Escanaba is a port city in Delta County in the U. S. state of Michigan, located on Little Bay de Noc in the state's Upper Peninsula. The population was 12,616 at the 2010 census, making it the third-largest city in the Upper Peninsula after Marquette and Sault Ste. Marie, it is the seat of government of Delta County. There is Escanaba Township, north of the city and is not adjacent to it, although a portion of the urban area around the city extends into the township. Both are named for the Escanaba River, which flows into the Little Bay de Noc of Lake Michigan just north of the city at 45°46′37″N 87°03′30″W; the names are derived from the Ojibwa language. Escanaba was the name of an Ojibwa village in this area in the early 19th century; the Ojibwa are one of the Anishinaabe, Algonquian-speaking tribes who settled and flourished around the Great Lakes. The word "Escanaba" translates from Ojibwe and other regional Algonquian languages to "land of the red buck", although some people maintain that it refers to "flat rock".
As a European-American settlement, Escanaba was founded in 1863 as a port town by surveyor Eli P. Royce. Early industry was the processing and harvesting of lumber, dominated in this area by Daniel Wells Jr. Jefferson Sinclair, Nelson Ludington. Ludington moved his headquarters to Chicago, where he entered banking. I. Stephenson established a successor lumber company in the area and became a capitalist. Before the war, iron ore was being mined from the Marquette Range, which shipped out on barges from Escanaba. By the time of the American Civil War, this port was important to the Union as a shipping point for these ores, in addition to lumber; the Menominee Range and Gogebic Range of Michigan became important for iron ore after the war, in the 1880s. Michigan still produces about 25% of the iron ore nationally. Lumber was still integral to shipbuilding, supported the construction of houses in cities throughout the developing Midwest. Iron ore supported industrialization, became part of steel and other industries in the Midwest.
As shipping increased, a lighthouse was needed to warn of a sand shoals in Little Bay de Noc, which extended from Sand Point, a sandspit located just south of and adjacent to the harbor area. The United States Lighthouse Service approved construction of the Sand Point Lighthouse at a cost of $11,000. Construction began in the fall of 1867 and was completed in early spring 1868; until 2017, Escanaba continued to serve as an important shipping point for iron ore to other Great Lakes ports south to Chicago and northern Indiana. The local paper mill, for many years owned by Mead Corporation's Publishing Paper Division, is operated by Verso Corporation. Located on the outskirts of the city alongside the Escanaba River, it is now Escanaba's largest employer. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.50 square miles, of which 12.88 square miles is land and 3.62 square miles is water. This climatic region is classified as humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb", according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification.
It is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to cold winters. Escanaba is described as being in the banana belt of Michigan's Upper Peninsula. While most of the peninsula is affected by significant lake-effect snow, Escanaba's winter climate is much milder due to its location on the leeward Lake Michigan shoreline; as of the census of 2010, there were 12,616 people, 5,622 households, 3,090 families residing in the city. The population density was 979.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,178 housing units at an average density of 479.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.5% White, 0.4% African American, 2.6% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population. There were 5,622 households of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.8% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 45.0% were non-families.
38.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.82. The median age in the city was 41.4 years. 21.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 52.9 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 13,140 people, 5,800 households, 3,294 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,038.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,258 housing units at an average density of 494.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.66% White, 0.11% African American, 2.61% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population. 17.0% were of German, 16.5% French, 11.4% French Canadian, 8.8% Swedish, 6.4% Irish and 5.2% English ancestry, according to Census 2000. There were 5,800 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.2% were non-families.
37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average f
Baraga County, Michigan
Baraga County is a county in the Upper Peninsula in the U. S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 8,860; the county seat is L'Anse. The county is named after Bishop Frederic Baraga, a Catholic missionary who ministered to indigenous peoples of the area during the period when Michigan was obtaining statehood; the L'Anse Indian Reservation of the Ojibwa is located within this county. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,069 square miles, of which 898 square miles is land and 171 square miles is water; the county is located in the state's Upper Peninsula on the shore of Lake Superior, at the southeast base of the Keweenaw Peninsula. The villages of Baraga and L'Anse are located at the base of Lake Superior's Keweenaw Bay. Point Abbaye projects north into the lake; the eastern two-thirds of the county includes much of the Huron Mountains, including Mount Arvon—the highest natural point in Michigan at 1,979 feet. US 41 – runs north-south through the upper central part of county.
Enters at the NE corner of the county on the west shore of Keeweenaw Bay, runs south along the shoreline to Baraga and L'Anse turns inland past Alberta east through Nestoria and Three Lakes. Exits into Marquette County at Imperial Heights. US 141 – runs south from its intersection with US-41 south of Alberta. Runs south into Iron County. M-28 – enters west line of county at 6 miles north of SW corner of county runs east and ENE to intersection with US-141 at Covington. M-38 – runs east-west through NW part of county. Enters from Alston in Houghton County runs east to intersection with US-41 at Baraga. Marquette County Iron County Houghton County Keweenaw National Historical Park Ottawa National Forest The 2010 United States Census indicates Baraga County had a population of 8,860; this increase of 114 people from the 2000 United States Census. is a 1.3% population growth. In 2010 there were 3,444 households and 2,209 families in the county; the population density was 10 people per square mile. There were 5,270 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile.
75.0% of the population were White, 13.1% Native American, 7.2% Black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 4.4% of two or more races. 1.0% were Hispanic or Latino. 22.5% were of Finnish, 9.1% German, 8.8% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 5.6% English and 5.5% Irish ancestry. There were 3,444 households out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.9% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.82. The county population contained 20.2% under the age of 18, 7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.9 years. 54.9% of the population was male, 45.1% was female. The median income for a household in the county was $40,115, the median income for a family was $50,996.
The per capita income for the county was $19,076. About 9.5% of families and 13% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over. Baraga County has tended to vote Republican through the years. Since 1884 its voters have selected the Republican Party nominee in 64% of the national elections through 2016. Baraga County operates the County jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds and vital records, administers public health regulations, participates with the state in the provision of social services; the county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions – police and fire and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance etc. – are the responsibility of individual cities and townships. Baraga L'Anse Zeba The L'Anse Indian Reservation occupies two sections of Baraga County within portions of Baraga, L'Anse, Arvon townships.
The reservation has small portion in Chocolay Charter Township in neighboring Marquette County to the east. List of Michigan State Historic Sites in Baraga County, Michigan National Register of Historic Places listings in Baraga County, Michigan Baraga County Government website Baraga County Profile, Sam M Cohodas Regional Economist Western Upper Peninsula Planning & Development Region
Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan
Sault Ste. Marie is a city in, the county seat of, Chippewa County in the U. S. state of Michigan. It is on the northeastern end of Michigan's Upper Peninsula, on the Canada–US border, separated from its twin city of Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, by the St. Marys River; the city is isolated from other communities in Michigan and is 346 miles from Detroit. The population was 14,144 at the 2010 census, making it the second-most populous city in the Upper Peninsula. By contrast, the Canadian Sault Ste. Marie is much larger, with more than 75,000 residents, based on more extensive industry developed in the 20th century and an economy with closer connections to other communities. Sault Ste. Marie was settled by Native Americans more than 12,000 years ago, was long a crossroads of fishing and trading of tribes around the Great Lakes, it developed as the first European settlement in the region that became the Midwestern United States, as Father Jacques Marquette, a French Jesuit, learned of the Native American village and traveled there in 1668 to found a Catholic mission.
French colonists established a fur trading post, which attracted trappers and Native Americans on a seasonal basis. By the late 18th century, both Métis men and women became active in the trade and were considered among the elite in the community. A fur-trading settlement grew at the crossroads that straddled the banks of the river, it was the center of a trading route of 3,000 miles that extended from Montreal to the Sault, from the Sault to the country north of Lake Superior. For more than 140 years, the settlement was a single community under French colonial and British colonial rule. After the War of 1812, a US–UK Joint Boundary Commission fixed the border in 1817 between the Michigan Territory of the USA and the British Province of Upper Canada to follow the river in this area. Whereas traders had moved through the whole area, the United States forbade Canadian traders from operating in the United States, which reduced their trade and disrupted the area's economy; the American and Canadian communities of Sault Ste.
Marie were each incorporated as independent municipalities toward the end of the nineteenth century. Sault Sainte-Marie in French means "the Rapids of Saint Mary"; the Saint Mary's River runs from Lake Superior to Lake Huron. No hyphens are used in the English spelling, otherwise identical to the French, but the pronunciations differ. Anglophones say and Francophones say. In French, the name can be written Sault-Sainte-Marie. On both sides of the border, the towns and the general vicinity are called The Soo; the two cities are joined by the International Bridge, which connects Interstate 75 in Sault Ste. Marie and Huron Street in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. Shipping traffic in the Great Lakes system bypasses the rapids via the American Soo Locks, the world's busiest canal in terms of tonnage passing through it. Smaller recreational and tour boats use the Canadian Sault Ste. Marie Canal; the city's downtown was developed on an island, with the locks to the north and the Sault Ste. Marie Power Canal to the south.
The largest ships are 1,000 feet long by 105 feet wide. These are domestic carriers. Too large to transit the Welland Canal that bypasses Niagara Falls, they are land-locked. Foreign ships are smaller and can exit the Great Lakes to the St. Lawrence River and the Atlantic Ocean. Sault Ste. Marie is the home of the International 500 Snowmobile Race, which takes place annually and draws participants and spectators from all over the U. S. and Canada. The race, inspired by the Indianapolis 500, originated in 1969 and has been growing since. For centuries Ojibwe Native Americans had lived in the area, which they referred to as Baawitigong, after the rapids of St. Marys River. French colonists renamed the region Saulteaux. In 1668, French missionaries Claude Dablon and Jacques Marquette founded a Jesuit mission at this site. Sault Ste. Marie developed as the fourth-oldest European city in the United States west of the Appalachian Mountains, the oldest permanent settlement in contemporary Michigan state.
On June 4, 1671, Simon-François Daumont de Saint-Lusson, a colonial agent, was dispatched from Quebec to the distant tribes, proposing a congress of Indian nations at the Falls of St. Mary between Lake Huron and Lake Superior. Trader Nicolas Perrot helped attract the principal chiefs, representatives of 14 Indigenous nations were invited for the elaborate ceremony; the French officials proclaimed France's appropriation of the immense territory surrounding Lake Superior in the name of King Louis XIV. In the 18th century, the settlement became an important center of the fur trade, when it was a post for the British-owned North West Company, based in Montreal; the fur trader John Johnston, a Scots-Irish immigrant from Belfast, was considered the first European settler in 1790. He married a high-ranking Ojibwe woman named the daughter of a prominent chief, she became known as Susan Johnston. Their marriage was one of many alliances in the northern areas between high-ranking European traders and Ojibwe.
The family was prominent among Native Americans, First Nations, Europeans from both Canada and the United States. They had eight children who learned fluent Ojibwe and French; the Johnstons entertained a variety of trappers, explorers and government officials during the years before the War of 1812 between Britain and the United States. As a result of the fur trade, the settlement attracted
Menominee is a city in the Upper Peninsula of the U. S. state of Michigan. The population was 8,599 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Menominee County. Menominee is the fourth-largest city in the Upper Peninsula, behind Marquette, Sault Ste. Marie, Escanaba. Menominee Township is located to the north of the city, but is politically autonomous. Menominee is part of the WI -- MI Micropolitan Statistical Area. In historic times, this area was the traditional territory of the Menominee Indian Tribe; the town of Menominee was named after their English name which translates as "wild rice," a nickname given to them by their Ojibwe neighbours based on their cultivation of wild rice as a staple food. In their own language, they are known as Mamaceqtaw which means "the people", the town of Menominee is known as Menīkāneh, which means "at the good village", they were removed to west of the Mississippi River and now have a reservation along the Wolf River in North Central Wisconsin after ceding their territory to the United States in the 1836 Treaty of the Cedars.
Menominee gained prominence in the 19th century as a lumber town. During this time of prosperity, the Menominee Opera House was built, it is being restored. In the 1910s a cycle car, the "Dudly Bug", was manufactured in Menominee. In the waning years of lumber production, local business interests, interested in diversifying Menominee's manufacturing base, attracted inventor Marshall Burns Lloyd and his Minneapolis company Lloyd Manufacturing, which made wicker baby buggies. In 1917 Lloyd invented an automated process for weaving wicker and manufactured it as the Lloyd Loom; this machine process is still in use today. In the 21st century, the economy of Menominee is based on tourism. In 1940, during the "Vote for Gracie" publicity stunt in which comedian Gracie Allen ran for President, she was nominated for mayor of Menominee, but was disqualified because she was not a resident of the city; the Menominee Maroons won the state high school championship in its division for basketball in 1967 and football in 1998, 2006 and 2007.
In the 2006 season the Maroons finished unbeaten and only allowed 38 points scored against them but their offense scored 513 point in that entire season. They beat the former Minnesota Division One state champions. Menominee shares a historic high school football rivalry with neighbor Wisconsin; the two have conducted the third longest rivalry in the nation. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.48 square miles, of which 5.15 square miles is land and 0.33 square miles is water. It is the southernmost location in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Menominee has a cairn marking the halfway point between the Equator; this is north of the 45th parallel north, due to the flattening of the earth at the poles. This is one of six Michigan sites and 29 places in the U. S. A. where such signs are known to exist. Menominee, Michigan, is the site of the Menominee Crack, an unusual geological feature that formed spontaneously in 2010; this climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Menominee has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps. Menominee and Marinette, Wisconsin are sometimes described as "twin cities". Menominee shares a hospital, community foundation and chamber of commerce with Marinette. Numerous city groups work together to benefit the entire, two-city, two-county and two state community; as of the census of 2010, there were 8,599 people, 3,987 households, 2,311 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,669.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,456 housing units at an average density of 865.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.7% White, 0.4% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population. There were 3,987 households of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.0% were non-families.
37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.74. The median age in the city was 44 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 9,131 people, 4,063 households, 2,441 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,763.2 per square mile. There were 4,393 housing units at an average density of 848.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.35% White, 0.14% African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.27% from other races, 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.12% of the population. 31.6% were of German, 9.3% French, 8.7% Swedish, 8.7% Polish, 7.2% Irish and 6.7% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 4,063 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a femal
In modern mapping, a topographic map is a type of map characterized by large-scale detail and quantitative representation of relief using contour lines, but using a variety of methods. Traditional definitions require a topographic map to show both man-made features. A topographic survey is published as a map series, made up of two or more map sheets that combine to form the whole map. A contour line is a line connecting places of equal elevation. Natural Resources Canada provides this description of topographic maps:These maps depict in detail ground relief, forest cover, administrative areas, populated areas, transportation routes and facilities, other man-made features. Other authors define topographic maps by contrasting them with another type of map. However, in the vernacular and day to day world, the representation of relief is popularly held to define the genre, such that small-scale maps showing relief are called "topographic"; the study or discipline of topography is a much broader field of study, which takes into account all natural and man-made features of terrain.
Topographic maps are based on topographical surveys. Performed at large scales, these surveys are called topographical in the old sense of topography, showing a variety of elevations and landforms; this is in contrast to older cadastral surveys, which show property and governmental boundaries. The first multi-sheet topographic map series of an entire country, the Carte géométrique de la France, was completed in 1789; the Great Trigonometric Survey of India, started by the East India Company in 1802 taken over by the British Raj after 1857 was notable as a successful effort on a larger scale and for determining heights of Himalayan peaks from viewpoints over one hundred miles distant. Topographic surveys were prepared by the military to assist in planning for battle and for defensive emplacements; as such, elevation information was of vital importance. As they evolved, topographic map series became a national resource in modern nations in planning infrastructure and resource exploitation. In the United States, the national map-making function, shared by both the Army Corps of Engineers and the Department of the Interior migrated to the newly created United States Geological Survey in 1879, where it has remained since.1913 saw the beginning of the International Map of the World initiative, which set out to map all of Earth's significant land areas at a scale of 1:1 million, on about one thousand sheets, each covering four degrees latitude by six or more degrees longitude.
Excluding borders, each sheet was up to 66 cm wide. Although the project foundered, it left an indexing system that remains in use. By the 1980s, centralized printing of standardized topographic maps began to be superseded by databases of coordinates that could be used on computers by moderately skilled end users to view or print maps with arbitrary contents and scale. For example, the Federal government of the United States' TIGER initiative compiled interlinked databases of federal and local political borders and census enumeration areas, of roadways and water features with support for locating street addresses within street segments. TIGER was used in the 1990 and subsequent decennial censuses. Digital elevation models were compiled from topographic maps and stereographic interpretation of aerial photographs and from satellite photography and radar data. Since all these were government projects funded with taxes and not classified for national security reasons, the datasets were in the public domain and usable without fees or licensing.
TIGER and DEM datasets facilitated Geographic information systems and made the Global Positioning System much more useful by providing context around locations given by the technology as coordinates. Initial applications were professionalized forms such as innovative surveying instruments and agency-level GIS systems tended by experts. By the mid-1990s user-friendly resources such as online mapping in two and three dimensions, integration of GPS with mobile phones and automotive navigation systems appeared; as of 2011, the future of standardized, centrally printed topographical maps is left somewhat in doubt. Topographic maps have multiple uses in the present day: any type of geographic planning or large-scale architecture; the various features shown on the map are represented by conventional symbols. For example, colors can be used to indicate a classification of roads; these signs are explained in the margin of the map, or on a separately published characteristic sheet. Topographic maps are commonly called contour maps or topo maps.
In the United States, where the primary national series is organized by a strict 7.5-minute grid, they are called topo quads or quadrangles. Topographic maps conventionally show land contours, by means of contour lines. Contour lines are curves. In other words, every point on the marked line of 100 m elevation is 100 m above mean sea level; these maps show
United States Geological Survey
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, the natural hazards that threaten it; the organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility; the USGS is a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior. The USGS employs 8,670 people and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia; the USGS has major offices near Lakewood, Colorado, at the Denver Federal Center, Menlo Park, California. The current motto of the USGS, in use since August 1997, is "science for a changing world." The agency's previous slogan, adopted on the occasion of its hundredth anniversary, was "Earth Science in the Public Service." Since 2012, the USGS science focus is directed at six topical "Mission Areas", namely Climate and Land Use Change, Core Science Systems, Ecosystems and Minerals and Environmental Health, Natural Hazards, Water.
In December 2012, the USGS split the Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health Mission Area resulting in seven topical Mission Areas, with the two new areas being: Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health. Administratively, it is divided into six Regional Units. Other specific programs include: Earthquake Hazards Program monitors earthquake activity worldwide; the National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colorado on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines detects the location and magnitude of global earthquakes. The USGS runs or supports several regional monitoring networks in the United States under the umbrella of the Advanced National Seismic System; the USGS informs authorities, emergency responders, the media, the public, both domestic and worldwide, about significant earthquakes. It maintains long-term archives of earthquake data for scientific and engineering research, it conducts and supports research on long-term seismic hazards. USGS has released the UCERF California earthquake forecast.
As of 2005, the agency is working to create a National Volcano Early Warning System by improving the instrumentation monitoring the 169 volcanoes in U. S. territory and by establishing methods for measuring the relative threats posed at each site. The USGS National Geomagnetism Program monitors the magnetic field at magnetic observatories and distributes magnetometer data in real time; the USGS collaborates with Canadian and Mexican government scientists, along with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, to produce the North American Environmental Atlas, used to depict and track environmental issues for a continental perspective. The USGS operates the streamgaging network for the United States, with over 7400 streamgages. Real-time streamflow data are available online. National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center implements partner-driven science to improve understanding of past and present land use change, develops relevant climate and land use forecasts, identifies lands and communities that are most vulnerable to adverse impacts of change from the local to global scale.
Since 1962, the Astrogeology Research Program has been involved in global and planetary exploration and mapping. In collaboration with Stanford University, the USGS operates the USGS-Stanford Ion Microprobe Laboratory, a world-class analytical facility for U--Pb geochronology and trace element analyses of minerals and other earth materials. USGS operates a number of water related programs, notably the National Streamflow Information Program and National Water-Quality Assessment Program. USGS Water data is publicly available from their National Water Information System database; the USGS operates the National Wildlife Health Center, whose mission is "to serve the nation and its natural resources by providing sound science and technical support, to disseminate information to promote science-based decisions affecting wildlife and ecosystem health. The NWHC provides information, technical assistance, research and leadership on national and international wildlife health issues." It is the agency responsible for surveillance of H5N1 avian influenza outbreaks in the United States.
The USGS runs 17 biological research centers in the United States, including the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. The USGS is investigating collaboration with the social networking site Twitter to allow for more rapid construction of ShakeMaps; the USGS produces several national series of topographic maps which vary in scale and extent, with some wide gaps in coverage, notably the complete absence of 1:50,000 scale topographic maps or their equivalent. The largest and best-known topographic series is the 7.5-minute, 1:24,000 scale, quadrangle, a non-metric scale unique to the United States. Each of these maps covers an area bounded by two lines of latitude and two lines of longitude spaced 7.5 minutes apart. Nearly 57,000 individual maps in this series cover the 48 contiguous states, Hawaii, U. S. territories, areas of Alaska near Anchorage and Prudhoe Bay. The area covered by each map varies with the latitude of its represented location due to convergence of the meridians. At lower latitudes, near 30° north, a 7.5-minute quadrangle contains an area of about 64 square miles.
At 49° north latitude, 49 square miles are contained within a quadrangle of that size. As a unique non-metric map scale, the 1:24,000 scale requires a separate and specialized romer scale for pl
Crystal Mountain (Michigan)
Crystal Mountain Resort is a resort and conference center located in Weldon Township, Benzie County, just west of Thompsonville. The resort's area forms the Crystal Mountain census-designated place; the resort offers recreational activities including downhill and cross country skiing the winter months, golf, water activities, an alpine slide in other seasons. The resort was founded in 1956. In March 2015 the resort announced it was planning a $9 million expansion project that will add new ski runs, lodging and other amenities; the resort's skiing and snowboarding season runs from Thanksgiving weekend to early April, depending on weather conditions. The resort receives an average of 11' of natural snowfall, however artificial snow can be made when natural snowfall is lacking; the resort has 58 downhill slopes, 7 chairlifts and 2 surface lifts, with 27 slopes lighted for night skiing during the peak ski season. It is home to Jim Riley-Lampinen ranked number 1 boot fit in Michigan. Crystal Mountain features two 18-hole championship golf courses.
The Betsie Valley course, the resort's original golf course, plays at 6,567 yards from the blue tees. The Mountain Ridge course, which hosts the Michigan Women's Open each summer, plays 7,077 yards from the blue tees; the resort's golf school offers golf instruction to players of all ages and ability levels. Crystal Mountain maintains Michigan's only Alpine slide; the resort maintains mountain biking trails available during the Summer. Overnight lodging is available in over 250 hotel rooms, condominiums and vacation homes, which are located near the skiing and golf facilities throughout the resort property. Crystal Mountain is one of 60 golf courses in Michigan to be certified by the Michigan Turfgrass Environmental Stewardship Program, its golf school has been named a Top 25 golf school by Golf Magazine. Crystal Mountain was named among Conde Nast Traveler’s Ten Best Family Ski Resorts in the U. S. and Canada in 2017, ranked the resort #1 in the United States for Family Reunions in 2015. "Michigan's ski resorts back up and running".
Detroit Free Press. 13 January 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2016. Adkins, Corey. "Sightseeing in Northern Michigan: Crystal Mountain Skier Service". Retrieved 29 January 2016. "Crystal Mountain Resort and Spa: A Huffington Post Travel Ski Resort Guide". The Huffington Post. 30 December 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2016. "The Best Family Ski Resorts in the U. S. and Canada". 20 January 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2018. Official website