Slide Mountain (Ulster County, New York)
Slide Mountain is the highest peak in the Catskill Mountains of the U. S. state of New York. It is located in the town of Shandaken in Ulster County. While the 4,180-foot contour line on topographic maps is accepted as its height, the exact elevation of the summit has never been determined by the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, many informal surveys suggest the mountain may top 4,200 feet above sea level. While it was not identified as the range's highest peak until the late 19th century, it has played a prominent role in Catskill history. Renowned naturalist John Burroughs wrote memorably of his climbs up Slide, it helped get the Catskills added to New York's Forest Preserve. Bicknell's thrush was first identified on its summit. Like most other Catskill peaks, Slide's summit is gentle and rounded, taking the form of a narrow ridge that rises to a wider bump on its eastern end. From there the mountain slopes down steeply to the col with neighboring Cornell Mountain. At the western end, a broad slope, part of the Catskill Divide, leads down to the gap between Slide and Hemlock Mountain to the west and Winnisook Lake, the source of Esopus Creek, to the mountain's northwest.
Two more pronounced ridges lead off the mountain, one to the southwest and the col with Wildcat Mountain, the other to the north and Giant Ledge. Both upper branches of the Neversink River begin on the mountain's slopes. In addition to the Catskills, Slide is the highest point of: Ulster County; the Delaware River watershed. All of New York State outside the Adirondack High Peaks region. A 300 kilometer radius of New York City, it is the southernmost peak in the Northeast exceeding 4,000 feet. The Appalachians do not rise to that level again until West Virginia. For a mountain with so many superlatives, Slide took a long time to be discovered for what it was; the mountain received its name locally from a landslide in 1819 on its north face near the summit. The scar can still be seen today, was gouged out again by another slide in 1982. Slide would not be established as the highest peak in the range until 1886, long after much of the interior Northeast and their mountain ranges had been surveyed and settled.
Due to land disputes and schemes that dated back to the colonial period, no complete, impartial survey of the entire Catskill region had been carried out until then. Seven years earlier, Princeton geology professor Arnold Henry Guyot had been staying at the Catskill Mountain House when he became interested in the surrounding mountains, management's claim that nearby Kaaterskill High Peak was the highest in all the Catskills despite growing doubt, his survey, carried out on his own time and at his own expense, established that Slide, located some distance to the southwest, was far and away the highest peak in the range. His findings were vehemently disputed by the hotelkeepers around North-South Lake until others confirmed his results. There was a movement, once its status had been confirmed, to give Slide a name believed to be more fitting for a highest peak. "Mount Lincoln," after the late U. S. president, was considered for a while. But it ended when Guyot announced that he preferred Slide, as he had followed local custom wherever possible in naming the peaks for his survey.
Legends have grown up over the years in the Catskills over this belated discovery of the range's highest peak. Some tell of a new owner of Hunter Mountain, the range's other 4,000-footer and second-highest peak, swinging a level around to ensure he had bought the highest peak until being stopped by Slide. Another story has John Burroughs, who became rich and famous writing about his hikes up Slide and other nearby mountains, proving the case atop the mountain by having his friends aim a rifle with a ball in the barrel at all other contending peaks and observing that the ball fell out every time. Regardless, tourism soon shifted to the new highest peak, a local woodsman, Jim Dutcher, who knew the mountain well from his days peeling hemlock bark for tanning, built a hotel and did a regular business escorting visitors to the summit up a trail he built in 1880. While it runs over owned land and has been abandoned since 1941 save for the final section leading across the summit ridge from the west, it still exists and can be followed.
Around the same time, Slide would prove instrumental in creating New York's Forest Preserve as it exists today. Some of the other private lands near the mountain had been utterly deprived of any value by tanners who had decided to boost their profits by neglecting to pay their property taxes and leaving the area. At that time, when the county took possession through foreclosure, it was among those required by the state to guarantee payment of state property taxes. Many county voters and landowners felt shafted, leading Ulster to refuse to pay despite a court order, their representatives in Albany worked out a compromise by which the lands in question were given to the state as part of the newly established Forest Preserve meant to include just the Adirondacks, to satisfy the county's unpaid debts to the state. That was the beginning of what became the Catskill Park. On June 11, 1886, a delegation from the state's forest commission climbed Slide to give some sort of official recognition to the peak and the Catskill Forest Preserve.
While they used Dutcher's trail, the man himself did not take part... in fact, he did no maintenance on the trail beforehand, since he was a Republican and the commissioners had been ap
Mount Baker known as Koma Kulshan or Kulshan, is a 10,781 ft active glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the North Cascades of Washington in the United States. Mount Baker has the second-most thermally active crater in the Cascade Range after Mount Saint Helens. About 31 miles due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County, Mount Baker is the youngest volcano in the Mount Baker volcanic field. While volcanism has persisted here for some 1.5 million years, the current glaciated cone is no more than 140,000 years old, no older than 80–90,000 years. Older volcanic edifices have eroded away due to glaciation. After Mount Rainier, Mount Baker is the most glaciated of the Cascade Range volcanoes, it is one of the snowiest places in the world. Mt. Baker is the third-highest mountain in Washington and the fifth-highest in the Cascade Range, if Little Tahoma Peak, a subpeak of Mount Rainier, Shastina, a subpeak of Mount Shasta, are not counted. Located in the Mount Baker Wilderness, it is visible from much of Greater Victoria and Greater Vancouver in British Columbia, to the south, from Seattle in Washington.
Indigenous peoples have known the mountain for thousands of years, but the first written record of the mountain is from Spanish explorer Gonzalo Lopez de Haro, who mapped it in 1790 as Gran Montaña del Carmelo, "Great Mount Carmel". The explorer George Vancouver renamed the mountain for 3rd Lieutenant Joseph Baker of HMS Discovery, who saw it on April 30, 1792. Mount Baker was well-known to indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest. Indigenous names for the mountain include Koma Kulshan. In 1790, Manuel Quimper of the Spanish Navy set sail from Nootka, a temporary settlement on Vancouver Island, with orders to explore the newly discovered Strait of Juan de Fuca. Accompanying Quimper was first-pilot Gonzalo Lopez de Haro, who drew detailed charts during the six-week expedition. Although Quimper's journal of the voyage does not refer to the mountain, one of Haro's manuscript charts includes a sketch of Mount Baker; the Spanish named the snowy volcano La Gran Montana del Carmelo, as it reminded them of the white-clad monks of the Carmelite Monastery.
The British explorer George Vancouver left England a year later. His mission was to survey the northwest coast of America. Vancouver and his crew reached the Pacific Northwest coast in 1792. While anchored in Dungeness Bay on the south shore of the Strait of Juan de Fuca, Joseph Baker made an observation of Mount Baker, which Vancouver recorded in his journal:About this time a high conspicuous craggy mountain... presented itself, towering above the clouds: as low down as they allowed it to be visible it was covered with snow. Six years the official narrative of this voyage was published, including the first printed reference to the mountain. By the mid-1850s, Mount Baker was a well-known feature on the horizon to the explorers and fur traders who traveled in the Puget Sound region. Isaac I. Stevens, the first governor of Washington Territory, wrote about Mount Baker in 1853:Mount Baker... is one of the loftiest and most conspicuous peaks of the northern Cascade range. It is visible from all the water and islands... and from the whole southeastern part of the Gulf of Georgia, from the eastern division of the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
It is for this region a important landmark. Edmund Thomas Coleman, an Englishman who resided in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada and a veteran of the Alps, made the first attempt to ascend the mountain in 1866, he chose a route via the Skagit River, but was forced to turn back when local Native Americans refused him passage. That same year, Coleman recruited Whatcom County settlers Edward Eldridge, John Bennett, John Tennant to aid him in his second attempt to scale the mountain. After approaching via the North Fork of the Nooksack River, the party navigated through what is now known as Coleman Glacier and ascended to within several hundred feet of the summit before turning back in the face of an "overhanging cornice of ice" and threatening weather. Coleman returned to the mountain after two years. At 4:00 pm on August 17, 1868, Eldridge and two new companions scaled the summit via the Middle Fork Nooksack River, Marmot Ridge, Coleman Glacier, the north margin of the Roman Wall. 1948 North Ridge Fred Beckey and Dick Widrig The present-day cone of Mount Baker is young.
The volcano sits atop
Gannett Peak is the highest mountain peak in the U. S. state of Wyoming at 13,810 feet. It lies in the Wind River Range within the Bridger Wilderness of the Bridger-Teton National Forest. Straddling the Continental Divide along the boundary between Fremont and Sublette counties, it has the second greatest topographic prominence in the state after Cloud Peak, is the highest ground for 290 miles in any direction. Geographically, Gannett Peak is the apex of the entire Central Rockies, the continuous chain of mountains occupying the states of Wyoming and Montana. Named in 1906 for American geographer Henry Gannett, the peak is the high point of the Wind River Range; the mountain slopes are located in Shoshone National Forest. Gannett is the highest peak within what is better known as the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and is the highest peak in the Rocky Mountains outside of Colorado; the 896-acre Gannett Glacier, the largest single glacier in the American portion of the Rocky Mountains, extends across the northern slopes of the mountain.
Minor Glacier is situated in the western cirque of the peak while Dinwoody and Gooseneck Glaciers can be found on the southeast side of the mountain. Gannett Peak is in the heart of a rugged wilderness; because of this, its elevation, extreme weather, it is considered by mountaineers to be one of the most difficult U. S. state high points to reach, after Denali and Granite Peak. Geography portal Wyoming portal Mountains portal List of mountain peaks of the United States List of Ultras of the United States "A photo journal of a trip up Gannett Peak". HikingInTheRockies.com. "Gannett Peak". The Mountain Man Community. Retrieved 2008-12-05. "Gannett Peak". Topographic map. TopoQuest. Retrieved 2008-12-05
Mount Baldy (Arizona)
Mount Baldy is a mountain in eastern Arizona in the United States. It is the highest point in the White Mountains and Apache County, it is the fifth-highest point in the state, the highest outside the San Francisco Peaks in the Flagstaff area. With a summit elevation of 11,409 feet, the peak of Mount Baldy rises above the tree line and is left bare of vegetation, lending the mountain its current name; the summit of Mount Baldy is within the Fort Apache Indian Reservation and is off-limits to hikers without permission. An unnamed sub-peak with an elevation of 10,890 feet exists 0.5 miles to the north of the summit, off reservation and accessible to the public via maintained trail. A third peak, Ord Peak, sits about three miles northwest of Baldy Peak, not to be confused with Mount Ord. Mount Baldy is one of the most sacred mountains to the Apache of Arizona; the Western Apache of Arizona inhabited the areas within their most four sacred mountain ranges: the White Mountains of Eastern Arizona, the Pinaleno Mountains near the town of Safford in southeastern Arizona, the Four Peaks near the City of Phoenix and the San Francisco Peaks near Flagstaff.
When Captain George M. Wheeler visited the mountaintop in 1873, he described the view as "The most magnificent and effective of any among the large number that have come under my observation". Wheeler named the mountain Mount Thomas after General Lorenzo Thomas, who fought in the Mexican–American War, it became Mount Baldy. The name Mount Thomas has been assigned to a nearby peak by the U. S. Geological Survey. Mount Baldy contains the headwaters of the Little Colorado River and Salt River and produces the most abundant trout fishing streams in Arizona. No other mountain in Arizona streams. Along its slope are numerous man made lakes; the area around Mount Baldy averages the most abundant precipitation in Arizona. Wildlife is abundant on the mountain and includes the introduced Mexican Grey Wolf. While looking northeast from Historic Fort Apache Mount Baldy rises 6,130 ft in elevation. List of mountains and hills of Arizona by height
Mount Elbert is the highest summit of the Rocky Mountains of North America and the highest point in the U. S. state of the entire Mississippi River drainage basin. The ultra-prominent 14,440-foot fourteener is the highest peak in the Sawatch Range and the second-highest summit in the contiguous United States after Mount Whitney. Mount Elbert is located in San Isabel National Forest, 12.1 miles southwest of the City of Leadville in Lake County, Colorado. The mountain was named in honor of a Colorado statesman, Samuel Hitt Elbert, active in the formative period of the state and Governor of the Territory of Colorado from 1873 to 1874. Henry W. Stuckle of the Hayden Survey was the first to record an ascent of the peak, in 1874; the easiest and most popular climbing routes are categorized as Class 1 to 2 or A+ in mountaineering parlance. Mount Elbert is therefore referred to as the "gentle giant" that tops all others in the Rocky Mountains. Mount Elbert is visible to the southwest of Leadville snow-capped in the summer.
Many other fourteeners surround Elbert in all directions, it is close to central Colorado's Collegiate Peaks. The neighboring Mount Massive, to the north, is the second-highest peak in the Rocky Mountains and the third-highest in the contiguous United States, La Plata Peak, to the south, is the fifth-highest in the Rockies; the community of Twin Lakes lies at the base of Mount Elbert, Denver is about 130 miles to the east, Vail is 50 miles to the north, Aspen is 40 miles to the west. Leadville, about 16 miles to the northeast, is the nearest large town. Elbert's parent peak is Mount Whitney in California. Including Alaska and Hawaii, Mount Elbert is the fourteenth-highest mountain in the United States. Weather conditions change and afternoon thunderstorms are common in the summertime. An electrical storm on the mountain's summit was considered remarkable enough to be reported in the July 1894 issue of Science. Mount Elbert is part of the Sawatch Range, an uplift of the Laramide Orogeny which separated from the Mosquito Range to the east around 28 million years ago.
The tops of this range were glaciated, leaving behind characteristic summit features and other such clues. For example, the base of Elbert on the eastern side exhibits large igneous and metamorphic rocks deposited when the glaciers receded, which lie on a lateral moraine. Further up the eastern side there is a large cirque with a small tarn. There are lakes to both the north and south and Twin Lakes respectively. Mount Elbert is composed of quartzite. However, the summit ridge consists of metamorphic basement rock, Pre-Cambrian in origin and about 1.7 billion years old. There are various igneous intrusions including pegmatite, as well as bands of gneiss and schist. Unlike mountains of similar altitude elsewhere, Elbert lacks both a permanent snowpack and a prominent north-facing cirque, which can be attributed to its position among other mountains of similar height, causing it to receive small quantities of precipitation. Mount Elbert was named by miners in honor of Samuel Hitt Elbert, the governor of the then-Territory of Colorado, because he brokered a treaty in September 1873 with the Ute tribe that opened up more than 3,000,000 acres of reservation land to mining and railroad activity.
The first recorded ascent of the peak was by H. W. Stuckle in 1874, surveying the mountain as part of the Hayden Survey. Measured as 14,433 feet in height, Mount Elbert's elevation was adjusted to 14,440 feet following a re-evaluation of mapped elevations, which sparked protests; the actual change was made in 1988 as a result of the North American Vertical Datum of 1988. A matter of some contention arose after the Great Depression over the heights of Elbert and its neighbor Mount Massive, which differ in elevation by only 12 feet; this led to an ongoing dispute that came to a head with the Mount Massive supporters building large piles of stones on the summit to boost its height, only to have the Mount Elbert proponents demolish them. The effort was unsuccessful and Mount Elbert has remained the highest peak in Colorado; the first motorized ascent of Elbert occurred in 1949, when a Jeep was driven to the summit to judge suitability for skiing development. The summit of Mount Elbert is an alpine environment, featuring plants such as Phacelia sericea, Hymenoxys grandiflora, Geum rossii.
Noted are Carex atrata var. pullata, Salix desertorum, Platanthera hyperborea, Thalictrum fendleri, Aquilegia canadensis, Chenopodium album, Gentiana detonsa var. hallii, Bigelovia parryi. Below treeline the mountain is forested, with the lower slopes covered with a mixture of lodgepole pine, spruce and fir; some of the fauna reported on the climb to the summit include black bears, mule deer and pocket gophers. Elk, grouse and bighorn sheep are present in the area during the summer. There are three main routes which ascend the mountain, all of which gain over 4,100 feet of elevation; the standard route ascends the peak from the east, starting from the Colorado Trail just north of Twin Lakes. The 4.6 miles long North Elbert Trail begins close to the Elbert Creek Campground, gains about 4,500 feet. The trail is open to equestrians, mountain bikers and hunte
Wheeler Peak (Nevada)
Wheeler Peak is the tallest mountain in the Snake Range and in White Pine County, in Nevada, United States. The summit elevation of 13,065 feet makes it the second-highest peak in Nevada, just behind Boundary Peak. With a topographic prominence of 7,563 feet, Wheeler Peak is the most topographically prominent peak in White Pine County and the second-most prominent peak in Nevada, just behind Mount Charleston; the mountain is located in Great Basin National Park and was named for George Wheeler, leader of the Wheeler Survey of the late 19th century. Wheeler Peak has an impressive headwall above a large glacial cirque, large moraines and an active rock glacier; the top of the mountain is covered by deep snow most of the year. A paved road runs from the Great Basin National Park visitor center to several small camping areas, the highest more than halfway up the mountain; the mountain's prominence is due to a Miocene detachment fault that brought the deep Cambrian Prospect Mountain quartzite to the top of the mountain.
Jeff Davis Peak stands about one mile to the east of Wheeler and reaches 12,777 feet A well-maintained trail, the Wheeler Peak Summit Trail, leads from a trail-head near the end of Wheeler Peak Scenic Drive directly to the summit, making for a class 1 hike. Afternoon storms are during the summer; the distinction of highest point in Nevada goes to the summit of Boundary Peak, so named because it is just east of the Nevada-California border, at the northern terminus of the White Mountains. Wheeler Peak is, the tallest independent mountain in the state since Boundary Peak is considered a subsidiary summit of Montgomery Peak, whose summit is in California; the topographic prominence of Boundary Peak is 253 feet, which falls under the used 300-foot cutoff for an independent peak. Boundary Peak is less than 1 mile away from its higher neighbor, while Wheeler Peak is over 230 miles from the nearest higher peak. By contrast the prominence of Wheeler Peak, at 7,563 feet, is the twelfth largest in the contiguous United States.
It is the twelfth most topographically isolated summit in the contiguous United States. The limestone Lehman Caves, at the base of the mountain, feature a large collection of shield formations. Tours of the caves are offered year round by the National Park Service. Higher up on the glacial moraine is a grove of ancient Great Basin Bristlecone Pines of great age. A Bristlecone Pine named Prometheus, at least 4,862 years old and the oldest known non-clonal organism, grew here before it was inadvertently cut down in 1964 as part of a research project. Limber Pine, which can live for over 1,000 years, are found in the area. List of Ultras of the United States List of highest points in Nevada by county "Wheeler Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-11-27. "Wheeler Peak". Great Basin National Park. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-10-16
Tanaga is a 5,924-foot stratovolcano in the Aleutian Range of the U. S. state of Alaska. There have been three known eruptions since 1763; the most recent produced lava flows. List of mountain peaks of North America List of mountain peaks of the United States List of mountain peaks of Alaska List of Ultras of the United States List of volcanoes in the United States Image of Tanaga