Wheeler Peak (Nevada)
Wheeler Peak is the tallest mountain in the Snake Range and in White Pine County, in Nevada, United States. The summit elevation of 13,065 feet makes it the second-highest peak in Nevada, just behind Boundary Peak. With a topographic prominence of 7,563 feet, Wheeler Peak is the most topographically prominent peak in White Pine County and the second-most prominent peak in Nevada, just behind Mount Charleston; the mountain is located in Great Basin National Park and was named for George Wheeler, leader of the Wheeler Survey of the late 19th century. Wheeler Peak has an impressive headwall above a large glacial cirque, large moraines and an active rock glacier; the top of the mountain is covered by deep snow most of the year. A paved road runs from the Great Basin National Park visitor center to several small camping areas, the highest more than halfway up the mountain; the mountain's prominence is due to a Miocene detachment fault that brought the deep Cambrian Prospect Mountain quartzite to the top of the mountain.
Jeff Davis Peak stands about one mile to the east of Wheeler and reaches 12,777 feet A well-maintained trail, the Wheeler Peak Summit Trail, leads from a trail-head near the end of Wheeler Peak Scenic Drive directly to the summit, making for a class 1 hike. Afternoon storms are during the summer; the distinction of highest point in Nevada goes to the summit of Boundary Peak, so named because it is just east of the Nevada-California border, at the northern terminus of the White Mountains. Wheeler Peak is, the tallest independent mountain in the state since Boundary Peak is considered a subsidiary summit of Montgomery Peak, whose summit is in California; the topographic prominence of Boundary Peak is 253 feet, which falls under the used 300-foot cutoff for an independent peak. Boundary Peak is less than 1 mile away from its higher neighbor, while Wheeler Peak is over 230 miles from the nearest higher peak. By contrast the prominence of Wheeler Peak, at 7,563 feet, is the twelfth largest in the contiguous United States.
It is the twelfth most topographically isolated summit in the contiguous United States. The limestone Lehman Caves, at the base of the mountain, feature a large collection of shield formations. Tours of the caves are offered year round by the National Park Service. Higher up on the glacial moraine is a grove of ancient Great Basin Bristlecone Pines of great age. A Bristlecone Pine named Prometheus, at least 4,862 years old and the oldest known non-clonal organism, grew here before it was inadvertently cut down in 1964 as part of a research project. Limber Pine, which can live for over 1,000 years, are found in the area. List of Ultras of the United States List of highest points in Nevada by county "Wheeler Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-11-27. "Wheeler Peak". Great Basin National Park. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-10-16
Not to be confused with: Town of Mount Charleston, Nevada. Mount Charleston named Charleston Peak, at 11,916 feet, is the highest mountain in both the Spring Mountains and Clark County, in Nevada, United States, it is the eighth-highest mountain in the state. Well separated from higher peaks by large, low basins, it is the most topographically prominent peak in Nevada, the eighth-most-prominent peak in the contiguous United States, it is one of eight ultra-prominent peaks in Nevada. It is located about 35 miles northwest of Las Vegas within the Mount Charleston Wilderness, within the Spring Mountains National Recreation Area of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest. Mount Charleston is a year-round getaway for Las Vegas's residents and visitors, with a number of hiking trails and a modest ski area; the mountain, snow-capped more than half the year, can be seen from parts of the Las Vegas Strip when looking toward the west. Mount Charleston has nearly 200 camp sites and over 150 picnic areas, some of which are RV-accessible.
The village of Mount Charleston lies at its base to the east. The state of Nevada issues license plates with the caption "Mt. Charleston" and an image of the peak in the background. Sales of the plate supports the natural environment of the Mount Charleston area through grants administered by the Nevada Division of State Lands. According to the Federal Writers' Project, Mount Charleston was named for Charleston, South Carolina by southern sympathizers. Near its summit are the remnants of a 1955 plane crash. A CIA C-54 Military Air Transport Service plane crashed near the peak on November 17, 1955 during a blizzard; the plane was on route from Groom Lake to nearby Area 51 to work on a secret U-2 plane development. Fourteen men were on board. There are still remains from the plane that can be hiked to just off the main southern loop trail to the peak. A memorial featuring the propeller from the downed aircraft was installed at the Spring Mountains Visitor Gateway in 2015, it was Nevada’s first national memorial and the first on U.
S. Forest Service land. Charleston Peak is a popular destination for hikers; the summit offers panoramic views from the Sierra Nevada, Death Valley, Las Vegas. There are two well-marked and well-maintened trails to the summit: South Loop Trail and North Loop/Trail Canyon; the trails can be combined as a loop. Both approaches involve a strenuous 16-mile+ round trip with over 4000 feet of climbing; the hike takes all day. The hike is most accessible in the snow-free months of fall. List of Ultras of the United States Carpenter 1 Fire "Charleston Peak". SummitPost.org
Pavlof Volcano is a stratovolcano of the Aleutian Range on the Alaska Peninsula. It has been one of the most active in the United States since 1980, with eruptions recorded in 1980, 1981, 1983, 1986–1988, 1996–1997, 2007, 2013, twice in 2014 and most in March 2016. Basaltic andesite with SiO2 around 53% is the most common lava type; the volcano is monitored by the Alaska Volcano Observatory- a joint program of the United States Geological Survey, the Geophysical Institute of the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the State of Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys. With a threat score of 95, the threat from future eruptions is considered to be high; the mountain has basic real-time monitoring, but the USGS would like to improve instrumentation at the site. The mountain shares a name with the nearby Pavlof Sister, which last erupted in 1786. After its eruption in 1996, the volcano entered a period of dormancy, the longest it had been dormant since records of its eruptions have been kept.
This period ended on August 15, 2007, with the start of a new eruption involving seismic disturbances and a "vigorous eruption of lava." Scientists said that the volcano "could be working toward a massive eruption that could affect air travel but was not expected to threaten any of the towns in the area." The eruption ended on September 13. The volcano erupted again on May 13, 2013, but activity had diminished by July 3, 2013, on August 8, 2013, the Current Volcano Alert Level was reduced to NORMAL and the Current Aviation Color Code reduced to GREEN. A low-level eruption began on May 31, 2014. On June 2 seismic activity intensified and officials raised the alert level from "Watch" to "Warning" and the aviation color code from "Orange" to "Red" after pilots in the area reported an ash plume that reached as high as 22,000 feet above sea level. A new eruption began on March 27, 2016, sending an ash cloud to 37,000 feet above sea level, extending 400 miles NE; the volcano gave 25 minutes warning before the onset of the eruption.
The alert level was raised to "Warning" and the aviation color code was raised to "Red", which indicates incoming eruption with high levels of ash. The nearby village of Nelson Lagoon was coated with tephra during the powerful eruption; the volcano stopped emitting ash clouds on March 31, 2016. The first recorded ascent of Pavlof Volcano was on June 27, 1928, by T. A. Jagger, J. Gardiner, O. P. McKinley, P. A. Yatchmenoff and R. H. Stewart, although "speculation surrounds this ascent, recounted in National Geographic." The straightforward nature of the climb suggests that an earlier unrecorded ascent may have occurred. The second ascent was in June 1950 by T. P. Bank; the main challenge of climbing this peak is the consequent difficulty of access. The peak is a 30 mi journey from the north side of Cold Bay; the climb itself is a straightforward snow climb, the ski descent is recommended. List of mountain peaks of Alaska List of volcanoes in the United States "Pavlof". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
Volcanoes of the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands-Selected Photographs Alaska Volcano Observatory Pavlof Volcano on Topozone "Pavlof Volcano, Alaska" on Peakbagger Photo of Pavlof in 2007
Gannett Peak is the highest mountain peak in the U. S. state of Wyoming at 13,810 feet. It lies in the Wind River Range within the Bridger Wilderness of the Bridger-Teton National Forest. Straddling the Continental Divide along the boundary between Fremont and Sublette counties, it has the second greatest topographic prominence in the state after Cloud Peak, is the highest ground for 290 miles in any direction. Geographically, Gannett Peak is the apex of the entire Central Rockies, the continuous chain of mountains occupying the states of Wyoming and Montana. Named in 1906 for American geographer Henry Gannett, the peak is the high point of the Wind River Range; the mountain slopes are located in Shoshone National Forest. Gannett is the highest peak within what is better known as the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and is the highest peak in the Rocky Mountains outside of Colorado; the 896-acre Gannett Glacier, the largest single glacier in the American portion of the Rocky Mountains, extends across the northern slopes of the mountain.
Minor Glacier is situated in the western cirque of the peak while Dinwoody and Gooseneck Glaciers can be found on the southeast side of the mountain. Gannett Peak is in the heart of a rugged wilderness; because of this, its elevation, extreme weather, it is considered by mountaineers to be one of the most difficult U. S. state high points to reach, after Denali and Granite Peak. Geography portal Wyoming portal Mountains portal List of mountain peaks of the United States List of Ultras of the United States "A photo journal of a trip up Gannett Peak". HikingInTheRockies.com. "Gannett Peak". The Mountain Man Community. Retrieved 2008-12-05. "Gannett Peak". Topographic map. TopoQuest. Retrieved 2008-12-05
A summit is a point on a surface, higher in elevation than all points adjacent to it. The topographic terms acme, apex and zenith are synonymous; the term top is used only for a mountain peak, located at some distance from the nearest point of higher elevation. For example, a big massive rock next to the main summit of a mountain is not considered a summit. Summits near a higher peak, with some prominence or isolation, but not reaching a certain cutoff value for the quantities, are considered subsummits of the higher peak, are considered part of the same mountain. A pyramidal peak is an exaggerated form produced by ice erosion of a mountain top. Summit may refer to the highest point along a line, trail, or route; the highest summit in the world is Everest with height of 8844.43 m above sea level. The first official ascent was made by Sir Edmund Hillary, they reached the mountain`s peak in 1953. Whether a highest point is classified as a summit, a sub peak or a separate mountain is subjective; the UIAA definition of a peak is.
Otherwise, it's a subpeak. In many parts of the western United States, the term summit refers to the highest point along a road, highway, or railroad. For example, the highest point along Interstate 80 in California is referred to as Donner Summit and the highest point on Interstate 5 is Siskiyou Mountain Summit. A summit climbing differs from the common mountaineering. Summit expedition requires: 1+ year of training, a good physical shape, a special gear. Although a huge part of climber’s stuff can be left and taken at the base camps or given to porters, there is a long list of personal equipment. In addition to common mountaineers’ gear, Summit climbers need to take Diamox and bottles of oxygen. There are special requirements for crampons, ice axe, rappel device, etc. Geoid Hill – Landform that extends above the surrounding terrain Nadir Summit accordance Peak finder Summit Climbing Gear List
Mount Hayes is the highest mountain in the eastern Alaska Range. Despite not being a fourteener, it is one of the largest peaks in the United States in terms of rise above local terrain. For example, the Northeast Face rises 8,000 feet in 2 miles. In terms of topographic prominence, Mount Hayes is number 51 in the world. Mount Hayes was first climbed in 1941 by Bradford Washburn, Barbara Washburn, Benjamin Ferris, Sterling Hendricks, Henry Hall, William Shand. Today's standard route is the East Ridge. Mount Hayes is not climbed due to its remoteness and the resulting access difficulties. List of mountain peaks of North America List of mountain peaks of the United States List of mountain peaks of Alaska List of Ultras of the United States Michael Wood and Colby Coombs, Alaska: A Climbing Guide, The Mountaineers, 2001. "Mount Hayes, Alaska" on Peakbagger
San Jacinto Peak
San Jacinto Peak is the highest peak of the San Jacinto Mountains, of Riverside County, California. It lies within Mount San Jacinto State Park. Naturalist John Muir wrote of San Jacinto Peak, "The view from San Jacinto is the most sublime spectacle to be found anywhere on this earth!"San Jacinto Peak is one of the most topographically prominent peaks in the United States. It is ranked sixth among peaks in the 48 contiguous states. According to John W. Robinson and Bruce D. Risher, authors of The San Jacintos, "No Southern California hiker worth his salt would miss climbing'San Jack' at least once."Known for its spectacular north escarpment, the peak rises 10,000 feet above San Gorgonio Pass. It plays host to the famous Cactus to Clouds Trail. To the east, the peak towers over the city of Palm Springs; the peak is frequently called Mount San Jacinto. The steep escarpment of its north face, above Snow Creek, climbs over 10,000 feet in 7 miles; this is one of the largest gains in elevation over such a small horizontal distance in the contiguous United States.
From the peak, San Gorgonio Mountain can be seen across the San Gorgonio Pass. Visible below is the Coachella Valley and the Salton Sea. In addition, much of the Inland Empire, including Ontario to the west, can be viewed on a clear day. Mount San Jacinto is one of the "Four Saints," a name used to describe the high points of the four mountains over 10,000 feet named for Catholic saints in Southern California: San Jacinto Peak, Mount San Gorgonio, San Bernardino Peak, Mount San Antonio. To the Cahuilla Indians, the peak was known as I a kitch, meaning "smooth cliffs." It was the home of the meteor and legendary founder of the Cahuilla. In 1878, a Wheeler Survey topographical party led by rancher Charles Thomas of Garner Valley climbed the peak; the Wheeler Survey gave the mountain the name "San Jacinto Peak" The earliest recorded ascent of the peak was made in September, 1874 by "F. of Riverside," according to a description of his ascent in the San Diego Union. The first successful ascent of the difficult northeast escarpment was made in 1931 by Floyd Vernoy and Stewart White of Riverside.
The peak is flanked by Marion Mountain. These peaks were named in 1897 by USGS topographer Edmund Taylor Perkins, Jr. Perkins named Jean Peak for his sweetheart and future bride, Jean Waters of Plumas County, whom he married in 1903, he named Marion Mountain after Marion Kelly, his girlfriend, a teacher for the Indian Bureau at the Morongo Valley Reservation. According to a local legend, Perkins spent the summer of 1897 deciding which woman to marry while he conducted his topographical survey of San Jacinto Peak and its environs. Nearby Cornell Peak is named for the alma mater of geologist Robert T. Hill. Perkins and Hill were camping in Round Valley when Hill remarked that the peak looked like the campanile tower at Cornell. Perkins named the peak Cornell Peak. In 1931 and 1932, the San Jacinto Mountain Chamber of Commerce sponsored a Labor Day footrace from Idyllwild to San Jacinto Peak and back, a distance of 18 miles and 5,300 feet; the 1931 race was won by Tom Humphreys, a Hopi, in 3:36:30.
Humphreys won the race again in 1932 with a time of 3:12. Near the summit of San Jacinto peak is a stone hut, built in 1935 by the Civilian Conservation Corps under the direction of Serbo-Croatian immigrant Alfred Zarubicka, a stonemason known in Idyllwild as "Zubi." San Jacinto Peak is accessible, as many trails penetrate the Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument. The most popular route starts with a ride on the Palm Springs Aerial Tramway from Valley Station at 2,643 feet near Palm Springs up to Mountain Station at 8,516 feet. From there, one can climb the mountain face via trails. Another route is to hike the Marion Mountain Trail from near the mountain town of Idyllwild. There is a reproducing but introduced population of Sequoiadendrons planted in 1974 located here hundreds of miles from native populations; the Cactus to Clouds Trail involves an arduous climb of 10,700 feet from the desert floor in Palm Springs to the summit at 10,834 feet. This trail has no water sources until 8,500 feet, so early starts are advised to avoid the temperatures which soar above 100 °F.
List of highest points in California by county List of Ultras of the United States "Mount San Jacinto State Park". California State Parks. Retrieved 2009-08-17. Mount San Jacinto State Park map. Mount San Jacinto State Park. Retrieved 2015-11-24. "San Jacinto Peak". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 2011-05-07. "Cactus to Clouds Hiking Guide". Mt. San Jacinto Message Board. Archived from the original on 2009-10-25. Retrieved 2009-08-17. "Main page". Riverside Mountain Rescue Unit. Retrieved 2009-08-17. "Forum Index". Mt. San Jacinto Outdoor Recreation. Retrieved 2009-08-17. Howser, Huell. "Mt. San Jacinto – California's Gold". California's Gold. Chapman University Huell Howser Archive