LeRoy Neiman was an American artist known for his brilliantly colored, expressionist paintings and screen prints of athletes and sporting events. Neiman was born in 1921 in Saint Paul, the son of Lydia Sophia, of Braham and Charles Julius Runquist, who were married in 1918 and lived in Grasston, Minnesota, he was of Swedish descent. His father deserted his family, when his mother married his stepfather, John L. Niman in 1926, LeRoy changed to the new surname as well, his mother divorced Neiman about 1935, married for the third time in about 1940, to Ernst G. Hoelscher, of St. Paul, she died in St. Paul on November 14, 1985 at age 87. LeRoy was raised in the Frogtown neighborhoods of St. Paul; the home he lived in the longest, from about 1940 to about 1955, still stands at 569 Van Buren Avenue. Neiman served in the U. S. Army during World War II, he worked as a cook until the end of the war, when his art skills were recognized and put to use painting sets for Red Cross shows. Following his return in 1946, Neiman studied at the St. Paul School of Art at the School of The Art Institute of Chicago on the G.
I. Bill. After graduating, Neiman served on the Art Institute faculty for ten years. During the time Neiman was teaching, he was exhibiting art in winning prizes. In 1954, Neiman began his association with Playboy magazine. Neiman had met Hugh Hefner while doing freelance fashion illustration for the Carson Pirie Scott department store chain, where Hefner was a writer. Hefner and Playboy art director Art Paul commissioned an illustration for the magazine's fifth edition. Hefner told Sports Illustrated, "I don't remember the moment. Our eyes did not meet across a crowded room." One day, after Hefner had started his magazine, he ran into Neiman on a street and asked him to become a contributor to Playboy. Among Neiman's contribution over the next 50 years, he created the Femlin character for the Party Jokes page, did a feature for 15 years titled "Man at His Leisure," where Neiman would paint illustrations of his travels to exotic locations. Beginning in 1960, he traveled the world observing and painting leisure life, social activities and athletic competitions including the Olympics, the Super Bowl, the World Series, the Kentucky Derby, championship boxing, PGA and The Masters golf tournament, The Ryder Cup, the World Equestrian Games and other Grand Slam competitions, as well as night life, entertainment and the world of casino gambling.
In 1970 Neiman did the illustration for the 5th Dimension's album Portrait. In 1998 he did all the illustrations for a special "Sports" issue of The Nation magazine, for which he received the magazine's standard fee of $150. Neiman sponsored and supported several organizations from coast to coast that foster art activities for underprivileged children such as The LeRoy Neiman Center for Youth in San Francisco and the Arts Horizons LeRoy Neiman Art Center in Harlem, he has established facilities at various colleges, including the LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies at Columbia University in New York and the LeRoy Neiman Campus Center at his alma mater, the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Neiman donated $5 million to the School of the Art Institute, which funded the construction of the Neiman Center at the School, he received five honorary doctorates and numerous awards, a lifetime achievement award from the University of Southern California, an induction into the International Boxing Hall of Fame, proclamations and citations.
He received The Order of Lincoln award on the 200th birthday celebration of Abraham Lincoln given by the Governor of Illinois in 2009. He authored twelve books of his art. A documentary on his jazz painting, The Big Band, had its world premiere in Los Angeles in February, 2009. Neiman produced about six different serigraph subjects a year priced from $3,000 to $6,000 each. Gross annual sales of new serigraphs alone topped $10 million. Originals can sell for up to $500,000 for works such as Stretch Stampede, a mammoth 1975 oil painting of the Kentucky Derby. In addition to being a renowned sports artist, Neiman has created many works from his experience on safari, including Portrait of a Black Panther, Portrait of the Elephant, Resting Lion, Resting Tiger; some of his other subjects include sailing, golf, horses, famous locations, America at play. Much of his work was done for Playboy magazine, for which he still illustrated monthly until his death. Neiman worked in oil, watercolor, pencil drawings, pastels and some lithographs and etching.
Neiman was listed in Art Collector's Almanac, Who's Who in the East, Who's Who in American Art, Who's Who in America, Who's Who in the World. He was a member of the Chicago Society of Artists, his works have been displayed in museums, sold at auctions, displayed in galleries and online distributors. He is considered by many to be the first major sports artist in the world, challenged only in his years by a new generation of artists like Stephen Holland and Richard T. Slone, his work is in the permanent collection of the Smithsonian, the Whitney Museum, the Brooklyn Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, the State Hermitage Museum in Russia, Wadham College at Oxford and in museums and art galleries the world over, as well as in private and corporate collections. Neiman married Janet Byrne in 1957, they lived in their home base for over five decades, until Neiman's death. Their residence, inside a New York City landmark, the Hotel des Artistes over the Café des Artistes on West 67th S
Geography of Louisville, Kentucky
Louisville is a city in Jefferson County, in the U. S. state of Kentucky. It is located at the Falls of the Ohio River. Louisville is located at 38°13′31″N 85°44′30″W. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Louisville Metro has a total area of 397.68 square miles, of which 380.46 square miles is land and 17.23 square miles is covered by water. Although the soils and underlying rocks put Louisville in the outer Bluegrass region, the city's landscape is better described as being in a wide part of the Ohio River flood plain. Louisville's part of the valley is located between two plateaus, the karst plateau of Southern Indiana and the Bluegrass plateau of Kentucky, both with an elevation of around 900 feet. Elevations drop off the Indiana plateau sharply via the Muldraugh Escarpment, whereas the rise in elevation up to the Bluegrass plateau is done more gradually; the flood plain is much longer north to south. For example, within several miles of downtown, the Highlands sitting at 540 feet is out of the thousand year flood plain, whereas areas 10 miles from downtown such as Fairdale and Okolona have the same elevation as downtown Louisville.
Most areas in the east end have an elevation from 600 to 700 feet, with the east bound winds, trap in heat and pollutants. Areas along and west of the south fork of Beargrass Creek are located where the Ohio River once ran, so the land here is flat and is composed of harder rocks. Prior to urbanization much of this area was composed of wetlands, early roads through these were made of wooden planks; this history is still evident in street names, for example the spoke road Poplar Level, whose name describes its original construction on planks of poplar. 3rd Street was called Central Plank Road for the same reason. As industry, namely Standiford Field airport, moved into the area in the 1950s most creeks through the area were rerouted into ditches to alleviate the area's poor drainage and constant flooding. Areas east of I-65 were not in the flood plain and thus are gentle rollings hills composed of soft loess soils, hence the reason roads here are prone to potholes; the southern quarter of Jefferson County is in the rugged Knobs region.
This is the only part of Jefferson County to not have experienced any urbanization and is today entirely parkland for the Jefferson Memorial Forest. The eastern third is in the Eden Shale Hills section of the Bluegrass region and has experienced less urbanization than the flood plain, although, starting to change; the Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area, the 43rd-largest in the United States, includes the Kentucky counties of Jefferson, Henry, Nelson, Shelby and Trimble. The southern Indiana counties Clark, Floyd and Washington are included in the Louisville MSA; this MSA is included in the Louisville-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area, which includes the Elizabethtown, KY MSA as well as the Scottsburg, IN Micropolitan Statistical Area. Louisville's Metro Area was expanded more than any other in the country during a March 2003 overhaul of U. S. Metropolitan Area statistics by the federal government. In the 2000 census very fast growing counties such as Spencer County weren't included.
The Metro Area's ranking rose from 49th to 42nd, the added Combined Statistical Area measured the area as the nation's 31st-largest. The total Metro area population increased from just over 1 million to nearly 1.4 for the CSA. Seventeen percent of the state's population lives in Jefferson County and 25% live in counties in the Louisville CSA, Jefferson County has two-and-a-half times more people than Kentucky's second-most populous county, Fayette County. Twelve of the 15 buildings in Kentucky over 300 feet are located in Downtown Louisville. 40% of the population growth in Kentucky are in Louisville's CSA counties. Louisville has a humid subtropical climate with four distinct seasons and is located in USDA hardiness zones 6b and 7a. Spring-like conditions begin in mid-to-late March, summer from mid-to-late-May to late September, with fall in the October–November period. Seasonal extremes in both temperature and precipitation are not uncommon during early spring and late fall. Winter brings a mix of rain and snow, with occasional heavy snowfall and icing.
Louisville averages 5.8 days with low temperatures dipping to 10 °F, while readings of 0 °F or below occur on average every several years, the last occurrence being January 7, 2014. Summer is hazy and humid with long periods of 90–100 °F temperatures and drought conditions at times. Louisville averages 35 days a year with high temperatures at or above 90 °F, the average window for such temperatures on average fall on June 7 and September 10, respectively; the mean annual temperature is 58.2 °F, with an average seasonal snowfall of 12.5 in and an average annual rainfall of 44.9 inches. The first and last measurable snowfalls of the season on average fall on December 8 and March 12, respectively; the greatest amount of precipitation in 24 hours was 10.48 inches on March 1, 1997 and
Transportation in Louisville, Kentucky
As with most American cities, transportation in Louisville, Kentucky is based on automobiles. However, the city traces its foundation to the era where the river was the primary means of transportation, railroads have been an important part of local industry for over a century. In more recent times Louisville has become a national hub for air cargo, creating over 20,000 local jobs; the city has launched several initiatives to promote both utilitarian and recreational bicycling. In 2016 Walk Score ranked Louisville 43rd "most walkable" of 141 U. S. cities with a population greater than 200,000. In 2015, 11.7 percent of Louisville households were without a car, which decreased to 10.9 percent in 2016. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Louisville averaged 1.61 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8 per household. The city's road system is arranged in a typical system common to many cities in the United States. Streets in the downtown business district are arranged as a grid, with several alternating one-way streets.
Many major roads begin at or near the downtown area and travel outwards from the city like the spokes of a wheel. There are several roads, such as Bardstown Road and Shelbyville Road, which lead outwards from Louisville to the outlying Kentucky towns of Bardstown and Shelbyville, respectively. Interstates I-64, I-65 pass through and I-71 begins in Louisville. Since all three of these highways intersect at the same location in the city just east of Downtown, this spot has become known as "Spaghetti Junction", as the large mass of highways and exits resembles a bowl of spaghetti when viewed from the air. Louisville Waterfront Park is built near this interchange. I-264 and I-265 form loops around the city on the Kentucky side. Louisville is the only city in the nation to contain two consecutively numbered, three-digit Interstate highways; the Ohio River Bridges Project, a plan under consideration for decades to construct two new interstate bridges over the Ohio River to connect Louisville to Indiana, including a reconfiguration of Spaghetti Junction, began construction in 2012.
One bridge dubbed the Downtown Crossing and as of December 5, 2015, known as the Abraham Lincoln Bridge, is located downtown beside the existing Kennedy Bridge for relief of I-65 traffic. The other dubbed the East End Crossing, will connect I-265 between the portions located in southeast Clark County and northeast Jefferson County, Kentucky. Both bridges and corresponding construction are slated to be finished sometime in 2016; as with any major project, there have been possible alternatives. Louisville's main airport is the centrally located Louisville International Airport, whose IATA Airport Code reflects its former name of Standiford Field, although locally, this name is still used; the airport is home to the UPS Worldport. The first runway was constructed in 1941 and used for World War II aircraft, the airport opened for business on November 15, 1947. Over 3.2 million passengers and over 4.7 billion pounds of cargo pass through the airport each year. It is the third busiest airport in the United States in terms of cargo traffic, seventh busiest for such in the world.
The airport, having completed major terminal renovations, has three operational runways. The two parallel main runways run allow for simultaneous takeoffs and landings; the east/west runway is shorter and only used in adverse weather conditions. The much smaller Bowman Field is used for general aviation. Bowman Field, which opened in 1921, was the city's first airport; some business aviation, as well as flight instruction and other private flying operate out of this field. Clark Regional Airport, located in the northern Louisville suburbs, is popular for corporate jets due to its runways being longer than Bowman's; the McAlpine Locks and Dam is located on the Kentucky side of the Ohio River, near the downtown area. The locks were constructed to allow shipping past the Falls of the Ohio. In 2001 over 55 million tons of commodities passed through the locks. A new lock was constructed to replace two of the auxiliary locks, with a projected completion date of 2008, but was completed in early 2009. Ferry Service connected Louisville to Southern Indiana for decades, but was made obsolete when the Clark Memorial Bridge was opened.
Public transportation includes chartered vans run by the Transit Authority of River City. TARC claims that city buses serve all parts of downtown Louisville and Jefferson County, as well as Kentucky suburbs in Oldham County, Bullitt County, the Indiana suburbs of Jeffersonville and New Albany, but a cursory examination of routes and schedules proves this untrue. In addition to regular city buses, transit throughout the downtown hotel and shopping districts is served by a series of motorized trolleys known as the Toonerville II Trolley. Louisville has an intercity bus service as well, provided by Greyhound. Departures are from the Louisville Civic Center. Louisville has several multi-use trails for pedestrians. However, many are not connected to each other. In the central city, there are several on-road bike paths that help cyclists get around the city by bicycle. Like most cities, Louisville was served by electric streetcars into the 20th century; the last streetc
Muhammad Ali's Training Camp
Muhammad Ali's Training Camp or "Fighter's Heaven" was a compound and training facility in Deer Lake, Pennsylvania built by former professional boxer and heavyweight champion, Muhammad Ali. Ali trained in the facility preparing for numerous fights, such as Rumble in the Jungle in 1974, Thrilla in Manila in 1975. Before Ali trained at his new training camp in Deer Lake, he trained at the 5th Street Gym in Miami Beach, Florida. In 1970, when Muhammad Ali came back to boxing, he attracted significant media attention. Ali wanted to find a place in the countryside. A friend from Reading, suggested he could find a place where he could train, in Deer Lake, he first bought the land in Deer Lake in 1972, he built on it 18 buildings, most of them log cabins. Over the years, thousands of visitors visited his training facility. After Ali's retirement from the ring, he sold it to George Dillman in 1997 for $100,000. Following Ali's death on June 3, 2016, Dillman reopened the compound to the public, including the gym and the cabins for those who returned to reflect on memories of Ali.
It was sold to Mike Madden, the son of John Madden, in July 2016. After Ali bought the land in 1972, he began to build the cabins by cutting down trees, getting logs; the compound included a visitors cabin, a gym, a dining hall, a mosque, his family house. It included a five stall barn for his horses and donkey; the compound included boulders that showed the names of boxing legends and opponents such as Sonny Liston, Joe Louis, Ali's trainer Angelo Dundee, Joe Frazier
Performing arts in Louisville, Kentucky
The performing arts community in Louisville, Kentucky is undergoing a renaissance. The Kentucky Center, dedicated in 1983, located in the downtown hotel and entertainment district, is a premiere performing arts center, it features a variety of plays and concerts, is the performance home of the Louisville Ballet, Louisville Orchestra, Broadway Across America - Louisville, Music Theatre Louisville, Stage One, KentuckyShow! and the Kentucky Opera, the twelfth oldest opera in the United States. The center manages the historic W. L. Lyons Brown Theatre, which opened in 1925 and is patterned after New York's acclaimed Music Box Theatre. Actors Theatre of Louisville is another performing arts center that has become the cornerstone of the revitalization of Louisville's Main Street; as the centerpiece of the city's urban cultural district, Actors Theatre has significant economic impact on a vital downtown life. Acclaimed for its artistic programming and business acumen, Actors Theatre hosts the Humana Festival of New American Plays each Spring.
It presents six hundred performances of about thirty productions during its year-round season, composed of a diverse array of contemporary and classical fare. It has attracted one of the largest per capita subscription audiences in the country and logs an annual attendance of over 200,000; the Louisville Palace, one of the city's venues for the Louisville Orchestra, is an elegant, ornate theatre in downtown Louisville's theatre district. In addition to orchestra performances, the theatre features an array of popular movies and new, as well as concerts by popular artists. Located nearby is the Kentucky Theater, built in 1921 and operated for 60 years as a movie house, but was closed and was demolished in 1986, it was saved by local arts advocates, the newly renovated Kentucky Theater opened its doors in 2000 and has become a vibrant community arts center and art film house. Iroquois Park is the home of the renovated Iroquois Amphitheater which hosts a variety of musical concerts in a covered outdoor setting.
Up through 2008, it hosted the musical productions of Music Theatre Louisville, which moved to the Kentucky Center in 2009. The Jewish Community Center of Louisville is home to Center Stage, whose members have performed some of Broadway's best musicals; the shows range from new, modern music all the way to Rodgers and Hammerstein classics. In the 2008 Season, they are introducing straight plays to their stage again with the first part of Angels in America. Louisville is home to a thriving indie music scene with bands such as the known Love Jones, Slint, My Morning Jacket, Wax Fang, VHS or Beta and The Villebillies, it is home to the post-grunge band Days of the New. On Fourth Street in downtown is the brand new Fourth Street Live! Outdoor entertainment complex, which features a wide variety of restaurants and nightclubs; the complex sponsors many free concerts. The large performing arts community played a role in the relocation of ZFX Inc, the second largest theatrical flying special effects company in the world, from Las Vegas to Louisville in 2006.
Fund for the Arts List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area Theater in Kentucky Theatres of Louisville Louisville Culture Vulture: Current Calendar of Fine Cultural Performances of Classical Music, Ballet and Visual Art
Economy of Louisville, Kentucky
Louisville, today is home to dozens of companies and organizations across several industrial classifications. However, the underpinning of the economy of Louisville since it earliest days has been the shipping and cargo industries; the city's location at the Falls of the Ohio, its unique position in the central United States to the mouth of the Mississippi River, the Gulf of Mexico, beyond. The Louisville and Nashville Railroad was an important link between the industrialized northern cities and the South. Louisville's importance to the shipping industry continues today with the presence of the Worldport air hub for UPS; the city's location at the crossroads of three major Interstate highways contributes to its modern-day strategic importance to the shipping and cargo industry. In addition, the Port of Louisville continues Louisville's river shipping presence at Jefferson Riverport International; as of 2003, Louisville ranks as the seventh-largest inland port in the United States. Louisville has emerged as a major center for medical sciences industries.
Louisville has been central to advancements in hand surgery as well as cancer treatment. Some of the first artificial heart and hand transplants were conducted in Louisville; the James Graham Brown Cancer Center is well-renowned. The city's thriving downtown medical research campus includes a new $88 million rehabilitation center and a health sciences research and commercialization park, that in partnership with the University of Louisville, has lured nearly 70 top scientists and researchers. Louisville is home to Humana, one of the nation's largest health insurance companies. Louisville is a significant center of manufacturing. Within the city's limits are two major Ford plants, namely the Kentucky Truck Plant and the Louisville Assembly Plant. Located in the city is the headquarters and major home appliance factory of GE Appliances; the city is a major center of the American whiskey industry, with about one-third of all bourbon coming from Louisville. Brown-Forman, one of the major makers of American whiskey, is headquartered in Louisville and operates a distillery in the Louisville suburb of Shively.
The current primary distillery site operated by Heaven Hill, called the Bernheim distillery, is located in Louisville near Brown-Forman's distillery. Other distilleries and related businesses can be found in neighboring cities in Kentucky, Barton 1792, Jim Beam, Wild Turkey, or Maker's Mark. Similar to the Kentucky Bourbon Trail that links these central Kentucky locations, Louisville offers tourists its own "Urban Bourbon Trail", where people can stop at nearly 20 "area bars and restaurants, all offering at least 50 labels of America's only native spirit."Craft beer is an profitable business for the city, home to over 14 locally owned breweries including Bluegrass Brewing Company and Falls City Brewing Company. In 2013 overall beer sales were reported to be down 2% from the previous year, whereas craft beer sales had risen 18%. To keep up the demand, Mayor Greg Fischer announced in 2015 plans to create "Lou Brew": a tour, similar to the Urban Bourbon Trail, that will highlight the local breweries and craft beer scene of Louisville to both natives and tourists.
Not known for high tech outside of the identified industries, Louisville in the 2010s has been at or near the forefront of some high-tech-related developments. In April 2017, Google Fiber confirmed. Meanwhile, since October 2016, AT&T Fiber has been building out its similar service in the city as well as neighboring counties in Indiana. Beyond networking, the city, through its public–private partnership called Code Louisville, recognized by President Barack Obama, is aiding area residents in the learning of software coding skills. Louisville prides itself in its large assortment of small, independent businesses and restaurants, some of which have become known for their ingenuity and creativity. In 1926 the Brown Hotel became the home of the Hot Brown "sandwich". A few blocks away, the Seelbach Hotel, which F. Scott Fitzgerald references in The Great Gatsby, is famous for a secret back room where Al Capone would meet with associates during the Prohibition era; the room features a secret back door escape and was used as a starting point for rumrunners who would transport illegal moonshine from the hills of eastern Kentucky to Chicago.
In 1880, John Colgan invented a way to make chewing gum taste better for a longer period of time. The Highlands area of Louisville on Bardstown Road has many independent businesses, including the Preston Arts Center, Baxter Avenue Theater, Carmichael's book store, Heine Brothers' Coffee, John Conti Coffee, Wick's Pizza, Steilberg's String Instruments and O'Shea's Irish Pub, among others. Several local breweries such as Milewide Brewing, Gravely Brewing, Great Flood Brewery, Apocolypse, New Albanian Brewery of New Albany, Browning's Restaurant and Brewery, Cumberland Brews, the Bluegrass Brewing Company offer an assortment of local brewing talent in the area. Louisville has connections to the entertainment industry. Several major motion pictures have been filmed in or near Louisville, including The Insider, Stripes, Lawn Dogs, Demolition Man, Secretariat. Located in Louisville is a branch of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Louisville for a long time was home to the Belknap Hardware and Manufacturing Company, at its peak one of the largest manufacturers and wholesale distributors of hardware in the United States, as well as Brown & Willia
McAlpine Locks and Dam
The McAlpine Locks and Dam are a set of locks and a hydroelectric dam at the Falls of the Ohio River at Louisville, Kentucky. They control a 72.9 miles long navigation pool. The locks and their associated canal were the first major engineering project on the Ohio River, completed in 1830 as the Louisville and Portland Canal, designed to allow shipping traffic to navigate through the Falls of the Ohio. From 1925 to 1927, the dam for generating hydroelectric power was added, the locks were expanded, first by a private company and by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers; the hydroelectric plant at the time was the seventh largest hydroelectric plant in the United States. The system was renamed the McAlpine Locks and Dam in 1960 in honor of William McAlpine, the only civilian to have served as district engineer for the Corps of Louisville. At present, the normal pool elevation is 420 feet above sea level and the drainage area above the dam is 91,170 square miles; the average daily flow at McAlpine is 118,000 cubic feet per second.
The lock chambers are located at the dam on the Kentucky side of the Ohio River and are capable of a normal lift of 37 feet between the McAlpine pool upstream and the Cannelton pool downstream. The hydroelectric plant consists of eight turbine units with a net power generation capacity of 80,000 kilowatts. In October 2003, McAlpine was designated a Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers; the McAlpine locks underwent a 10-year, $278 million expansion project scheduled to be completed in 2008, but was completed in early 2009. The hydroelectric plant is owned and operated by Louisville Gas & Electric, a subsidiary of PPL Corporation while the locks are operated by the Army Corps of Engineers. List of crossings of the Ohio River List of locks and dams of the Ohio River Transportation in Louisville, Kentucky List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area LG&E Plants McAlpine Locks and Dam 2007 version from Wayback Machine McAlpine Locks and Dam from U.
S. Army Corps of Engineers. Retrieved 29 April 2017 McAlpine Locks and Dam fact sheet from U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Retrieved 29 April 2017 History of navigation development on the Ohio River from U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Retrieved 29 April 2017 Robinson, Michael C.. History of Navigation in the Ohio River Basin. National Waterways Study, Institute for Water Resources, U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Retrieved 30 April 2017. Provides historical context for McAlpine Locks and Dam. <?-- locks and canal-->