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Dalen is an old village and a former municipality in the northeastern Netherlands, in the province of Drenthe. Since 1998, Dalen has been part of the municipality of Coevorden. There are many shops and restaurants, bakeries and a pub called the D'aolle Bakkerij; the village is known for Jan Pol and De Bente, which are open to the public. There is a family resort from Center Parcs called'De Huttenheugte' and next to the resort lies the theme park Plopsa Indoor. Dalen railway station has connections to Coevorden/Zwolle. Famous residents have included: Albert Bouwers, optician Karsten Kroon, road bicycle racer Gerald Sibon, football striker J. Kuyper, Gemeente Atlas van Nederland, 1865-1870, "Dalen". Map of the former municipality in 1868

Antarctic fur seal

The Antarctic fur seal, is one of eight seals in the genus Arctocephalus, one of nine fur seals in the subfamily Arctocephalinae. Despite what its name suggests, the Antarctic fur seal is distributed in Subantarctic islands and its scientific name is thought to have come from the German vessel SMS Gazelle, the first to collect specimens of this species from Kerguelen Islands; this fur seal is a midsized pinniped with a long neck and pointed muzzle compared with others in the family. The nose does not extend much past the mouth, the external ears are long and naked at the tip. Adults have long vibrissae males, up to 35 to 50 cm; the fore flippers are about one-third, hind flippers more than one-fourth, of the total length. Adult males are dark brown in colour. Females and juveniles tend to be paler grey with lighter undersides. Colour patterns are variable, scientists reported that some hybridization between Subantarctic and Antarctic fur seals has occurred. Pups are dark brown at birth black in color.

About one in 1000 Antarctic fur seals are pale'blonde' variants - not albino - and they stay so as adults. Males are larger than females. Males grow up with a mean weigh of 133 kg. Female reaches 1.4 m with a mean weight of 34 kg. At birth, mean standard length is 67.4 mass is 5.9 kg in males and 5.4 kg in females. Antarctic fur seals live up to 20 years with a maximum observed for female of 24. Antarctic fur seals are believed to be the most abundant species of fur seal; the largest congregation occurs on South Georgia, which hold 95% of the global population. The current best estimate for South Georgia is 46,834 at Bouvetøya. However, there are regional differences in population trends: some colonies are increasing in size, some are stables, some showing decrease. Antarctic fur seals have a circumpolar distribution and breed from 61° S to the Antarctic Convergence. Breeding colonies are found at South Georgia, South Sandwich Islands, South Orkney Islands, South Shetland Islands and Bouvetøya in the Southern Atlantic Ocean.

During winter, Antarctic fur seals range from the Antarctic continent to the Falkland Islands, southern Argentina and Chile, reaching as far as the Mar del Plata and Gough Island. Antarctic fur seals are one of the better-studied Southern Ocean predators. However, the vast majority of information has been collected during summer breeding months; the breeding system of the Antarctic Fur Seal is polygynous, dominant breeding males mate with as many as 20 females during a successful season. Males establish breeding grounds in October to early November. Females reach the colonies in December and give birth to a single pup several days later. Gestation lasts between 8 and 9 months and it has been observed a high breeding synchrony across the species’ range, concentrating 90% of pup births in a 10-day window. Pups are weaned at about four months old. Juveniles may spend several years at sea before returning to begin their breeding cycles; the ecology of Antarctic fur seals during the non-breeding winter is poorly understood.

Adult and subadult males may form groups while moulting along the Antarctic Peninsula in late summer and early autumn. Adult females are gregarious but asocial other than the strong bond they establish with their pups, although there are occasional aggressive encounters with nearby females or other pups and brief interactions with adult males to mate; these seals appear to be solitary when migrating. The usual food source for individuals in the Atlantic Region is Antarctic krill; the fish prey are principally myctophids and Notothenids, although skates and rays are consumed. Penguins are taken by Antarctic fur seal males. Seasonal differences in diet have been recorded across colonies and years. Studies have showed that female Antarctic fur seals can undertake wide-ranging foraging migrations during winter. Interannual differences appear to be related to differences in local oceanographic conditions. Antarctic fur seals are member of the genus Arctocephalus. A proposal was made to reassign this species to the resurrected genus Arctophoca.

Antarctic fur seals can be confused with southern otariids that share their range, like Subantarctic, New Zealand, South American fur seals, the Juan Fernandez fur seal, as well as the South American and New Zealand sea lions, are the most species to consider. Genetic studies on population structure have suggests that there are two genetically distinct regions: a western region including the islands of the Scotia Arc, Bouvetøya, Marion Islands, an eastern region, including Kerguelen and Macquarie Islands. Seals from Crozet Islands and Heard Island are mixtures from both regions. South Georgia islands, which hold 95% of the global population, had a total population in 1999/2000 between 4.5 and 6.2 million. The South Georgia population reached carrying capacity recently and may thus be spilling over into nearby, lower density sites. However, the abundance of adult females is estimated to have declined by some 30% between 2003 and 2012, by 24% since 1984 to around 550,000; the popula

Sigge Bergman

Sigge Bergman was a Swedish sports executive and journalist. He was secretary general of the International Ski Federation from 1961 to 1979, before that the founding chairman of the Technical Committee for Nordic Skiing. In 1934 he introduced alpine skiing in Sweden after having studied at the ski school of Hannes Schneider in St. Anton. Winner of several alpine competitions in Sweden in the thirties, he held several key positions in the Swedish Ski Association from 1939 to 1976, among these President. He was a chairman of the Swedish National Olympic Committee, twice appointed chef de mission at the Olympic Games; as a leader, technical official or journalist, he attended 24 Olympic Games between 1936 and 1994. He became famous for daring to challenge Avery Brundage's views on amateurism in the early seventies, he was an honorary member of FIS, Swedish Ski Association, Swiss Ski Association, Swedish National Olympic Committee, Ski Club of Great Britain, Ski Club Arlberg, Kandahar Ski Club. He was decorated with the Olympic Order in silver 1997 by his long-time colleague Marc Hodler.

FIS-ski: history

Colt Pocket Percussion Revolvers

The family of Colt Pocket Percussion Revolvers evolved from the earlier commercial revolvers marketed by the Patent Arms Manufacturing Company of Paterson, N. J; the smaller versions of Colt's first revolvers are called "Baby Patersons" by collectors and were produced first in.28 to.31 caliber, in.36 caliber, by means of rebating the frame and adding a "step" to the cylinder to increase diameter. The.31 caliber carried over into Samuel Colt's second venture in the arms trade in the form of the "Baby Dragoon"-a small revolver developed in 1847–48. The "Baby Dragoon" was in parallel development with Colt's other revolvers and, by 1850, it had evolved into the "Colt's Revolving Pocket Pistol" that collectors now name "The Pocket Model of 1849", it is a smaller brother of the more famous "Colt's Revolving Belt Pistol of Naval Caliber" introduced the same year and designated by collectors as the "1851 Navy Model". In 1855 Colt introduced another pocket percussion revolver, the Colt 1855 "Sidehammer", designed alongside engineer Elisha K. Root.

The Pocket Model revolvers all have a traditional "Colt-style" frame with brass grip straps and trigger guard, a case-hardened steel frame. In appearance, the frames are identical to the larger 1851 Navy and.44 caliber 1860 Army Models, with the exception of being smaller, so having a proportionately larger trigger guard. Since they appear so similar to the larger weapons, without an object nearby to give them scale, the Pocket Revolvers tend to give an impression of being larger than they are. Except for by noting the relative size of the trigger guard to the frame, it is easy for a casual observer to mistake a.31 caliber Model 1849 for an 1851 Navy. The larger.36 caliber Pocket Police Models are identical to the 1860 Army Model, with rebated frame and stepped cylinder, a graceful, flowing webbing surrounding a new style "creeping" loading lever, a round barrel. The most obvious difference is that the Pocket Police had a fluted 5-shot cylinder, while most Army Models were unfluted, held six shots.

The reason for this close similarity is that all four guns were related, followed similar paths of development. The Navy Model was increased in bore size by rebating the frame and enlarging the cylinder, became the 1860 Army Model. With the success of this project, the.31 caliber of the 1849 Model was increased to.36, using the same method, creating the Pocket Police and Pocket Navy models. The Pocket Model came with and without attached loading levers and with barrel lengths from 3-6 inches; those without loading levers are called the "Wells Fargo Model" although Wells Fargo records show no.31 caliber revolvers purchased by that company. All variations included, it was the single largest selling of the Colt revolvers until well into the 20th century Civilian demand for the original.31 caliber revolver remained substantial after introduction of the larger-bored.36 caliber Pocket Navy and Police Models right up until metallic cartridge revolvers entered production in the early 1870s. In 1860, the.36 caliber Police Pocket model was created, after lessons were learned from experimentation aimed at reducing the size of the.44 Colt Holster Pistols, Colt took advantage of stronger mass-produced steel by rebating the frame of the Navy revolver to hold a larger-diameter 44/100-inch chambered cylinder fitting the power of a large cavalry saddle holster-gun and fitting it into the.36 caliber Navy Model, a gun that could be carried in a belt holster.

It wasn't thought that the smaller frame could handle the power of the.44 round, but the introduction of stronger metals made it possible. Learning the lessons from this, the Colt factory applied the same technology to the.31 caliber Model 1849 Pocket revolvers, using high-strength steel for the frame, which allowed them to remove enough material to fit a larger-diameter.36 caliber cylinder which still had five shots (the alternative was to retain the original cylinder diameter, create a 4-shot.36 caliber version. The stronger steels made this sacrifice unnecessary. Other changes including lightweight fluted cylinders, a round barrel, to offset the added weight, a "creeping" loading lever as used in the 1861 Army Model; the Pocket Navy was a version up-sized to.36 caliber, but which retained the octagonal barrel and traditional loading lever of the earlier pocket mode. Between 1862 and 1873, Colt records document production of 19,000 of the Pocket Navies and over 20,000 Pocket Police revolvers.

Relative to the.31 Pocket Revolvers, the period of manufacture was short and overall numbers were further limited by a fire at the Colt Factory in 1862 and War production concerns

Florida Department of Veterans Affairs

The Florida Department of Veterans' Affairs is a government agency of the state of Florida under the authority of the Governor of Florida charged with helping veterans and their families to receive all benefits they are entitled to. Florida first began assisting military veterans when they returned from World War II in 1944, but it wasn't until 1988 that a constitutional amendment was approved by Florida's voters to create a specific agency for that purpose; the Florida Department of Veterans' Affairs was created in 1989. The Florida Vets First program was implemented in 2008, providing information and contacts for housing, employment & benefits to service men and women returning from deployment. Groundbreaking for the Jacksonville National Cemetery occurred on September 12, 2008; the facility opened for interments on January 7, 2009. The new $650 million Orlando VA Medical Center at Lake Nona broke ground on October 24, 2008. Legislation was passed in 2009 that authorizes the Florida Commissioner of Education to award a Florida High School Diploma to honorably discharged Vietnam veterans who interrupted their high school education to serve their country.

On June 1, 2009, Florida Governor Charlie Crist and other dignitaries toured the Wounded Warrior Project headquarters in Jacksonville and signed Florida House Bill 509, which waived building and permitting fees for residential renovations involving safety and accessibility for disabled veterans. It removed the limit on fees for license tags which are directed to Florida's Veterans' Home Trust Funds; the legislation incorporates the U. S. Code which provides tuition and fee deferments for eligible veterans attending Florida institutions of higher learning into Florida Law; the department is headed by an Executive Director with a Deputy Executive Director over four Divisions and three Directors. An Inspector General reports directly to the Executive Director; the Commission on Veterans' Affairs was appointed by the Governor of Florida to represent veterans residing in locations throughout the state. Its function was to act as liaison for the FDVA with veteran's organizations & auxiliaries and individuals.

The rules creating the Commission were repealed on June 10, 2008. The Florida Legislature authorized the Florida Veterans Foundation in 2008 as a tax-exempt, non-profit 501 organization to support the FDVA and provide service and financial assistance to Florida's veterans; the voluntary board of directors is chosen by the Executive Director of the FDVA. Fundraising activities include cooperative projects with businesses and donations from corporations, charitable foundations and veterans. Florida Department of Veterans' Affairs supports the Florida Veterans Hall of Fame Council; the Council was established by the 2012 Florida Legislature for the purpose of identifying nominees for selection by the Governor and Cabinet to the Florida Veterans Hall of Fame. Although not a Military Hall of Fame, the State Veterans' Hall of Fame was created to recognize and honor those military veterans who, through their works and lives during or after military service, have made a significant contribution to the State of Florida.

The State Veterans' Homes Program is funded by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs and permits states to collect a per diem to help pay for the care of qualified veterans. Residents in the program do not require Medicaid; the FDVA operates six long-term medical care facilities in the following locations: Daytona Beach, Land O' Lakes, Pembroke Pines, Port Charlotte, Springfield and St. Ausutine; the facility in Lake City is intended for Domiciliary Care where the client requires assistance with one or more instrumental activities of daily living which permit the individual to live independently. IADLs include preparing meals, taking medications, simple housework, using technology, managing money; the Claims and Benefits Division provides many different services to the veterans and their dependents. The primary function is to assist veterans and their dependents with their claims before the USDVA. Claims worked through the Tallahassee claims office help claimants obtain compensation and pension benefits.

The FDVA is accredited with 12 service organizations in order to better represent the claimant with their claims and appeals. They include American Ex-Prisoners of War, American Legion, American Red Cross, Blinded Veterans Association, Fleet Reserve Association, Jewish War Veterans, Marine Corps League, National Association of County Veteran Service Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers Association, The Retired Enlisted Association, Veterans of World War I of the USA and Vietnam Veterans of America. FDVA Claims Officers will assist in the appeals process, if necessary, represent the claimant at a personal hearing before the USDVA Hearing Officer. Disabled veterans are eligible to receive free hunting & fishing permits, license plates, exemption from property taxes and parking permits, tuition deferral. United States Department of Veterans Affairs Florida Department of Veterans Affairs official website Florida Veterans Foundation official website Florida Veterans Hall of Fame official website