Muhammad II of Córdoba

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Mohammed II al-Mahdi
محمد الثاني ، المهدي
18th Caliph of the Umayyad Dynasty
4th Caliph of Córdoba
Reign 1009
Predecessor Hisham II
Successor Sulayman ibn al-Hakam
Born 976
Died 1010 (aged 33–34)
Father Hisham bin Abd al-Jabbar bin Abd ar-Rahman III
Mother Muzna

Muhammad II al-Mahdi (Arabic: محمد المهدي بالله‎, translit. Muḥammad al-Mahdī bi-ʾllāh) was the fourth Caliph of Cordoba of the Umayyad dynasty in Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia). After disbanding his army of 7,000 troops, he became the source of opposition to many of his subjects. Al-Mahdi sought to defend his title as Caliph after the rise of Suleiman II as a political opponent. After a turbulent rule, in which many warring factions rose to power in an attempt to supplant al-Mahdi, he was eventually deposed. After his death, many Muslim historians accused him of destroying the sanctity of the Amirid Harem.[1]


  1. ^ Peter C. Scales (31 December 1993). The Fall of the Caliphate of Córdoba: Berbers and Andalusis in Conflict. BRILL. pp. 61–74. ISBN 978-90-04-09868-8. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
Muhammad II of Córdoba
Cadet branch of the Banu Quraish
Preceded by
Hisham II
Caliph of Córdoba
Succeeded by
Sulayman ibn al-Hakam