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Mueang Krabi District

Mueang Krabi District is the capital district of Krabi Province in southern Thailand. Neighboring districts are: Ao Luek, Khao Phanom, Nuea Khlong. To the south and west it borders Phang Nga Bay. In the district is the Phi Phi Archipelago and several smaller islands; the karst landscape at the coast has attracts tourists to the beaches of Ao Nang and Railay, well-known to rock climbers. Khao Phanom Bencha National Park in the north of the district protects the forests around Phanom Bencha, the highest elevation in Krabi Province; that hills are the source of the Krabi River, which empties into Phang Nga Bay at Krabi town. Its estuary with mangrove forests and mudflats is a Ramsar-protected wetland; the district is divided into 10 sub-districts, which are further subdivided into 66 villages. Krabi itself is the only town of the district, covering tambons Pak Nam and Krabi Yai; the remaining tambons each have a tambon administrative organization. The missing numbers 4, 7-10 and 12-14 were split off as Nuea Khlong District


QUBE was an experimental two-way, multi-programmed cable television system that played a significant role in the history of American interactive television. It was launched in Columbus, Ohio, on December 1, 1977. Publicized as a revolutionary advancement, the QUBE experiment introduced viewers to several concepts that became central to the future development of TV technology: pay-per-view programs, special-interest cable television networks, interactive services. A closed-circuit television system at the Otani Hotel in Tokyo, Japan inspired Steve Ross, Chairman of Warner Communications, to wonder what could be done to improve the performance of Warner's tiny cable television division. Ross was intrigued by the potential of delivering Warner Bros. movies directly to home subscribers. At the time, Warner Cable was a small division of Warner Communications, run by a former Western Union telecommunications executive and attorney, Gus Hauser. Ross surrounded Hauser with entertainment industry executives, including Jac Holzman, who had sold his Elektra Records to Ross in 1967.

Ross created Dimension Pictures, a second Warner Communications film studio, founded in 1970 and closed in 1981. Pioneer Electronics was hired to "build the box" that would transform the cable TV service in a few hundred thousand households into a device, intended to change the entire entertainment landscape; the service was first launched in Columbus, amidst considerable national and international press coverage. Hauser dispatched young New York City executive Nyhl Henson to oversee and direct the Columbus interactive channel plan; the initial QUBE service debuted including 10 pay-per-view movie channels. These community channels included one dedicated to a single show: Pinwheel, which would go on to air on Nickelodeon from the latter's launch in 1979; the first QUBE box was issued as a test for 4 months to the family of Mr. and Mrs. Walter B. Kesler, in Hilliard, Ohio; the Kesler family watched the broadcasts that were intended for a larger audience, caused the eventual push in programming that would affect how cable formatted shows would be put together based on their viewing habits.

The Keslers' children, Lori A. and Kurt W. are regarded to be the first product of the "cable generation." To 30,000 homes scattered around the city and its suburbs, the goal of QUBE was rather simple: "To create a faster method for groups to communicate and interact, across distance."Warner used the QUBE system to acquire valuable cable franchises, with which it would build and create cable monopolies in several large markets throughout the country. Warner QUBE was "awarded" cable franchises in cities such as Houston, Dallas, Cincinnati, St. Louis and Pittsburgh. Many of the fundamental aspects of QUBE became important parts of television: Pay-Per-View and TV On Demand, MTV and Nickelodeon. QUBE itself was installed and used in half the homes in Columbus, the interactive results showed a high volume of participation from viewers who had the QUBE box and remote; the remotes added five additional buttons for a total of ten options, became wireless. After launching a few other systems beyond Columbus, QUBE created an interactive network in Columbus, which sent live, interactive programming to each of the QUBE systems for two hours per night during weeknights.

One of the most popular programs on QUBE, Soap Scoop, wrapped up the daily events on each of the national soap operas. Guests on the show included actors from the various programs. By 1982, Warner Cable was running at a $99 million loss, by 1983, their total debt was $875 million. Warner Cable brought in American Express as an investor, the two companies formed Warner-Amex Cable Communications with a stellar board of directors, including American Express chairman Jim Robinson and President Lou Gerstner, the former head of Shearson/American Express, Sanford Weill. Warner bought out American Express after the latter made an offer to buy Warner's position, leading to conflicts between the two companies. By this time, MTV and Nickelodeon became meaningful endeavors in their own right under the leadership of Bob Pittman and Geraldine Laybourne respectively. Through the early 1980s, QUBE was either up and running or built in Pittsburgh, Dallas, St. Louis. Warner Cable now had 200,000 subscribers instead of 2.

S. cable television subscribers. Pittman led an unsuccessful effort to buy MTV. Gus Hauser was gone. Lewis renegotiated with municipalities to ease the burden to Warner of some of the cable franchise deals. However, in order to keep the cable operation going, Warner Cable went out to sell MTV and Nickelodeon to Viacom, the QUBE systems were phased out; the last QUBE boxes were phased out in 1984. In addition to financial issues, privacy concerns increased among subscribers to QUBE. Personal information

Cello Concerto (Dvořák)

The Cello Concerto in B minor, Op. 104, B. 191, is the last solo concerto by Antonín Dvořák. It was written in 1894 for his friend, the cellist Hanuš Wihan, but was premiered by the English cellist Leo Stern; the piece is scored for a full romantic orchestra, containing two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, three horns, two trumpets, three trombones, timpani and strings, is in the standard three-movement concerto format: Total duration: 40 minutes. In 1865, early in his career, Dvořák started a Cello Concerto in A major; the piece was written for Ludevít Peer, whom he knew well from the Provisional Theatre Orchestra in which they both played. He neither bothered to finish the piece, it was recovered from his estate in 1925. Hanuš Wihan, among others, had asked for a cello concerto for quite some time, but Dvořák always refused, stating that the cello was a fine orchestral instrument but insufficient for a solo concerto. According to Josef Michl, Dvořák was fond of the middle register, but complained about a nasal high register and a mumbling bass.

In a letter to a friend, Dvořák wrote that he himself was most surprised by his decision to write a cello concerto despite these long held reservations. Dvořák wrote the concerto while in New York City for his third term as the Director of the National Conservatory. In 1894 one of the teachers at the Conservatory, Victor Herbert a composer, finished his Cello Concerto No. 2 in E minor, Op. 30, premiered it in a series of concerts, commencing on 9 March. Dvořák heard at least two performances of the piece and was inspired to fulfill Wihan's request in composing a cello concerto of his own. Herbert had been principal cellist in the orchestra that premiered Dvořák's "New World" Symphony on 16 December 1893. Herbert's middle movement was in B minor, which may have inspired Dvořák to write his concerto in the same key, it was started on 8 November 1894 and completed on 9 February 1895. After seeing the score, Hanuš Wihan made various suggestions for improvement, including two cadenzas, one at the end of the third movement.

But Dvořák accepted neither of the cadenzas. The third movement was a tribute to his sister-in-law, Josefina Kaunitzova, née Čermakova, who had written him a letter in November 1894 saying she was ill; the slow, wistful section, before the triumphant ending, quotes his song "Leave Me Alone", Op. 82, B.157, No. 1, a favorite of hers. She died in May 1895. Dvořák wrote to his publishers: I give you my work only if you will promise me that no one – not my friend Wihan – shall make any alteration in it without my knowledge and permission that there be no cadenza such as Wihan has made in the last movement; the finale, he wrote, should close with a diminuendo "like a breath... there is a crescendo, the last measures are taken up by the orchestra, ending stormily. That was my idea, from it I cannot recede". Hanuš Wihan first performed the concerto with the composer in Lužany in September 1895. Although he had rejected most of Wihan's suggested changes, Dvořák still much wanted Wihan to premiere the work publicly and had promised him that role.

An account of the sequence of events whereby it did not happen is given by Clapham. Francesco Berger, Secretary of the London Philharmonic Society, wrote to Dvořák in November 1895 to invite him to conduct a concert of some of his works in London. Dvořák proposed to conduct the premiere of his Cello Concerto with Wihan as soloist. Berger proposed the date 19 March 1896; the Philharmonic Society insisted on the date and hired the English cellist Leo Stern without consulting Dvořák. The composer at first refused to come for the concert. "Berger was horrified and embarrassed," as the concert had been advertised. Clapham conjectures. Stern traveled to Prague to prepare his performance under Dvořák's supervision. By early March, all was agreed, the premiere took place on 19 March in Queen's Hall, with Dvořák conducting; the cello played by Stern was the 1684 "General Kyd", one of only about 60 cellos made by Stradivarius. After the London performance, Stern again played the solo part in what may have been the second public performance, in Prague on 11 April 1896, again in London.

In December 1896 and during 1897–1898 the concerto was performed by a few cellists and conductors in England and the United States, including Stern in Chicago in January 1897. Wihan went on to perform the concerto with great success, first in January 1899 at The Hague, for the first time under Dvořák's baton in Budapest on 20 December 1899. Despite there having been so many public performances before Wihan's first, he and Dvořák remained firm friends; the concerto was published in 1896 by Berlin. The first movement starts with the clarinets introducing the theme; the full orchestra plays the theme in a grandioso manner, leading to a horn solo which introduces the secondary, lyrical theme. The first theme is played throughout the movement and during the last part of the third movement, giving the concerto a cyclic structure; the solo cello begins with a quasi improvisando section stating the theme in B major followed by triple-stopped chords. The cello plays the theme again

Curling at the 2014 Winter Olympics – Qualification

Qualification to the curling events at the 2014 Winter Olympics was determined through qualification points earned from participation in the world championships and a qualification event. Qualification to the curling tournaments at the Winter Olympics was determined through two methods. Nations may qualify teams by earning qualification points from performances at the 2012 and 2013 World Curling Championships. Nations may qualify teams through an Olympic qualification event to be held in the fall of 2013. Seven nations will qualify teams via World Championship qualification points, while two nations will qualify through the qualification event; as host nation, Russia will qualify teams automatically, thus making a total of ten teams per gender in the curling tournaments. The qualification points are allotted based on the nations' final rankings at the World Championships; the points are distributed as follows: Note: Scotland and Wales all compete separately in international curling. By an agreement between the curling federations of those three home nations, only Scotland can score Olympic qualification points on behalf of Great Britain.

At the Olympic qualifying event held December 11 to 15, 2013 in Füssen, the top two teams in the event qualified their nations to participate in the Olympics. The qualification event was open to any nations that earned qualification points at the 2012 or 2013 World Curling Championships or participated at the 2011 World Curling Championships; some countries select their teams through trial qualification tournaments. 2013 Canadian Olympic Curling Trials 2013 United States Olympic Curling Trials

Georg Hagerup-Larssen

Georg Hagerup-Larssen was a Norwegian engineer and businessperson. He was born in Ankenes, he graduated as an electrical engineer from the Norwegian Institute of Technology in 1928, after some months in Siemens-Schuckert in Germany he was hired as engineer at Haugvik Smelteverk. In 1936 he was hired in Elektrokemisk. From June 1940, during the Second World War, he was the company's representative in the United States and Canada, fleeing occupied Norway via the Soviet Union and Japan, his main task was to spread the Søderberg electrode technology. He returned to Norway in 1946. In 1951 he became assisting chief executive, from 1959 to 1971 he served as the chief executive of Elkem, he succeeded Alf Monrad-Aas. During his time the company established, or participated in establishing, Grong Gruber, Salten Verk, Mosjøen Aluminiumsverk and Lista Aluminiumsverk. Fiskaa Verk was expanded, the ownership in Sulitjelma Gruber and Porsgrunn Elektrometallurgiske increased. From 1945 to 1971 the number of employees in the Elkem corporation rose from about 200 to about 4,000.

After retiring he was a board member of Elkem until 1975 and chair of Dyno Industrier from 1972. He was a board member of Forsikringsselskapet Norden/Nordengruppen, he was active in the fledgling Norwegian petroleum industry, in the companies Noco and Saga. He was a board member of the Federation of Norwegian Industries from 1961 to 1965, member of the electoral committee from 1962 to 1966 and of the working committee from 1967 to 1971, he was decorated as a Commander of the Order of St. Olav, he died in September 1982 and was buried in Ullern

Oswald Burton

Oswald Burton was an English cricketer who played first-class cricket for Derbyshire in 1901 and 1905. Burton was born at Manchester, he made his debut for Derbyshire in a match against Marylebone Cricket Club in the 1901 season. He took 2 wickets, he next appeared in the 1905 season against Lancashire when he again took 2 wickets but did not bat in either innings. Against Nottinghamshire he took one wicket. Burton was a right-arm medium-fast bowler and in three first-class matches took five wickets at an average of 31.20 with a best performance of 2 for 44. He was a right-hand batsman and played four innings in three first-class matches without being out in any of them and with a top score of 9 not out. Burton died at Kingsdown, Bristol at the age of 69