Du Cane Range
The Du Cane Range is a mountain range in the Central Highlands region of Tasmania, Australia. An unnamed peak on the main ridge of the Du Cane Range has an elevation of 1,520 metres above sea level and is the eleventh highest mountain peak in Tasmania. Major peaks in the range include The Acropolis, Mount Geryon, The Parthenon, Mount Eros, Mount Hyperion, Mount Massif, Mount Achilles, Falling Mountain. Tasmania's highest peak at an elevation of 1,617 metres is nearby, but not in the Du Cane Range; the range is a major feature of the Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park, is a popular venue with bushwalkers and mountain climbers. The Du Cane Range was named in honour of Sir Charles Du Cane, the Governor of Tasmania from 1874 to 1878. List of highest mountains of Tasmania Parks Tasmania Kiernan, Kevin. "Mountain geomorphology and the Last Glaciation at Lake St Clair". Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania. Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Tasmania.
126: 47–57. OCLC 271191704. Retrieved 7 June 2015
Scotts Peak Dam Road
The Scotts Peak Dam Road is the most southerly point of road access into the south western region of Tasmania, Australia. The road was built by the Hydro-Electricity Commission of Tasmania with funding from the Australian Government to facilitate the construction of dams for the flooding of Lake Pedder, it was an unsealed road built to connect between the Gordon River Road. The 47-kilometre road leaves the Gordon River Road at Frodshams Pass and heads south and provides access to Edgar Dam and the Scotts Peak Dam across the Huon River; the road terminates at the Huon Campground, an access point for the Frankland Range and the South Coast region of the South West Wilderness. South West Wilderness
Tasmania is an island state of Australia. It is located 240 km to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by Bass Strait; the state encompasses the main island of Tasmania, the 26th-largest island in the world, the surrounding 334 islands. The state has a population of around 526,700 as of March 2018. Just over forty percent of the population resides in the Greater Hobart precinct, which forms the metropolitan area of the state capital and largest city, Hobart. Tasmania's area is 68,401 km2, of which the main island covers 64,519 km2, it is promoted as a natural state, protected areas of Tasmania cover about 42% of its land area, which includes national parks and World Heritage Sites. Tasmania was the founding place of the first environmental political party in the world; the island is believed to have been occupied by indigenous peoples for 30,000 years before British colonisation. It is thought Aboriginal Tasmanians were separated from the mainland Aboriginal groups about 10,000 years ago when the sea rose to form Bass Strait.
The Aboriginal population is estimated to have been between 3,000 and 7,000 at the time of colonisation, but was wiped out within 30 years by a combination of violent guerrilla conflict with settlers known as the "Black War", intertribal conflict, from the late 1820s, the spread of infectious diseases to which they had no immunity. The conflict, which peaked between 1825 and 1831, led to more than three years of martial law, cost the lives of 1,100 Aboriginals and settlers; the island was permanently settled by Europeans in 1803 as a penal settlement of the British Empire to prevent claims to the land by the First French Empire during the Napoleonic Wars. The island was part of the Colony of New South Wales but became a separate, self-governing colony under the name Van Diemen's Land in 1825. 75,000 convicts were sent to Van Diemen's Land before transportation ceased in 1853. In 1854 the present Constitution of Tasmania was passed, the following year the colony received permission to change its name to Tasmania.
In 1901 it became a state through the process of the Federation of Australia. The state is named after Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who made the first reported European sighting of the island on 24 November 1642. Tasman named the island Anthony van Diemen's Land after his sponsor Anthony van Diemen, the Governor of the Dutch East Indies; the name was shortened to Van Diemen's Land by the British. It was renamed Tasmania in honour of its first European discoverer on 1 January 1856. Tasmania was sometimes referred to as "Dervon," as mentioned in the Jerilderie Letter written by the notorious Australian bushranger Ned Kelly in 1879; the colloquial expression for the state is "Tassie". Tasmania is colloquially shortened to "Tas," when used in business names and website addresses. TAS is the Australia Post abbreviation for the state; the reconstructed Palawa kani language name for Tasmania is Lutriwita. The island was adjoined to the mainland of Australia until the end of the last glacial period about 10,000 years ago.
Much of the island is composed of Jurassic dolerite intrusions through other rock types, sometimes forming large columnar joints. Tasmania has the world's largest areas of dolerite, with many distinctive mountains and cliffs formed from this rock type; the central plateau and the southeast portions of the island are dolerites. Mount Wellington above Hobart is a good example. In the southern midlands as far south as Hobart, the dolerite is underlaid by sandstone and similar sedimentary stones. In the southwest, Precambrian quartzites were formed from ancient sea sediments and form strikingly sharp ridges and ranges, such as Federation Peak or Frenchmans Cap. In the northeast and east, continental granites can be seen, such as at Freycinet, similar to coastal granites on mainland Australia. In the northwest and west, mineral-rich volcanic rock can be seen at Mount Read near Rosebery, or at Mount Lyell near Queenstown. Present in the south and northwest is limestone with caves; the quartzite and dolerite areas in the higher mountains show evidence of glaciation, much of Australia's glaciated landscape is found on the Central Plateau and the Southwest.
Cradle Mountain, another dolerite peak, for example, was a nunatak. The combination of these different rock types contributes to scenery, distinct from any other region of the world. In the far southwest corner of the state, the geology is wholly quartzite, which gives the mountains the false impression of having snow-capped peaks year round. Evidence indicates the presence of Aborigines in Tasmania about 42,000 years ago. Rising sea levels cut Tasmania off from mainland Australia about 10,000 years ago and by the time of European contact, the Aboriginal people in Tasmania had nine major nations or ethnic groups. At the time of the British occupation and colonisation in 1803, the indigenous population was estimated at between 3,000 and 10,000. Historian Lyndall Ryan's analysis of population studies led her to conclude that there were about 7,000 spread throughout the island's nine nations. J. B. Plomley and Rhys Jones, settled on a figure of 3,000 to 4,000, they engaged in fire-stick farming, hunted game including kangaroo and wallabies, caught seals, mutton-birds and fish and lived as nine separate "nations" on the island, which they knew as "Trouwunna".
The first reported sighting of Tasmania by a European was on 24 November 1642 by Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who landed at today's Blackman Bay. More than a century in 1772, a French expedition le
Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area
The Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area is a World Heritage Site in Tasmania, Australia. The area is one of the largest conservation areas in Australia, covering 15,800 km², or 20% of Tasmania after extensions in 1989 and 2013, it constitutes one of the last expanses of temperate wilderness in the world, includes the South West Wilderness. The Tasmanian Wilderness, a network of parks and reserves with steep gorges, underwent severe glaciation. Human remains. Despite advising the UN World Heritage Committee in 2010 that it had no intention to extend the property any further the federal labor government submitted a proposal for a minor boundary modification to the property in January 2013, accepted at the 37th session of the WHC in June 2013. Former Greens Senator Bob Brown, claims to have secured the government backflip on extending the property further, using the Greens political leverage in minority Labor government and with holding the balance of power in the Australian senate following the 2010 election.
The underpinning science used to justify the MBM was that generated by the 2011/12 Tasmanian Forest Agreement Independent Verification Group. This group was jointly appointed by Tasmanian and Federal governments to verify claims of high conservation value in 572,000ha of reserves proposed by the TFA environmental signatories The Wilderness Society, The Australian Conservation Foundation and Environment Tasmania; the Terms of Reference for the Verification group issued by the former Prime Minister Julia Gillard explicitly required those involved in the IVG process to be independent of government and all other stakeholders. The IVG process validated all the TFA ENGO claims. Public concerns were raised about the independence of the IVG's work in 2012/13 with former World Heritage Centre Director, Mr Kishore Rao, who subsequently wrote to the Australian Government in early 2013 requesting clarification on the independence of the IVG's work; the Australian government response stated. Subsequent information released under Department of Environment FOI during 2014-16 revealed that many involved in the IVG process failed to comply with the Terms of Reference and were affiliated with TFA signatory ENGOs – including holding senior positions within those organisations or having received substantial payments from these organisations.
The "independent" peer review scientist had clear links to the Wilderness Society. This scientist, Professor Reed Noss, was the co-founder of the US based Wildlands Project of which The Wilderness Society is their Australian partner, implementing Wildlands concepts in Australia. Wildlands co-founder Michael Soulé was on the Wilderness Society's Wild Country Science Council as was IVG lead scientist Professor Brendan Mackey.. The released FOI information showed that no conflicts of interest were declared in this regard and that although the Department of Environment was aware of the conflicts, they chose not to rely on conflict of interest clauses in contractors contracts or held a single document on either the declaration of or the management of conflicts of interest. In 2014, the Abbott Government proposed de-listing the Tasmanian Wilderness as a World Heritage Site so as to allow the logging of trees within the protected area. If successful, the proposal would have marked the first time a developed nation had de-listed a site for economic purposes.
The proposal was rejected by the 38th Session of the World Heritage Committee in June 2014, which met in Doha, Qatar. The Abbott Government has since stated. Other controversial environment related projects spearheaded by the Abbott Government include the Great Barrier Reef dredging project. In 2016, the Tasmanian government withdrew the bid to allow logging in the Tasmanian Wilderness after a UNESCO report opposed the idea, despite UNESCO World Heritage procedures allowing for such an activity and the WHC approving a much higher level of timber harvesting in another WH property – Gros Morne National Park; the following national parks and reserves make up the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area: Central Plateau Conservation and Protected Areas Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park Devils Gullet State Reserve Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park Hartz Mountains National Park Mole Creek Karst National Park South East Mutton Bird Islet Southwest National Park Walls of Jerusalem National Park Mt Field National Park Protected areas of Tasmania Tasmanian Wilderness Society Savage River National Park Tasmanian Wilderness at the Department of Sustainability,Environment, Water and Communities Tasmanian Parks & Wildlife Service UNESCO listing Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage values Tasmanian Wilderness more information
Maydena is a locality in Tasmania, alongside the River Tyenna. Maydena is on the Gordon River Road, south west of New Norfolk, through the Bushy Park Hop Fields, past the Styx Valley, turn left at Westerway, past Mount Field National Park and Russell Falls, through Tyenna and Fitzgerald townships and up to Maydena itself. Gordon River Road continues to Lake Pedder, Lake Gordon and Strathgordon, in the Southwest National Park of Tasmania. At the 2006 census, Maydena had a population of 245. Maydena has a community online centre; the 3' 6" gauge railway line in Maydena was once used for hauling timber and osmiridium ore, as well as a way point for the Dam builders up at Strathgordon. A portion of the disused rail track is now being used by a pedal powered'Rail track riders' tourist attraction. Maydena Post Office opened on 1 May 1944; the climate is cold and wet. Some winter nights drop below freezing, the average winter daytime temperatures average between 8 °C and 15 °C; the summer is mild with temperatures averaging around 5 °C to 12 °C at night to 15 °C to 28 °C during the day.
Rainfall is set to an average of 219.3 days of rainfall. Media related to Maydena, Tasmania at Wikimedia Commons
Arthur Range (Tasmania)
The Arthur Range is a mountain range in the South West Wilderness, located in south-west Tasmania, Australia. The range is broken into the Western Arthurs and the Eastern Arthurs. Both sections of the range are popular overnight bushwalking destinations in summer; the range was named by George Augustus Robinson who climbed Mount Frederick in March 1830. It is composed of Quartzite and features evidence of past glaciation such as moraines and hanging valleys. Much of the Arthur Range and the area surrounding land is covered by button grass wet sedgelands. Most of the remainder of the land is covered by eucalypt. Birds are the most common animals. In dryer areas, Pademelons may be seen; the climate in the Arthur Range is unstable – weather predictions are useless here, as it is common to have sun, heavy rain, strong winds snow all in the same day. The top of the range is classed as Alpine. During winter these mountains are snow-capped. Snow has been experienced every season, with regular snowfalls during summer, though many of these snowfalls don't settle.
The climate is decided by the wind. The temperature can change quickly with warm air from Northern Tasmania, or cold air from the Southern Ocean and Antarctica; as with other parts of Tasmania's south-west, the trails are muddy – frequently it is more than ankle deep. The mud does not dissipate with altitude up the mountain range either, except where there is bare rock. Like many other parts of Tasmania, this area is susceptible to Phytophthora. To avoid spreading it, walkers are encouraged to stay to the main trail. In order to reduce mechanical damage to plants, walkers are encouraged to wade through the middle of muddy track sections. Hikers should ensure they are well prepared for any weather conditions, have enough food for one or two extra days; the Western Arthurs extends East-West from Mount Hesperus to West Portal. This section of the range was first traversed in the early 1960s. Access to the Western Arthurs is from the Scotts peak dam camp site via part of the Port Davey Track; the Western Arthurs are studded with many lakes formed from ice-age glaciers.
Among these are: Lake Oberon: The subject of a well known photograph by Peter Dombrovskis, where there are camping platforms Lake Cygnus: Also has an established camp site Lake Ceres Square Lake Lake Fortuna From the north western end, closest to the Port Davey Track: Mount Hesperus Mount Hayes Procyon Peak Mount Sirius Mount Pegasus Pegasus South Mount Capricorn Dorado Peak Mount Comumba The Dragon Mount Shaula Mount Taurus The Eastern Arthurs runs North-South from the end of the Western Arthurs and includes the highest peak of the range, the striking Federation Peak. This section of the range was first traversed in December 1947 by a group from the Hobart Walking Club. From the north include: Lake Leo Lake Ron Smith Lake Shaw Earl Lake Lake Cracroft Lake Brewsher Dragonfly Lake Lake Payens Lake Gaston Hanging Lake From the north: Cerberus Hill East Portal The Dial The Gables Four Peaks Federation Peak Geeves Bluff Luckmans lead Boiler Plates Stuart Saddle The Needles Goon Moor Thwaites Plateau Devils Thumb Bechervaise plateau List of mountain ranges of Tasmania
Southwest National Park
Southwest National Park is an Australian national park located in the south-west of Tasmania, bounded by the Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park to the north and the Hartz Mountains National Park to the east. It is a part of a chain of national parks and state reserves that make up the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area. Covering an area of 6,183 km2, it is Tasmania's largest national park; the park is well known for its pristine wilderness and unpredictable severe weather. The area is unaffected by humans. Although evidence shows Tasmanian Aborigines have visited the area for at least 25,000 years, European settlers have made occasional forays into the park area since the 19th century, there has been little permanent habitation and only minimal impact on the natural environment. Within the area there is only one road, to the hydroelectricity township of Strathgordon; the southern and western reaches of the park are far removed from any vehicular access. The only access is by boat, or light aircraft.
The tiny locality of Melaleuca in the extreme south-west provides an airstrip and some basic facilities to service the National Park Service. South West Tasmania has been inhabited for 40,000 years, isolated from mainland Australia since the Bassian Plain flooded 8,000 years ago. Tools and fireplaces found in caves in what is now the Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park date aboriginal occupation in south-west Tasmania back to at least 34,000 BP; the South West nation was one of nine across the state, contained four known clans the Mimegin, Lowreenne and Needwonne. They were nomadic hunter gatherers, with staple foods including shellfish, seals, penguins along the coast, wallabies and birds along the buttongrass plains. There is some evidence to suggest that repeated burning of buttongrass moorlands by the South West Nation has caused it to propagate more than is natural; this was done to increase areas where wombats can forage for hunting purposes. European sealers hunted in Tasmania from 1798, shortly followed by settlements around the Derwent River, to the east.
Conflict between the aboriginals and Europeans soon followed, cumulating in the Black War and the near-destruction of Aboriginal Tasmanians. The South West of Tasmania was first seen by Europeans in 1642 by Abel Tasman, but it was not known to be an island until Matthew Flinders and George Bass circumnavigated it 156 years later; the far south west was first surveyed from land by James Sprent in 1854 when he reached Port Davey, becoming the first European to notice Federation Peak which he dubbed "the Obelisk". He published this work as'Map of Tasmania and Adjacent Islands'; the core of the national park, an area of 239 km2 surrounding Lake Pedder was first created in 1955, called the Lake Pedder National Park. It was a glacial outwash lake, which hosted numerous endemic species including the Lake Pedder earthworm and Pedder galaxias. Lake Pedder was famous among bushwalkers for its unique pink quartz sand. Dr Peter Hay reflected, "Had it still existed, it would have the same sort of status in Australian mythology as other landscape icons like Uluru and Kakadu and the Great Barrier Reef."In 1968 the Tasmanian Government expanded the area to 1,916 km2, renaming it the Southwest National Park.
However, it was as scenic reserve, with protections removed so that the area could form a catchment of the Tasmanian Hydro Electric Commissions Upper Gordon River hydro-electric generation scheme. The aim was to increase Tasmania's capacity to generate hydro-electricity, attract secondary industry with the incentive of cheap renewable energy; the original Lake Pedder was controversially flooded in 1972, with the issue attracting attention of environmentalist groups around the state as they unsuccessfully opposed the dam. They reformed, halted the Franklin River Dam, the first success of the greens movement in Australia. In 1976 the national park was extended towards southwest and incorporated most of the Port Davey State Reserve, continued to expand until it reached its present size in 2000; the Southwest National Park was a biosphere reserve under the United Nations Biosphere Program from 1977 until its withdrawal from the program in 2002. Its designation as a biosphere reserve was due to the important world heritage values and human use values it contained.
Some of these values included being a key breeding zone for the critically endangered Orange-bellied parrot, remnants of Aboriginal occupation and other historic heritage sites such as the Melaleuca - Port Davey Area Plan. This was followed by a World Heritage listing in 1982, expanded to its current size; the climate of the Southwest National Park is renowned for its adverse inhospitable conditions across all seasons of the year. As noted by the Melaleuca- Port Davey Area Plan the climate is characterised by high annual rainfall of over 2000mm very strong to cyclonic westerly or south-westerly winds, low temperatures and high incidence of cloud cover. Although the climatic conditions of South-West National Park have been considered as rather inhospitable, or too unpredictable or capricious for humans to inhabit, as indicated by only the small township on Strathgordon near the northern boundary of the park, it paradoxically is a major centre of biodiversity, with a number of species endemic to the park itself.
This is not so more evident than with the flora. In a rugged landscape dominated by Buttongrass moorland, wet Eucalypt forest, coastal and s