Blackwater is both a town and a locality in the Central Highlands Region, Australia, 190 km west of Rockhampton. It is a town in a significant coal mining area in Central Queensland; the name of the township was inspired by the dark colour of local waterholes. Six major open cut coal mines and one underground dot the landscape surrounding the town and provide its main employment opportunities; the town is situated close to the Blackdown Tableland National Park which lies to the southeast and Blackwater coal mine located south of the town. Emerald is 74 kilometres to the west. Blackwater was established on Kanolu territory, is named after the Blackwater Creek, first observed to flow with black water, believed to be caused by the local coal deposits. Coal deposits were discovered there by Ludwig Leichhardt on his expedition from Moreton Bay to Port Essington in 1845. Leichhardt saw "beds of coal indistinguishable from those on the Hunter at Newcastle". Blackwater Post Office opened on 19 July 1877.
Blackwater State School opened on 21 November 1877. It wasn't until over a century after Leichhardt first discovered the beds of coal at Blackwater that the town saw major coal mining development. With the opening up of several coal mines near the town in the 1960s, Blackwater's population increased as people searching for work flocked to find employment in the town's booming mining industry. There were 77 people living in Blackwater; this increased to 2,000 when the 1971 census was recorded. Blackwater State High School opened on 30 January 1973. By the mid-late 1970s, the population of Blackwater was more than 10,000 people. At that time the town had 3 Rugby League clubs: South Blackwater, Blackwater Devils and Blackwater Centrals. Blackwater North State School opened on 30 January 1979; the town's population peaked in the early 1990s with 6,760 people living in Blackwater in 1991. Since the population of the town has waned. In the 2011 census, there were still over 5,000 people living in the Blackwater community.
100,000 workers were employed in coal mining at Blackwater over its 50 year history. The town has provided considerable economic development for Australia more generally; the Central Highlands Regional Council Library Services operates a Library in Blackwater at the Community Centre on Wey Street. Frank Tutungi Memorial Lions Park is on the corner of the Capricorn Mackenzie Street, it is named after one of the Blackwater Lions Charter Members, Frank Tutungi was one of the original members of the Blackwater Lions Club and was the first from Blackwater to become a District Governor. The park displays the flgs of the 37 nationalities who worked in the town; the Blackwater branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the QCWA Hall at 1 Ardurad Road. Blackwater State School is a government primary school for girls at Wey Street. In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 183 students with 14 teachers and 18 non-teaching staff. Blackwater North State School is a government primary school for girls at William Street.
In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 397 students with 27 teachers and 19 non-teaching staff. It includes a special education program. Blackwater State High School is a government secondary school for girls at Elm Street. In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 316 students with 24 non-teaching staff, it includes a special education program. Olympic track cyclist Anna Meares was born in Blackwater in 1983. In 2012, Anna Meares had a street named after her in the town when Meares Street was constructed as part of a new subdivision in the centre of Blackwater. Australian television personality and comedian Josh Thomas was born in Blackwater in 1987 but moved with his family to Brisbane soon after. Australian rugby league players PJ Marsh and David Taylor both grew up in Blackwater and have represented various teams in the National Rugby League competition. Wayne Denning was born in Blackwater, he established the award-winning creative agency Carbon Creative. Blackwater Airport Blackwater railway system Coal in Australia University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Blackwater
Jambin is a rural town in the Shire of Banana, Central Queensland, Australia. The northern part of the town is in the locality of Smoky Creek and the southern part is in the locality of Argoon. In the 2011 census, Smoky Creek had a population of 308 people and Argoon had a population of 295. Jambin is located on the Burnett Highway which runs north-south through the town, it has a railway station on the Callide Valley railway line. Callide Creek is to the west of the town; the name Jambin is believed to be an Aboriginal word meaning echidna. Jambin was established as a supply depot for the railway, established in 1924; this opened up the area for many of them pursuing dairying. Cream was sent to the butter factory at Wowan. Jambin Post Office opened on 1 February 1926. Jambin State School opened on 11 February 1929; the mobile library service commenced in 2004. Jambin has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Argoon-Kilburnie Road: Kilbirnie Homestead Jambin hosts its annual Champagne Campdraft in May each year.
The annual Working Cattle Dog trials are held in June. Banana Shire Council operate a fortnightly mobile library service to the school; the Jambin branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets in the QCWA Room in the Jambin Hall at 180 Burnett Highway. The novel "Dust" by Christine Bongers is set around the town of Jambin. In the novel the main character's family, the Vanderbomms, attend church at Jambin. Lightfoot, Jim.
Clairview is a coastal town and locality in the Isaac Region, Australia. In the 2006 census, Clairview had a population of 75 people; the coastal strip along the east of the locality of Clairview is flat, while most of the centre and western part of the locality is hilly, up to 500 metres. The coastal flats are used for grazing while the hillier land is undeveloped. Clairview has a natural sand beach along the coastline; the town of Clairview is in the south-eastern corner of the locality and consists of a strip of housing on the seafront. The Bruce Highway passes through Clairview from the south beside the town of the Clairview and is one of the few places on this "coastal" highway where the sea is visible from the road; the highway continues north on a more inland route into Carmila. The North Coast railway line runs just to the east of the highway in the southern town area and continues north between the highway and the coast. In the northernmost part of the locality is the neighbourhood of Flaggy Rock, sandwiched between the highway to the west and the railway line to the east.
Clairview takes its name from a former pastoral station. Clairview was served by the Clairview railway station. From 20 November 1919, Flaggy Rock was served by Yokolgy or Yankolgy railway station, renamed Flaggy Rock railway station on 4 November 1921 at the request of local residents, it has closed. On 11 October 1916, Rocky Dam State School was opened in Flaggy Rock, it was renamed Flaggy Rock Creek State School in 1920. It closed on 13 December 1996, it is now Flaggy Rock Community Centre. Clairview is popular for catching mud crabs; the waters off Clairview are a protected area for the endangered dugong. There is public park and boat ramp. Flaggy Rock Parents and Citizens Association, History of Flaggy Rock Creek School and District, Flaggy Rock Parents and Citizens Association, ISBN 978-0-9596792-0-5 Media related to Clairview, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Flaggy Rock, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons Town map of Clairview, 1982
St Lawrence, Queensland
St Lawrence is a small town and locality in Queensland, Australia. It is part of the Isaac Region local government area. In the 2011 census, St Lawrence had a population of 396 people. St Lawrence is located 802 kilometres north of 6 kilometres off the Bruce Highway; the town is located south of St Lawrence Creek, which flows into a vast bay known as Broad Sound, a waterway noted for its large tidal range. The North Coast railway line passes through the town, served by St Lawrence railway station; the township of St Lawrence was established to maintain the Customs Office for the Port of St Lawrence. The St Lawrence State School opened on 28 May 1871; the St Lawrence Library opened in 2001. At the 2006 census, St Lawrence and the surrounding area had a population of 195. St Lawrence was the administrative centre of the Shire of Broadsound until 2008, when the shire was amalgamated with the Shire of Belyando and the Shire of Nebo to form the Isaac Region local government area. Moranbah is the administrative centre of the new region but the former Broadsound Shire offices at 36 Macartney Street are still used as the local offices of the Isaac Regional Council.
The building was described in 2004 as "a disarmingly elegant building which seems quite out of place in this otherwise undistinguished town". Once a prosperous port town, exporting cattle from the hinterland, most residents are now railway workers. St Lawrence has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Cannon Street: Christ Church Anglican Church Macartney Street: St Lawrence Police Station Settlement Road: Meatworks and Wharf Site The Isaac Regional Council operates a public library at 22 Railway Parade. St Lawrence State School is in Macartney Street. In 2015, it had an enrolment of 10 students with 2 teachers; the school motto is'Knowledge, Honesty'. University of Queensland: Queensland Places: St Lawrence BOM: Summary statistics: ST LAWRENCE POST OFFICE
Emerald is a town in the Central Highlands Region, Australia. At the 2016 Census, Emerald had an urban population of 13,500; the town is the business centre for the Central Highlands Regional Council. Emerald lies on a tributary of the Fitzroy River; the town lies 300 kilometres from the coast and 270 kilometres west of the city of Rockhampton on the junction of the Capricorn and Gregory highways. The Tropic of Capricorn intersects the Gregory Highway just north of Emerald; the original inhabitants include the Gayiri Aborigninal group who occupied the area for tens of thousands of years before European colonisation began in the nineteenth century. The first European to explore the area was Ludwig Leichhardt between 1843 and 1845; the British Colony of Queensland was established in 1859. Emerald was established in 1879 as a base for the Central line from Rockhampton. Emerald Post Office opened on 5 June 1879; the new Emerald Library building opened in 1994. Some of the recorded floods to have occurred in the region include 1863, 1864, 1868, 1870, 1871, 1872, 1875, 1876, 1878, 1882, 1887, 1890, 1894, 1896, 1898, 1906, 1912, 1918, 1920s, 1950, 1956 was the wettest year on record with 1032.29 mm rainfall.
The 1970s had similar rainfall to the 1860s and 1870s. Prior to the 1990s, flood damage to residential properties was non-existent; the biggest impact of flooding of the Nogoa River in Emerald itself was that one side of Emerald was cut off from the other and caravans at the Carinya Caravan Park would be towed to higher ground each time the Nogoa River rose, to prevent the caravans from being submerged. This caravan park is now the site of the Centro Property where Coles Supermarket and other businesses operate. A former swamp area is now part of Kidd Street, an old river course; the watercourse that extended along the back of the hospital, past the rear of Woolworths and past the Information Centre has been converted into a channel with a concrete section on one side near the information centre, reducing the channel in size by two-thirds. This area has been allowed to be developed in the vicinity of Creek Street. Fairbairn Dam overflowed for the first time in 17 years on 19 January 2008. Major flooding in Emerald occurred a few days as the Nogoa River broke its banks.
The floods resulted in more than 2,500 people being evacuated. The 2008 floods did not reach the heights of flooding in previous years. Emerald has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Clermont Street: Emerald railway station According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 13,532 people in Emerald. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.6% of the population. 73.8% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 4.3%, Philippines 1.6%, South Africa 1.1% and England 1.1%. 81.4% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Afrikaans at 0.8%. The most common responses for religion were Catholic 26.3%, No Religion 21.1% and Anglican 15.4%. Emerald is a service town for a large number of industries in the area. Extensive coal mining operations are carried out in the district. Cotton is grown in the area, is processed at the Yamala Cotton Gin, while other agricultural activities include grape and grain growing.
The citrus industry was affected by a citrus canker outbreak that started in 2004 and was declared over in early 2009. More than half a million citrus trees located around Emerald had to be destroyed. Emerald Solar Park is west of the town and generates up to 65MW of electricity since October 2018. Emerald has a humid subtropical climate with mild, dry winters. Maximum temperatures range from 34 °C in January to 22 °C in July, while minimums range from 22 °C to 7 °C; the average annual rainfall is 641.2 mm. The wettest year on record was 1407.2 mm in 1956. Extremes of temperature have ranged from 48.6 °C to −5.6 °C, while the wettest 24 hours on record was 182.0 mm on 25 February 1975. To the west of the town is an area known as The Gemfields, with small towns such as Sapphire and Rubyvale indicating the type of gems found there; the sapphire fields located here are the largest in the southern hemisphere. The Fairbairn Dam, a short drive to the south of the town, was opened in 1972, holds back the waters of Lake Maraboon.
The lake covers an area of up to 150 km², making it one of the largest artificial lakes in the country. When full, it holds more water than Sydney Harbour; this extensive water supply has allowed the cotton industry to flourish in the area, the lake is a boon for local water sports. Emerald has ten schools: six primary schools, three secondary schools, a distance education school. There are three public primary schools, Denison State School, Emerald North State School, Emerald State School. Emerald North State School opened on 1 October 1879 and Emerald North State School was opened on 29 January 1980. Marist College Emerald, St Patrick's, St Brigid's and Emerald Christian College are private schools; the only public high school in Emerald is Emerald State High School. Capricornia School of Distance Education shares a campus with Denison State School; the small community of Gindie exists 23 kilometres south of Emerald on the Gregory Highway. It is home to a primary school established in 1897, Gindie State School.
The school closed in 1949 and subsequently reopened. Central Queensland University has a campus in Emerald. Central Highlands Regional Council operates Emerald Library at Emerald; the Emerald branch of the Queensland Co
Capella is a small town and locality in the Central Highlands Region, Australia. In the 2016 census, Capella had a population of 1,010 people. Capella is midway between Clermont on the Gregory Highway; the highway passes through Capella from south to north as Capella's main street. Capella is served by the Capella railway station on a railway line from Emerald to Blair Athol; the branch line runs from north to south and is adjacent and to the west of the highway. Capella Creek flows from east to west across the northern part of the locality to the immediate north of the town. Capella Creek is a tributary of the Nogoa River, which in turn is a tributary of the Fitzroy River which enters the Coral Sea. Capella was founded on traditional Wangan land in the 1860s by graziers influenced by the good reports of Ludwig Leichhardt; the town takes its name from Capella Creek, in turn named after the star Capella. The Creek was named by surveyor Charles Frederick Gregory who, following the discovery of copper at Copperfield, about 60 kilometres to the north, surveyed three township sites in the Peak Downs area in 1862.
The town remained a small roadside stopping place halfway between Emerald, to the south, Clermont, to the north, until a railway line was built connecting the two larger towns in 1882. The same year saw the establishment of a Post Office. Capella Provisional School opened the following year, 1883, became Capella State School in 1900. Land resumed from large pastoral runs was made available to small farm selectors in 1883 and small cropping and dairying became early industries; the early 20th century was a time of stable growth and development in the town, although the population only increased from about 250 in 1900 to 300 in 1930. The 1920s saw a great deal of building. Mrs M. J. Walsh opened a café in October 1925 and a bakery opened shortly after. A new Roman Catholic church, St Joseph's, seating 200 people, was dedicated in April 1926; the same year saw a new hall, picture theatre and Country Women's Association clubrooms built. A branch of the Queensland National Bank opened in 1930 and a new Catholic presbytery was built.
The town became the council seat of the Shire of Peak Downs in 1927 and a new Shire Hall was built in 1936. The mid 1930s saw the town's main streets kerbed and channelled and a "bitumen emulsion paved footpath" laid in the main street, Peak Down's Street. A town electricity supply was introduced in December, 1954 although other services had to wait for another decade or more, being introduced between 1962 and 1982. In the 1950s the Queensland British Food Corporation introduced large-scale grain production into the district on land used for grazing. A run of poor seasons led to the project's failure, but introduced new crops such as sunflower and sorghum; the Capella Hotel, on the corner of Peak Downs and Crinum Streets, was built in 1955. This was the site of the former Commercial Hotel, built in 1929, destroyed in a fire in February 1943; the destruction of the Commercial left the town with only one other hotel and the Peak Downs Shire Council, realising the need to provide additional accommodation for visitors to the town, undertook to build the Hotel as a function of local government.
Several local authorities in Queensland built and ran their own licensed premises in the 1950s, including Rockhampton and Winton. The new Capella Hotel was designed by Mr E. A. Hegvold and built by J. J. Booker and Sons, at a cost of ₤33,000; the Hotel was opened on 7 May 1955. The Peak Downs district was part of the Brigalow Development Scheme in the 1960s with large-scale clearing of the brigalow scrub by mechanical means; the large new farming blocks opened up by the clearing of the Brigalow lent itself to the broadland growing of grain and cereal crops sunflower and sorghum. Bulk storage facilities for these new crops was built in 1964 and the population of the district increased with new farming families. Capella saw the opening of a range of new activities and facilities, including a district agricultural show, Girl Guides, a swimming pool, a pre-school centre. Coal was discovered at Tieri, about 36 kilometres east of Capella, in 1982 and a large open-cut mine was developed; the mine boosted the economy of the area and the 1980s saw a number of new developments and buildings in Capella, including the Capella Cultural Centre and a pioneer village.
The Capella School opened a secondary department in 1984, which separated to become the Capella State High School on 23 January 1989. In 2003 the security of Capella's water supply was assured by a pipeline to Tieri. At the 2006 census, the town had a population of 796. In 2008 the Shire of Peak Downs was amalgamated into the Central Highlands Regional Shire, with its seat in Emerald. In the 2011 census, Capella had a population of 926 people. Today, it is a service town catering to the large coal-mining interests in the area as well as pastoralists and farmers; the Peak Downs Shire cemetery is located in Capella. The cemetery has a memorial li
Comet is a town in the Central Highlands Region, Australia. The town is located on the Capricorn Highway, 859 kilometres north west of the state capital, Brisbane. At the 2006 census and the surrounding area had a population of 233. Comet is the oldest town in the Emerald region, established at the confluence of the Comet River with the Nogoa River. Called Cometville, the town takes its name from the river, named by explorer Ludwig Leichhardt who made observations of Comet Wilmot in the area on 29 December 1844. Comet is home to a "dig tree" established by Leichhardt to indicate to others where he had buried food and journals. Comet Post Office opened on 5 September 1877. Today, the area around Comet supports grain production as well as cattle feedlots. Journal of an Overland Expedition in Australia at Project Gutenberg