All People's Party (Namibia)
The All People's Party is a political party in Namibia. Registered with the Electoral Commission of Namibia in January 2008, the party was made up of former members of the Congress of Democrats and SWAPO political parties. Among the initial leaders were Chairperson Ignatius Shixwameni and Deputy Chairperson Stephanus Swartbooi. In the November 2009 Namibian general election, the party selected Shixwameni as it candidate for Namibian President; the party contested the regional by-election in the Tobias Hainyeko constituency in October 2008. However, it received only 164 votes, compared to 5,526 for SWAPO; the other political parties contesting the election withdrew two days prior to the election. In the 2009 campaign, the party leadership consisted of President Shixwameni, Vice President Reinhold Madala Nauyoma, Secretary General Mukuve Marcellus Mudumbi and National Chairman Herbert Shixwameni. All four of which were activists in the Namibia National Students Organisation. Prior to the 2009 general election, the party sought to eliminate poverty in five years and informal settlements in ten years.
In a political forum prior to the 2009 election, party representative Lena Nakatana stated that the human rights of Namibian homosexuals should be respected because of their equal citizenship. In October 2009, the party and the Rehoboth Ratepayers' Association, a local political party in Rehoboth in the Hardap Region, agreed to a collective agreement to cooperate in the 2009 general elections; the leader of the association, Lukas de Klerk, said it was a way for Rehoboth to have representation in the Namibian National Assembly. De Klerk was listed at the sixth position for the party on the list for National Assembly. Party President Ignatius Shixwameni was elected to the National Assembly with the party; the party garnered 10,795 of votes for the National Assembly. The party joined with other opposition parties to contest the conduct and outcome of the 2009 National Assembly election, bringing forth a legal challenge aiming to declare the election null and void. List of political parties in Namibia Manifesto of the APP
Rally for Democracy and Progress (Namibia)
The Rally for Democracy and Progress is an opposition political party in Namibia. It was launched on 17 November 2007 under the leadership of Hidipo Hamutenya and Jesaya Nyamu, both former leading members of the ruling SWAPO party and cabinet ministers. Hamutenya had unsuccessfully sought the SWAPO nomination for President in 2004. At the time of the RDP's launch, it was considered to represent the strongest challenge to SWAPO's political dominance since the country gained its independence in 1990. According to Hamutenya, speaking at the RDP's launch, the party was "born in response to our people's deep longing for a vision, political direction and the rekindling of their hopes and aspiration for a better and prosperous future". Speaking at a SWAPO rally on January 19, 2008, SWAPO Secretary-General Pendukeni Iivula-Ithana accused the RDP of spreading lies and promoting tribalism. In early August 2008, she characterized the RDP as a tribal party "targeting the Oukwanyama in the Ohangwena Region".
In December 2008, RDP held the party's first national conference. Hamutenya was selected as leader of the party. Other parties leaders included Jesaya Nyamu and Agnes Limbo. Concerning the crises in Zimbabwe, Hamutenya said "The Zimbabwe crisis is manmade and that regime should not be allowed to continue, it has led to poverty and hardship". At the 2009 elections, RDP won 11 % of 8 seats in the National Assembly; the party's leader and presidential candidate, Hidipo Hamutenya, won 10.91% of the vote. RDP and eight other opposition parties disputed the result and filed a case in court to have the results put aside, but the case was denied; the eight members of the National Assembly are: Hidipo Hamutenya, Steve Bezuidenhout, Jesaya Nyamu, Agnes Limbo, Anton von Wietersheim, Kandy Nehova, Peter Naholo and Heiko Lucks. In March 2010, because of the disputed 2009 election, RDP decided to boycott the swearing-in ceremony of the National Assembly of Namibia. RDP decided to wait until the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled on whether to put aside the election results.
It was not until 14 September 2010 that the eight RDP members of the National Assembly were sworn in. On 8 September 2010, RDP began the process of subsuming the Republican Party led by Henk Mudge following a memorandum of understanding agreement on September 8. In the agreement, The Republican Party would begin to phase out as an independent political organization and come under the umbrella of RDP; the parties said they would work together in the November 2010 regional and local elections to unseat the ruling SWAPO party. In 2015 Jeremia Nambinga became president of the RDP, he was voted out of that position by a no-confidence vote in 2017 but challenged the result in court, won. In August 2018 he resigned his presidency. RDP.org.na Official Web Site
Kapako is a constituency in the Kavango West region of Namibia. It has 25,653 inhabitants, the district centre is the settlement of Kapako; the constituency contains the settlements of Siyandeya. There is a bilateral agreement with Angola to allow mutual near-border immigration without travel documents; this applies to a maximum distance of 30 km, it is invalid for tourists. As in all Kavango West constituencies, SWAPO won the 2015 regional election by a landslide. Johannes Hamba Karondo received 4,600 votes, followed by Modestus Karupu Hamutenya of the Democratic Turnhalle Alliance and Alex Siremo of the All People's Party
The South West Africa People’s Organisation, known as SWAPO Party of Namibia, is a political party and former independence movement in Namibia. It has been the governing party in Namibia since the country achieved independence in 1990; the party continues to be dominated in influence by the Ovambo ethnic group. In the general election held in November 2014, the party won 86.73% of the popular vote and 77 out of the 104 seats in the National Assembly as well as 40 out of the 42 seats in the National Council. As of November 2017, Namibian President Hage Geingob has been the president of SWAPO. After World War I the League of Nations gave South West Africa a German colony, to the United Kingdom as a mandate under the administration of South Africa; when the National Party won the 1948 election in South Africa and subsequently introduced apartheid legislation, these laws were applied as well to South West Africa. It was considered the de facto fifth province of South Africa. SWAPO was founded on 19 April 1960 as the successor of the Ovamboland People's Organization.
Leaders renamed the party to show. But, the organisation had its base among the Ovambo people of northern Namibia, who constituted nearly half the total population. During 1962 SWAPO had emerged as the dominant nationalist organisation for the Namibian people, it co-opted other groups such as the South West Africa National Union, in 1976 the Namibia African People's Democratic Organisation. SWAPO used guerrilla tactics to fight the South African Defence Force. On 26 August 1966, the first major clash of the conflict took place, when a unit of the South African Police, supported by the South African Air Force, exchanged fire with SWAPO forces; this date is regarded as the start of what became known in South Africa as the Border War. In 1972 the United Nations General Assembly recognised SWAPO as the'sole legitimate representative' of Namibia's people; the Norwegian government began giving aid directly to SWAPO in 1974. The country of Angola gained its independence on 11 November 1975 following its war for independence.
The leftist Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, supported by Cuba and the Soviet Union, came to power. In March 1976, the MPLA offered SWAPO bases in Angola for launching attacks against the South African military; when Namibia gained its independence in 1990, SWAPO became the dominant political party. Though the organisation rejected the term South West Africa and insisted on replacing it with Namibia, the organisation's own name—derived from the territory's old name—was too rooted in the independence movement to be changed. However, the original full name is no longer used. SWAPO, with it much of Namibia's government and administration, continues to be dominated by the Ovambo ethnic group, despite "considerable efforts to counter perception". SWAPO president Sam Nujoma was declared Namibia's first President after SWAPO won the inaugural election in 1989. A decade Nujoma had the constitution changed so he could run for a third term in 1999, as it limits the presidency to two terms.
In 2004 the SWAPO presidential candidate was Hifikepunye Pohamba, described as Nujoma's hand-picked successor. In 2014 the SWAPO presidential candidate was Hage Geingob, the Vice-President of SWAPO; the party president is the top position of SWAPO. The vice-president is Namibia's current president Hage Geingob, elected to that position in 2007 and reconfirmed at the SWAPO congress in December 2012; the third highest position in SWAPO is the Secretary-General, a position held in December 2012 by Nangolo Mbumba. Number four is Omaheke Governor Laura McLeod-Katjirua. Like many socialist and communist parties, SWAPO is governed by a Central Committee; the party leadership is advised by a Youth League, a Women's Council, an Elders Council. The Politburo of SWAPO is a body that consists of: The Party President: Hage Geingob The Party former President: Hifikepunye Pohamba The Secretary-General: Sophia Shaningwa The Deputy Secretary-General: Marco Hausiku Two Members appointed by the Party President 18 Members elected by the SWAPO Central Committee: SWAPO's Central Committee consists of: The President The Vice-President The Secretary-General The Deputy Secretary-General The Founding President of SWAPO as a permanent member 13 SWAPO Party Regional Coordinators 54 members elected at the party congress 10 members appointed by the party presidentThe current members are: Hage Geingob Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah Sophia Shaningwa Marco Hausiku Sam Nujoma Hifikepunye Pohamba Elected members: President-appointed members: Sam Nujoma- Hifikepunye Pohamba- Hage Geingob-, Although SWAPO receives finances from government for its operations, the party holds extensive business interests.
Through Kalahari Holdings it entered into joint ventures with several companies, most prominently the Namibian branch of MultiChoice, a private satellite TV provider, of which it owns 51%. Kalahari Holdings has further joint ventures with Radio Energy, Africa Online, businesses in the tourism, security services and health insurance sectors, it owns Namib Contract Haulage, Kudu investment, the Ndilimani Cultural Troupe. Nami
Namibia the Republic of Namibia, is a country in southern Africa. Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean. Although it does not border Zimbabwe, less than 200 metres of the Zambezi River separates the two countries. Namibia gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990, following the Namibian War of Independence, its capital and largest city is Windhoek, it is a member state of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community, the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations. Namibia, the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, was inhabited since early times by the San and Nama peoples. Around the 14th century, immigrating Bantu peoples arrived as part of the Bantu expansion. Since the Bantu groups, the largest being the Ovambo, have dominated the population of the country. In 1878, the Cape of Good Hope a British colony, had annexed the port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands. In 1884 the German Empire established rule over most of the territory as a protectorate.
It began to develop infrastructure and farming and maintained this German colony until 1915, when South African forces defeated its military. In 1920, after the end of World War I, the League of Nations mandated the country to the United Kingdom, under administration by South Africa, it imposed its laws, including racial rules. From 1948, with the National Party elected to power, South Africa applied apartheid to what was known as South West Africa. In the 20th century and demands for political representation by native African political activists seeking independence resulted in the UN assuming direct responsibility over the territory in 1966, but South Africa maintained de facto rule. In 1973 the UN recognised the South West Africa People's Organisation as the official representative of the Namibian people. Following continued guerrilla warfare, South Africa installed an interim administration in Namibia in 1985. Namibia obtained full independence from South Africa in 1990. However, Walvis Bay and the Penguin Islands remained under South African control until 1994.
Namibia has a population of a stable multi-party parliamentary democracy. Agriculture, herding and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, gold and base metals – form the basis of its economy; the large, arid Namib Desert has resulted in Namibia being overall one of the least densely populated countries in the world. The name of the country is derived from the Namib Desert, considered to be the oldest desert in the world; the name Namib itself is of Nama origin and means "vast place". Before its independence in 1990, the area was known first as German South-West Africa as South-West Africa, reflecting the colonial occupation by the Germans and the South Africans; the dry lands of Namibia have been inhabited since early times by San and Nama. Around the 14th century, immigrating Bantu people began to arrive during the Bantu expansion from central Africa. From the late 18th century onward, Oorlam people from Cape Colony crossed the Orange River and moved into the area that today is southern Namibia.
Their encounters with the nomadic Nama tribes were peaceful. They received the missionaries accompanying the Oorlam well, granting them the right to use waterholes and grazing against an annual payment. On their way further north, the Oorlam encountered clans of the Herero at Windhoek and Okahandja, who resisted their encroachment; the Nama-Herero War broke out in 1880, with hostilities ebbing only after the German Empire deployed troops to the contested places and cemented the status quo among the Nama and Herero. The first Europeans to disembark and explore the region were the Portuguese navigators Diogo Cão in 1485 and Bartolomeu Dias in 1486, but the Portuguese did not try to claim the area. Like most of interior Sub-Saharan Africa, Namibia was not extensively explored by Europeans until the 19th century. At that time traders and settlers came principally from Sweden. In the late 19th century, Dorsland Trekkers crossed the area on their way from the Transvaal to Angola; some of them settled in Namibia instead of continuing their journey.
Namibia became a German colony in 1884 under Otto von Bismarck to forestall perceived British encroachment and was known as German South West Africa. The Palgrave Commission by the British governor in Cape Town determined that only the natural deep-water harbor of Walvis Bay was worth occupying and thus annexed it to the Cape province of British South Africa. From 1904 to 1907, the Herero and the Namaqua took up arms against brutal German colonialism. In calculated punitive action by the German occupiers, government officials ordered extinction of the natives in the Herero and Namaqua genocide. In what has been called the "first genocide of the 20th century", the Germans systematically killed 10,000 Nama and 65,000 Herero; the survivors, when released from detention, were subjected to a policy of dispossession, forced labor, racial segregation, and