With a height of 2,228 metres above sea level, it is the highest mountain in mainland Australia. Various measurements of the originally called Kosciuszko showed it to be slightly lower than its neighbour. The names of the mountains were swapped by the New South Wales Lands Department in 1892 so that Mount Kosciuszko remains the name of the highest peak of Australia, and Mount Townsend ranks as second. The 1863 picture by Eugene von Guerard hanging in the National Gallery of Australia titled Northeast view from the top of Mount Kosciusko is actually from Mount Townsend. The name of the mountain was previously spelt Mount Kosciusko, an Anglicisation, the traditional English pronunciation of Kosciuszko is /kɒziːˈʌskoʊ/, but the pronunciation /kɒˈʃʊʃkoʊ/ is now sometimes used, which is substantially closer to the Polish pronunciation. There are several native Aboriginal names associated with the mountain, with confusion as to the exact sounds. These are Jagungal, Jar-gan-gil, Tar-gan-gil, Tackingal, however, the mountain was formed, by geologic uplift. Mount Kosciuszko is the highest summit in mainland Australia, until 1977 it was possible to drive from Charlotte Pass to within a few metres of the summit, but in 1977 the road was closed to public motor vehicle access due to environmental concerns. The road is open from Charlotte Pass for walkers and cyclists for 7.6 kilometres to Rawson Pass, from there a 1. 4-kilometre walking path leads to the summit. Cyclists must leave their bicycles at a rack at Rawson Pass. Anyone with a modest level of fitness can walk to the top, the peak may also be approached from Thredbo, taking 3 to 3.5 hours for a round trip. This straightforward walk starts from the top of the Thredbo Kosciuszko Express chairlift, the walking path is popular in summer, and is a mesh walkway to protect the native vegetation and prevent erosion. It is 5 kilometres } to Rawson Pass, where it meets the track from Charlotte Pass, australias highest public toilet was built at this pass in 2007, to cope with the more than 100,000 people visiting the mountain each summer. The peak and the areas are snow-covered in winter and spring. The road from Charlotte Pass is marked by snow poles and provides a guide for cross-country skiers, Kosciuszko National Park is also the location of the downhill ski slopes closest to Canberra and Sydney, containing the Thredbo, Charlotte Pass, and Perisher ski resorts. Mount Kosciuszko may have been ascended by Indigenous Australians long before the first recorded ascent by Europeans, each year in December, an ultramarathon running race called the Coast to Kosciuszko ascends to the top of Mount Kosciuszko after starting at the coast 240 kilometres away. Paul Every, who is credited as being the one who thought of holding such a race, was the inaugural co-winner in 2004, higher peaks in the region, but outside the mainland continent, Puncak Jaya in New Guinea. It is the highest island mountain in the world, the highest mountain in Indonesia, Puncak Mandala in the Papua province of Indonesia
Mount Kosciuszko summit.
Looking north from the summit towards Mount Townsend
Image: Towards Kosciuszko from Kangaroo Ridge in winter