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2008 MTV Video Music Brazil

The 2008 MTV Video Music Brazil was hosted by Marcos Mion and took place at the Credicard Hall. Brazilian rock band NX Zero was the big winner of the event. One of the most notable moments was British indie rock band Bloc Party's performance, during which the audience booed the band after noticing they were lip-synching and mimicking to a pre-recorded track instead of singing and playing live. 2008 VMB had American singer Ben Harper opening the ceremony performing alone, before being joined by Brazilian singer Vanessa da Mata for a second performance. Winners are in bold text. Bonde do Rolê Cachorro Grande Cansei de Ser Sexy Charlie Brown Jr. Fresno Mallu Magalhães Nando Reis NX Zero Pitty Vanessa da Mata Bonde do Rolê — "Solta O Frango" Cachorro Grande — "Roda Gigante" Cansei de Ser Sexy — "Rat Is Dead" Charlie Brown Jr. — "Pontes Indestrutíveis" CPM 22 — "Escolhas, Provas e Promessas" Marcelo D2 — "Desabafo" Nação Zumbi — "Bossa Nostra" NX Zero — "Pela Última Vez" O Rappa — "Monstro Invisível" Pitty — "De Você" Charlie Brown Jr. — "Pontes Indestrutíveis" Fresno — "Uma Música" NX Zero — "Pela Última Vez" Strike — "Paraíso Proibido" Vanessa da Mata and Ben Harper — "Boa Sorte/Good Luck" Mallu Magalhães Ponto de Equilíbrio Roberta Sá Strike Vanguart Amy Winehouse Britney Spears Coldplay Justice Katy Perry Kanye West Madonna MGMT Paramore Radiohead 3namassa China Garotas Suecas Rosana Bronk's Turbo Trio Cachorro Grande Mallu Magalhães Paralamas do Sucesso e Titãs Pitty Zeca Pagodinho A Drag a Gozar A Gaga de Ilhéus As Meninas de Inri Cristo Dança do Quadrado MC Créu Eduardo Henrique with a version of "Boa Sorte/Good Luck" Fábio Vianna with a version of "Uma Música" Geraldo José with a version of "Paraíso Proibido" Rafael Gonçalves Micheletto with a version of "Pela Última Vez" Vinícius Neo with a version of "Boa Sorte/Good Luck" Vocals: Marcelo D2 Guitar: Chimbinha Bass: Bi Ribeiro Drums: João Barone Ben Harper and the Innocent Criminals — "In The Colors" Vanessa da Mata and Ben Harper — "Boa Sorte/Good Luck" Marcelo D2 — "Desabafo" Nove Mil Anjos — "Chuva Agora" Bloc Party — "Talons"/"Banquet" Bonde do Rolê — "Solta O Frango"/"Office Boy"/"Mais Uma Vez" 2008 VMB Dream Band winners — "Acelerou" Pitty and Cascadura — "Inside The Beer Bottle" Fresno and Chitãozinho & Xororó — "Evidências"

2013 Big 12 Conference football season

The 2013 Big 12 Conference football season will be the 18th season for the Big 12, as part of the 2013 NCAA Division I FBS football season. First place votes 2012 Pre-season Coaches All-Big 12 None Tight End Jace Amaro, Texas TechOffensive Line Gabe Ikard, Oklahoma Cyril Richardson, BaylorDefensive Line Jackson Jeffcoat, TexasDefensive Back Ahmad Dixon, Baylor Justin Gilbert, Oklahoma State Jason Verrett, TCUKicker Anthony Fera, Texas Offensive Player of the Year: Bryce Petty, Baylor Co-Defensive Players of the Year: Jackson Jeffcoat, Texas. Coaches were not permitted to vote for their own players. N. B: In the explanations below, denotes trades that took place during the 2014 Draft, while indicates trades completed pre-draft

Baffin Bay (Texas)

Baffin Bay is a bay in South Texas, an inlet of the larger Laguna Madre. Located near the Gulf of Mexico, Baffin Bay forms part of the boundary between Kenedy County and Kleberg County; the history of the bay name is unclear. The most popular story is that Captain Mifflin Kenedy, after visiting the Arctic Baffin Bay as a young man, gave the same name to the bay in Texas because of the remarkable contrast between the bays; the Arctic Baffin Bay is located between the Baffin Island of Canada and Greenland, it is about 310 times larger by area than the Baffin Bay in Texas. The Baffin Bay has three branches, which are named as follows: Alazan Bay on the north, Cayo del Grullo and Laguna Salada. Several ephemeral streams, including San Fernando, Santa Gertrudis and Los Olmos, flow into the bay, but only when it rains; because of the scarce freshwater inflow and extensive evaporation, promoted by shallow water and warm climate, the bay has a high water salinity reaching 75‰ in its northern part. Between 1946 and 1948 and in 1968, the salinity level in the bay exceeded 100‰ killing much fish in the area.

About 21 km2 of the bottom of the bay is covered in seagrass. Scattered parts of the bay near the mouth, contain the relict serpulid worm reefs, which are composed of the remains of serpulid tube worms. Although some tube worm species still inhabit the bay area and the reefs, they bring no significant contribution to the reef structure. Most reefs are circular or ellipsoid structures between 8 and 40 meters in diameter and 0.5 to 2 meters in height above the sediment. Their total area is about 16 km2, but it is reducing due to erosion; the climate has been described as semiarid, subhumid or subtropical, with a varying precipitation. Tropical storms and hurricanes are common, they alter the climate and hydrology of the region; the lands around the bay are flat and dominated by grasslands and oak savanna. Common tree and plant species include southern live oak, prickly pear, lime prickly-ash, sunflowers, crinkleawn, gulfdune paspalum, fringed signalgrass, shrubby oxalis, Texas lantana, Texas bullnettle, silverleaf nightshade and Lindheimer tephrosia.

The waters of the bay contain 29 species of diatoms. The dominant mollusks are Capitella capitata; the serpulid worm reefs are inhabited by crustaceans and mollusks. Invertebrates are represented by the endemic fiddler crab species Uca subcylindrica, which reside on dry soil, more than 20 meters from bay waters; the bay is a popular destination for recreational angling and is famous for its trophy spotted seatrout. Other species include cowfish, threadfin shad, black drum and burrowing goby, etc. Richard C. Bartlett; the Laguna Madre of Texas and Tamaulipas. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 1-58544-133-3. David A. McKee. Fishes of the Texas Laguna Madre: A Guide for Anglers & Naturalists. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 1-60344-028-3. Baffin Bay from the Handbook of Texas Online U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Baffin Bay

Surrender of Caserta

The Surrender of Caserta of April 29, 1945 was the written agreement that formalized the surrender of German forces in Italy, ending the Italian Campaign of World War II. The document, signed at the Royal Palace of Caserta, was to become effective on May 2, 1945. Although British Field Marshal Harold Alexander claimed the Surrender of Caserta shortened the war in Europe by six to eight weeks and saved Northern Italy from more destruction along with tens of thousands of lives, the German Commander-in-Chief of Army Group C Heinrich von Vietinghoff had noted on 28 April that fighting would cease within one or two days regardless of negotiations, the German troops having neither arms nor ammunition left. Further destruction was thus unlikely, Army Group C having decided on 11 April to not carry out Hitler's scorched earth policy. Owing in part to Allied air attacks, the German forces in Italy had received no supplies from Germany since the first week of April. Since Allied aircraft had destroyed all bridges across the Po river, the Germans abandoned their heavy weapons and motor vehicles south of it during the Allied spring offensive.

What was left of the German infantry was wiped out during the fighting. The remaining troops had retreated across the Po using improvised transports and were reorganized by blocking detachments to man the front line and fight on, but without arms their situation was hopeless. Citations BibliographyFrieser, Karl-Heinz. Die Ostfront 1943/44 – Der Krieg im Osten und an den Nebenfronten. Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg. VIII. München: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt. ISBN 978-3-421-06235-2

Three men's morris

Three men's morris is an abstract strategy game played on a three by three board, similar to tic-tac-toe. It is related to six men's morris and nine men's morris; each player has three pieces. The winner is the first player to align their three pieces on a line drawn on the board. There are 3 vertical lines and 2 diagonal lines; the board is empty to begin the game, players take turns placing their pieces on empty intersections. Once all pieces are placed, play proceeds with each player moving one of their pieces per turn. A piece may move to any vacant point on the board, not just an adjacent one. According to A History of Chess, there is an alternative version in which pieces may not move to any vacant point, but only to any adjacent linked empty position, i.e. from a corner to the middle of an adjacent edge, from the middle of an edge to the center or an adjacent corner, or from the center to the middle of an edge. H. J. R. Murray calls the first version "nine holes" and the second version "three men's morris" or "the smaller merels".

According to R. C. Bell, the earliest known board for the game includes diagonal lines and was "cut into the roofing slabs of the temple at Kurna in Egypt". However, Friedrich Berger wrote that some of the diagrams at Kurna include Coptic crosses, making it "doubtful" that the diagrams date to 1400 BCE. Berger concluded, "certainly they cannot be dated." When played on this board, the game is called tapatan in the Philippines and luk tsut k'i in China. It is thought that luk tsut k'i was played during the time of Confucius, c. 500 BCE. Centuries the game was mentioned in Ovid's Ars Amatoria, according to R. C. Bell. In book III, after discussing latrones, a popular board game, Ovid wrote: There is another game divided into as many parts as there are months in the year. A table has three pieces on either side, it is a bad thing for a woman not to know how to play, for love comes into being during play. Boards were carved into the cloister seats at the English cathedrals at Canterbury, Norwich and Westminster Abbey.

These boards used holes, not lines, to represent the nine spaces on the board—hence the name nine-holes—and forming a diagonal row did not win the game. The name of the game may be related to Morris dances. However, according to Daniel King, "the word'morris' has nothing to do with the old English dance of the same name, it comes from the Latin word merellus, which means a counter or gaming piece." Six men's morris and nine men's morris use six and nine pieces and are played on different boards. In tic-tac-toe, pieces are placed. Achi, from Ghana, is played on the kurna board; each player has four pieces. Picaria, a Native American variation invented in New Mexico, adds diagonal attachments to the central edge points, yielding four additional interior points each located between the center and corner points. Murray, H. J. R.. A History of Board Games other than Chess. Oxford University Press