah of Iran that while in India he must make two visits – to the Taj Mahal and Moti Mahal. In 1970`s Kundan Lal’s son Mr Nand Lal'Bila' Gujral, upon the exit of Thakur Dass from the partnership, expanded Moti Mahal Delux in south Delhi to establish Moti Mahal Delux Chain of Restaurants. Moti Mahal Delux -Tandoori Trail website Monish Gujral's website
Urdu —or, more Modern Standard Urdu—is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language. It is the official national lingua franca of Pakistan. In India, it is one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India, having official status in the six states of Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal, as well as the national capital territory of Delhi, it is a registered regional language of Nepal. Apart from specialized vocabulary, spoken Urdu is mutually intelligible with Standard Hindi, another recognized register of Hindustani; the Urdu variant of Hindustani received recognition and patronage under British rule when the British replaced the local official languages with English and Hindustani written in Nastaʿlīq script, as the official language in North and Northwestern India. Religious and political factors pushed for a distinction between Urdu and Hindi in India, leading to the Hindi–Urdu controversy. According to Nationalencyklopedin's 2010 estimates, Urdu is the 21st most spoken first language in the world, with 66 million speakers.
According to Ethnologue's 2017 estimates, along with standard Hindi and the languages of the Hindi belt, is the 3rd most spoken language in the world, with 329.1 million native speakers, 697.4 million total speakers. Urdu, like Hindi, is a form of Hindustani, it evolved from the medieval Apabhraṃśa register of the preceding Shauraseni language, a Middle Indo-Aryan language, the ancestor of other modern Indo-Aryan languages. Around 75% of Urdu words have their etymological roots in Sanskrit and Prakrit, 99% of Urdu verbs have their roots in Sanskrit and Prakrit; because Persian-speaking sultans ruled the Indian subcontinent for a number of years, Urdu was influenced by Persian and to a lesser extent, which have contributed to about 25% of Urdu's vocabulary. Although the word Urdu is derived from the Turkic word ordu or orda, from which English horde is derived, Turkic borrowings in Urdu are minimal and Urdu is not genetically related to the Turkic languages. Urdu words originating from Chagatai and Arabic were borrowed through Persian and hence are Persianized versions of the original words.
For instance, the Arabic ta' marbuta changes to te. Contrary to popular belief, Urdu did not borrow from the Turkish language, but from Chagatai, a Turkic language from Central Asia. Urdu and Turkish borrowed from Arabic and Persian, hence the similarity in pronunciation of many Urdu and Turkish words. Arabic influence in the region began with the late first-millennium Muslim conquests of the Indian subcontinent; the Persian language was introduced into the subcontinent a few centuries by various Persianized Central Asian Turkic and Afghan dynasties including that of Mahmud of Ghazni. The Turko-Afghan Delhi Sultanate established Persian as its official language, a policy continued by the Mughal Empire, which extended over most of northern South Asia from the 16th to 18th centuries and cemented Persian influence on the developing Hindustani; the name Urdu was first used by the poet Ghulam Hamadani Mushafi around 1780. From the 13th century until the end of the 18th century Urdu was known as Hindi.
The language was known by various other names such as Hindavi and Dehlavi. Hindustani in Persian script was used by Muslims and Hindus, but was current chiefly in Muslim-influenced society; the communal nature of the language lasted until it replaced Persian as the official language in 1837 and was made co-official, along with English. Hindustani was promoted in British India by British policies to counter the previous emphasis on Persian; this triggered a Hindu backlash in northwestern India, which argued that the language should be written in the native Devanagari script. This literary standard called "Hindi" replaced Urdu as the official language of Bihar in 1881, establishing a sectarian divide of "Urdu" for Muslims and "Hindi" for Hindus, a divide, formalized with the division of India and Pakistan after independence. There have been attempts to "purify" Urdu and Hindi, by purging Urdu of Sanskrit words, Hindi of Persian loanwords, new vocabulary draws from Persian and Arabic for Urdu and from Sanskrit for Hindi.
English has exerted a heavy influence on both as a co-official language. There are over 100 million native speakers of Urdu in India and Pakistan together: there were 52 million and 80.5 million Urdu speakers in India as per the 2001 and 2011 censuses respectively. However, a knowledge of Urdu allows one to speak with far more people than that, because Hindustani, of which Urdu is one variety, is the third most spoken language in the world, after Mandarin and English; because of the difficulty in distinguishing between Urdu and Hindi speakers in India and Pakistan, as well as estimating the number of people for whom Urdu is a second language, the estimated number of speakers is uncertain and controversial. Owing to interaction with other languages, Urdu has become localized wherever it is spoken, including in Pakistan. Urdu in Pakistan has undergone changes and has incorporated and borrowed many words from region
City Palace, Udaipur
City Palace, Udaipur, is a palace complex situated in the city of Udaipur, Rajasthan. It was built over a period of nearly 400 years, with contributions from several rulers of the Mewar dynasty, its construction began in 1553, started by Maharana Udai Singh II of the Sisodia Rajput family as he shifted his capital from the erstwhile Chittor to the new found city of Udaipur. The palace is located on the east bank of Lake Pichola and has several palaces built within its complex; the City Palace in Udaipur was built in a flamboyant style and is considered the largest of its type in the state of Rajasthan. It was built atop a hill, in a fusion of the Rajasthani and Mughal architectural styles, providing a panoramic view of the city and its surroundings. Overlooking Lake Pichola, several historic monuments like the Lake Palace, Jag Mandir, Jagdish Temple, Monsoon Palace, Neemach Mata temple, are all in the vicinity of the palace complex. Nestled within the Aravali mountain range, these landmarks are associated in popular culture with the filming of the 1983 James Bond movie Octopussy.
The City Palace was built concurrently with the establishment of the Udaipur city by Maharana Udai Singh II and his successor Maharanas over a period of the next 400 years. The Maharanas lived and administered their kingdom from this palace, thereby making the palace complex an important historic landmark; the Mewar kingdom was flourished in Nagda, established in 568 AD by Guhil, the first Maharana of Mewar. In the 8th century, the capital was moved to Chittor, a hill top fort from where the Sisodias and Choudharys ruled for 800 years. Maharana Uday Singh II inherited the Mewar kingdom at Chittor in 1537 but by that time there were signs of losing control of the fort in wars with the Mughals. Udai Singh II, chose the site near Lake Pichola for his new kingdom as the location was well protected on all sides by forests and the Aravalli hills, he had chosen this site for his new capital, much before the sacking of Chittor by Emperor Akbar, on the advice of a hermit he had met during one of his hunting expeditions.
The earliest royal structure he built here was the Royal courtyard or'Rai Angan', the beginning of the building of the City Palace complex. The court was built at the location. After Udai Singh’s death in 1572, his son Maharana Pratap took the reins of power at Udaipur. However, he was defeated by the Mughal emperor Akbar at the Battle of Haldighati in 1576 and Udaipur fell under the Mughal rule. After the death of Akbar, Mewar was given back to Maharana Pratap's son and successor Amar Singh I by Jahangir. However, the Mughal army sent many expeditions against the Mewar empire, culminating in a peace treaty between both rulers, but with the increasing Marathas attacks by 1761, Udaipur and the Mewar state were in dire straits and in ruins. By 1818, Maharana Bhim Singh signed a treaty with the British accepting their protection against the other empires. After the Indian independence in 1947, the Mewar Kingdom, along with other princely states of Rajasthan, merged with the democratic India, in 1949.
The Mewar Kings subsequently lost their special royal privileges and titles. The successive Maharanas, retained their ownership of the palaces in Udaipur and converted parts of the palace complex into heritage hotels; the series of palaces in the city palace complex, behind an exquisite facade of 244 metres length and 30.4 metres height, were built on a ridge on the east of lake Pichola. The complex is located in Udaipur city at 24.576°N 73.68°E / 24.576. They were built from 1559 onwards, by 22 generations of Sisodia Rajputs. Several Maharanas starting with Udai Singh II, have contributed to this edifice, which comprises an agglomeration of structures, including 11 small separate palaces; the unique aspect of this conglomeration is. The palace complex has been built in granite and marble; the interiors of the palace complex with its balconies and cupolas exhibit delicate mirror-work, marble-work, wall paintings, silver-work, inlay-work and leftover of colored glass. The complex provides a view of the Udaipur city from its upper terraces.
The palaces within the complex are interlinked through a number of chowks or quadrangles with zigzag corridors, planned in this fashion to avoid surprise attacks by enemies. Erected in the complex, after entering through the main Tripolia gate, are the Suraj Gokhda, the Mor-chowk, the Dilkhush Mahal, the Surya Chopar, the Sheesh Mahal, the Moti Mahal, the Krishna Vilas, Shambu Niwas, the Bhim Vilas, the Amar Vilas that faces the Badi Mahal, the Fateprakash Palace and the Shiv Niwas Palace; the complex is set with facilities of a post office, travel agency, numerous craft shops and an Indian boutique belonging to the World Wildlife Fund. The entire complex is the property of the Mewar royal family with various trusts maintaining the structures. Gateways Gateways, colloquially called Pols, are set to the east of Udaipur city. A number of such gateways provide access to the palace complex; the main entry from the city is through the'Badi Pol'. Badi Pol leads to the ‘Tripolia Pol', a triple arched gate built in 1725, which provides the northern entry.
The road between this gate an