The Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railway is a former Class I railroad company in the United States, with its last headquarters in Dallas. Established in 1865 under the name Union Pacific Railway, Southern Branch, it came to serve an extensive rail network in Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri. In 1989, it merged with the Missouri Pacific Railroad. In its earliest days, the MKT was referred to as "the K-T", its stock exchange symbol; the Katy was the first railroad to enter Texas from the north. The Katy's core system would link Parsons, Fort Scott, Junction City and Kansas City, Kansas. An additional mainline between Fort Worth and Salina, was added in the 1980s after the collapse of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad. At the end of 1970, MKT operated 3,765 miles of track; the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway was incorporated in May 1870 in Kansas. The company received government land grants to build a supply railroad connecting the frontier military bases of Fort Riley, Fort Gibson and Fort Scott.
Upon its incorporation, the MK&T acquired the Union Pacific Railway, Southern Branch and its 182 miles of track in Kansas. At the time of its 1870 incorporation, consolidations were made with the Labette & Sedalia Railway Co. and the Neosho Valley & Holden Railway Co.. Combined with the UP Southern Branch, these small, newly built railroads formed the foundation on which the Katy would build. In the late 1890s, a subsidiary once called the Missouri-Kansas-Eastern railroad was established to run from existing MKT rails approaching Kansas City into St Louis via the Missouri River basin. Congress had passed acts promising land grants to the first railroad to reach the Kansas border via the Neosho Valley; the Katy portion of the former UP Southern Branch, which had begun building from Fort Riley just north of Junction City, was in a heated competition for the prize. On June 6, 1870, Katy workers laid the first rails across the Kansas border. Congress' promised land grants were never made, as the courts overturned the grants because the land was in Indian Territory and was the property of the Indian tribes.
The Katy continued its push southward, laying track through the territory and reaching Texas in 1872, acquiring other small railroads while extending its reach to Dallas in 1886, Waco in 1888, Houston in April 1893 and to San Antonio in 1901. When the Katy railroad reached Houston, its joint ownership of the Galveston and Henderson Railroad gave it immediate access to the Port of Galveston and its ocean-going shipping on the Gulf of Mexico. In 1896, as a publicity stunt set up by William Crush, the Katy crashed two locomotives head-on, pulling loaded trains, at a site that came to be known thereafter as Crush, Texas; the collision occurred before more than 40,000 spectators, three of whom died by debris from the exploding boilers. The ragtime composer and pianist Scott Joplin, performing in the area at the time, commemorated the event in his song "The Great Crush Collision March". In 1911, the MKT purchased railroad lines held by the industrialist Joseph A. Kemp of Wichita Falls, Texas; these included the Wichita Falls Railway, an 18-mile line between Wichita Falls and Henrietta in Clay County.
Kemp's brother-in-law, Frank Kell, was a partner in some of these lines, including the Wichita Falls and Southern Railroad, which remained a Kemp-Kell property until it was abandoned in 1954. In 1923, the Katy acquired another Kemp/Kell property, the Wichita Falls and Northwestern Railway, which extended from Wichita Falls to Forgan in the Oklahoma Panhandle; the route to Forgan, the Northwestern District of the MKT Railway, was abandoned in January 1973, Altus, became the northern terminus of the branch. The remaining 77-mile link between Wichita Falls and Altus was absorbed in 1991 by the Wichita and Jackson Railway; the Katy acquired the Beaver and Englewood Railroad in 1931. This trackage, like the length between Altus and Forgan, was abandoned in January 1973. From 1915 until January 4, 1959, the Katy, in a joint venture with the St. Louis – San Francisco Railway, operated the Texas Special from St. Louis to Dallas, Ft. Worth, San Antonio, it sported rail cars with names including Sam Houston, Stephen F. Austin, David Crockett, James Bowie after prominent men of the state.
On August 12, 1988 the Missouri Pacific Railroad and its owner, Union Pacific Corporation, purchased the Katy with approval from the Interstate Commerce Commission. The merging and restructuring of railroads during the 1980s had cost the Katy much overhead traffic, it had been seeking a merger partner. On December 1, 1989 the Katy was merged into the MoPac, now part of the Union Pacific Railroad system. In the "rails to trails" program, much of the
Sacred Heart Catholic School (Muenster, Texas)
Sacred Heart Catholic School is a Catholic school based in Muenster, United States located on Sacred Heart Church grounds serving students in preschool through Grade 12. Recognized in the top 50 of Catholic schools in the nation, SHCS is one of only two Catholic preschool and elementary schools in Cooke County and one of only four Catholic high schools in the Fort Worth Diocese. Sacred Heart Montessori National Catholic Education Association Elizabeth Ann Seton AwardSacred Heart Elementary U. S. Department of Education Blue Ribbon School of Excellence AwardSacred Heart High School U. S. Department of Education Blue Ribbon School of Excellence Award Catholic High School Honor Roll Award Sacred Heart Catholic School was established in 1890, it began offering a 4 year high school program in 1937. Sacred Heart Catholic School is a member of the Texas Association of Parochial Schools; the Sacred Heart Tigers compete in the following sports: Cross Country, Football, Golf, Softball & Baseball The Tigers have competed in Swimming and Tennis Sacred Heart has won numerous State Championships in Girls Basketball, Softball, Girls & Boys Track, Girls & Boys Cross Country, Boys Golf, Boys and Girls Swim.
Football State Champions: 1994 2003 State Runner-Up: 2004 Final Four: 2000 2001 2006 Girls Basketball State Champions 1982-1983 1985-1986 1987-1988 1988-1989 1989-1990 1997-1998 1998-1999 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2006-2007 2011-2012 State Runner Up 1992-1993 1996-1997 2005-2006 2015-2016 2016-2017 State Final Four 1986-1987 1992-1993 Sacred Heart Church and School Muenster, Texas at TexasEscapes.com, with picture of the school
A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
A Christmas market known as Christkindlmarkt, Christkindlesmarkt, Christkindlmarket, Christkindlimarkt, Weihnachtsmarkt, is a street market associated with the celebration of Christmas during the four weeks of Advent. These markets are now being held in many other countries; the history of Christmas markets goes back to the Late Middle Ages in the German-speaking part of Europe, in many parts of the former Holy Roman Empire that includes many eastern regions of France. The Christmas markets of Bautzen were first held in 1384. Dresden's Striezelmarkt was first held in 1434. Frankfurt's market was first mentioned in 1393, Munich's in 1310, Augsburg's in 1498. In Austria, Vienna's "December market" can be considered a forerunner of Christmas markets and dates back to 1298. In many towns in Germany and Austria, Advent is ushered in with the opening of the Christmas market or "Weihnachtsmarkt". In southern Germany and Austria, it is called a "Christkindlmarkt". Traditionally held in the town square, the market has food and seasonal items from open-air stalls accompanied by traditional singing and dancing.
On opening night at the Christkindlesmarkt in Nuremberg, in some other towns, onlookers welcome the "Christkind", acted out by a local child. Popular attractions at the markets include the Nativity Scene, Zwetschgenmännle, Gebrannte Mandeln, traditional Christmas cookies such as Lebkuchen and Magenbrot and for many visitors one of the highlights of the market: Glühwein, hot mulled wine, or Eierpunsch. Both help stave off the cold winter air. More regional food specialties include Christstollen, a sort of bread with candied fruit in Saxony, hot Apfelwein and Frankfurter Bethmännchen in Hesse. Famous Christmas markets are held in the cities of Augsburg, Erfurt, Frankfurt and Stuttgart, making them popular tourist attractions during Christmas holiday season; the Nuremberg and Dresden markets draw about two million people each year. The two most visited Christmas markets in Germany are to be found in Dortmund with more than three and a half million visitors of 300 stalls around a gigantic Christmas tree creation that stands 45 metres tall, in Cologne with 4 million people.
Additionally, Berlin claims over 70 markets, which open in late November and close just after Christmas. Christmas markets are popular Christmas traditions in Austria, are held in Vienna, Innsbruck and Graz; the first "December Market" was held in Vienna in 1298. Vienna holds 20 different Christmas markets around the city. Most Christmas markets open in late November and last through December, closing right after 25 December, with a few staying open for New Year’s; the largest Christmas market and one of the most well known is the Vienna Christmas World on Rathausplatz near the Rathaus, Vienna’s historic city hall. The market draws 3 million people each year and includes 150 unique stalls that offer traditional Austrian foods, Christmas decorations and ornaments and drinks; the Vienna Christmas World on Rathausplatz features an advent theme park called the Adventzauber with workshops and cultural performances that cater to families and young children. Visitors to the Vienna Christmas World can ice skate on a 3,000-square-metre ice rink and through paths that run through the Rathausplatz Park.
Other famous Christmas markets include the Christmas Market at Schönbrunn Palace, the Art Advent on Karlsplatz, the Christmas Village at Belvedere Palace, the Christmas Village on Maria-Theresien-Platz. The Christmas Market at Schönbrunn Palace, “Kultur-und-Weichnactsmarkt,” takes place in front of the imperial palace, it features Austrian handicrafts and goods as well as a cultural program with activities and workshops. The Art Advent on Karlsplatz offers artisan goods, a children’s program, a petting zoo. Popular food specialities include Kinderpunsch, Glühwein, Kartoffelpuffer, Lángos, Stollen, Bratkartoffel and baked potatoes. Christmas markets are traditional in Alsace and most of the towns have their local Christmas market. Strasbourg, in Alsace, has been holding a Christmas market, "Christkindelsmärik," around its cathedral since 1570, when it was part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation; the Christmas market of Barcelona starts on 13 December, Saint Lucy's Day, is called Fira de Santa Llúcia.
It has been held in the square of Barcelona Cathedral Square since 1786. In 1982 Lincoln, England established an annual Christmas market in early December, this remains one of the most extensive such market by area in the United Kingdom, with a claimed total of over 300 stalls attracting more than 100,000 visitors over its four days. Starting in 1997 Frankfurt Christmas Markets were established with support from Frankfurt in Birmingham, Edinburgh and Manchester. Other large Christmas marke
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Westphalia is a small unincorporated community in Falls County, United States located 35 mi south of Waco on State Highway 320. Westphalia has a strong Catholic background; the Church of the Visitation was, until the largest wooden church west of the Mississippi River. Westphalia is noted for its historic church and convents, but for its meat market and for its annual church picnic, one of the largest in the area. Westphalia is known for the Westphalia Waltz; the Westphalia Independent School District serves area students. The entire town of Westphalia, along with a large 5,500-acre swath of surrounding countryside is listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1996 as the Westphalia Rural Historic District; the district lies at the center of a broader rural farming community culturally bound through German Catholic traditions. The town of Westphalia is home to the region's Catholic parish, the religious institutions supported by the parish, the schools, commercial businesses that grew up to serve local farmers.
Outside of Westphalia, the district holds 35 historic farmsteads containing late 19th- and early 20th-century residential and agricultural buildings still retaining a high degree of integrity in their environment, design and workmanship. Westphalia, never formally platted or incorporated is situated along three principal streets, is composed of four distinct sections. Church Road, now known as County Road 3000, forms a northern district featuring the Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin and its rectory and parish hall, schools, a former convent; these structures were on large lots, but in years, residential infill has been added. The Main Village Road, now CR 366 and CR 380, was the center of the town's commercial development at the intersections of the other two streets until 1938 when State Highway 320 was constructed through town, reorienting the town's business settlement pattern. Cotton Gin Road, now CR 366 south of CR 380, led to the cotton gin that served as Westphalia's only industrial infrastructure on the southwest of town.
The town's residences formed the fourth section along the Main Village Rd. east of and near the commercial center. Outside of town, agrarian lands within the district were structured in a rectangular grid pattern with 270-acre tracts broken only by wooded areas along streams and by the diagonal path of SH 320. Although some large tracts have been further subdivided beginning in the 1910s, the modern county road network along with fence lines and their associated vegetation respect this rectangular framework. Common land uses including widespread corn and livestock production along with shared agricultural practices including seasonally consistent farming methods give the farmsteads a uniform appearance that reflects its late 19th-century appearance; the twin steeples of the Church of the Visitation in Westphalia form a commanding presence, being visible from most locations throughout the district. The district contains 283 contributing resources, including 188 buildings, 43 sites, 50 structures, two objects along with 127 total noncontributing resources.
The district's NRHP registration form specifies the following properties as being representative of the district including one, a Recorded Texas Historic Landmark: The Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin, Church Rd. — Constructed from 1894-1895, the church follows a Latin cross plan measuring 120 by 55 feet with a 20-foot by 30-foot transept. The building has a symmetrical facade dominated by twin 80-foot bell towers topped by copper-clad domes and Maltese crosses, a common German symbol, along with Gothic windows and fish-scale shingles; the church's design and construction are reminiscent of the German Westphalia region, the homeland of the town's immigrant pioneers, although the church is more subdued than most similar churches in the town's namesake region. Restoration efforts have provided a distinctive blue and white paint scheme of folk patterns evident in early photographs; the church's interior includes stained-glass windows and a painting on the ceiling of angels, stars and the moon.
A concrete-lined cistern, a remnant of the town's early water supply, is a historic element of the property. St. Mary's Cemetery, Church Rd. — The cemetery was established around 1895 on a sloping hill within the church's original 100-acre tract. Although some graves are covered with grass, most are neatly graveled in family plots surrounded by low curbs with gravel pathways between. Headstones face east toward the church, many older headstones have German inscriptions and are topped with Maltese crosses, providing visual continuity with the church towers. Dominating the center of the cemetery is a bronze statue of the crucified Christ donated by local families and imported from France in 1908. Between the statue and the cemetery entrance is a file of seven concrete slabs facing east, covering the graves of former parish priests. A ceremonial wrought-iron arch installed around 1950 marks the entrance; the original wrought-iron fencing remains on the north side, while the rest has been removed due to expansion.
A chain-link fence along the rear of the cemetery marks the boundary of the church tract. Westphalia Little School, Church Rd. — This school, built in 1896 incorporating ruins from the of two previous church buildings, is located on the hill near the present church. The vernacular frame building is similar to center-passage dwellings built a
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c