The Motorola Rokr is a series of mobile phones from Motorola, part of a 4LTR line developed before the spin out of Motorola Mobility. Rokr models were released starting in September 2005 and continuing into 2009, they were notable for incorporating support of media player features. Launched on September 7, 2005 in San Francisco, the E1 is the first phone to be integrated with Apple's iTunes music player, the next phone being the first iPhone in 2007; the phone had been expected, with technology sites reporting on collaborations between Motorola and Apple as far back as December 2004. The Rokr E1 is a re-badged Motorola E398 candybar style phone with Apple-licensed technology to play back iTunes Music Store purchased music, it features a music player with an interface similar to that of Apple's iPod music players. Since hardware on Motorola E398 and Rokr E1 phones are the same, it is possible to crossflash Motorola Rokr E1's firmware to Motorola E398 using phone flashing software like flash & backup.
While the phone equipped an upgradeable 512 MB microSD memory card, its firmware allowed only up to 100 songs to be loaded at any time. The limit hurt the Rokr's appeal. Many users discovered that transferring music to the phone was slow compared to dedicated players, due to lack of support for Hi-Speed USB, the E1 lacked wireless transfer; the Rokr was criticized for being too much like the preceding E398. As a result, the Rokr E1 sold below expectations despite a high-profile marketing campaign; because of the iPod nano unveiling on the same day, relations between Motorola and Apple were strained and Motorola CEO Ed Zander accused Apple of purposely undercutting the Rokr. The Rokr E1 was replaced by the E2, which lacked iTunes support and was superseded by the iTunes-enabled SLVR L7; the E2 was released in January 2006. Instead of iTunes, the phone came supporting a larger variety of formats, it featured a music control panel on the left side of the phone. Users can listen to stereo FM radio with Motorola Rokr E2.
By using iRadio, FM radio programs can be downloaded into the phone through internet, letting users listen to the radio at any time. The first public release occurred on June 2006 in China. Talk time: up to 9 hours Standby time: up to 8 days Multimedia playback: MP3, AMR, MID, MIDI, SMF, MMF, XMF, IMY, WAV, RA, WMA, AAC, AWB, MPGA, M4A, 3GA, RM, RMVB, 3GP, MP4 by RealPlayer Audio connector: 3.5 mm headset jack Java support: MIDP 2.0, CLDC 1.1, HEAP 2mb Browser: Opera 8.50 with e-mail support Local connectivity:As a Linux-based phone, the open source community developed numerous modifications to the phone's software, such as quad band, EDGE, support for a 4 GB SD card. Some have overclocked the processor; the E6 was released in China on November 14, 2006, subsequently worldwide on December 4, 2006. The Rokr E6 is a direct descendant of the E680 and the MING, sharing the same Montavista Linux operating system, Intel XScale PXA270 series processors, the RealPlayer media player instead of the iTunes player installed on the first Rokr phone.
The E6 features a built-in FM radio. It inherited the 2-megapixel camera with manual macro-switching and business card recognition from MING, enhanced with QR Code recognition functions. Additionally, the phone features a 3.5 mm headphone jack, allowing use of a standard-sized headphone plug. It comes installed with Picsel Viewer with the ability to read Microsoft Office and PDF file formats; the phone is part of Motorola's line of phones running Linux, this one using a modified 2.4.20 kernel. This has upset some; the software is an updated version of MING, with a different file system. Most of the apps that work on the MING work on the E6; the phone only runs on tri-band GSM networks, though some have found an exploit to get it to run on Quad Band networks and over Edge. The radio channel frequency can be modified beyond 88 MHz to 65 MHz, the preset number of channels can be modified; the Z6 known as the Rizr Z6, was released on July 7, 2007. The Z6 features Motorola's new version of the embedded Linux-based operating system, MOTOMAGX.
It supports stereo Bluetooth technology and features a 2-megapixel digital camera. The Z6 supports synchronisation with Windows Media Player 11, allowing playlists and audio to be transferred to the phone's internal memory, which can in turn be transferred onto a compatible microSD memory card; the phone does not support HSDPA, relying on EDGE for data. The Z6 supports the following audio formats: Windows WMAv10 plus Janus DRM MP3 AAC AAC+ AAC+ enhanced AMR NB WAV XMF The Z6 supports the following video formats: 3GP 3G2 MP4 RealVideo xvid The Z6m is the CDMA version of the Rokr Z6; the Rokr Z6m comes with an integrated music player, 3.5 mm headset jack, stereo Bluetooth, a 512 MB MicroSD card in its respective slot, a key lock switch, a 2-megapixel digital camera. The phone supports up to 2 GB of removable storage. Unlike the Z6, the Z6m does not run MotoMAGX, a version of Linux, but instead runs the Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless operating system known as BREW. U. S. Cellular was the first carrier to release the Rokr Z6m on October 14, 2007 alongside their Napster-to-Go service's launch.
When connected to a computer via USB and the connection type is set to "Modem/COM", the phone acts like a USB serial peripheral, allowing Motorola Phone AT Commands to be sent. In this mode, sending "AT+MODE=8" will put the phone into a different state, in which it no longer accepts AT commands but its P2K05 functionality is accessible. The
The Motorola 4LTR line refers to series of mobile phones from Motorola which have four-letter names, hence the name "4LTR."
Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data between fixed and mobile devices over short distances using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the industrial and medical radio bands, from 2.400 to 2.485 GHz, building personal area networks. It was conceived as a wireless alternative to RS-232 data cables. Bluetooth is managed by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group, which has more than 30,000 member companies in the areas of telecommunication, computing and consumer electronics; the IEEE standardized no longer maintains the standard. The Bluetooth SIG oversees development of the specification, manages the qualification program, protects the trademarks. A manufacturer must meet Bluetooth SIG standards to market it as a Bluetooth device. A network of patents apply to the technology; the development of the "short-link" radio technology named Bluetooth, was initiated in 1989 by Nils Rydbeck, CTO at Ericsson Mobile in Lund, Sweden and by Johan Ullman. The purpose was to develop wireless headsets, according to two inventions by Johan Ullman, SE 8902098-6, issued 1989-06-12 and SE 9202239, issued 1992-07-24.
Nils Rydbeck tasked Tord Wingren with specifying and Jaap Haartsen and Sven Mattisson with developing. Both were working for Ericsson in Lund. Invented by Dutch electrical engineer Jaap Haartsen, working for telecommunications company Ericsson in 1994; the first consumer bluetooth launched in 1999. It was a hand free mobile headset which earned the technology the"Best of show Technology Award" at COMDEX; the first Bluetooth mobile phone was the Sony Ericsson T36 but it was the revised T39 model which made it to store shelves in 2001. The name Bluetooth is an Anglicised version of the Scandinavian Blåtand/Blåtann, the epithet of the tenth-century king Harald Bluetooth who united dissonant Danish tribes into a single kingdom; the implication is. The idea of this name was proposed in 1997 by Jim Kardach of Intel who developed a system that would allow mobile phones to communicate with computers. At the time of this proposal he was reading Frans G. Bengtsson's historical novel The Long Ships about Vikings and King Harald Bluetooth.
The Bluetooth logo is a bind rune merging the Younger Futhark runes and, Harald's initials. Bluetooth operates at frequencies between 2402 and 2480 MHz, or 2400 and 2483.5 MHz including guard bands 2 MHz wide at the bottom end and 3.5 MHz wide at the top. This is in the globally unlicensed industrial and medical 2.4 GHz short-range radio frequency band. Bluetooth uses. Bluetooth divides transmitted data into packets, transmits each packet on one of 79 designated Bluetooth channels; each channel has a bandwidth of 1 MHz. It performs 1600 hops per second, with adaptive frequency-hopping enabled. Bluetooth Low Energy uses 2 MHz spacing. Gaussian frequency-shift keying modulation was the only modulation scheme available. Since the introduction of Bluetooth 2.0+EDR, π/4-DQPSK and 8-DPSK modulation may be used between compatible devices. Devices functioning with GFSK are said to be operating in basic rate mode where an instantaneous bit rate of 1 Mbit/s is possible; the term Enhanced Data Rate is used to describe π/4-DPSK and 8-DPSK schemes, each giving 2 and 3 Mbit/s respectively.
The combination of these modes in Bluetooth radio technology is classified as a BR/EDR radio. Bluetooth is a packet-based protocol with a master/slave architecture. One master may communicate with up to seven slaves in a piconet. All devices share the master's clock. Packet exchange is based on the basic clock, defined by the master, which ticks at 312.5 µs intervals. Two clock ticks make up a slot of 625 µs, two slots make up a slot pair of 1250 µs. In the simple case of single-slot packets, the master transmits in slots and receives in odd slots; the slave, receives in slots and transmits in odd slots. Packets may be 1, 3 or 5 slots long, but in all cases the master's transmission begins in slots and the slave's in odd slots; the above excludes Bluetooth Low Energy, introduced in the 4.0 specification, which uses the same spectrum but somewhat differently. A master BR/EDR Bluetooth device can communicate with a maximum of seven devices in a piconet, though not all devices reach this maximum; the devices can switch roles, by agreement, the slave can become the master.
The Bluetooth Core Specification provides for the connection of two or more piconets to form a scatternet, in which certain devices play the master role in one piconet and the slave role in another. At any given time, data can be transferred between one other device; the master chooses. Since it is the master that chooses which slave to address, whereas a slave is supposed to listen in each receive slot, being a master is a lighter burden than being a slave. Being a master of seven slaves is possible; the specification is vague as to required behavior in scatternets. Bluetooth is a standard wire-replacement communications proto
Sprint Corporation is an American telecommunications company that provides wireless services and is an internet service provider. It is the fourth-largest mobile network operator in the United States and serves 54 million customers as of October 2017; the company offers wireless voice and broadband services through its various subsidiaries under the Boost Mobile, Virgin Mobile, Assurance Wireless brands, wholesale access to its wireless networks to mobile virtual network operators. The company is headquartered in Kansas. In July 2013, a majority of the company was purchased by Japanese telecommunications company SoftBank Group Corp. although the remaining shares of the company continue to trade on the New York Stock Exchange. Sprint uses EvDO and 4G LTE networks. Sprint traces its origins to the Brown Telephone Company, founded in 1899 to bring telephone service to the rural area around Abilene, Kansas. In 2006, Sprint left the local landline telephone business, spinning those assets off into a new company named Embarq, which became a part of CenturyLink.
The company remains one of the largest long-distance providers in the United States. Until 2005, the company was known as the Sprint Corporation, but took the name Sprint Nextel Corporation when it merged with Nextel Communications, adopted its black & yellow color scheme along with a new logo. In 2013, following the shutdown of the Nextel network and concurrent with the acquisition by SoftBank, the company returned to using Sprint Corporation. In July 2013, as part of the SoftBank transactions, Sprint acquired the remaining shares of wireless broadband carrier Clearwire Corporation which it did not own. On August 6, 2014, it was announced that CEO Dan Hesse would be replaced by Marcelo Claure, effective August 11, 2014. Claure is the founder and former CEO of wireless supplier Brightstar. Effective May 30, 2018, Michel Combes replaced Marcelo Claure as CEO of Sprint. Claure is now the executive chairman of Sprint, working to get Sprint's planned merger with rival T-Mobile through regulatory proceedings.
The Sprint Corporation traces its origins to two companies, the Brown Telephone Company and Southern Pacific Railroad. Brown Telephone Company was founded in 1899 by Cleyson Brown to deploy telephone service to the rural area around Abilene, Kansas; the Browns installed their first long-distance circuit in 1900 and became an alternative to Bell Telephone, the most popular telephone service at the time. In 1911, C. L. Brown consolidated the Brown Telephone Company with three other independents to form the United Telephone Company. C. L. Brown formed United Telephone and Electric in 1925. In 1939, at the end of the Great Depression, UT&E reorganized to form United Utilities. In 1964, Paul H. Henson became president of United Utilities, was named as chairman two years later; when Henson began working at the company in 1959, it had 575,000 telephones in 15 states and revenues of $65 million. Henson is credited with creating the first major fiber optic network, having recognized it as a way to handle more calls and provide better quality sound.
In 1972, United Utilities changed its name to United Telecommunications. United Telecommunications began working on a 23,000 mile fiber optic network for long-distance calls in 1980; this long-distance business became profitable for the company for the first time in 1989. Henson retired from United Telecommunications in 1990. By this time the company had grown to have revenues of $8 billion. Sprint traces its roots back to the Southern Pacific Railroad, founded in the 1860s and was a subsidiary of the Southern Pacific Company; the company operated thousands of miles of track as well as telegraph wire that ran along those tracks. In the early 1970s the company began looking for ways to use its existing communications lines for long-distance calling; this division of the business was named the Southern Pacific Communications Company. By the mid 1970s, was beginning to take business away from AT&T, which held a monopoly at the time. A number of lawsuits between SPC and AT&T took place throughout the 1970s, with the majority being decided in favor of increased competition.
Prior attempts at offering long distance voice services had not been approved by the U. S. Federal Communications Commission, although a fax service was permitted. Southern Pacific Communications decided they needed a new name to differentiate the switched voice service from SpeedFAX, ran an internal contest to select a name; the winning entry was "SPRINT", an acronym for Southern Pacific Railroad Internal Network Telecommunications. In 1982, it was announced that GTE Corp. had reached an agreement to buy SPC's long-distance telephone operation, including Sprint. The deal was finalized in 1983. In 1986, GTE Sprint merged with US Telecom; the joint venture was to be co-owned by United Telecom named US Sprint Communications. The new entity included communications firm GTE Telenet, United Telecom Data communications Co.. In 1988, GTE sold more of Sprint to Telecom. United Telecom announced it would complete its acquisition of US Sprint in April 1990. United Telecom changed its name to Sprint Corporation in 1992 to capitalize on its brand recognition.
Sprint Corporation entered the Canadian market in the early 1990s as a reseller of bulk long-distance telephone lines that it bought from domestic companies. Under Canadian foreign ownership regulations, Sprint could not open its own network. In 1993, Sprint entered into a strategic alliance with Call-Net Enterprises, a Canadian long-distance service, bought 25 percent of the company. Call-Net's
Boost Mobile is a wireless telecommunications brand used by two independent companies in Australia and the United States. Boost Mobile was founded in 2000 by Peter Adderton in Australia. In Australia, it is operated by Boost Tel Pty Limited using the Telstra wireless network, where as in the United States it's operated by Boost Worldwide, Inc, a Sprint Corporation subsidiary. Boost Mobile uses Sprint Corporation’s network to provide wireless service to its consumers in USA. Peter Adderton founded Boost Mobile in Australia and New Zealand in 2000. Australian wireless provider Boost Tel Pty Limited offers mobile service under the Boost Mobile brand. Up until January 21, 2013, Boost branded. Optus has licensed the Boost brand since the brand's launch in 2000. In 2012, Optus decided to end its business relationship with Boost Tel Pty Ltd. In response, Boost entered into a deal with network competitor Telstra. After 20 January 2013, all existing Boost customers were converted to Optus customers and continued to receive services on the Optus network.
On March 7, Boost Tel Pty Ltd. began to offer products and services under the Boost Pre-paid Mobile brand as an MVNO hosted on the Telstra Next G network. Boost Mobile in New Zealand was a subsidiary of Telecom New Zealand; the Boost Mobile brand was discontinued in New Zealand as of November 2007. In June 2010, Boost Mobile launched a viral marketing campaign that purported to identify text messaging disorders in order to bring attention to Boost Mobile's offer of 100 texts for one dollar. Australian television programme, Media Watch criticized both the campaign itself and certain Australian media outlets that had failed to uncover the underlying marketing campaign, reporting the disorders as straight news; as part of the campaign Boost Mobile cited an academic paper co-authored by Dr. Shari Walsh of the Queensland University of Technology. However, Dr. Walsh stated that her paper did not identify any texting disorders and that Boost Mobile was not representing her research. After founding Boost Mobile in Australia and New Zealand in 2000, Peter Adderton and Kirk McMaster brought the Boost Mobile brand to the United States in 2001 as a joint venture with Nextel Communications.
Using Nextel's iDEN network, Boost Mobile offered an unlimited push-to-talk service, marketed as only costing a dollar a day, at a time when cellphone plans offering unlimited talk were still rare. The service was exclusive to markets in areas of California and Nevada and was marketed towards urban minorities using urban slang in advertisements. Nextel became the sole owner of Boost's United States operations in 2003. Nextel began to expand the brand elsewhere in the United States in late 2004. Nextel Communications acquired Sprint Communications in 2006, leaving Boost Mobile as a subsidiary of the merged company, Sprint Nextel Corporation. Boost Mobile still continued to use the previous Nextel iDEN infrastructure for its service, but in 2006, began to offer a new Unlimited by Boost Mobile service in select markets using Sprint's CDMA network, offering unlimited talk and internet. While the plans resulted in significant growth for Boost Mobile, Boost did not begin shifting to CDMA entirely.
To compete with unlimited offerings from competitors in the wireless industry, Boost Mobile announced on January 15, 2009, that it would launch a Monthly Unlimited Plan. The plan was accompanied by re-focusing the brand towards a broader demographic than before; the new unlimited plan resulted in a net gain of more than 674,000 customers in about three months. Despite this lift, Nextel overall suffered a gross subscriber loss of 1.25 million contract subscriptions. The unexpected surge in popularity for the service caused significant strain on the Nextel iDEN network—as many customers reported long and sometimes week-long delays in receiving text messages. A Boost Mobile spokesman said that they did not anticipate the level of popularity for the new service and that efforts to improve the network had been implemented to help mitigate the problem. At the 2010 Consumer Electronics Show, Boost Mobile announced it would begin to offer a new unlimited plan using Sprint's CDMA network, costing $50 a month.
For $10 more, Boost offered an unlimited plan for the BlackBerry Curve 8830. Sprint would acquire fellow prepaid wireless provider Virgin Mobile USA in 2010—both Boost and Virgin Mobile would be re-organized into a new group within Sprint, encompassing the two brands and other no-contract phone services offered by the company. Boost Mobile's parent company decommissioned the iDEN network on June 30, 2013. In June 2010, Boost Mobile launched the Motorola i1 smartphone, Boost's first iDEN-based push-to-talk Android phone, in April 2011, they announced the Samsung Galaxy Prevail, the company's first CDMA-based Android offering. In July, 2012, Boost Mobile released the BlackBerry Curve 9310, in March 2013, they released the HTC One SV and the ZTE-made Boost Force smartphone, the company's first device using Sprint's 4G LTE network. In June that year, Boost Mobile released the LG Optimus F7, the company's first device with a removable Universal Integrated Circuit Card for LTE network authentication/access, a new form of Subscriber identity module.
In December 2014, Boost Mobile released the Lumia 635, its first smartphone using Microsoft's Windows Phone mobile operating system, in July 2015, they launched the NETGEAR Fuse along with no-contract Wi-Fi Hotspot plans, its first Mobile Wi-Fi Hotspot device. The Boost Mobile brand was marketed to the teen and young adult demographics focused on action sports and urban music. Boost Mobile's past American advertising campa
The Motorola Pebl is a series of clamshell/flip mobile phones from Motorola, is one of the series in the 4LTR line. The Pebl U6 was announced in early 2005. Pebl is named for its small and sleek appearance, as well as to evoke comparisons to a "pebble,", worn smooth over time; the U6 sold in the millions of units. The body of the Pebl U6 is made out of metal, although everything other than the hinge has a colour coating which makes it matte rather than shiny; the external texture smudges. Buttons and connectors are kept flush. In contrast to many other products with a one line external display, the external screen is mounted vertically, rather than horizontally; the unit is held closed by magnets, can be opened with a single hand by pushing the lid of the phone away from the hinge mechanism. The hinge itself is spring-loaded, so that when cracked it swings open; the product was available only in black, but in the second quarter of 2006, Motorola launched four additional colours. It was produced in black, green, red and pink, although the exact colour selection varied per country.
Shortly before the new colors became available, Motorola commissioned photographer David LaChapelle to capture the new Pebl phones in a colourful photo shoot. Java ME MIDP 2.0 compatible MMS, Wireless Village instant messaging and e-mail Motorola SCREEN3 push technology for dynamic news and content MPEG-4 video and JPEG still image capture Speaker-independent voice dialing WAP 2.0 web browser Integrated speakerphone Three years the U9 was released. It features Motorola's MotoMagx OS, a better display, an improved 2.0-megapixel camera, a microSD card slot and touch-sensitive music keys. The phone was made available in the first half of 2008. December 2008 saw the release of the U3; this was a more basic version - it did not have a memory card slot, no Bluetooth and a lower screen resolution. Motorola RAZR Motorola ROKR Motorola SLVR Motorola Pebl - Page on Motorola's website detailing the PEBL Super Bowl commercial - Ad for the Pebl on Google Video that aired during the 2006 Super Bowl Motorola's Pebl Pond Motorola Pebl U6 - Mobiledia Motorola Pebl U6 Review - PhoneRev
The Motorola Fone was a candybar mobile phone from Motorola, one of a series of phones in the 4LTR line. It was the first mobile phone to use an electronic paper display; the F3 was a GSM phone available in two band variants, was released on 28 November 2006. The Motofone F3 was designed to appeal to the low-end market and developing countries, was thus less functional, but less expensive than most phones. Motorola made it appealing to developing markets and people with reading and visual difficulties by using only simple symbols and using speech synthesis to identify tasks in the menu; the F3 was the first mobile phone to use electronic paper in its screen. Motorola used the term ClearVision to describe the new display, manufactured using E Ink's electrophoretic imaging film; the electronic paper main display allowed for the phone's thinness, longer battery life, outdoor viewability. It had a backlight for the keypad and a slit that projects the backlight onto the screen so the display can be seen in darkness.
The characteristics of the display were restrictive. The text display contained only two lines of six characters each, making the use of text messaging and data services less practical than on standard LCD displays; the display used a fixed'digital clock' style font, with no functionality for changing between upper case and lower case text. All SMSs sent by the F3 were received in lower case, each character of any SMS received by the F3 is displayed in whichever case made the most sense using the font; the non-alphabetic characters were limited due to this display, as the phone could only provide support for the following characters: Comma Hyphen Question mark At-sign Asterisk, to write this character, hold down the 0 keyNo other non-alphanumeric characters could be entered, on receiving an SMS any non-alphabetic character not listed above was displayed as a hyphen. Although the display could be restrictive when it came to text applications, the display was energy efficient and conducive to long battery life.
Since the F3 had only two lines of fixed icons on the top and bottom of the display, as well as one line of six 14-segment characters and another line of six 7-segment numbers available on its display, the user interface was different from the usual menu structure found on mobile phones. The only thing resembling a menu was accessed by pressing left/right on the central button: It allowed writing an SMS, reading a saved SMS, call history, choosing the ringtone, setting date and time, setting the alarm clock; the menu was visualized by fixed icons in the bottom row, following the left/right pattern of the navigation button. The F3 had a few dedicated buttons for opening the address book, canceling any action, dialing the displayed number and an "action" button. A few more functions were available by shortcuts: When making a call, pressing the action button twice switched the loudspeaker on/off, while pressing up/down controls the speaker volume; the same button used in standby toggled voice prompts, while pressing up/down controls ringtone volume.
When the phone rung, due to incoming calls, the ringer could be silenced by pressing up/down. All activated features were indicated by simple icons in fixed positions in the top row, every successful action acknowledged by an "OK" icon flashing on and off a few times; the only context-sensitive button was the action button, used for "OK" on options as well as choosing a number or address book entry when writing an SMS or for answering a received SMS. Reception strength and battery status were displayed in two prominent strips above the actual display. Both were readable from considerable distances; the F3 Motofone was designed for usage in developing countries and sported a display which coped well with both bright sunlight and dim light. Voice prompts explained the current function in a choice of languages, depending on region, it was fairly solid and rugged and could survive not only rough handling but very dusty and/or damp conditions well, as the case had only two openings as well as a sealed keyboard.
There are videos on the Internet showing the F3 being thrown from a 3 story building into tarmac, being run over by a car on a gravel surface. The phone survived intact; the charger/headset jack for the F3 Motofone was not 3.5 mm headset port. It was a DC connector; this is not well documented at Motorola, internal documentation indicates the jack is a standard 2.5 mm TRS connector jack. The jack shown on the Motorola site has a pin in the center of the jack, prohibiting use of a standard 2.5 mm plug. A mono headset was available as part number CFLN6103AA and the name of it is Motorola S215 Pedestrian Kit; this is a headset only and not an adapter. The F3 had two internal antennas to maximize reception when shielded by a hand or other obstacles, a loud maximum volume for ringtones and loudspeaker to facilitate usage in crowded city environments or public transport; the unique default ringing mode vibrates silently for several seconds rings at modest volume with full volume. A vibrate-only mode and modes with fixed volume can be set.
To ease repairs or recycling, it can be o