Mu'ayyad al-Dawla

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Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
Muayyadal-DawlaBuyidCoinHistoryofIran.jpg
Coin of Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
Amir of Gorgan
Reign981–983
PredecessorPost Created
SuccessorFakhr al-Dawla
Amir of Tabaristan
Reign980–983
PredecessorPost Created
SuccessorFakhr al-Dawla
Amir of Rey (Jibal)
Reign977–983
PredecessorFakhr al-Dawla
SuccessorFakhr al-Dawla
Amir of Hamadan
Reign976–983
PredecessorRukn al-Dawla
SuccessorFakhr al-Dawla
Born7 March 942
Died983
Full name
Laqab: Mu'ayyad al-Dawla
Kunya: Abu Mansur
Given name: Buya
FatherRukn al-Dawla
ReligionShia Islam

Abu Mansur Buya (Persian: ابو منصور بویه‎; died 983), better known his honorific title of Mu'ayyad al-Dawla (Persian: مویدالدوله‎; "Helper of the Empire") was the Buyid amir of Hamadan (976–983), Jibal (977–983), Tabaristan (980–983), and Gorgan (981–983). He was the third son of Rukn al-Dawla.

Biography[edit]

Abu Mansur Buya was the son of Rukn al-Dawla and a daughter of the Daylamite Firuzanid nobleman Al-Hasan ibn al-Fairuzan, who was the cousin of the famous military leader Makan ibn Kaki. Abu Mansur Buya lived in Isfahan during his youth. In 955, a Daylamite military officer named Muhammad ibn Makan, attacked Isfahan. Abu Mansur Buya, along with family and followers, were then forced to leave the city.

The eldest son of Rukn al-Dawla, 'Adud al-Dawla, along with Rukn al-Dawla's vizier Abu 'l-Fadl ibn al-'Amid, then marched towards Isfahan and defeated Muhammad ibn Makan. After Isfahan was under safe Buyid hands once again, Abu Mansur Buya along with his family and followers then returned to the city. In ca. 958, Abu Mansur Buya went to Baghdad, and married Mu'izz al-Dawla's daughter Zubayda. After the marriage, he along with her returned to Isfahan. Later in 966, Abu Mansur Buya was given the honorific title of "Mu'ayyad al-Dawla"

As part of the settlement between Rukn al-Dawla and his eldest son 'Adud al-Dawla in early 976, Mu'ayyad al-Dawla was to receive Hamadan upon his father's death, in exchange for recognizing 'Adud al-Dawla as senior amir. Only a year later, Rukn al-Dawla's second son Fakhr al-Dawla, who ruled in Ray, rebelled against 'Adud al-Dawla's authority. Mu'ayyad al-Dawla mobilized in support of 'Adud al-Dawla, forcing Fakhr al-Dawla to flee to the Ziyarids of Gorgan and Tabaristan; this did not stop the two Buyids; 'Adud al-Dawla took Gorgan in 980, while Mu'ayyad al-Dawla gained control of Tabaristan in 981. Mu'ayyad al-Dawla was entrusted with the newly captured provinces as 'Adud al-Dawla's subordinate.

'Adud al-Dawla died in March 983, and Mu'ayyad al-Dawla followed him shortly afterwards. His vizier, Sahib ibn 'Abbad, summoned a gathering of the army and convinced its leaders to proclaim Fakhr al-Dawla as his successor.

References[edit]

  • Bosworth, C. E. (1975). "Iran under the Buyids". In Frye, R. N. (ed.). The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 4: From the Arab Invasion to the Saljuqs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 250–305. ISBN 0-521-20093-8.
  • Nagel, Tilman (1990). "BUYIDS". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. IV, Fasc. 6. London u.a.: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 578–586.
  • Amedroz, Henry F.; Margoliouth, David S., eds. (1921). The Eclipse of the ‘Abbasid Caliphate. Original Chronicles of the Fourth Islamic Century, Vol. V: The concluding portion of The Experiences of Nations by Miskawaihi, Vol. II: Reigns of Muttaqi, Mustakfi, Muti and Ta'i. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
  • Madelung, W. (1969). The Assumption of the Title Shāhānshāh by the Būyids and "The Reign of the Daylam (Dawlat Al-Daylam)". Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 28, no. 2. pp. 84–108. ISBN 0857731815. JSTOR 543315.
Preceded by
Rukn al-Dawla
Buyid Amir (in Hamadan)
976–983
Succeeded by
Fakhr al-Dawla
Preceded by
Fakhr al-Dawla
Buyid Amir (in Ray)
977–983
Succeeded by
Fakhr al-Dawla
New title Buyid Amir (in Gorgan)
980–983
Succeeded by
Fakhr al-Dawla
New title Buyid Amir (in Tabaristan)
981–983