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Shirayuki (train)

The Shirayuki is a limited express service operated by East Japan Railway Company between Niigata and Jōetsumyōkō in Japan since 14 March 2015. The name Shirayuki was previously used for an express service operated by Japanese National Railways from 1963 until 1982; the Shirayuki services operate between Niigata and Jōetsumyōkō via the Shinetsu Main Line and Echigo Tokimeki Railway Myōkō Haneuma Line, with some services extended to Arai. A total of five return workings operate daily. Services use a fleet of four four-car E653-1100 series EMUs converted from former Joban Line E653 series trainsets. Trains are formed as four-car monoclass trainsets as shown below, with car 4 at the Niigata end. All cars are no-smoking; the original Shirayuki train service was an express service which operated between Kanazawa and Aomori from 20 April 1963 until 15 November 1982 using KiHa 58 series diesel multiple unit trains. List of named passenger trains of Japan


For the MG TF Midget of 1953 to 1955, see MG T-type. The MG F and MG TF are mid-engined, rear wheel drive roadster cars that were sold under the MG marque by three manufacturers between 1995 and 2011; the MG F was the first new model designed as an MG since the MGB, produced from 1962 to 1980, the marque spent the 1980s being used to denote performance models from parent Austin Rover Group, was seen on the MG RV8, a limited edition relaunch of the MG MGB, sold between 1993 and 1995. The MG F was designed by Rover Group during the period it was owned by British Aerospace and was brought to market after the business had been sold to the German car manufacturer BMW; the BMW owned Rover Group manufactured the model from 1995 to 2000. BMW broke up Rover Group in 2000, divesting the Rover and MG passenger car businesses to a management buy-out who formed the independent MG Rover business. MG Rover manufactured the MG F from 2000 onwards updating it to become the MG TF in 2002. MG Rover entered administration in 2005.

The remains of the MG Rover business were sold to Nanjing Automobile and the MG TF resumed production under the Nanjing owned MG Motor in 2007. The model, by heavily outdated, was not a sales success and production ceased for a second and final time in 2011. MG had stopped producing sports cars in 1980 when British Leyland closed their Abingdon, Oxfordshire plant, although the badge of MG was used on badge-engineered hatchbacks and saloons between 1982 and 1991. In 1992, the company restarted production of the classic MGB as the limited edition RV8, positive reaction led the company to develop the MG F. During the 1980s, a number of new MG sports cars had been hinted at with the appearance of concept cars at motor shows, but none of these cars went into production. By 1991, Rover was working of a new mid-engined sports car similar in size to the launched Mazda MX5 and Lotus Elan; the final product, the MG F, was unveiled on 8 March 1995,and went on sale in September that year with a 1.8 litre 120bhp engine, was joined several months by a 145bhp VVC version.

It received plaudits for its excellent ride and handling. The MG F received a mild facelift in August 1999, by which time a high performance Supersport version was in the pipeline, but this version was never launched, it was revised and renamed using the historic TF name in January 2002, but production was halted, following the collapse of the MG Rover Group in April 2005. However, after Nanjing Automobile Group acquired the rights to the MG TF, the completion of the new factory for MG in Nanjing saw production being restarted in March 2007 before being stopped in 2011 without an immediate successor; the MG F was launched in the autumn of 1995 by the Rover Group, making it the third car to be launched since the takeover by BMW. It was powered by a 1.8 L K-Series 16-valve engine, the basic having 118 hp while the more powerful VVC had 143 hp. Although popular across Rover's model range, when fitted to the MGF the K-series engine was plagued by head gasket failure attributed to the more complex nature of cooling a mid-engine car, which made the coolant system prone to developing air pockets around the cylinder head if not properly bled.

Rover did little to address this, with owners having to meet the cost of expensive repairs themselves early in the life of their vehicles. Rover Special Projects oversaw the development of the F's design and before finalising the styling bought-in outside contractors to determine the most appropriate mechanical configuration for the new car. Steve Harper of MGA Developments produced the initial design concept in January 1991, before Rover's in house design team refined the concept under the leadership of Gerry McGovern. An interesting feature of the F was its Hydragas suspension, a system employing interconnected fluid and gas displacers which provided a compliant ride but which could be tuned to provide excellent handling characteristics; the MG F shot to the top of the affordable sports car charts in Britain and remained there until the introduction of the MG TF in 2002. The MG F underwent a facelift in autumn of 1999, gave the car a revised interior as well as styling tweaks and fresh alloy wheels designs.

There was the introduction of a base 1.6 version and a more powerful 160 hp variant called the Trophy 160, which had a 0-60 mph time of 6.9 seconds. The Trophy was only produced for a limited time. An automatic version with a CVT called the Steptronic was introduced in 2001; the MG F continued to sell well in spite of the sale of the Rover Group, announced in March 2000. Land Rover was sold to Ford, while the MG and Rover marques were sold to the Phoenix consortium for £10. In spite of competition from the likes of Mazda MX-5, BMW Z3 and Audi TT, the MG F still proved popular. A total of 77,269 MG, and 799 Limited versions Project EXF represents a limited production of five single-seat MG F sports cars that allude to historic land-speed records set by MG between 1930 and 1959. Known as the F, the MG car features standard MG F components, a turbocharged 1.4L Rover K-Series engine, a drag coefficient of less than 0.25. On 20 August 1997, the F achieved a top speed of 217 mph at the SpeedWeek festivities in Bonneville, United States.

In 2002, the MG TF was released

Henry Daggett Bulkley

Henry Daggett Bulkley was an American physician. He has been called a pioneer in American dermatology. Bulkley, son of John and Amelia Bulkley, was born in Conn.. April 20, 1803, his mother was a daughter of Judge Henry Daggett, of New Haven. He graduated from Yale College in 1821, he was engaged in mercantile pursuits in New York City for six or seven years after graduation, went to the Yale School of Medicine to study under Dr. Knight, he received the degree of M. D. in 1830, soon after went to Europe for further advantages, spent some time in the hospitals of Paris studying cutaneous diseases. He began practice in N. Y. City in November 1832, remained in extensive practice until his decease, he was an authority in cutaneous medicine, one of the first in the country to lecture on these disorders, the first to establish a dispensary in N. Y city for their treatment. Besides his connection with several other dispensaries, he was appointed in 1848 attending physician to the New York Hospital, which position he held until his death.

He occupied at different times the presidential chairs of the New York Academy of Medicine, the New York County Medical Society, etc. In 1846 and in 1852, he published editions of Cazenave and Schedel on Diseases of the Skin, in 1851 edited Gregory on Eruptive Fevers. Dr. Bulkley visited Europe for his health in June 1871, he died of pneumonia at his residence in N. Y. City, January 4, 1872, after an illness of four days. In 1835 he married Juliana, daughter of Wheeler Barnes, Esq, of Rome, N. Y, he had two sons. His son Lucius; this article incorporates public domain material from the Yale Obituary Record

John of Tynemouth (chronicler)

John of Tynemouth was a medieval English chronicler who flourished in the mid-14th-century. Little is known of his background. According to medieval accounts, he was claimed to have been the vicar of the parish of Tynemouth in Northumberland. From his writings, he was familiar with the area around Wheatley, near Winchester, which might mean that he could be identified with John Whetely, known to have been the vicar at Tynemouth during the 1350s and 1360s. Or the Wheatley was the one in Yorkshire, which would explain the alternate name he is given in manuscripts, John York. John may have been a monk of St Albans Abbey, for his work was early associated with that monastery, the vicar at Tynemouth was appointed by the prior of the monastic priory at Tynemouth, a dependent priory of St Albans. John was the author of a chronicle, the Historia aurea, a work composed about 1350, it was a history of the world from the creation to 1347. He used as sources a shortened version of the Polychronicon; the Historia survives in full in manuscripts that were from Durham Cathedral, Bury St Edmunds Abbey, St Albans.

The St Albans copies, are only dated to the 15th-century, which undercuts the idea that John might have been a monk at that abbey. The Historia survives in shortened versions. Besides the Historia, he authored a Sanctilogium, or Sanctilogium Angliae Walliae Scotiae et Hiberniae, which gave the lives of 156 English saints; the Sanctilogium survives in a single manuscript, now in the British Library, where it is Cotton Library MS Tiberius E.i. He wrote a Martyrologium, which survives in some extracts that are appended to one of the manuscripts of the Historia aurea

No. 2 Squadron SLAF

No. 2 "Heavy Transport" Squadron is a squadron of the Sri Lanka Air Force. It operates the C-130 Hercules and Antonov 32 from SLAF Katunayake; the No. 2 Squadron was formed in 1955 to provide transport for the newly formed Royal Ceylon Air Force with Airspeed Oxfords, de Havilland Doves, Westland Dragonfly helicopters and Scottish Aviation Pioneers. The Squadron was based at RAF Negombo, it was the only operational squadron when the 1971 Insurrection began, carrying out air operations for the first time under combat conditions. Newer aircraft were acquired during the insurrection. With the escalation of the Sri Lankan Civil War, air operations intensified. In 1985 the squadron received Beechcraft 200 for transport; the same year it took on the close air support after gaining SIAI Marchetti SF.260TPs. The squadron was moved to SLAF Ratmalana in 1985. During the Vadamarachchi Operation the squadron deployed 1 AVRO, 2 Y-12s and 1 Heron as improvised bombers. Harbin Y-12 aircraft were equipped with bomb racks, fitted to carry up to 1,000 kilograms of fragmentation and antipersonnel bombs were used against LTTE locations with success.

In 1994 the No. 2 Squadron's aircraft were divided between the No. 201 and No. 202 squadrons. The No. 201 squadron came to operate the lager transport aircraft Hawker Siddeley HS 748s and the newly acquired Antonov An-32s. The No. 201 was renamed the No. 2 Heavy Transport Squadron and the No. 202 squadron was renamed the No. 8 Light Transpor Squadron and operated the lighter aircraft of the air force. Throughout the civil war, since the early 1990s the squadron played a major role in maintaining the air passage to Jaffnatill 2009, when the land route was opened; the squadron relief missions during the 2004 tsunami,Pakistan earthquake of 2005 and April 2015 Nepal earthquake. In March 2009, the squadron was presented with the President's Colours. Year of introduction C-130 Hercules – 2000 Antonov 32 – 1995 Shaanxi Y-8 – 1987 Harbin Y-12 – 1986 Hawker Siddeley HS 748 – 1985 Beechcraft 200 – 1985 SIAI Marchetti SF.260TP – 1985 Douglas Dakota – 1975 de Havilland Heron – 1959 Westland Dragonfly – 1955 Airspeed Oxford – 1953 Air Vice Marshal E. R. Amarasekara, DFC & BAR, RCyAF – former Commander of the Air Force Air Chief Marshal Deshamanya Paddy Mendis, MBIM, IDC, psc, SLAF – former Commander of the Air Force Air Chief Marshal Harry Goonatilake, USP, psc, SLAF – former Commander of the Air Force Air Chief Marshal Jayalath Weerakkody, RWP, VSV, USP, psc, SLAF – former Commander of the Air Force Air Chief Marshal G. Donald Perera, VSV, USP, psc, SLAF – former Commander of the Air Force Air Vice Marshal Sumangala Dias RSP, MSc, psc – Director Logistics Air Commodore Shirantha Goonatilake † – Commanding Officer, No. 1 Flying Training Wing Sri Lanka Air Force Base Katunayake Early Wings, SLAF Award of Colours to No. 2 Transport Squadron