A gallows is a frame wooden, from which objects can be hung or “weighed.” Gallows were thus used for public weighing scales for large objects such as sacks of grain or minerals positioned in markets or toll gates. The term was used for a framework from which an ship’s anchor might be raised so that it no longer sat on the bottom, i.e. “weighing anchor.” In modern usage it has come to mean exclusively a scaffold or gibbet used for execution by hanging. Public weighing gallows were large permanent tripods in market squares and cross beams, or a cantilevered beam projecting from the side of a building adjoining a market or toll gate or point with a fixed hook for supporting the weighing scales. For anchors and other hanging points gallows could have many designs, but crucially project the hanging point perpendicularly away from a wall, object or ship’s hull so that objects hanging or weighing from the gallows are unlikely to come into contact and damage the perpendicular surface; the term "gallows" was derived from a Proto-Germanic word galgô which refers to a "pole", "rod" or "tree branch".
This points to the earlier execution style in which a person sentenced to death had been tied to a bent-down tree and released. With the beginning of Christianization, Ulfilas used the term galga in his Gothic Testament to refer to the cross of Christ, until the using of the Latin term prevailed. Gallows can take several forms: The simplest form resembles an inverted "L", with a single upright and a horizontal beam to which the rope noose would be attached; the horizontal crossbeam is supported at both ends. There were temporary gallows, which were portable, but weaker; the infamous Tyburn gallows was triangular in plan, with three uprights and three crossbeams, allowing up to 24 men and women to be executed when all three sides were used. Improvised gallows were used by hanging the condemned from a tree or street light. Hangings from such improvised gallows are lynchings rather than judicial executions. In Afghanistan, Taliban used football goals as gallows. Gallows may be permanent to act as a grim symbol of the power of high justice.
Many old prints of European cities show such a permanent gallows erected on a prominent hill outside the walls, or more near the castle or other seat of justice. In the modern era the gallows were installed inside a prison. Gallows can be temporary. In some of the cases, they were moved to the location of the crime. In England, pirates were executed using a temporary gallows, at low tide in the intertidal zone left for the sea to wash over them during the following high tides. John the Painter was hanged in 1777 from the mizzenmast of HMS Arethusa for arson in royal dockyards, the highest temporary gallows erected in British history; the only surviving New Drop gallows in the UK are in Rutland County Museum. The gallows were set up at the gaol when needed; these gallows were first used in 1813 to hang two burglars. The New Drop design was not effective as the drop was too short to break the neck cleanly. If a crime took place inside, gallows were sometimes erected—and the criminal hanged—at the front door.
In some cases of multiple offenders it was not uncommon to erect multiple temporary gallows, with one noose per condemned criminal. In one case a condemned strangled to death in agony for forty minutes until he died from asphyxiation. Hanging people from early gallows sometimes involved fitting the noose around the person's neck while he or she was on a ladder or in a horse-drawn cart underneath. Removing the ladder or driving the cart away left the person dangling by the neck to strangle. A noted example of this type of execution in the USA was the hanging of British spy John André in 1780. A "scaffold" with a trapdoor tended to be used, so victims dropped down and died from a broken neck rather than through strangulation if extra weights were fixed to their ankles. During the era of public execution in London, England, a prominent gallows stood at Tyburn, on what is now Marble Arch. Executions occurred outside Newgate Prison, where the Old Bailey now stands. Hangman's Elm Triberg Gallows Capital punishment Dule Tree Gibbet Jail tree Moot hill BBC Article about British manufacturer.
Wikibooks:A Researcher's Guide to Local History Terminology: Local History terminology
Dodgy are an English rock band formed in Hounslow in 1990. The band rose to prominence during the Britpop era of the 1990s, they are best known for their hits "Staying Out for the Summer", "If You're Thinking of Me", "Good Enough". The last was their biggest hit reaching No. 4 in the UK Singles Chart. They released their first album in over a decade, Stand Upright in a Cool Place, on Strikeback Records in February 2012. Dodgy were born from the ashes of Purple, a trio from Bromsgrove and Redditch, who had moved to London and was composed of Nigel Clark on bass, Mathew Priest on drums and David Griffiths on guitar. Shortly after their arrival in London in 1988, Frederic Colier joined the band as the bass guitarist, with Clark providing vocals; the new formation first settled in Battersea. The quartet relocated to a detached house in Hounslow, where they turned the garage into a recording studio; the band played around the London music circuit and during that time that the band met their future manager, Andy Winter.
Dissension led with Clark stepping in as the guitarist. The trio performed several concerts around London before agreeing. After placing an ad in the magazine Loot, the band invited Ben Lurie, a guitarist from Australia, to join them, only to see him leave them less than a week to join The Jesus and Mary Chain. Shortly after, Andy Miller, joined the band. Armed with a new sound, the band decided to change its name, it is during this time of transition and intense songwriting. Clark took back the bass, with Miller on guitar and Mathew Priest on drums, they became Dodgy; the band's debut album was produced by The Lightning Seeds' Ian Broudie. The band concerned themselves with social issues by supporting The Serious Road Trip, War Child, the Liverpool Dockers' Strike, Charter 88 and youth democracy campaigns; the band became the second UK act, after China Drum, to play in Sarajevo after the lifting of the siege, giving a concert at Kuk club in August 1996. They returned to Bosnia in 1997. While Clark was absent from 1998 to 2007 to pursue ongoing solo projects and Miller continued the band as a five piece joined by the vocalist David Bassey, keyboardist Chris Hallam, bassist Nick Abnett.
This line-up of the group would record one album, Real Estate, released in 2001, produced and mixed with Robin Evans at T-Pot Studios in Scotland. On their "Dingwalls to Dingwall" tour in 2000, the group visited the Hebridean island of Taransay, to entertain the castaways being filmed for a BBC reality television programme; the original line-up of the band, Clark and Priest, returned with a live album, So Far On 3 Wheels – Dodgy On The Radio, in October 2007. In the summer of 2007, the band announced a reunion tour; these plans were abandoned however, when Miller fell out of bed, chipping a bone in his arm in the process. The rescheduled tour took place in March 2008; the band played two sets at Guilfest music festival in Guildford, Surrey in July 2008. The first set was an acoustic set in the Unison tent where they appeared in support of the organisation, they played a set with full band on the main stage. They headlined the Sunday night at Scarborough's Beached Festival in August 2008, appeared at the ToneFest in September.
In November 2008, the first tracks from new recording sessions appeared online. They played a benefit show in May 2009, as part of the homelessness charity Crisis"Hidden Gigs' campaign, alongside The Bluetones. In 2009, Dodgy played at the Glastonbury Festival, as well as appearances at Bug Jam 2009, Whatfest and Cornbury. On 29 August 2010, Dodgy played at The Galtres Festival in North Yorkshire, playing Dodgy tracks such as "In a Room" and "Staying out for the Summer", as well as a version of Nigel Clark's solo track, "21st Century Man". On 23 April 2011, Dodgy played as the headliners at the Mash Fest Festival in Trowbridge and on 28 May 2011, Dodgy headlined at the LeeStock Music Festival in Sudbury, helping to raise money for the Willow Foundation. Mathew Priest said in an interview with the BBC that they would be playing a mixture of new songs and old favourites and talking of their new material said "If we can just get people to listen to it, they're going to love it". on 25 August 2011, Dodgy Headlined at the Garlic Festival, in the Isle of Wight.
For live shows promoting the album, the band recruited Stuart Thoy of the band Smoke Feathers to play bass. In May 2012 they played at Lakefest festival."What Became of You" was the first single to be taken from Stand Upright in a Cool Place, their new album. Rather than following the trend of bands re-forming to play their classic albums in full, Dodgy announced that on their recent UK tour, it was their new album that would be previewed live in its entirety; the album was released 20 February 2012 via the independent Strikeback Records, to favourable reviews from MOJO, the Guardian and Q Magazine. Thoy would join the band as a full member and participate in the recording of their fifth album, What Are We Fighting For, released on 2 September 2016. AllMusic biographer Stephen Thomas Erlewine described the band as "clowns of Brit-pop" that played "infectious, goofy punk-pop", which "alternately sounded like the early Who and the Stone Roses." Ace A's and Killer B's No. 55 UK The Collection Good Enough – The Very Best of Dodgy So Far on 3 Wheels – Dodgy on the Radio Dodgy – Live at Cornbury Festival Dodgy Live – Back to Back "Summer Fayre" "Easy Way" "The Black and White Single" "Water Under The Bridge" "Lovebirds" No. 65 "I Need Ano
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action". They include surface based and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems and control arrangements and passive measures, it may be used to protect naval and air forces in any location. However, for most countries the main effort has tended to be'homeland defence'. NATO refers to airborne naval air defence as anti-aircraft warfare. Missile defence is an extension of air defence as are initiatives to adapt air defence to the task of intercepting any projectile in flight. In some countries, such as Britain and Germany during the Second World War, the Soviet Union, NATO, the United States, ground-based air defence and air defence aircraft have been under integrated command and control. However, while overall air defence may be for homeland defence including military facilities, forces in the field, wherever they are, invariably deploy their own air defence capability if there is an air threat.
A surface-based air defence capability can be deployed offensively to deny the use of airspace to an opponent. Until the 1950s, guns firing ballistic munitions ranging from 7.62 mm to 152.4 mm were the standard weapons. The term air defence was first used by Britain when Air Defence of Great Britain was created as a Royal Air Force command in 1925. However, arrangements in the UK were called'anti-aircraft', abbreviated as AA, a term that remained in general use into the 1950s. After the First World War it was sometimes prefixed by'Light' or'Heavy' to classify a type of gun or unit. Nicknames for anti-aircraft guns include AA, AAA or triple-A, an abbreviation of anti-aircraft artillery. NATO defines anti-aircraft warfare as "measures taken to defend a maritime force against attacks by airborne weapons launched from aircraft, ships and land-based sites". In some armies the term All-Arms Air Defence is used for air defence by nonspecialist troops. Other terms from the late 20th century include GBAD with related terms SHORAD and MANPADS.
Anti-aircraft missiles are variously called surface-to-air missile and pronounced "SAM" and Surface to Air Guided Weapon. Non-English terms for air defence include the German FlaK, whence English flak, the Russian term Protivovozdushnaya oborona, a literal translation of "anti-air defence", abbreviated as PVO. In Russian the AA systems are called zenitnye systems. In French, air defence is called DCA; the maximum distance at which a gun or missile can engage an aircraft is an important figure. However, many different definitions are used but unless the same definition is used, performance of different guns or missiles cannot be compared. For AA guns only the ascending part of the trajectory can be usefully used. One term is "ceiling", the maximum ceiling being the height a projectile would reach if fired vertically, not useful in itself as few AA guns are able to fire vertically, maximum fuse duration may be too short, but useful as a standard to compare different weapons; the British adopted "effective ceiling", meaning the altitude at which a gun could deliver a series of shells against a moving target.
By the late 1930s the British definition was "that height at which a directly approaching target at 400 mph can be engaged for 20 seconds before the gun reaches 70 degrees elevation". However, effective ceiling for heavy AA guns was affected by nonballistic factors: The maximum running time of the fuse, this set the maximum usable time of flight; the capability of fire control instruments to determine target height at long range. The precision of the cyclic rate of fire, the fuse length had to be calculated and set for where the target would be at the time of flight after firing, to do this meant knowing when the round would fire; the essence of air defence is to destroy them. The critical issue is to hit a target moving in three-dimensional space; this means that projectiles either have to be guided to hit the target, or aimed at the predicted position of the target at the time the projectile reaches it, taking into account speed and direction of both the target and the projectile. Throughout the 20th century, air defence was one of the fastest-evolving areas of military technology, responding to the evolution of aircraft and exploiting various enabling technologies radar, guided missiles and computing (initially electromechanical analogue computing from the 1930s on, as with equipment describ
Craigend Castle is a ruined country house, located to the north of Milngavie, in Stirlingshire, central Scotland. The lands of Craigend were part of the Barony of Mugdock in medieval times, but the estate was sold in the mid-17th century to the Smith family. John Smith was born at Craigend and became a merchant and the founder, in 1751, of booksellers John Smith & Son. John Smith built a plain house on the estate, but after his death, in 1816, his son, James Smith, incorporated that house in a much more ornate mansion, it was built by Alexander Ramsay using designs by James Smith of Jordanhill, in what is described as Regency Gothic style. Craigend was sold to Sir Andrew Buchanan, the former Ambassador to the Habsburg court in Vienna, in 1851. James Outram, one-time owner of the Glasgow Herald newspaper leased the Castle from the Buchanan family in the early years of the 20th Century. In between these years, Glasgow magistrate and fine art collector Archibald McLellan leased the castle. After acquiring Craigend Castle in 1835, he resided there until his death in 1854.
In 1920, Craigend Castle was tenanted by Sir Harold E. Yarrow, Chairman & Managing Director of Yarrow Shipbuilders, who moved there from'Fairlawn', Ralston Road, Bearsden. Glasgow businessman Andrew Wilson and his zoologist son, bought part of Craigend Estate from the Buchanan family and opened a zoo at Craigend Castle stables in 1949, with various exotic animals, but it failed to attract significant visitors and closed in 1954; the stables and zoo grounds became part of Mugdock Country Park but the main house has become a ruin. The stable block, located to the north of the house, now serves as the country park visitor centre. Craigend Estate, adjacent, is owned and is operated as a cattle and sheep farm; the Glasgow Story: Craigend Castle The old country houses of the old Glasgow gentry: Craigend Castle Notable historical figures with ties to the castle grounds
Milngavie water treatment works
Milngavie water treatment works known as The Waterworks is a Scottish Water-operated water treatment facility located in Milngavie, Scotland. It is primary source of the water for the city of Glasgow in western Scotland. Part of the Victorian Loch Katrine water project, construction was started in 1855 and the works was opened by Queen Victoria in 1859, replacing the previous water supply sourced from the River Clyde at Cuningar Loop in Dalmarnock, its completion led to the virtual eradication of typhoid and cholera, diseases which were widespread at the time, from the city. The success of the project was marked by the erection of the Stewart Memorial Fountain in Kelvingrove Park; the works were described by James M. Gale as worthy to "bear comparison with the most extensive aqueducts in the world, not excluding those of ancient Rome"; the first aqueduct project was built under the guidance of John Frederick Bateman. A second aqueduct was completed in 1901; the works are operated by Scottish Water and at average demand, it can supply enough potable water to those it serves for up to 7 days.
Its primary supply is via two aqueducts from Loch Katrine in the north, that are 56km in length, can deliver up to 50,000,000 imperial gallons a day. Milngavie itself is situated at 120m above sea level – sufficient to provide adequate water pressure to the majority of Glasgow without the need for pumping; the Milngavie reservoirs distribute water to secondary reservoirs, such as Cockmuir Reservoir in Springburn Park, various Water towers throughout the city. The reservoirs are a common attraction for walkers and photographers, who take advantage of the peripheral walkways that verge on Mugdock Country Park, offer views over the Glasgow area. Milngavie water treatment works has three reservoirs, Craigmaddie Reservoir to the East and Mugdock Reservoir to the West. Bankell Reservoir is situated to the North of Craigmaddie Reservoir. During the assembly of the new water treatment facilities, both the Mugdock and Craigmaddie reservoirs were drained in 2005 and 2006 to facilitate the laying of pipes to and from the plant, the resultant scene from Craigmaddie reservoir can be seen above.
Special consideration had to be taken for the draining of the reservoirs, as they had never been drained in 150 years of operation. Mugdock reservoir was built and opened in the 1850s; the Craigmaddie service reservoir was opened in 1896 to cater for increased demand. The new, reservoir is named Bankell Reservoir, went into operation on 26 May 2006. Holding 20,000,000 imperial gallons, the Bankell Reservoir is 80% underground to minimise ecological impact, it is one of the largest treated water holding tanks in the world. The new reservoir and treatment works were developed in the wake of the discovery of the waterborne cryptosporidium parasite in Mugdock Reservoir on 4 August 2002, as a result of the 2002 Glasgow floods. Cryptosporidium can cause severe diarrhoea. About 140,000 people in Glasgow were affected – they were told not to drink tap water without boiling it first. In the early 2000s, security at the facility was tightened with large metal screens being erected around areas of both Mugdock and Craigmaddie Reservoirs, believed to be an action taken in line with the Ministry of Defence's security policy after the September 11 Attacks.
The fences and security cameras remained in place for many years, which led to public annoyance at the unnecessary and impractical screens. Councillor Duncan Cumming, who chaired the conservation group representing the community during construction of the new treatment plant, said: "The erection of the ugly, metal fencing around parts of the reservoir was a knee-jerk reaction by the Ministry of Defence to the 9/11 terrorist attacked in the United States. In 2010, Member of Parliament Jo Swinson raised awareness of issue in the House of Commons, saying: "but these so-called security fences around Milngavie reservoir cover only a tiny part of the three-mile perimeter, as the rest is open to the public they serve no practical purpose other than being an eyesore spoiling a beautiful and popular local attraction."In 2014, the majority of the existing security fences were removed from the facility, the large sections of land fenced off are now accessible to the public. Opened: 14 October 1859 Capacity: 548,000,000 imperial gallons Bankell is a service reservoir holding potable water i.e. treated and chlorinated, fit for human consumption.
Mugdock and Craigmaddie are reservoirs holding raw untreated water. The Water Supply of Glasgow Aqueducts at 1902 Encyclopedia, with section about Loch Katrine Aqueduct The Katrine Project at Water Technology The Katrine Water Project homepage NHS Greater Glasgow news, with article about Bankell Reservoir Map sources for Milngavie water treatment works
Mugdock Castle was the stronghold of the Clan Graham from the middle of the 13th century. Its ruins are located in Mugdock Country Park, just west of the village of Mugdock in the parish of Strathblane; the castle is within the registration county of Stirlingshire, although it is only 2 kilometres north of Milngavie, East Dunbartonshire, on the northern outskirts of Greater Glasgow. The lands of Mugdock were a property of the Grahams from the mid-13th century, when David de Graham of Dundaff acquired them from the Earl of Lennox, it is possible that the castle was built by his descendant, Sir David de Graham, or by his son in 1372. In 1458, the lands were erected into the Barony of Mugdock. In 1505, the Grahams were created Earls of Montrose; the most famous of the Montrose Grahams, James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, may have been born at Mugdock Castle in 1612. During the Bishops' Wars, a prelude to the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Montrose supported the Covenanters, he was imprisoned in Edinburgh in 1641 for intrigues against Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll, to become his arch-enemy.
While Montrose was in prison, Lord Sinclair sacked Mugdock. Montrose returned there, until 1644 when he began his Royalist revolt, becoming the King's commander in Scotland. Mugdock was sacked again that year. Following the defeat of Charles I, Montrose was executed in 1650, the lands were forfeited to the Marquess of Argyll. In 1661 Argyll too was executed, Mugdock was returned to the Grahams, who restored the castle over a two-year period, building a mansion within the old castle walls. In 1682 the Grahams bought Buchanan Auld House near Drymen, a dwelling more fitting the title of "Marquess", though the family's official seat was kept at Mugdock Castle for a some time. A terraced walled garden, incorporating a summer house, was built to the east of the castle in the 1820s. Local historian John Guthrie Smith, a relative of the Smith family of nearby Craigend Castle, leased the house from 1874, he had the 17th-century mansion demolished, commissioned a Scottish baronial style house to be built in the ruins of the old castle.
It was designed by architects Cambell Douglas & Sellars, was extended to designs by James Sellars in the 1880s. During World War II the house was requisitioned for use by the government. In 1945, Hugh Fraser, owner of the large retail chain now known as House of Fraser, purchased Mugdock Castle from the Duke of Montrose; the 19th-century Mugdock House burned down in 1966, along with the remaining 16th-century outbuildings. In 1981 Lord Fraser's son Sir Hugh Fraser, 2nd Baronet, gifted the castle and the surrounding estate to Central Regional Council for use as a country park; the estate remains as Mugdock Country Park, the ruins are publicly accessible. The remaining tower of the 14th-century castle has been renovated as a museum; the castle is protected as a scheduled monument. The original castle was built in the mid-14th century, it may have been shield-shaped on plan, comprising towers arranged around a courtyard, linked by curtain walls and ranges of buildings. In the middle of the south wall was the main gate.
The castle stood on a natural, steep-sided mound formed of hard volcanic rock, at the west edge of Mugdock Loch, larger than its present extent. Of the early castle, only the south-west tower remains complete, forms the most recognisable feature of the ruins; the narrow tower is of four storeys, with an entrance on the first floor, accessed via exterior steps on the east side. Inside the basement is vaulted, a single room occupies each storey. On the outside, a line of corbels projects the two upper storeys out from the lower levels, giving the tower a distinctive "top-heavy" appearance; the only other remains are the basement of the north-west tower, part of the gatehouse, linking sections of curtain wall. The castle was extended in the mid-15th century around the time that the barony was created. An outer wall was built to enclose the majority of the mound as an outer courtyard; this courtyard had its main entrance to the south, adjacent to the south-west tower. Inside the courtyard are the ruins of various stone buildings dating from the 16th century.
These include a chapel at the north extent of the courtyard, a domestic range at the south-west. Much of the outer curtain wall has disappeared, although the southern section remains. By the late 19th century, much of the castle was in ruins; when the antiquarian John Guthrie Smith built his mansion, any remains of the eastern towers were obliterated. The one surviving tower was incorporated into the new building, via a first-floor covered passage, over a wide-arched bridge; the house itself was L-shaped and three storeys high, built in the Scottish baronial style. The front door faced the south-west tower; the house was demolished to the foundations in 1967, although some walls stand to first-floor level. Coventry, Martin The Castles of Scotland, Goblinshead, 2001 Fawcett, Richard. Scottish Architecture from the Accession of the Stuarts to the Reformation 1371–1560; the Architectural History of Scotland. Edinburgh University Press. Lindsay, Maurice The Castles of Scotland, Constable & Co. 1986 Mason, Gordon The Castles of Glasgow and the Clyde, Goblinshead, 2000 Mugdock Country Park Website Clan Graham Society
Beats Antique is a U. S.-based experimental world fusion and electronic music group. Formed in 2007 in conjunction with producer Miles Copeland, the group has become noted for their mix of different genres as well as their live shows, which mix samples and heavy percussives with Tribal Fusion dance and performance art. David Satori, born in Burlington, Vermont in 1979, brings experience with many different styles of world music to the collaborative drawing board of Beats Antique, he began playing music while at Burlington High School, graduated from the California Institute of the Arts with a degree in music performance and composition. While attending CIA, he formed; the Funnies recorded two albums, toured in an eco-bus that ran on recycled vegetable oil. In 2003, Satori moved to San Francisco to join a ten-piece afro-beat group. Aphrodesia toured the U. S. and traveled throughout West Africa playing music. The afro-beat group's tour ended in a performance at the New Shrine in Lagos, a venue built by the son of afro-beat composer and player Fela Kuti.
His son Femi Kuti sat in with Aphrodesia, inspired Satori to produce their 2007 album, Lagos by Bus. In 2004, back in San Francisco and Zoe Jakes met and began dating. Zoe Jakes began belly dancing in 2000, but is a lifelong dancer, having 10 years of jazz and ballet dance experience under her belt, her belly dancing is a blend of traditional belly dance with tango and Indian dance. She toured with the Yard Dogs Road Show for five years, performed with the Extra Action Marching Band, has been touring with The Indigo Belly Dance Company for four years, she began touring with Bellydance Superstars in 2005, a dance company produced by Miles Copeland. Jakes and Satori began working with Ableton Live, this is when she began to experiment with electronic music. Tommy Cappel met Zoe Jakes. Satori and Cappel met years ago when Satori brought him in to play drums for a Burning Man decompression party. Cappel grew up in Virginia; the son of two music teachers and the brother of a drummer, Cappel was always surrounded by music.
At a young age he took up his brother's drum set, was playing with a band of friends by the age of six. Influenced by his father's jazz LP's and his brothers prog rock and heavy metal music, Cappel became interested in percussion. In the 1990s, Cappel attended the Berklee College of Music in Boston for a degree in studio drumming. At Berklee, Cappel studied New Orleans jazz, modern jazz, world music; when one of his teachers needed help transcribing African and Arab drum patterns to a drum kit, Cappel helped and learned a lot of non-jazz rhythmic patterns. After graduating, he began exploring many different types of genres, he would spend a lot of time at a café in Manhattan that held free music jams. When a group of friends and musicians moved to San Francisco, Cappel joined them. Beats Antique was formed in San Francisco in 2007 when Zoe Jakes approached her manager, Miles Copeland about creating an album. Copeland green lit the project, their debut album Tribal Derivations was conceived on Copeland's CIA record label.
Tribal Derivations was a concept album, created to complement the dance styles of producer/arranger Zoe Jakes. The group's second album, reached the top 10 of most downloaded artists under the Middle East and World Dance and the top 20 most downloaded electronic albums on Amazon. For their third album, Contraption Vol. 1, Beats Antique brought in collaborators such as hammered dulcimer player Jamie Janover, beat boxer and hip hop vocalist LYNX. Their 2010 release Blind Threshold featured harmonica player John Popper of Blues Traveler; the 10-track Elektraphone was released October 4, 2011 supported by a 26-city tour running from October to December 2011. Beats Antique released an 8-song EP follow up to Contraption Vol. 1 on August 18, 2012 entitled Contraption Vol. 2, which includes horns features from Balkan Brass Band, Brass Menazeri, vocals from hip hop vocalist LYNX & a remix of Colony Collapse's "Filistine." That year, David Satori teamed up with Evan Fraser, a fellow student at the California Institute of Arts, formed the side project and released a self-titled album through Beats Antique Records on October 1, 2013.
In October 2013, Beats Antique released A Thousand Faces: Act I, followed by A Thousand Faces: Act II in April 2014. Featuring artists include Alam Khan, LYNX, SORNE, Micha & Leighton, the Antibalas horns. Les Claypool was featured on the A Thousand Faces: Act I single, “Beelzebub.”In fall of 2014, Beats Antique toured with Shpongle and Lafa Taylor as part of their “Creature Carnival” tour. Featuring carnival-themed performers specific to each city, audience participation, crafting events surrounding four “Creatures”, attendees of the shows were encouraged to dress wildly and come prepared with customized Creature masks. Selections from two of these performances, in Denver and Asheville, North Carolina, were compiled into their latest release, titled Creature Carnival Live; the styles combined to create Beats Antique's sound are a union of new inspirations. There are infusions of Middle Eastern belly dance music, down tempo, hip-hop, old school jazz, afro-beat, many styles of electronic music.
The musicians have been influenced by their diverse musical backgrounds. They incorporate many live instruments to produce their style of music. 2007: Tribal Derivations 2008: Col