Mu Aurigae

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Mu Aurigae
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Auriga
Right ascension 05h 13m 25.71733s[1]
Declination +38° 29′ 04.1879″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +4.88[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type A4 Vm[3][4]
U−B color index +0.10[2]
B−V color index +0.18[2]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)+26.0±1.2[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −19.18[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −72.93[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)21.32 ± 0.81[1] mas
Distance153 ± 6 ly
(47 ± 2 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)+1.47[6]
Details
Mass2.09[7] M
Luminosity21.5[6] L
Temperature7,560[8] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i)92[3] km/s
Age560[7] Myr
Other designations
μ Ari, 11 Aurigae, BD+38° 1063, FK5 192, HD 33641, HIP 24340, HR 1689, SAO 57755, WDS J05134+3829AB[9]
Database references
SIMBADdata

Mu Aurigae, Latinized as μ Aurigae, is the Bayer designation for a single,[4] white-hued star in the northern constellation of Auriga. It is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of +4.88.[2] Based upon an annual parallax shift of 21.32±0.81 mas as seen from Earth,[1] is located 153 light years from the Sun.

This is an A-type main sequence star with a stellar classification of A4 Vm;[4] the 'm' suffix indicating that abnormal abundances of heavier elements appear in the star's spectrum, making this an Am star. It is 560[7] million years old with a projected rotational velocity of 92 km/s.[3] It has double[7] the mass of the Sun and is radiating 21.5[6] times the Sun's luminosity at an effective temperature of 7,560 K.[8] It has a close companion, located at an angular separation of 0.10 arc seconds along a position angle of 356°, as of 1986.[10]

Name[edit]

This star, along with λ Aur and ρ Aur, were Kazwini's Al Ḣibāʽ (ألحباع), the Tent.[11] According to the catalogue of stars in the Technical Memorandum 33-507 - A Reduced Star Catalog Containing 537 Named Stars, Al Ḣibāʽ were the title for three stars : λ Aur as Al Ḣibāʽ I, μ Aur as Al Ḣibāʽ II and σ Aur as Al Ḣibāʽ III.[12]

In Chinese, 天潢 (Tiān Guāng), meaning Celestial Pier, refers to an asterism consisting of μ Aurigae, 19 Aurigae, φ Aurigae, 14 Aurigae and σ Aurigae.[13] Consequently, μ Aurigae itself is known as 天潢五 (Tiān Guāng wu, English: the First Star of Celestial Pier.)[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d Johnson, H. L.; et al. (1966), "UBVRIJKL photometry of the bright stars", Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, 4 (99), Bibcode:1966CoLPL...4...99J. 
  3. ^ a b c Royer, F.; et al. (October 2002), "Rotational velocities of A-type stars in the northern hemisphere. II. Measurement of v sin i", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 393: 897–911, arXiv:astro-ph/0205255Freely accessible, Bibcode:2002A&A...393..897R, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20020943. 
  4. ^ a b c Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878Freely accessible, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. 
  5. ^ de Bruijne, J. H. J.; Eilers, A.-C. (October 2012), "Radial velocities for the HIPPARCOS-Gaia Hundred-Thousand-Proper-Motion project", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 546: 14, arXiv:1208.3048Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012A&A...546A..61D, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219219, A61. 
  6. ^ a b c Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015. 
  7. ^ a b c d De Rosa, R. J.; et al. (January 2014), "The VAST Survey - III. The multiplicity of A-type stars within 75 pc", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 437 (2): 1216–1240, arXiv:1311.7141Freely accessible, Bibcode:2014MNRAS.437.1216D, doi:10.1093/mnras/stt1932. 
  8. ^ a b McDonald, I.; et al. (2012), "Fundamental parameters and infrared excesses of Hipparcos stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 427: 343, arXiv:1208.2037Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427..343M, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21873.x. 
  9. ^ "ksi Aur". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2017-09-28. 
  10. ^ Mason, B. D.; et al. (2014), The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog, Bibcode:2001AJ....122.3466M, doi:10.1086/323920 
  11. ^ Allen, R. H. (1963), Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning (Reprint ed.), New York, NY: Dover Publications Inc, p. 91, ISBN 0-486-21079-0, retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  12. ^ Rhoads, Jack W. (November 15, 1971), Technical Memorandum 33-507-A Reduced Star Catalog Containing 537 Named Stars (PDF), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology. 
  13. ^ (in Chinese) 中國星座神話, written by 陳久金. Published by 台灣書房出版有限公司, 2005, ISBN 978-986-7332-25-7.
  14. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 13 日

External links[edit]