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Mountain Ranch, California

Mountain Ranch is a census-designated place in Calaveras County, United States. The population was 1,628 at the 2010 census, up from 1,557 at the 2000 census; the town is registered as California Historical Landmark #282. The town center is quite small with fewer than 50 people living in it, the 5 mile square area surrounding the town accounts for the balance of the population; the settlement was established during the California Gold Rush. Mountain Ranch's post office was established in 1858. In 1868, it was moved to another town called El Dorado Camp 1.5 miles south, as there was an El Dorado post office in California, El Dorado Camp became known as Mountain Ranch. There are 3 post office buildings in the town; the present one, a small post office, built in 1956, a post office built in 1923, once billed as the world's smallest post office. The original location of the town of Mountain Ranch has a historical landmark; the bell on the historical marker was used in the local school from 1885 to 1953.

Established as Cave City School District in 1855, this school joined with the Banner District in 1946 to become the El Dorado Union Elementary School District. In 1942 the last of the gold mines closed. Further economic losses took place in the 1970s, when local saw mills shuttered, in 1983 when the Calaveras Cement Co. closed in 1983. In 2015, the town was ravaged by the Butte Fire. More than 350 homes along the outskirts burned, but firefighters and local ranchers were able to save most of the downtown. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 41.2 square miles, of which 99.86% is land, 0.14% is water. The 2010 United States Census reported that Mountain Ranch had a population of 1,628; the population density was 39.5 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Mountain Ranch was 1,472 White, 15 African American, 33 Native American, 18 Asian, 2 Pacific Islander, 15 from other races, 73 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 123 persons; the Census reported that 1,628 people lived in households, 0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized.

There were 748 households, out of which 113 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 410 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 53 had a female householder with no husband present, 23 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 50 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 5 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 211 households were made up of individuals and 89 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18. There were 486 families; the population was spread out with 213 people under the age of 18, 86 people aged 18 to 24, 201 people aged 25 to 44, 712 people aged 45 to 64, 416 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 55.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.3 males. There were 960 housing units at an average density of 23.3 per square mile, of which 748 were occupied, of which 620 were owner-occupied, 128 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.8%.

1,352 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 276 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,557 people, 656 households, 474 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 37.8 people per square mile. There were 816 housing units at an average density of 19.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 90.30% White, 1.41% Black or African American, 1.73% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.58% from other races, 5.14% from two or more races. 5.07 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 656 households out of which 19.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.6% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.7% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.76. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 18.7% under the age of 18, 3.8% from 18 to 24, 18.9% from 25 to 44, 38.3% from 45 to 64, 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,311, the median income for a family was $39,324. Males had a median income of $33,864 versus $33,289 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $19,594. About 10.0% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.7% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over. In the state legislature, Mountain Ranch is in the 8th Senate District, represented by Republican Andreas Borgeas, the 5th Assembly District, represented by Republican Frank Bigelow. Federally, Mountain Ranch is in California's 4th congressional district, represented by Republican Tom McClintock. Jake Shields U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Mountain Ranch, California

Pontardawe television relay station

The Pontardawe television relay station was built in 1974/1975 as a relay for UHF analogue television. It consists of a 45 m self-supporting lattice mast standing on a hillside, itself about 160 m above sea level; the transmitters cater for most of the digital terrestrial TV subscribers in the towns of Pontardawe and Alltwen and in the nearby villages of that section of the Tawe valley. The transmission station is operated by Arqiva; when it was built, Pontardawe transmitter re-radiated a signal received off-air from Kilvey Hill about 12 km to the southwest. However, sometime after the Alltwen relay was built on the opposite side of the valley, the Pontardawe mast was reassigned to relay its signal instead. Both sites have line-of-sight to Kilvey Hill, but the direct signal to the Pontardawe site does have a close encounter with a wooded hillside 2 km away which intrudes into the signal's First Fresnel Region. Alltwen's line-of-sight is unobstructed; when it came, the digital switchover process for Pontardawe duplicated the timing at the parent station, with the first stage taking place on Wednesday 12 August 2009 and the second stage was completed on Wednesday 9 September 2009, with the Kilvey Hill transmitter-group becoming the first in Wales to complete digital switchover.

After the switchover process, analogue channels had ceased broadcasting permanently and the Freeview digital TV services were radiated at an ERP of 25 W each. Pontardawe mast was needed because the signal from Kilvey Hill was unreliable for the communities at river level. Channel 4 launched across the UK in 1982. Pontardawe transmitted the S4C variant; the power levels on all four UHF channels were increased to 125 W. The UK's digital switchover commenced at Kilvey Hill on 12 August 2009. Analogue BBC Two Wales on channel 64 was first to close, ITV1 Wales was moved from channel 61 to channel 64 for its last month of service. Channel 61 was replaced by the new digital BBC A mux which started up at full power; the remaining analogue TV services were closed down and the digital multiplexes took over the original channel 58 frequency vacated by BBC One Wales and a new allocation of channel 54. This was done as part of the Europe-wide tactic of clearing Band V above 800 MHz so as to make space for future 4G mobile phone services.

OFCOM have announced that channel 61 is to be cleared so as to make space for future 4G mobile phone services. At Pontardawe, BBC A will be moved to channel 49; the Transmission Gallery: Pontardawe

Jodi Ewart Shadoff

Jodi Ewart Shadoff is an English professional golfer who plays on the LPGA Tour and on the Ladies European Tour. Ewart was born at Northallerton in North Yorkshire, her family now is involved in horse racing. As a child, she played football before her grandfather introduced her to golf and to her first coach, she attended the University of New Mexico, graduating with a degree in psychology in 2010. While at New Mexico, she was a two-time NCAA All-American. Ewart was on the Great Britain and Ireland Curtis Cup team in 2008, defeated by the United States, she is a two-time English Amateur Champion, winning in 2008 and again in 2009. Ewart played on the Futures Tour, she qualified for the LPGA Tour in 2011. Her most successful season to date is 2013 when she finished tied for 7th in the 2013 Kraft Nabisco Championship and tied for 4th in the 2013 U. S. Women's Open, her best finish to date is 2nd at the 2017 Women's British Open. She qualified for the Ladies European Tour in 2012 by winning at the LET Final Qualifying Tournament.

After the conclusion of the 2013 Women's British Open, she was chosen by Liselotte Neumann as one of her four captain's selections to the 2013 European Solheim Cup Team for the matches to be held in Colorado. In 2017, she had the fourth highest total of LET Solheim Cup, qualifying her to compete for the 2017 European Solheim Cup Team held in Des Moines, Iowa. Unlike many of her fellow competitors she used an anchored putter until anchoring was banned by the R&A. Ewart married Adam Shadoff, now a sports anchor and reporter at WOFL-TV in Orlando, Florida, on 19 January 2013. Results not in chronological order before 2018. ^ The Evian Championship was added as a major in 2013 CUT = missed the half-way cut "T" = tied Most consecutive cuts made – 6 Longest streak of top-10s – 1 official through 2019 season* Includes matchplay and other events without a cut. Position in Women's World Golf Rankings at the end of each calendar year. Amateur Curtis Cup: 2008 Vagliano Trophy: 2009Professional Solheim Cup: 2013, 2017, 2019 International Crown: 2016, 2018 Jodi Ewart Shadoff at the LPGA Tour official site Jodi Ewart Shadoff at the Ladies European Tour official site Jodi Ewart Shadoff at the Women's World Golf Rankings official site

Rashbehari (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Rashbehari is an assembly constituency in Kolkata district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Rashbehari is a most prestigious area of South Kolkata and one of the oldest place of kolkata; as per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 160 Rashbehari is composed of the following: Ward Nos. 81, 83, 84, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90 and 93 of Kolkata Municipal Corporation. Rashbehari is part of No. 23 Kolkata Dakshin. Considering the contributions made by Rash Behari Ghosh for the people of India, a street was named after him in Kolkata. Rashbehari Avenue, named after him, starts from Kalighat Metro station and runs eastwards to Ballygunge and Gariahat. In the 2011 election, Sovandeb Chattopadhyay of Trinamool Congress defeated his nearest rival Santanu Bose of CPI. Note: New constituencies – 3, constituencies abolished – 10 In the 2006 election, Sovandeb Chattopadhyay of Trinamool Congress defeated his nearest rival Mala Roy of INC..# Swing calculated on CPIM+NCP vote percentages taken together in 2006.

In the 2001 election, Sovandeb Chattopadhyay of Trinamool Congress defeated his nearest rival Sitaram Behani of JD..# Swing calculated on Trinamool Congress+Congress vote percentages taken together in 2001. A bye-election was held on 1998 following the death of Congress MLA of Rashbehari Avenue,Hoimi Basu and resignation of the sitting Congress MLA of Baruipur, Sovandeb Chattopadhyay, switched to Trinamool Congress..# Swing calculated on Trinamool Congress+BJP vote percentages taken together in 1998. In the 2006 and 2001 state assembly elections, Sovandeb Chattopadhyay of Trinamool Congress won the Rashbehari Avenue assembly seat defeating his nearest rivals Mala Roy of Congress and Sitaram Behani of JD respectively. Hoimi Basu of Congress defeated Ranjan Banerjee of CPI in 1996, Ashim Chatterjee of CPI in 1991, Arun Prokas Chatterjee of CPI in 1987, Ashok Mitra of CPI in 1982. Ashok Mitra of CPI defeated Ashoke Kumar Mukhopadhyay of Janata Party in 1977. Lakshmi Kanta Bose of Congress defeated Sachin Sen of CPI in 1972 and 1971.

Bejoy Kumar Banerjee, defeated Harendranath Ghosh of Congress in 1969, G. Mukherjee of Congress and Sunil Das of PSP in 1967 and Priya Ranjan Sen of Congress and Sunil Das of PSP in 1962. Sunil Das of PSP defeated Priya Ranjan Sen of Congress, Debajyoti Barman and others in 1957. Prior to that the Rashbehari Avenue seat was not there

George Spalatin

Georg Spalatin was the pseudonym taken by Georg Burkhardt, was a German humanist, reformer, secretary of the Saxon Elector Frederick the Wise, as well as an important figure in the history of the Reformation. Burkhardt was born near Nuremberg, where his father was a tanner, he went to Nuremberg for his education when he was thirteen years of age, soon afterwards to the University of Erfurt, where he received his bachelor's degree in 1499. There he attracted the notice of Nikolaus Marschalk, the most influential professor, who made Spalatin his amanuensis and took him to the new University of Wittenberg in 1502. Here he lived in quarters on Schlossplatz just east of Wittenberg. In 1505 Spalatin returned to Erfurt to study jurisprudence, he was recommended to Conrad Mutianus, was welcomed by the little band of German humanists of whom Mutianus was chief. His friend acquired a post for him as teacher of novices in the monastery at Georgenthal, in 1508 he was ordained priest by Bishop Johann von Laasphe, who had ordained Martin Luther.

In 1509 Mutianus recommended him to Frederick III the Wise, the Elector of Saxony, who employed him to act as tutor to his nephew, the future elector, John Frederick. Spalatin speedily gained the confidence of the elector, who sent him to Wittenberg in 1511 to act as tutor to his nephews, procured for him a canon's stall in Altenburg. In 1512 the elector made him his librarian, he was promoted to be court chaplain and secretary, took charge of all the elector's private and public correspondence. His solid scholarship, his unusual mastery of Greek, made him indispensable to the Saxon court. Spalatin had never cared for theology, although a priest and a preacher, had been a humanist. How he first became acquainted with Luther is impossible to say — at Wittenberg — but the reformer from the first exercised a great power over him, became his chief counsellor in all moral and religious matters, his letters to Luther have been lost, but Luther's answers remain, are interesting. There is scarcely any fact in the opening history of the Reformation, not connected in some way with Spalatin's name.

He read Luther's writings to the elector, translated for his benefit those in Latin into German. Spalatin accompanied Frederick to the Diet of Augsburg in 1518, shared in the negotiations with the papal legates, Thomas Cajetan and Karl von Miltitz, he was with the elector when he was crowned. He was with his master at the Diet of Worms. In short, he stood beside Frederick as his confidential adviser in all the troubled diplomacy of the earlier years of the Reformation. Spalatin would have dissuaded Luther again and again from publishing books or engaging in overt acts against the papacy, but when the thing was done none was so ready to translate the book or to justify the act. On the death of Frederick the Wise in 1525, Spalatin no longer lived at the Saxon court, but he attended the imperial diets, was the constant and valued adviser of the electors and John Frederick. He went into residence as canon at Altenburg, incited the chapter to institute reforms, somewhat unsuccessfully, he married in the same year.

During the portion of his life, from 1526 onwards, Spalatin was chiefly engaged in the visitation of churches and schools in the Electorate of Saxony, reporting on the confiscation and application of ecclesiastical revenues, he was asked to undertake the same work for Albertine Saxony. He was permanent visitor of Wittenberg University. Shortly before his death he fell into a state of profound melancholy, died at Altenburg, he was buried in the vault of the St. Bartholomew church. Spalatin left behind him a large number of literary remains, both unpublished, his original writings are all historical. The most important of them are: Annales Reformationis oder Jahrbücher von der Reformation Lutheri, edited by E. S. Cyprian "Das Leben and die Zeitgeschichte Friedrichs des Weisen," published in Georg Spalatins Historischer Nachlass and Briefe, edited by Christian Gotthold Neudecker and Ludwig Preller A list of them may be found in Adolf Seelheim's Georg Spalatin als sächsischer Historiograph. There is no comprehensive biography of Spalatin, as his letters have yet to be edited.

Article on Spalatin by Theodor Kolde, in Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklopädie, Bd. xviii.. Spalatin was called upon in about 1510 by Frederick III to compile the Chronicle of Saxony and Thuringia - the 3 volumes of the Spalatin Chronik include more than 1000 miniature paintings from the workshop of Lucas Cranach; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Spalatin, George". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25. Cambridge University Press. P. 591. Höss, Georg Spalatin, 1488-1545 Jacobs, Henry Eyster. “Spalatin, George.” Lutheran Cyclopedia. New York: Scribner, 1899. P. 450. Georg Spalatin letters, 1528, 1536 at Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology

Constance H. Williams

Constance H. Williams is an American politician who served as a Democrat member of the Pennsylvania State Senate for the 17th District, from 2001 to 2009, she represented the 149th District in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from 1997 to 2001. Williams was born in New Jersey, to Leon Hess and Norma Wilentz, her father was the owner of the New York Jets. The oldest of three children, she is the sister of John B. Hess, the former chairman and current CEO of Hess Corporation, she graduated from Rutgers Preparatory School in 1962, studied at Barnard College, where she received a Bachelor of Arts degree in English in 1966. Williams received a Master of Business Administration degree from the Wharton School of Business in 1980, she worked as a small business consultant and a staffer for U. S. Representative Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky, she became active in local politics, serving as chairwoman of the Democratic committee of Lower Merion and Narberth. She is married to Sankey V. Williams, the Sol Katz Professor of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the chief of general internal medicine at the university hospital.

In her first run for public office, Williams ran for the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from the 149th District. The district covered parts of Montgomery County, including part of Lower Merion, Upper Merion Township, West Conshohocken, she had decided to run for office. In the Democratic primary, Williams defeated Angelo Faragalli, a former Republican who ran for the seat in 1994. In the general election, she faced freshman Republican incumbent Colleen Sheehan, whose opposition to abortion and support of school vouchers were seen as too conservative for the district. Williams narrowly defeated Sheehan in November by a margin of 506 votes, becoming the first Democrat to represent the district. During her tenure in the House, Williams founded and co-chaired the Children's Caucus, introduced legislation to give businesses tax credits for donating services or equipment to libraries, she advocated for increased education spending, opposed gun control legislation, written by the National Rifle Association.

In 1998, Williams was re-elected to a second term after defeating Mary Wright, a former Lower Merion school board member, by a margin of 58%–42%. During the 2000 presidential primaries, she served as co-chair of U. S. Senator Bill Bradley's campaign in Pennsylvania. In 2000, she defeated Republican Lynne Lechter for a third term. In 2001, longtime Republican incumbent Richard Tilghman resigned from the Pennsylvania State Senate, where he had represented the 17th District for thirty-two years; the district, covering parts of Montgomery and Delaware Counties, is located in the Philadelphia Main Line. Williams subsequently ran in the special election to fill the remainder of Tilghman's term, facing fellow State Representative Lita Indzel Cohen. During the campaign, Williams ran on bipartisan record, she defeated Cohen by a margin of 52%–48%. Williams was sworn in on December 3, 2001. In 2004, she won re-election to a full term after defeating Republican Ted Barry, a Montgomery County assistant district attorney, by 64%–35%.

She became known for her work on behalf of children and the environment, authored a law that allows women to publicly breastfeed their children. During her tenure in the Senate, she served as Senate Democratic Caucus administrator, ranking member of Communications and Technology Committee, co-chair of the Senate Life Sciences and Biotechnology Caucus, a member of the Governor's Advisory Committee on Minority and Women Business Opportunities. Williams announced that she would not be a candidate for re-election in 2008. In 2010, Politics Magazine named her one of the most influential Democrats in Pennsylvania, noting the value of receiving her endorsement. Pennsylvania Senate - Connie Williams official PA Senate website Pennsylvania Senate Democratic Caucus - Senator Connie Williams at the Wayback Machine official Party website Biography, voting record, interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart Follow the Money - Connie Williams 2006 2004 2002 2000 1998 campaign contributions Appearances on C-SPAN