Mount Putuo is an island southeast of Shanghai, in Zhoushan prefecture of Zhejiang province, China. It is a renowned site in Chinese Buddhism, is considered the bodhimanda of the bodhisattva Avalokitesvara. Mount Putuo is one of the four sacred mountains in Chinese Buddhism, the others being Mount Wutai, Mount Jiuhua, Mount Emei. Mount Putuo incorporates the beauty of both mountain and sea. Mountain Putuo is at 122 ° 21 ′ 6 ～ 122 ° 24 ′ 9 east longitude, its area is 12.5 square kilometres and there are numerous famous temples. Every year on the 19th day of the 2nd lunar month, 19th day of the 6th lunar month, 19th day of the 9th lunar month of the Chinese calendar, it welcomes millions of people for the celebration of the birth of Guanyin. Mount Putuo has been a pilgrimage site for over a thousand years. After the Tang dynasty, Mount Putuo became a center of Guanyin worship. Traditionally there were three main temples: The Puji si, the Fayu si, the Huiji si; the site has received numerous renowned visitors over the ages, including the 20-year-old future Chan-master Yinyuan Longqi, who came to the site in 1612, while looking for his father, who had disappeared fifteen years earlier.
The modern scholar-monk Taixu spent several years in solitary retreat at a small hermitage on Putuo. Putuo is covered with many temples and monasteries, both small. All are under the directive of the Chinese Buddhist Association. Many monks and nuns from all over the country, abroad, go to great lengths to live and practice there. Today, there are more than 30 major temples located at Mount Putuo, including the Puji Temple, Fayu Temple and Huiji Temple. In addition to these monasteries, there is the Institute of Buddhism, one of the largest Buddhist academic institutes in China. There are 238 species of natural trees and shrubs in Putuo Mountain, including 63 species of rare and precious ancient trees and more than 100 years old, belonging to 37 families and 53 genera, with the largest number of eucalyptus trees; the list of plants in Mountain Putuo: Podocarpus macrophyums, belongs to Podocarpaceae, evergreen tree. There are 78 strains of Podocarpus in Mountain Putuo for more than 100 years. Gimkgo biloba belong to Ginkgoaceae.
Ginkgo biloba grows and has a long life span of more than a thousand years. There are 10 large ginkgo in the Mountain Putuo. Liquidambar formosana belongs to deciduous tree. There are 67 trees of more than 100 years of maple trees on Mount Putuo. Celtis tetrandra belongs to deciduous trees; the Putuo Mountain has a wide natural distribution, there are 282 ancient trees totally. Ilex Integra belongs to evergreen trees; the crown is beautiful, resistant to wind, drought-resistant, adaptable. There are scattered distributions throughout the Mountain Putuo The largest one is after Guanyindong Mountain, the age of the tree is about 400 years; the rare plant Carpimus Putoensis, belong to Betulaceae, only found in Mountain Putuo. It is on the west side of Huiji Temple in Foding Mountain; the age of the tree is over 200 years and the height of the tree is about 12.5 meters. In 1999, it was listed as a national key protected wild plant, the World Conservation Union listed as a critically endangered grade. Neolitsea Sericea belongs to Lauraceae evergreen tree.
Its young leaves densely covered with silky, yellow-brown hairs which appear golden in the sunshine can be the characteristic of this tree. It is located under the hillside of Foding Mountain. Neolitsea sericea is listed as an endangered plant in China. 33-metre tall statue of the Guanyin at Zizhulin Two major beaches: Hundred Step Beach and Thousand Step Beach. Hundred Step Beach charges for entry and has facilities such as deckchairs and parasols, activities such as a banana boat and quad bikes; the only surviving specimen of Putuo hornbeam, a critically endangered species. Many of the Zhoushan Islands are now linked by bridges; this means that Putuoshan can be reached by bus from Shanghai and Ningbo. The bus terminates at Shenjiamen Bus Station. From the Banshengdong Wharf on the Shenjiamen waterfront it is a 10-minute ride by fast ferry to Putuoshan. In Shanghai, the Nanpu Bridge Bus Station, Shanghai Stadium Sightseeing Bus Center and Shanghai South Long Distance Bus Station have several departures daily to Shenjiamen.
In Ningbo, the North and South bus stations both have regular daily departures to Shenjiamen. There are two flights daily from Hongqiao Airport in Shanghai to Putuo Airport, only 3 km from Shenjiamen.. The ferry services mentioned below are still available but the bus services now provide a greater level of convenience and comfort. Putuoshan can be reached by boat from the major cities of Shanghai, it will take an hour by boat to reach the wharf at Ningbo, from where a bus transports passengers to Ningbo city centre. There are two boats linking Shanghai. One travels overnight, arriving in the early morning; the transportation system of Mountain Putuo is special. Private cars are not allowed there, people can only rely on public transport; the reason for this rule is because the area of Putuo Mountain is small, only one road runs through the entire island. It is therefore
Qiandao Lake, a human-made, freshwater lake located in Chun'an County, Zhejiang Province, was formed after the completion of the Xin'an River hydroelectric station in 1959. 1,078 large islands dot a few thousand smaller ones are scattered across it. Over 90% of the area is forested; the islands in the lake include Bird Island, Snake Island, Monkey Island, Lock Island, the Island to Remind You of Your Childhood. The lake covers an area of 573 km2 and has a storage capacity of 17.8 km3. The islands in the lake cover about 86 km2; the valley was flooded in 1959 to create the lake for the Xin'an River Dam project. The dam that created the lake is located at 29°29′01″N 119°12′48″E and is 105 m tall with a crest length of 466.5 m. Xin'an Dam was the first dam constructed in China with a height greater than 100 m and its power plant has an installed capacity of 845 MW. Submerged in the lake, at the foot of Wu Shi Mountain, lies an ancient city known as Shi Cheng, it was built during the Eastern Han Dynasty and was first set up as a county in AD 208.
The city acquired its name from nearby Wu Shi Mountain, now known as Wu Shi Island since it too became submerged by the reservoir. At present Shi Cheng remains undisturbed at a depth of 26 -- 40 m, it has been explored by an underwater diving operator based in Shanghai. In 1994, in an event since named the Qiandao Lake Incident, three hijackers boarded a boat full of tourists and set it on fire, killing all 32 passengers on board; the passengers were tourists from Taiwan. In 1998, a Chinese-Italian consortium began planning the construction of a prototype of a submerged floating tunnel, decided in 2005 to build it across Quiandao Lake; the bridge, the first in the world of its kind, is expected to span 100 m, as a proof of concept for larger bridges. Companies take advantage of the pristine quality of the water and environment for aquaculture and water branding. Qiandao Lake is used to produce the Nongfu Spring brand of mineral water. Kaluga Queen produces much of the world's caviar through raising sturgeon in pens at the lake.
The lake has made Zhejiang a popular area for tourists. As a result, housing development has increased in the area since the late 1990s. An expressway links Hangzhou, Qiandao Lake, Huangshan in Anhui; every half an hour buses leave from West Hangzhou bus station to that connect Qiandao Lake. On December 2015, 2018, high speed rail services started to serve the Qiandao Lake Railway Station on the Hangzhou-Huangshan line. A trip from Hangzhou East Railway Station to Qiandao Lake now takes one hour. Lucky Buddha Beer Qiandao Lake Incident Hangzhou Qiandaohu, a company named after the lake, next to which its headquarters and brewery are located. "This Is What China's Version of Atlantis Looks Like". YouTube. Smithsonian Channel. 16 November 2018
Hangzhou Bay, or the Bay of Hangzhou, is an inlet of the East China Sea, bordered by the province of Zhejiang and the municipality of Shanghai. The Qiantang River flows into the bay, it lies south of Shanghai, ends at the city of Hangzhou. Hangzhou Bay contains; the bay is known for hosting the world's largest tidal bore, up to 9 metres high, traveling up to 40 km per hour. The bay is spanned by the Hangzhou Bay Bridge, linked up on June 14, 2007 and opened on 1 May, 2008; the second-longest bridge in the world, it cuts the trip between eastern Zhejiang and Shanghai from 400 to 80 kilometres. The entire bay area is shallow at less than 15 meters depth. Kalpasar Project Saemangeum Seawall Zhejiang.gov.cn
Shaoxing University is located in Shaoxing, China. The university was founded in 1909 as the Shankuai Primary Normal School; the great modern Chinese author Lu Xun is a native of Shaoxing. He was the education inspector for the school. In 1996, Shaoxing University was established from the merger of several higher education institutions such as Shaoxing Teachers College and Shaoxing Advanced Professional College; the university is organised into the following administrative divisions. President's Office Office of International Cooperation and Exchange Academic Affairs Office Admission and Graduate Affairs Office Student Affairs Office Science and Technology Administration Office Press Release Center Human Resources Department Retired Personnel Affairs Office Security and Safeguard Department Finance Department University Enterprise Administration Office General Affairs Office University Assets Administration Office Construction and Campus Planning Office Maintenance and Campus Administration Office The university is organized into the following colleges and departments.
Faculty of Foreign Languages Faculty of Law Cai Yuanpei Art College Faculty of Physical Education Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Faculty of Mathematics Physics and Information Science Faculty of Engineering Faculty of medical Science Shangyu College College of Primary Education Department of Chinese Language and literature Department of Chemistry Department of Biology Department of Pedagogy Yuanpei college College of Adult Education Orchid Pavilion Calligraphy College College of Private Business Management College of Vocational Training Shaoxing University Official website Shaoxing University Official website Shaoxing University Official website Shaoxing University Official website
Chiang Kai-shek known as Generalissimo Chiang or Chiang Chungcheng and romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi, was a Chinese politician and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and in Taiwan until his death. He was recognized by much of the world as the head of the legitimate government of China until 1971, during which the United Nations passed Resolution 2758. Chiang was an influential member of the Kuomintang, the Chinese Nationalist Party, as well as a close ally of Sun Yat-sen. Chiang became the commandant of the Kuomintang's Whampoa Military Academy and took Sun's place as leader of the KMT following the Canton Coup in early 1926. Having neutralized the party's left wing, Chiang led Sun's long-postponed Northern Expedition, conquering or reaching accommodations with China's many warlords. From 1928 to 1948, Chiang served as the chairman and generalissimo of the National Government of the Republic of China.
Chiang was a nationalist. Unable to maintain Sun's good relations with the Chinese Communist Party, Chiang tried to purge them in the 1927 Shanghai Massacre and repressed uprisings at Kwangtung and elsewhere. At the onset of the Second Sino-Japanese War, which became the Chinese theater of World War II, Marshal Zhang Xueliang kidnapped Chiang and obliged him to establish a Second United Front with the CCP. After the defeat of the Japanese, the American-sponsored Marshall Mission, an attempt to negotiate a coalition government, failed in 1946; the Chinese Civil War resumed, with the CCP led by Mao Zedong defeating the KMT and declaring the People's Republic of China in 1949. Chiang's government and army retreated to Taiwan, where Chiang imposed martial law and persecuted critics in a period known as the "White Terror". After evacuating to Taiwan, Chiang's government continued to declare its intention to retake mainland China. Chiang ruled Taiwan securely as President of the Republic of China and Director-General of the Kuomintang until his death in 1975, just one year before Mao's death.
Like Mao, Chiang is regarded as a controversial figure. Supporters credit him with playing a major part in the Allied victory of World War II and unifying the nation and a national figure of the Chinese resistance against Japan as well as his staunch anti-Soviet and anti-communist stance. Detractors and critics denounce him as a dictator at the front of an authoritarian autocracy who suppressed and purged opponents and critics and arbitrarily incarcerated those he deemed as opposing to the Kuomintang among others. Like many other Chinese historical figures, Chiang used several names throughout his life; that inscribed in the genealogical records of his family is Jiang Zhoutai. This so-called "register name" is the one under which his extended relatives knew him, the one he used in formal occasions, such as when he got married. In deference to tradition, family members did not use the register name in conversation with people outside of the family; the concept of a "real" or original name is not as clear-cut in China.
In honor of tradition, Chinese families waited a number of years before naming their children. In the meantime, they used a "milk name", given to the infant shortly after his birth and known only to the close family, thus the actual name that Chiang received at birth was Jiang Ruiyuan. In 1903, the 16-year-old Chiang went to Ningbo to be a student, he chose a "school name"; this was the formal name of a person, used by older people to address him, the one he would use the most in the first decades of his life. Colloquially, the school name is called "big name", whereas the "milk name" is known as the "small name"; the school name. For the next fifteen years or so, Chiang was known as Jiang Zhiqing; this is the name under which Sun Yat-sen knew him when Chiang joined the republicans in Kwangtung in the 1910s. In 1912, when Jiang Zhiqing was in Japan, he started to use the name Chiang Kai-shek as a pen name for the articles that he published in a Chinese magazine he founded: Voice of the Army. Jieshi is the Pinyin romanization of this name, based on Mandarin, but the most recognized romanized rendering is Kai-shek, in Cantonese romanization.
As the republicans were based in Canton, Chiang became known by Westerners under the Cantonese romanization of his courtesy name, while the family name as known in English seems to be the Mandarin pronunciation of his Chinese family name, transliterated in Wade-Giles. "Kai-shek"/"Jieshi" soon became Chiang's courtesy name. Some think. Others note that the first character of his courtesy name is the first character of the courtesy name of his brother and other male relatives on the same generation line, while the second character of his courtesy name shi suggests the second character of his "register name" tai. Courtesy names in China bore a connection with the personal name of the person; as the
Baoguo Temple (Zhejiang)
The Baoguo Temple is a Mahayana Buddhist temple located in the Jiangbei district, 15 kilometres north of Ningbo, in Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of China. It is noted as the second oldest surviving wooden structure in southern China since the main hall of the present temple dates back to 1013 AD during The Northern Song Dynasty; the temple was called the Lingshan Temple, but in 880 AD, during the Tang Dynasty it was renamed the Baoguo Temple. The main hall was rebuilt in 1013 AD, during the Northern Song dynasty, is one of the oldest and most well preserved wooden constructions in China; the temple contains columns dating to the Tang Dynasty, a hall built during the Ming Dynasty, two halls and towers of the Qing Dynasty. Today the temple is a tourist attraction, many of its rooms and halls are used to house various exhibitions, including: Guanyin statues Confucian bronzes Ningbo furniture Traditional Chinese wedding attire Carved stone screens Miscellaneous architectural pieces from the temple compound Famous places around China The temple can be accessed by bus 332 from Ningbo city.
The ride takes 35 minutes. Standard tickets are 20 yuan per person. Guides are available for an additional fee. List of Buddhist temples Major National Historical and Cultural Sites Baoguo Temple Official Website Baoguo Temple, English Description on Ningbo City Website
Zhejiang University of Technology
The Zhejiang University of Technology is in the city of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. It is considered one of the top industrial universities in mainland China and the second largest university in Zhejiang Province after the most comprehensive Zhejiang University. Engineering chemical and biological engineering, are its strongest disciplines. During the 1980s it made an effort to become a comprehensive technological university instead of a technological college, it keeps a broad relationship to the industry. It is a typical technical university of the new generation in China, it followed the trend during the 1980s and 1990s of Chinese technical institutes changing from the Soviet specialized style into a much more comprehensive style. Although the history of the Zhejiang University of Technology can be traced back to 1910, its independence as a college was in 1953 as the school claims officially, it became a comprehensive technical university in 1993. The institute has had different names throughout its history: Parts of the National Zhejiang University, Hangzhou Chemical Engineering College Zhejiang Chemical Engineering College Zhejiang Engineering College Zhejiang University of Technology Schools that joined the Zhejiang University of Technology: Zhejiang Academy of Economics and Management attached to Zhejiang Provincial Planning and Economic Commission, November 1994 Hangzhou Industrial Engineering School of Shipbuilding attached to China State Shipbuilding Corporation, July 1997 Zhejiang Industrial Engineering School of Building Materials attached to Zhejiang Provincial Building Material Corporation, March 2001 In Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province: Urban Chaohui Campus, the headquarters Suburban Pingfeng Campus Zhijiang Campus Liuxia Campus, for adult education and continuing education Xiasha Campus In Quzhou, Zhejiang Province: Suburban Zhexi Campus serves the Quzhou Chemical Engineering Group.
Quzhou College The College of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science The College of Mechanical Engineering The College of Information Engineering The College of Business and Administration The College of Civil Engineering and Architecture The College of Biological Engineering and Environmental Engineering The College of Humanities The College of Pharmaceutical Science The College of Science The College of Law The College of Foreign Languages The College of Art The College of Jianxing The College of Politics and Public Administration Zhijiang College The College of Adult Education International College The College of Educational Science and Technology The College of Vocational and Technical Education The College of Software Engineering Software Vocational College The Department of Physical Education and Military Training National Key Laboratories National Key Laboratory of Industrial Control Technology National Key Laboratory and Developing Field of Green Chemosynthetic Technology Provincial Key Laboratories, at least 7 Hangzhou Gongxin Photoelectron Ltd.
Well Information Technology Ltd. Rongda Corp. Donghui Technology Co. Ltd. Yonghong Education & Research Development Co. Ltd. Enma Co. Ltd. Bluehouse Electronics Co. Ltd. Xiangyuan Hotel Notable alumni: Xu Guangxian, chemist Zhang Zhixiang, Chinese steel magnate Zhou Guangyao, Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering Zheng Yuguo, Academician of Chinese Academy of SciencesPresidents: Li Shouheng, founder of Chinese chemical engineering, former dean of Zhejiang University Li Enliang: civil engineer Shen Yinchu, academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, "father of Chinese new generation pesticide" Zhang Libin, roboticist League of Key Universities in Chang Jiang Delta Along with Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, Shanghai Jiaotong University in Shanghai, Southeast University in Nanjing, Fudan University in Shanghai, a student exchange program is held every year between these six key universities. Zhejiang University of Technology website English language version Jing Hong Network Union Campus real three-dimensional map