Henderson railway station
Henderson railway station is a major station on the Western Line of the Auckland railway network in New Zealand. It is located near the town centre of Henderson, the western administration offices of Auckland Council, a major shopping centre, WestCity Waitakere; the station was opened on 2 October 1880 for goods and on 21 December 1880 for all services including passengers. In 21 August 2010 a "Distributed Stabling Facility" was opened because locals objected to the proposal to open the facility at Ranui railway station. ARTA had proposed it as part of the upgrading of the network, to store up to 11 trains and to clean trains when out of service. A major upgrade of the station was completed on 24 October 2006; the station opened on 2 November 2006. It has an island platform. Stairs and escalators, enclosed in transparent panels, connect to an overhead walkway that connects to the council's office buildings and to the adjacent Railside Avenue, it was proposed that the station be renamed Waitakere Central when it was upgraded because it was integrated with the Waitakere City Council's new Civic Building.
There were objections that there would be confusion with Waitakere railway station on the Western Line. Due to opposition to the name change, the station has Waitakere Central only as a subtitle. In practice, the station is never referred to by the name but the council uses it to refer to its premises, directly above the platforms. Transdev Auckland, on behalf of Auckland Transport, operates suburban train services between Swanson and Britomart. Bus routes 14t, 14w, 120, 131, 133, 133x, 134, 138, 141, 142, 143, 146, 152, 154 and 162 arrive and depart from the transport interchange on Railside Avenue. List of Auckland railway stations Public transport in Auckland
Auckland Transport is the council-controlled organisation of Auckland Council responsible for transport projects and services. It was established by section 38 of the Local Government Act 2009, operates under that act and the Local Government Act 2010. Auckland Transport began operating from 1 November 2010, at the inauguration of Auckland Council, it assumed the role of the Auckland Regional Transport Authority and the combined transport functions of Auckland's seven city and district councils, all of which were disestablished. AT is responsible for the Auckland Region's public transport, it designs and maintains roads, ferry wharves and walkways. It is the largest of the council's organisations, with over 1700 staff, controlling half of all council rates. Dr David Warburton was the inaugural chief executive of the organisation, his successor, Shane Ellison, joined the organisation in December 2017. Auckland Transport has a key enforcement role, employing over 120 Parking Officers. In 2017, it created the new position of Transport Officer, with up to 220 to be appointed.
These officers work on Auckland's public transport network and are empowered by law to remove passengers off trains and issue infringement notices of $150 to enforce fare payment. Directors are appointed by Auckland Council; the Board has overall responsibility for delivering transport, including managing and controlling public transport and local roads. From 2010 to 2016, two councillors sat on the board, unlike the other Auckland CCOs, which were not permitted to have councillors as directors. Following the 2016 Auckland council elections, elected mayor Phil Goff dumped the two councillors, citing improved accountability and minimising compromises and conflict; the directors appointed from October 2016 were: Dr Lester Levy Wayne Donnelly Rabin Rabindran Mark Gilbert Dame Paula Rebstock Ernst Zöllner AT's assets totalled $19.1 billion in 2018, up 0.5 billion since June 2017. AT owned or operated the following transport assets as of 2018: 57 electric train sets, consisting of AM class multiple units per set 41 railway station facilities on Auckland's four railway lines, but not the platforms or tracks, which are owned by KiwiRail 16 dedicated bus stations, including six on the Northern Busway 21 ferry facilities 7,452 km of arterial and local roads Also the following: 6,859 km of footpaths, which grew to 7,287 km by 2016 985 bridges and major culverts 99,912 street lights 127,666 road signs 1,554 bus shelters 14 multi-storey car park buildings 933 on-street pay-and-display machines 270 AIFS integrated ticketing devices Public transport in Auckland AT Metro AT HOP card Hinaki Eel Trap Bridge Auckland Transport website
North Auckland Line
The North Auckland Line is a major section of New Zealand's national rail network, is made up of the following parts: the portion of track that runs northward from Westfield Junction to Newmarket Station. The first section was opened in 1868 and the line was completed in 1925; the line, or sections of it, have been known at various times as the Kaipara Line, the Waikato-Kaipara Line, the Kaipara Branch and the North Auckland Main Trunk.'North Auckland Line' is a designation for the section of track, not a service route. The southernmost portion from Westfield Junction to Newmarket was built as part of the North Island Main Trunk Railway, with Newmarket serving as the junction of the two lines; the North Island Main Trunk was re-routed in 1930 via the Westfield Deviation through Glen Innes and Panmure. Westfield-Newmarket was incorporated into the North Auckland Line, Newmarket-Auckland became the Newmarket Line, which today connects the North Auckland Line to Britomart Transport Centre. Three passenger lines of Auckland's suburban rail network make use of the North Auckland Line.
Southern Line services travel on it between Newmarket Station. Onehunga Line services travel on it between Newmarket Station. Western Line services travel on it between Newmarket Station; the North Auckland Line continued to Opua in the Bay of Islands, with the section from Otiria to Opua sometimes known as the Opua Branch. It is now owned by the Bay of Islands Vintage Railway but regular operations have been suspended since 2001, with resumption on a short section of the line in 2008; the North Auckland Line is under review as part of KiwiRail's turnaround plan. A proposed new branch line, the Marsden Point Branch, would serve Northport, a deepwater port at Marsden Point, by diverging from the North Auckland Line south of Whangarei at Oakleigh. Three branch lines are on the line: The Onehunga Branch line connects with the North Auckland Line at Penrose and forms part of the route of Onehunga Line suburban passenger train services operating between Britomart and Onehunga via Newmarket; the Newmarket Line meets the North Auckland Line at Newmarket and provides a connection with Britomart.
Further north, the Dargaville Branch branches off in Waiotira. The Dargaville Branch boasted of a branch of its own, built by the Kaihu Valley Railway Co, running northwestwards to Kaihu and Donnelly's Crossing; the Okaihau Branch left the North Auckland Line in Otiria and the Riverhead Branch in Kumeu. It took many years to build a complete line to serve the Northland Region, with different sections being developed at different times, it became clear that a main line was required to link these isolated railways to improve transport for both passengers and freight to and from New Zealand's northernmost region, to open up land for greater economic development. However, the construction was not without criticism. In 1910, the Minister of Railways himself criticised the project, arguing that the project of extending it would bring little benefit, as most traffic from north of Auckland was covered by only going as far as Helensville, while country to the north was poor and would not be able to support the line.
Many sections of the line were considered technically challenging the tunnels, construction of, called'notorious' at the time. The first section of what became the North Auckland Line opened as a private industrial line on 2 March 1868 between Kawakawa and a wharf at Taumarere, it was constructed not as a railway, but as a wooden-railed bush tramway to carry coal to the wharf for export, was built to the international standard gauge of 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in. The standard New Zealand track gauge, adopted a few years is 3 ft 6 in narrow gauge, but when the Kawakawa-Taumarere tramway was converted into a metal railway in 1870, it retained its gauge of 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in. In 1875, the government converted it to 3 ft 6 in gauge two years later; the second portion of what became. Timber interests around the Kaipara Harbour had poor access to markets in Auckland, so accordingly, a line was built overland from the Kaipara to a wharf in Riverhead for transshipment; the Auckland Provincial Council began construction on 31 August 1871, but on 1 January 1872, the central government took over work.
Due to delays with acquiring rails, construction was delayed and the line did not open until 29 October 1875. The section from the shores of the Kaipara at a station named Helensville South to Kumeu became part of the North Auckland Line; this brief line cut transport costs and time in comparison to a bullock team or lengthy coastal shipping. The discovery of coal in the Kamo area created a need for transportation from the mines to export wharves; the first mine opened in 1872, as the 1870s progressed, mining activity increased and so did pressure for a railway. In 1877, the government approved a tramway, but a preliminary survey the next year found a tramway would be inadequate. Construction began on 10 March 1879, but fell behind schedule due to unstable terrain and slips. On 28 October 1880, the first 7.3 km of line opened, but this featured a temporary 1 km siding to an alternative wharf as the full line was completed to the intended wharf. At 10.64 km, the full line opened on 30 November 1882.
The line in Whangarei was raised, the station moved and level crossings eliminated in 1925–26, when it was linked to the Helensville section. The earliest Auckla
Public transport in Auckland
Public transport in Auckland, the largest metropolitan area of New Zealand, consists of three modes: bus and ferry. Services are coordinated by Auckland Transport under the AT Metro brand. Britomart Transport Centre is the main transport hub; until the 1950s Auckland had high levels of ridership. However, the dismantling of an extensive tram system in the 1950s, the decision by William Goosman to not electrify Auckland's rail network, a focus of transport investment into a motorway system led to the collapse in both mode share and total trips. By the 1990s Auckland had experienced one of the sharpest declines in public transport ridership in the world, with only 33 trips per capita per year. Since 2000, a greater focus has been placed on improving Auckland's public transport system through a series of projects and service improvements. Major improvements include the Britomart Transport Centre, the Northern Busway, the upgrade and electrification of the rail network and the introduction of integrated ticketing through the AT Hop Card.
These efforts have led to sustained growth in ridership on the rail network. Between June 2005 and November 2017 total ridership increased from 51.3 million boardings per annum to 90.9 million. Despite those strong gains, the overall share of travel in Auckland by public transport is still quite low. At the 2013 census around 8% of journeys to work were by public transport and per capita ridership in 2017 of around 55 boardings is still well below that of Wellington, Melbourne and most large Canadian cities. Auckland's rapid population growth means that improving the city's public transport system is a priority for Auckland Council and the New Zealand Government. Major improvements planned or underway include the City Rail Link, extending the Northern Busway to Albany, construction of the Eastern Busway between Panmure and Botany, the proposed Auckland Airport Line, a light rail line between the city centre and Auckland Airport. Horse-drawn trams operated in Auckland from 1884 while the Auckland Electric Tram Company's system was opened on 17 November 1902.
The Electric Tram Company started as a private company before being acquired by Auckland City Council. The tram network shaped much of Auckland's growth throughout the early 20th century. Auckland's public transport system was well utilised, with usage peaking at over 120 million boardings during the Second World War though Auckland's population was under 500,000 at the time. Auckland's extensive tram network was removed in the 1950s, with the last line closing in late 1956. Although a series of ambitious rail schemes were proposed between the 1940s and 1970s, the focus of transport improvements in Auckland shifted to developing an extensive motorway system. Passionate advocacy from long-time Mayor of Auckland City Council Dove-Myer Robinson for a "rapid rail" scheme was unsuccessful. Removal of the tram system, little investment in Auckland's rail network and growing car ownership in the second half of the 20th century led to a collapse in ridership across all modes of public transport. From a 1954 average level of 290 public transport trips per person per year, patronage decreased rapidly.
1950s ridership levels were only reached again in the 2010s, despite Auckland's population growing four-fold over the same time period. These decisions shaped Auckland's growth patterns in the late 20th century, with the city becoming a low-density dispersed urban area with a population dependent on private vehicles for their travel needs. By the late 1990s ongoing population growth and high levels of car use were leading to the recognition that traffic congestion was one of Auckland's biggest problems, it has been claimed that the city's public transport decline resulted from, "privatisation, a poor regulatory environment and a funding system that favours roads". On the other hand, NZ Bus claim that increasing passengers and cost control began with privatisation in 1991; as concerns over urban sprawl and traffic congestion grew in the 1990s and early 2000s, public transport returned to the spotlight, with growing agreement of the "need for a substantial shift to public transport". Growing recognition that Auckland could no longer "build its way out of congestion" through more roads alone led to the first major improvements to Auckland's public transport system in half a century: The Britomart Transport Centre was opened in 2003, the first major upgrade of Auckland's rail network since World War II.
This project allowed trains to reach into the heart of Auckland's city centre and acted as a catalyst for the regeneration of this part of downtown Auckland. The Northern Busway was opened in 2008, providing Auckland's North Shore with rapid transit that enabled bus riders to avoid congestion on the Northern Motorway and Auckland Harbour Bridge. A core upgrade of Auckland's rail network between 2006 and 2011, known as Project DART, which included double-tracking of the Western Line, the reopening of the Onehunga Branch line to Onehunga, a rail spur to Manukau City and a series of station upgrades. Electrification of the Auckland rail network and the purchase of new electric trains from Spanish manufacturer CAF. Electric train services commenced in 2014. Implementation of an integrated ticketing and fares system, through the AT HOP card, enabling consistent fares and easy transfers between different bus and ferry operators. Despite these improvements, the lack of investment in Auckland's public transport system throughout the latter part of the 20th century means the city still has much lower levels of ridership than other major cities in Canada and Australia.
Skybus Super Shuttle
Skybus is an airport bus service operating in Australia in Melbourne, Hobart and on the Gold Coast, in Auckland, New Zealand. In Melbourne, Skybus carries over 2 million passengers per year and 8.3% of all Melbourne Airport passengers. Skybus commenced operations on 6 June 1978, running a shuttle service between Melbourne Airport and the Melbourne city centre. On 2 August 1982, Skybus took over the airport bus services run by the now-defunct airlines Ansett and TAA; until November 2000, the Melbourne city centre terminus was at a coach depot in Franklin Street. It would pick up passengers at the Spencer Street station and various city hotels before continuing on to the airport. In November 2000, Skybus relocated to Spencer Street station with services operating express to the airport, cutting the journey time to 20 minutes and allowing more services to be introduced. Connecting minibuses were introduced to continue the hotel transfer/pickup service. In 2002 the Government of Victoria opted to contribute $3 million to a $10 million plan to expand and improve Skybus services, after a feasibility study into a city to airport rail link found the service would not be viable.
The initiative funded the purchase of new buses, improvements to the Tullamarine Freeway, to give Skybus vehicles priority in traffic. The operation has an audited revenue share arrangement with the Victorian Government. In August 2008 the Skybus contract was renewed for five years. In 2007 Skybus' patronage grew by 17% over the previous year, to 1.6 million passengers, with estimated revenue of $24 million. Proposals to improve the bus service involving turning emergency lanes into bus lanes on the freeway and the Bolte Bridge and putting SkyBus on a Myki fare, were challenged by CityLink operator Transurban, because it would limit its toll revenue, by Melbourne Airport, because it would reduce its car parking profits. Both facilities were privatised in the 1990s. In September 2014, Skybus was purchased by a consortium that included Catalyst Direct Capital Management and OPTrust Private Markets Group. In 2015, Skybus purchased the Auckland Airport service in New Zealand from Johnston's Coachlines.
In June 2016, Skybus commenced operating to Frankston with the purchase of the Frankston & Peninsula Airport Shuttle. In February 2017, Skybus took over the route between Southern Cross station and Avalon Airport run by Sita Buslines. In July 2017, it began operating the Geelong to Avalon Airport service after the previous owners, Murrel Group, lost their accreditation to enter the airport. In November 2017, operations commenced in Queensland with the purchase of the Gold Coast Tourist Shuttle business from Surfside Buslines. Skybus's flagship service operates between Melbourne Airport in Tullamarine and Southern Cross railway station on the western edge of the Melbourne city centre, via the Tullamarine Freeway and CityLink, with no intermediate stops. At Melbourne Airport, Skybus stops for pick up and drop off at Terminals 1 and 3, picks up at Terminal 4. Terminals 2 and 4 are within walking distance from the Terminal 3 stop; the service operates 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, to a 10-minute frequency between 6:00 am and 12:00 am, subject to traffic conditions.
The service operates to a 30-minute frequency between 1:00 am and 4:30 am, 15 to 30 minutes at all other times. SkyBus is not covered under the Myki ticketing system which services the rest of Melbourne's public transport network and does not accept concessions issued by Public Transport Victoria or its operators Skybus now Accepts The issued Victorian Access travel pass and the companions card. Proposals in January 2013 by the Victorian Government to integrate Skybus ticketing with the Myki system were shelved after opposition from Transurban and Melbourne Airport; the Avalon City Express service operates between Avalon Airport and Southern Cross railway station via the Princes Freeway and West Gate Freeway, making a stop in Werribee. The service operates to a timetable, adjusted monthly, with one service connecting to every flight departing and arriving at Avalon Airport; the St Kilda Express service operates between Terminal 4 of Melbourne Airport and four designated stops in St Kilda, picking up and setting down passengers at these stops.
Airport-bound passengers can be dropped off at Terminal 1. The service operates daily, including all public holidays, to a 30-minute frequency on weekdays and hourly on weekends. Operating hours are between 6:30 am and 7:00 pm daily; the Frankston shuttle operates between Terminal 4 of Melbourne Airport and Frankston railway station, making intermediate stops in St Kilda, Elwood, Moorabbin, Cheltenham and Chelsea. A limited number of services extend to Mount Eliza and Mornington, while one weekday-only service continues further to Dromana and Rosebud; the Avalon Geelong Express service operates between Avalon Airport and South Geelong railway station, with an intermediate stop at Geelong railway station. The service began in July 2017; the service operates to a timetable, adjusted monthly, with one service connecting to every flight departing and arriving at Avalon Airport. The Southbank Docklands Express operates between Terminal 4 of Melbourne Airport and four designated stops in Southbank, with an intermediate stop in Docklands.
The service began in November 2017, operating to similar frequencies and hours as the St Kilda Express. Fares are identical to that of the Melbourne City Express service. In December 2017 Skybus launched airport shuttle services to the Gold Coast Airport from various hotels. From 16 September 2018, services operate into New South Wales when a service from Gold Coast Airport to Byron Bay commenced. In July 2018 Skybus started services between Hobart Airport; the Aucklan
Parnell railway station
Parnell railway station is a station serving the inner-city suburb of Parnell in Auckland, New Zealand. It is situated on the Newmarket Line 600m north of Parnell Tunnel, is located in the Waipapa Valley adjacent to Auckland Domain, it serves Southern Western Line trains. Onehunga Line trains pass through the station without stopping; the station opened on 12 March 2017 with basic facilities and serving a limited number of lines. Future development will involve building a pedestrian bridge across the tracks to provide step-free access to the platforms, constructing several new paths to provide more direct access to Auckland Domain, Parnell Town Centre and the University of Auckland, it was intended that the station would serve all three lines which pass through it. This was contingent on the removal of the Sarawia Street level crossing in Newmarket, removing the signalling constraints which affected the line. A bridge built to replace the level crossing, linking Laxon Terrace with nearby Cowie Street, allowed the removal of the crossing.
After a plan to lease part of the area as a bus depot was cancelled, KiwiRail and Auckland Council were asked in 2010 by the outgoing Auckland Regional Council to make an early start on construction of the proposed station, to cost $13 million or more, to ensure that there would not need to be costly extra work after the electrification of the line as part of the Auckland railway electrification. It was proposed that several million dollars saved during the upgrade of the Newmarket station be allocated to this new station. An early proposal was to integrate the new station with some of the historic railway workshop sheds of the adjacent Mainline Steam depot but nothing eventuated; the Mainline Steam Heritage Trust had its lease on the depot terminated by KiwiRail and completed its move from the site in June 2015. The sheds were demolished in September 2015; the heritage station building from the Newmarket station is a feature of the station. Relocation of the building was planned for December 2016 and external refurbishment works were expected to be finished by April 2017.
In late 2015, Auckland Transport advised that opening the Parnell station to passenger services was being postponed until the completion of a road bridge at Cowie Street, replacing the nearby level crossing on Sarawia Street. AT received approval from independent planning commissioners in June 2016; the following November, the commissioners' recommendation for the bridge was appealed. If AT had been unable to address the concerns expressed in the appeal, an Environment Court hearing would have decided whether the appeal would be upheld. Trains began operating at the station on 12 March 2017, with an official opening by Mayor of Auckland, Phil Goff, Waitematā Local Board chair Pippa Coom on 13 March 2017. In July–August 2018, the Cowie Street bridge to Laxon Terrace was completed and opened and the Sarawia Street level crossing was closed to road traffic; as a result, a new timetable introduced on 26 August 2018 allowed Parnell to become a stop on all Southern Line and Western Line services. The station is located next to the Auckland Domain, where the Auckland War Memorial Museum is situated.
The two side platforms are linked by a subway. Future work will provide walking links to the Domain and the campuses of the University of Auckland and Auckland University of Technology. In mid-November 2018, a walkway was established connecting the Parnell Station to the University of Auckland's Carlaw Park Student Village and the Carlaw business centre, near the University of Auckland's City Campus on Symond Street. List of Auckland railway stations
Transdev Auckland Veolia Transport Auckland, Ltd. and before that Connex Auckland, Ltd. is a Transdev Australasia company. It runs Auckland's urban passenger trains under contract from Auckland Transport on infrastructure owned and managed by KiwiRail. Auckland Transport receives funding to subsidise these services from the NZ Transport Agency, which receives funding from road user taxes and Crown appropriations, from the Auckland Council through rates. Since July 2016 Wellington's commuter rail services are operated by Transdev, as Transdev Wellington; the previous operator of the train network in Auckland was Tranz Metro. When the Auckland Regional Council called for tenders for the new contract, Tranz Metro did not tender and Connex won the tender. Since 2004 patronage has increased by 30% annually and on-time performance has increased from 50% to 85%. On 8 December 2017 Transdev Auckland were unable to run any train services in Auckland for 24 hours due to industrial strike action by members of the RMTU who were protesting the decision of Transdev Auckland's proposed introduction of DDO.
Transdev operates services on the following lines from Britomart: Eastern Line services run along the North Island Main Trunk via Glen Innes to Puhinui diverge onto the Manukau Branch to the Manukau terminus. Southern Line services run out of the Britomart tunnel on the NIMT the Newmarket Line to Newmarket the North Auckland Line to Westfield Junction, the NIMT to Papakura, with a diesel train shuttle service between Papakura and Pukekohe. Western Line services run out of the Britomart tunnel on the NIMT the Newmarket Line to Newmarket the North Auckland Line via Henderson to Swanson. Onehunga Line services run out of the Britomart tunnel on the NIMT the Newmarket Line to Newmarket the North Auckland Line to Penrose where they diverge onto the Onehunga Branch to the terminus at Onehunga. Transdev operates the following rolling stock: 57 AM three-car EMUs running on all lines since full electrification in July 2015 10 ADL/ADC two-car DMUs owned by Auckland TransportThe AM class wear the Auckland Transport livery, the ADL class wear the MAXX livery.
Transdev operated the following rolling stock until full electrification in July 2015: 20 DC locomotives owned by KiwiRail, operating in push-pull mode with 20 sets of three or four SA cars and an SD driving car with driving cab and remote controls, owned by Auckland Transport. The carriages are stored at Taumarunui and the locomotives have returned to KiwiRail. 4 DFT/DFB locomotives owned by KiwiRail, operating in push-pull mode with six-car sets, now back with KiwiRail 9 ADK/ADB two-car DMUs, in storageAll diesel rolling stock and locomotive-hauled carriage stock is in MAXX Blue livery, except four locomotives which were in KiwiRail livery. Transdev Wellington List of Auckland railway stations List of rapid transit systems Public transport in Auckland Rail transport in New Zealand Official website