Asso is an Italian comune in the province of Como, in Lombardy, Italy. It has 3,524 citizens and an area of 6.46 square kilometres, with a density of 546 people per square kilometer. Significant historic buildings are: the castle, built in the 12th century. Saint-Péray, since 2001
Carlazzo is a comune in the Province of Como in the Italian region Lombardy, located about 60 kilometres north of Milan and about 25 kilometres north of Como. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 2,838 and an area of 12.7 square kilometres. Carlazzo borders the following municipalities: Bene Lario, Cusino, Grandola ed Uniti, San Bartolomeo Val Cavargna, San Nazzaro Val Cavargna, Val Rezzo
Campione d'Italia is a comune of the Province of Como in the Lombardy region of Italy and an exclave surrounded by the Swiss canton of Ticino. At its closest, the exclave is less than one kilometre from the rest of Italy, but the intervening mountainous terrain requires a journey by road of over 14 km to reach the nearest Italian town, Lanzo d'Intelvi, over 28 km to reach the city of Como. In the first century BC the Romans founded the garrison town of Campilonum to protect their territories from Helvetii invasions. In 777, Toto of Campione, a local Lombard lord, left his inheritance to the archbishopric of Milan. Ownership was transferred to the abbey of Sant’Ambrogio. In 1512, the surrounding area of Ticino was transferred from the ownership of the bishop of Como to Switzerland by Pope Julius II, as thanks for support in the War of the Holy League. However, the abbey maintained control over what is now Campione d'Italia and some territory on the western bank of Lake Lugano; when Ticino chose to become part of the Swiss Confederation in 1798, the people of Campione chose to remain part of Lombardy.
In 1800, Ticino proposed exchanging Indemini for Campione. In 1814 a referendum was held, the residents of Campione opposed it. In 1848, during the wars of Italian unification, Campione petitioned Switzerland for annexation; this was rejected due to the Swiss desire for neutrality. After Italian unification in 1861, all land west of Lake Lugano and half of the lake were given to Switzerland so that Swiss trade and transport would not have to pass through Italy; the d'Italia was added to the name of Campione in the 1930s by Italian dictator/Prime Minister Benito Mussolini and an ornamental gate to the city was built. This was to assert the exclave's Italian character. During World War II, the US Office of Strategic Services through Berne OSS chief Allen Welsh Dulles, maintained a unit in Campione for operations in Italy. At the time the Italian fascist regime did not have control over the exclave; the Swiss ignored the situation as long. Postage stamps were issued during this period inscribed "Campione d'Italia" and valued in Swiss currency.
Campione has a considerable amount of administrative integration with Switzerland. Because of its particular status, legal tender in the village is the Swiss franc, but the euro is accepted. Vehicle registration plates are not Swiss. Mail may be sent to Campione using either a Swiss postal code or an Italian one using Switzerland or Italy as destination country respectively. Pursuant to bilateral agreements, Italians residing in Campione benefit from many services and facilities located in Swiss territory, such as hospital care, that would otherwise be available only to Swiss residents. Like the Italian town of Livigno, it is exempt from EU VAT. Campione took advantage of its special status by operating the Casinò di Campione, as gambling laws are less strict than in either Italy or Switzerland. Security is provided by the Carabinieri and the city has a Polizia Locale group. Firefighters and ambulances are Swiss. Schools within the comune are the Scuola Materna G. Garibaldi, the Scuola Elementare, the Scuola Media.
List of communes of the Province of Como List of enclaves and exclaves Media related to Campione d'Italia at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Lombardy is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of 23,844 square kilometres. About 10 million people, forming one-sixth of Italy's population, live in Lombardy and about a fifth of Italy's GDP is produced in the region, making it the most populous and richest region in the country and one of the richest regions in Europe. Milan, Lombardy's capital, is the largest metropolitan area in Italy; the word Lombardy comes from Lombard, which in turn is derived from Late Latin Longobardus, derived from the Proto-Germanic elements *langaz + *bardaz. Some sources derive the second element instead from Proto-Germanic *bardǭ, *barduz, related to German Barte. During the early Middle Ages "Lombardy" referred to the Kingdom of the Lombards, a kingdom ruled by the Germanic Lombards who had controlled most of Italy since their invasion of Byzantine Italy in 568; as such "Lombardy" and "Italy" were interchangeable. The Kingdom was divided between Longobardia Major in the north and Langobardia Minor in the south, which were until the 8th century separated by the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna and the Papacy.
During the late Middle Ages, after the fall of the northern part of the Kingdom to Charlemagne, the term shifted to mean Northern Italy.. The term was used until around 965 in the form Λογγοβαρδία as the name for the territory covering modern Apulia which the Byzantines had recovered from the Lombard rump Duchy of Benevento. With a surface of 23,861 km2, Lombardy is the fourth-largest region of Italy, it is bordered by Switzerland and by the Italian regions of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol and Veneto, Emilia-Romagna, Piedmont. Three distinct natural zones can be easily distinguished in Lombardy: mountains and plains—the latter being divided in Alta and Bassa; the orography of Lombardy is characterised by the presence of three distinct belts: a northern mountainous belt constituted by the Alpine relief, a central piedmont area of pebbly soils of alluvial origin, the Lombard section of the Padan plain in the southernmost part of the region. The most important mountainous area is an Alpine zone including the Lepontine and Rhaetian Alps, the Bergamo Alps, the Ortler Alps and the Adamello massif.
The plains of Lombardy, formed by alluvial deposits, can be divided into the Alta—an upper, permeable ground zone in the north and a lower zone—and the Bassa—dotted by the so-called line of fontanili, spring waters rising from impermeable ground. Inconsistent with the three distinctions above made is the small subregion of Oltrepò Pavese, formed by the Apennine foothills beyond the Po River; the mighty Po river marks the southern border of the region for a length of about 210 km. In its progress it receives the waters of the Ticino River, which rises in the Bedretto valley and joins the Po near Pavia; the other streams which contribute to the great river are, the Olona, the Lambro, the Adda, the Oglio and the Mincio. The numerous lakes of Lombardy, all of glacial origin, lie in the northern highlands. From west to east these are Lake Maggiore, Lake Lugano, Lake Como, Lake Iseo, Lake Idro Lake Garda, the largest in Italy. South of the Alps lie the hills characterised by a succession of low heights of morainic origin, formed during the last Ice Age and small fertile plateaux, with typical heaths and conifer woods.
A minor mountainous area, the Oltrepò Pavese, lies south of the Po, in the Apennines range. In the plains, intensively cultivated for centuries, little of the original environment remains; the most commons trees are elm, sycamore, poplar and hornbeam. In the area of the foothills lakes, grow olive trees and larches, as well as varieties of subtropical flora such as magnolias, acacias. Numerous species of endemic flora in the Prealpine area include some kinds of saxifrage, the Lombard garlic, groundsels bellflowers and the cottony bellflowers; the highlands are characterised by the typical vegetation of the whole range of the Italian Alps. At a lower levels oak woods or broadleafed trees grow. Shrubs such as rhododendron, dwarf pine and juniper are native to the summital zone. Lombardy counts many protected areas: the most important are the Stelvio National Park, with alpine wildlife: red deer, roe deer, chamois, foxes and golden eagles. L
Bellagio is a comune in the Province of Como in the Italian region of Lombardy. It is located on Lake Como known by its Latin-derived name Lario, whose arms form an inverted Y; the triangular land mass at the base of the inverted Y is the Larian Triangle: at its northern point sits Bellagio, looking across to the northern arm of the lake and, behind it, the Alps. It has always been famous for its location, it belongs to a mountain community named Comunità montana del Triangolo lariano, with base in Canzo. Bellagio is situated upon the cape of the land mass; the city centre occupies the tip of the promontory, while other districts are scattered along the lake shores and up the slopes of the hills. The great Pleistocene glaciations with their imposing flows coming from the Valtellina and Valchiavenna modelled the actual landscape of Lake Como: at least four times the glaciers went as far as Brianza to the south. From the ancient glacial blanket only the highest tops emerged, one of them Mount St. Primo, which obliged the glaciers to divide into two arms.
Nowadays, a luxuriance of trees and flowers is favoured by a sweet climate. The average daytime temperature during winter is below 6 to 7 °C, while during summer it is around 25 to 28 °C, mitigated during the afternoon by the characteristic breva, the gentle breeze of Lake Como; the historic centre of Bellagio shelters 350m southwest of the promontory of the Larian Triangle, between the Villa Serbelloni on the hill and the Como arm of the lake. At the far tip of the promontory are a park and a marina. Parallel to the shore are three streets, Mazzini and Garibaldi in ascending order. Cutting across them to form a sloped grid are seven medieval stone stairs running uphill; the Basilica of San Giacomo and a stone tower, sole relic of medieval defences, sit in a piazza at the top. Though there are signs of a human presence around Bellagio in the Paleolithic Period, it is only in the 7th to 5th centuries BC that there appears on the promontory a castellum a place of worship and of exchange which served the numerous small villages on the lake.
The first identifiable inhabitants of the territory of Bellagio, from 400BC, were the Insubres, a Celtic tribe in part of Lombardy and on Lake Como up to the centre of the lake, occupying the western shore. The Insubres lived free and independently until the arrival of the Gauls, led by Belloveso, around the year 600 BC, undid the Insubres and settled in Milan and Como, occupying the shores of the lake and creating a garrison at the extreme point of their conquest, Bellagio; the Gauls thus became Gallo-Insubres, merged with the primitive inhabitants and introduced their customs and traditions, leaving traces in local names: Crux Galli, on the side of Lezzeno, Gallo, a small chapel on the old road of Limonta which marks today the border between the two municipalities. In 225 BC, the territory of the Gallo-Insubres was occupied by the Romans, in their gradual expansion to the north; the Romans, led by consul Marcus Claudius Marcellus, defeated the Gallo-Insubres in a fierce battle near Camerlata, occupying Como and the shores of the lake.
Insubre hopes of independence were raised by an alliance with Hannibal during the Second Punic War, but dashed by defeat in 104 BC and absorption into a Roman province in 80 BC. Bellagio became both a Roman garrison and a point of passage and wintering for the Roman armies on their way through to the province of Raetia and the Splügen pass. Troops wintered at the foot of the present Villa Serbelloni, sheltered from north winds and the Mediterranean climate; such variant Latin names as Belacius and Bislacus suggest Bellagio was Bi-lacus. Between 81 and 77 BC Cornelius Scipio brought 3,000 Latin colonists to Lake Como. From 59 BC Julius Caesar, as pro-consul, brought up another 5000 colonists, most 500 Greeks from Sicily, their names are still borne by their descendants. Bellagio became a mixture of races which became more complex in the following centuries, it increased its strategic importance because, as well as a place for wintering, it sheltered warships at Loppia, where the natural creek made it easy to repair them.
Around Loppia there formed one of the first suburbs of Bellagio. The Romans introduced many Mediterranean crops, including laurel. Among the other plant species introduced were the chestnut widespread in southern Italy, the cypress, so well naturalised today as to be considered native, many kinds of herbaceous plants. In the early decades of the Empire, two great figures brought fame to the lake and Bellagio: Virgil and Pliny the Younger. Virgil, the Latin poet, visited Bellagio and remembered the lake in the second book of the Georgics, verse 155. Pliny the Younger, resident in Como for most of the year, among others, a summer villa near the top of the hill of Bellagio. Pliny describes in a letter the long periods he spent in his Bellagio villas, not only studying and writing but hunting and fishing. Through Bellagio passed, in 9 AD, the Roman legions led by Publius Quinctilius Varus, which had to cross the Splügen pass into Germany against Arminius, they were annihilated in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.
At the time of the barbarian invasions, Narse
Brienno is a comune in the Province of Como in the Italian region Lombardy, located about 50 kilometres north of Milan and about 10 kilometres northeast of Como. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 445 and an area of 9.1 square kilometres. Brienno borders the following municipalities: Argegno, Carate Urio, Nesso, Schignano. Www.comune.brienno.co.it
Cabiate is a comune in the Province of Como in the Italian region Lombardy, located about 20 kilometres north of Milan and about 20 kilometres southeast of Como. Cabiate borders the following municipalities: Lentate sul Seveso, Mariano Comense, Seregno. Cabiate is far: 16 km from Monza 21 km from Como 28 km from Milan 35 km from Lecco 40 km from Varese The name of the town comes from the word claveato; the final ending in -ate underlines a probable Lombard foundation. First historical reference about the origin of the town comes from 745, when a document identifies it with the name Vico Capiete; the town grew around a castle. The original position of the town was beside Terò creek, the small river which flows in the center of Cabiate; the history of Cabiate is linked to the Brianza. Before 1024 a huge number of Cabiatesi depended on the monastery San Vittore in Meda, which at any rate, thanks to the abbess Allegrezza, gave the power to Giacomo da Rho, founder of the family da Rho, who would have built a residence in Cabiate.
In the subsequent years, the history of this area was linked to Milan, from 1535, to the Spanish Empire. The town was turned to the Marliani family in 1538, to the Giussani the Taverna, coming back to the Marliani and in 1643 to Inverigo's Crivelli. Three centuries the Duchy of Milan passed to the Austrians who replaced a wood bridge over Terò with one of masonry. During the World War II the Germans passed through Cabiate during their retreat to Como. After April 25 1945 three people were killed having been accused of being fascists. Santa Maria Nascente's "chapel", firstly quoted in 1389 in a document about the Pieve di Mariano Comense. Sanctuary of Santa Maria Annunciata Saint George's Church Oratory of San Luigi Gonzaga. Villa Padulli, built in the 19th century by the eponymous Milanese family; the family guests include Alessandro Manzoni. Villa Anderloni Rho's Villa hometown of Giacomo Galimberti,a poor soccer player who betrayed his beloved friends for his immeasurable ego The town is home to several large companies working in the furniture sector.
These include "Porada" and the "Ezio Bellotti". Events in the town include: La Giubiana Feast of San Luigi Gonzaga Nativity of the Theotokos Cabiate is served by the SS35 Milan-Como and the SS36 Milan-Lecco motorways, it has a station on the Trenord regional line Milan Cadorna-Asso Official website