Ballandean is a small town and locality in the Granite Belt Region of the Southern Downs, Australia. At the 2016 Australian Census the town recorded a population of 338; the town has a number of nearby vineyards. The Severn River marks part of the northern boundary. Kelvin Grove Creek, Washpool Creek, Accommodation Creek and Smiths Creek all flow through Ballandean into the Severn River; the New England Highway passes through Ballandean from north to south in the north-east of Ballandean in close parallel to the Southern railway line. The Ballandean railway station is in this area and the urban development surrounds the railway station; the station is now closed. The rest of the locality is predominantly farmland; the northern part of Ballandean is known as Apple Vale. The name Ballandean derives from the name of a pastoral run, belonging to Henry Hayter Nicol in 1841, believed to be linked to his childhood association with Ballindean House, near Inchture, Scotland; the town was surveyed and named in 1872.
Thomas Fletcher built the Britannia Inn in the same year which attracted other businesses to the area. Fletcher went on to establish the first commercial orchard on the Granite Belt. Ballandean Post Office opened on 1 January 1873. Ballandean State School opened on 18 January 1909 under head teacher Frances Emily Wallace. Ballandean has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 5 kilometres south-west of Ballandean: Ballandean Homestead The man-made Ballandean Pyramid was constructed by Ken Stubberfield as a way to dispose of excess granite on his farm and is an unusual sight in Queensland; the Balladean railway station is a well-known landmark on the New England Highway due to the big dinosaur in front of it, nicknamed the Fruitisforus. The dinosaur was constructed for a float in the 1998 Apple and Grape Festival. After the festival, the community placed it in front of the railway station to get passing traffic to stop and buy fruit for a community fundraiser, it proved so popular that it was reinforced with fibregrass and painted and made a permanent roadside feature.
It is 2.1 metres high. Media related to Ballandean, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons
Clifton is a town in the Darling Downs region of Queensland, Australia. The lands around the town was first settled by Europeans in 1840. At the 2016 census, Clifton had a population of 1,456; the town is situated just west of the New England Highway, about 50 kilometres south of Toowoomba and 150 kilometres west of Brisbane. Bange's Airfield, six kilometres west of Clifton, is a centre for ultralight aircraft, home to the Lone Eagle Flying School and the Darling Downs Sport Aircraft Association Inc. Boab trees are an important cultural heritage feature alongside the main street. Clifton Post Office opened on 20 April 1869; the Clifton War Memorial is located on the corner of Edward Streets. The Clifton Library opened in 2002. On 28 January 1964, Clifton Secondary Department commenced classes. In 1966, a new high school was declared. Clifton State High School is a Queensland public secondary school serving the needs of the town of Clifton and surrounding rural districts; the Clifton Library is operated by the Toowoomba Regional Council.
The library is open five days a week. Clifton Historical Museum is located in the old butter factory where there is a range of early agricultural tools and machinery on display, it is staffed by volunteers. The Clifton branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at 72 Clark Street. University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Clifton Clifton State High School Video: Clifton - Why we like to live here A digital story created by Barbara Free about the area of Clifton, as part of the Queensland Stories Project, State Library of Queensland
The rufous fantail is a small Passerine bird, most known as the black-breasted rufous-fantail or rufous-fronted fantail, which can be found in Australia, Micronesia, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. In these countries they inhabit wet forests, swamp woodlands and mangroves. Characteristic of species that have a large range, the rufous fantail has many subspecies; however the taxonomic treatment of its subspecies and other relatives is still debated. The rufous fantail is distinguished by their orange-reddish-brown back and base of tail, they have a white breast that grades into a white colour on the chin and throat. They are migratory, travelling to south-eastern Australia in the spring to breed, north in the autumn; the rufous fantail tends to feed on small insects in the lower parts of the canopy. They are active birds making short, frequent flights, they may hop between foliage or on the ground, during foraging. Although their population is thought to be declining, their large range and abundance make them a species of least concern according to the IUCN.
The rufous fantail has complex evolutionary relationships and sometimes this results in conflicting taxonomy. This is not uncommon since taxonomies are hypotheses of a species' evolutionary status. Debate is still ongoing about the taxonomic treatment of the rufous fantail's subspecies and its related species; the rufous fantail was first described by Latham in his 1801 work, Index Ornithologicus as Muscicapa ruffifrons. It was reclassified into the genus Rhipidura by Vigors and Horsfield; the rufous fantail's scientific name is Rhipidura ruffifrons. Rhipidura is derived from Greek: ρϊπός, meaning fan-like and οὐρά, meaning tail. Ruffifrons comes from two Latin words: rufus meaning red and frons meaning the forehead; the rufous fantail is known by numerous other English names as well as several names in different languages. Some common English names include: rufous-fronted fantail, wood fantail, rufous-fronted flycatcher, wood flycatcher, red fantail, allied flycatcher, rufous flycatcher, rufous fan, red fan or redstart.
It is one of over 40 member species of the genus Rhipidura known as the fantails. Within the genus it belongs to a group of five related species: R. rufidorsa, R. brachyrhyncha, R. dahli, R. teysmanni and R. dryas. A molecular phylogeny study showed the Arafura fantail to be its closest relative, it forms a superspecies with R. dryas and R. semirubra, all three are considered conspecific. All are part of a larger species group that includes R. teysmanni, R. superflua, R. dedemi, R. opistherythra, R. lepida, R. rufidorsa, R. dahli, R. matthiae and R. malaitae. The current spatial distribution suggests an ancestry originating in the Papuan region, most New Guinea; the ancestral form may have had a white chin, white throat, a light grey breast as well as a greyish-brown head and back. Indirect evidence suggests that ancestral species undertook two periods of aggressive range expansions separated by a period of inactivity. During the former dispersal period, it is hypothesised by Mayr et al. that: Dispersal north and westwards formed the superflua on Buru, teijsmanni on Celebes, lepida on Palau.
Dispersal to Tenimber Islands in the Banda Sea formed the opistherythra. Dispersal to Northern New Guinea formed the rufidorsa. Dispersal to Bismarck Archipelago formed the dahli-antonii-matthiae series. Dispersal to Southeastern New Guinea and nearby islands evolved into the true rufifrons subspecies. During the latter dispersal period, the true rufifrons group underwent "explosive sub-speciation"; this is in stark contrast to the other members. The true rufifrons further evolved into eighteen subgroups; the rufous fantail is a superspecies comprising eighteen recognised subspecies. In alphabetical order, these are: Adults are medium-sized birds ranging from 14.5 cm - 18.5 cm in length, averaging at around 15 cm. They weigh 10 grams; the male and female of the species look identical. However, females are smaller than the males; the forehead is a richly reddish-brown colour across the eyes. The eyes have a white arc just below them; the top of the head, back of the neck and the upper back, transition from an olive to reddish-brown colour, which blends into a blackish-brown, fan-shaped tail.
This blackish-brown tail, contrasts with the base of the tail, tipped with a paler colour white. It has black ear-coverts; the throat is white, there is a black bar across the upper breast. Below this, the lower breast is off-white with black scale-like spots which transitions into an off-white colour towards the centre of the abdomen; the eyes and feet of the bird are all a brown colour. The aforementioned colours do not change during different seasons. However, compared to the adults, the juveniles have duller coloured backs and marginally browner tails and underparts. On the other hand, the base of the bill and their legs are a paler brown relative to an adult's. A physical description that may help distinguishing between the different subspecies can be found in the subspecies section of this article; the plumage in the immature birds is similar in both sexes. Adults moult annually prior to the breeding season, this basic plumage does not vary; these have been not been well characterised in the rufous fantail.
It has been observed to create several different types o
Allora is a town and locality in south-eastern Queensland, Australia, on the Darling Downs 158 kilometres south-west of the state capital, Brisbane. The town is in the Southern Downs Region; the township is located on the New England Highway between Toowoomba. At the 2011 census, Allora had a population of 889; the region surrounding this small farming community was first explored by Europeans in the 1840s. Its name is believed to derive from an Aboriginal word "gnarrallah", meaning waterhole or swampy place. Following European settlement, the history of the area is entwined with two famous pastoral homesteads in the vicinity of Allora: Glengallan and Talgai. Both properties ran sheep; the original "Talgai" run was taken up by E. E. Dalrymple in 1840; the creek that runs through Allora is named in his honour. Built in 1868 for the Clark family, Talgai Homestead stood on 300,000 acres; the homestead covers sixty squares. It is now a breakfast. Allora Post Office opened on 31 March 1863; the Allora State School opened on 1 May 1867.
On 31 December 2008, it was renamed Allora P-10 State School. From the 1870s, red cedar and beech logged from the Goomburra valley were milled at Allora. From 1869, Allora had its own local government was combined with the Clifton Shire.. In 1914 it separated from the Clifton Shire to become a shire in its own right as the Shire of Allora, administered from the Shire's offices on the corner of Warwick and Forde Streets Allora, at 78 Herbert Street in Allora. In 1994, the Shire of Allora was amalgamated into the Shire of Warwick; the Methodist Church opened in 1896. The Allora Boer War Memorial was unveiled on 19 October 1904 by Colonel Henry Chauvel; the Allora Shire Soldiers Memorial was unveiled on 11 November 1921 by General J. C. Robertson and the mothers of those who died; the current Allora Public Library opened in 1966 and had a minor refurbishment in 2010. In 1886 the first fossil evidence of early human occupation in the area, the Talgai Skull, was found on Talgai Homestead, embedded in the wall of Dalrymple Creek.
Radiocarbon dating suggests the Talgai skull is between 11,000 years old. It is believed to be the skull of a boy of 15 years of age, killed by a massive blow to the side of the head. Local attractions include the Goomburra Forest Reserve, part of, World Heritage listed in 1994 by UNESCO; the Talgai skull is located in the Shellshear Department of Anatomy, Sydney University. A replica is found in the Allora Museum; the old bank building in Herbert Street building is known locally as the "Mary Poppins house", after resident P. L. Travers' most famous work. Allora has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Allora-Clifton Road: Allora Cemetery 1 Church Street: St David's Anglican Church Dalrymple Creek Road: Talgai Homestead Warwick Street: Boer War Memorial Wayne Bennett, Premiership winning rugby league coach in the NRL Sir James Connolly, politician in Western Australia Matthew Denny, IAAF Athletics 2013 World Youth Championships gold medallist discus throw Laura Geitz, Australia National Netball Team Captain, Commonwealth Games Gold Medallist and ANZ Championships Premiership Captain Greg Holmes, Rugby Union tighthead prop.
Queensland'Reds' 144 games. Plays for the Exeter Chiefs in England in the Aviva Premiership. Private John Leak, Victoria Cross recipient at Pozières, France, on July 23, 1916. Farmed and worked in the Allora district, "The Commonage" Berat, from 1919-1920. Tom McVeigh, Federal Member for Darling Downs for the National Country Party. Member for Groom. Minister for Housing and Construction and Minister for Home Affairs and the Environment. P. L. Travers, author of Mary Poppins The Southern Downs Regional Council operates a public library in Allora at 78 Herbert Stree; the Allora branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at 51 Warwick Street. Media related to Allora, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons Town & travel information Sydney Morning Herald University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Allora
Dalveen is a small rural town in the Southern Downs Region, Australia. At the 2011 census the town recorded a population of 346; the name Dalveen derives from locality name given by settler John Flint, who named it after Dalveen pass in Lanark, Scotland. Stanthorpe Road Provisional School opened on 12 August 1878. In 1879 it was renamed North Maryland Provisional School. In 1892 it was renamed Dalveen State School on 18 January 1892. Cherry Gully Post Office opened on 1 January 1880 and was replaced by Dalveen Post Office in 1881. St Barnabas Anglican Church was built in 1903. Dalveen has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 28 Crystal Mountain Road: Braeside Homestead Warwick-to-Wallangarra railway line: Dalveen Tunnel St Barnabas Anglican Church holds a service on the 4th Sunday of each month; the Dalveen public hall and Dalveen State School are both in Pine Crescent. The Southern Downs Regional Council operates a mobile library service which visits the Dalveen State School in Pine Crescent.
The Dalveen branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association has its rooms at Cameron's Corner on the Old Stanthorpe Road. The New England Highway passes north-south through Dalveen; the Southern railway line passes through Dalveen. The line is no longer in active service. William Allan, Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, Member of the Queensland Legislative Council, owner of Braeside Homestead Media related to Dalveen, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons
Dalby is a town and locality in the Darling Downs region of Queensland, Australia. Dalby is the administrative centre of the Western Downs Region. At the 2016 census, Dalby had a population of 12,719. Dalby is 208 kilometres west northwest of the state capital, Brisbane, at the junction of the Warrego and Bunya Highways. and the centre of Australia's richest grain and cotton growing area. At the 2016 Census, Dalby had a population of 12,719. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 7.0% of the population. 84.0% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were Philippines 1.9%, New Zealand 1.3%, England 1.1% and South Africa 0.8%. 88.7% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Tagalog at 1.0%. The most common responses for religion were Catholic 26.3%, Anglican 19.6% and No Religion 16.9%. Dalby was founded in the early 1840s at a place known locally as "The Crossing" on Myall Creek, a tributary of the Condamine River; the first settler was Henry Dennis, who explored the region and chose land for himself and others in the locality.
Today an obelisk in Edward Street denotes the location. A small settlement was founded to assist travellers heading north to nearby Jimbour Station; the explorer Ludwig Leichhardt visited the area on his way to Port Essington. In February 1853, the New South Wales government sent the Deputy Surveyor General Captain Samuel Perry to the area to survey a township. In August of the following year, Mr Charles Douglas Eastaughffe arrived with a document under the Seal of the NSW Government proclaiming'Dalby' a township. Mr Eastaughffe was appointed Chief Constable and remained in Dalby until his retirement; the name of the town is believed to come from the village of Dalby on the Isle of Man and reflects immigration from the Isle of Man in the mid-19th century. The name was chosen by Captain Samuel Perry when he surveyed the settlement in 1853. Myall Creek Post Office opened in 1854 in Roche's store, with Mr Simpson as the first postmaster, it was renamed Dalby in 1855. In 1859, Dalby became part of the new state of Queensland.
In August 1863 Dalby was proclaimed a municipality, the Borough of Dalby, in the Queensland Government Gazette. Dalby was linked by the Western railway line to Ipswich on 16 April 1868. From 1873 to 1949 the electoral district of Dalby was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. Dalby was believed to have a healthy climate and in 1900 the Queensland Government built the Jubilee Sanitorium for consumptive patients. In 1904 the Dalby Town Council erected therapeutic thermal baths using artesian water from a local bore for those wishing to improve their health by "taking the waters". In 1938, the council closed the artesian baths. Medical opinion became doubtful of the benefits of bathing in mineral waters, favouring drugs and physiotherapy as better treatments; the Dalby War Memorial was unveiled by the Queensland Governor, Matthew Nathan, on 26 July 1922. Dalby Library opened in 2014. Dalby has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 133 Cunningham Street: former Dalby Town Council Chambers and Offices 153 Cunningham Street: St John's Anglican Church 169 Cunningham Street: St Columba's Convent 21 New Street: Dalby Fire Station 28B Nicholson Street: Dalby State High School Patrick Street: Dalby War Memorial and Gates 58 Patrick Street: Dalby Olympic Swimming Pool Dalby has a humid subtropical climate and being located just to the west of the Great Dividing Range it is hotter and less humid in summer and colder and drier in winter than nearby locations on the other side of the range.
Dalby has had a recording weather station since 1893, but, replaced in 1992 by another station at the Dalby Airport. The town's highest recorded temperature was 45.6 °C on 4 December 1913, while the coldest was −7.2 °C on 5 July 1895. The annual rainfall is 681.2 mm. Dalby experienced its worst floods since 1981 in late December 2010; the town's water purification system was flooded, resulting in water restrictions that have hampered clean-up efforts. 112,500 litres of water were transported to the town of 14,000 residents. In early March 2013, Dalby received another severe flood, cutting the town in two after 122 mm of rain was recorded over a few days. Flood waters peaked at 3.21 meters and a number of homes received water damage. Industry in Dalby includes large-scale engineering, coal mining, fuels. Dalby is the centre of a diverse and productive agricultural area with rich black soil allowing the production of crops such as wheat and sorghum. Livestock raising including pigs and sheep is popular.
Two cotton gins are situated within 10 kilometres of the town. Dalby is to be the site of the first dry mill grain-to-ethanol plant constructed in Australia; the local area is developing an energy-based economy with a large coal-fired power station and a number of coal mines and natural gas bores being established to the west of Dalby. A local company has been awarded a contract to establish wind turbines on adjacent farm land. 50 kilometres west of Dalby is the Kogan Creek Power Station. This A$1.2 billion project is a 750-megawatt coal-fired power station, with adjacent coal mine being developed at the small town of Kogan, equidistant between Dalby and Tara. The opening of a shopping centre at the northe
Cambooya is a town and locality in the Toowoomba Region, Australia. At the 2016 Australian census the town recorded a population of 1,584. Cambooya is in the Darling Downs region, 148 kilometres west of Brisbane. European settlement of the area dates from 1840, when Arthur Hodgson chose 65,000 acres of prime land, which he named Eton Vale. In 1843 the New South Wales Commissioner of Crown Lands, Christopher Rolleston, carried out a survey and reserved a site on Eton Vale for a township, he named it Cambooya, a rendering of the Aboriginal word'yambuya', thought to refer to tubers growing in a water hole. Cambooya was, in its early years, the railway and general centre of two properties named after two public schools of England and Harrow. Hodgson had attended Eton Vale, Ramsay had attended Harrow. Hodgson resisted the formation of a township, no development occurred until 1868, when a railway station was built at Cambooya as the railway line was extended from Toowoomba to Warwick. Cambooya Post Office opened on 12 March 1869.
It was co-located with the railway station. The post office, railway station building and goods shed were destroyed in a fire in the early hours of the morning on 7 July 1908. A new post office was built in 1909 at an estimated cost of £1050; the current post office is located at Cambooya. The first public school in Cambooya opened with 12 students from four local families. Due to growing attendance and an increased population caused by the railway, the school was moved and a building was erected in 1899 at the current school site; the nearby Nunkulla School was closed on 6 December 1959 and the building was transported to Cambooya to become an additional classroom. It was opened in December 1960. A new building was constructed in 1985 and opened on 3 August 1985 by Tony Elliott, Member for Cunningham. In 1985 the school was given six allotments of land, now called Johnson Oval; this oval is used today for cricket and athletics. By 1990 there were 104 students and 25 pre-school students enrolled, plus a teaching staff of six teachers and three teacher-aides.
Early in 2005 there was an opened covered area. Stuart Copeland, Member of Parliament congratulated the school community for constructing a useful covered area for eating lunches and undercover activities; the school celebrated its centenary in 1982 and 125 years of education at Cambooya State School in 2007. Eton Vale school was a private school on Eton Vale Station, three and a half miles from the Cambooya railway station. Most children who attended the school in 1890 were girls and infants, as they could not travel to Cambooya School with any regularity and the black soil was impassable in wet weather. Eton Vale became a half-time school with Preston in 1925. In February 1923 a branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association was formed in Cambooya. More than 50 women attended the meeting. Ruth Fairfax referred to the "good work than the association could accomplish among country women, emphasis being laid "on what could be done in Cambooya and district; the newly formed branch agreed to devote its energies to assisting the Bush Nursing Association.
Ruth Fairfax was elected president, Miss Middleton secretary and treasurer." There is no longer a branch in Cambooya, although there are a number of branches in the surrounding area, including Toowoomba and Middle Ridge. The Cambooya Catholic Church was opened on 9 November. 1914 by Archbishop James Duhig, before a crowd of about 600. At the centenary celebrations in 2014, descendants of the men who helped build the church were among the crowd for the celebration. In April 1914, the Anglican Church at Cambooya was destroyed by cyclonic winds; as reported in the Darling Downs Gazette, "the church was built by the residents some years ago, was one of the centres of religious life in that small community. A stained glass window in the church was the gift of Sir Arthur Hodgson in memory of the Hodgson family who did much for the Downs and for Queensland; the seats were tastefully decorated, the organ paid for, was a fine instrument. All have been destroyed." The church was rebuilt with funds raised by the community.
The foundation stone of the new building was laid a week before the opening of the new Catholic church. The Darling Downs, including Cambooya, was well known for the production of cheese and other dairy products in the first half of the 20th century. For example, the Ramsay Cheese Factory, during the fourteen months prior to the end of 1906, made 248,686 lb or 111 tons of cheese from 273,003 gallons of milk. By 1912 there were butter an/or cheese factories at Allora, Clifton, Crows Nest, Goombungee, Inglewood, Leyburn, Pittsworth, Tannymorel and Warwick. In the late 1930s the Downs' dairy industry peaked over 200,000 milking cows. Australian author Arthur Hoey Davis, who wrote under the pen name'Steele Rudd', spent much of his childhood on his family's small block at Emu Creek near East Greenmount in the Cambooya district, he is best known for creating the Australian characters Dave. A suburban rail motor service from Toowoomba along the Southern railway line commenced in May 1917, running to Wyreema, 10 miles away.
It was extended to Cambooya and to Willowburn in 1918. They ceased around 1923. Cambooya has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: New England Highway: Eton Vale Homestead Ruins Cambooya has only one school