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Dudjom Lingpa

Dudjom Lingpa was a Tibetan meditation master, spiritual teacher and tertön. He stands out from the norm of Tibetan Buddhist teachers in the sense that he had no formal education, nor did he take ordination as a monk or belong to any established Buddhist school or tradition of his time, he was met with great skepticism by many of his contemporaries, due to the fact that, despite not studying under any established Buddhist teachers of his time, he claimed to receive teachings on meditation and spiritual practice directly from non-physical masters like Guru Rinpoche and Yeshe Tsogyal, as well as deities such as Avalokitesvara and Manjushri. It wasn't until his disciples started showing clear signs of spiritual maturity, that he was accepted by his contemporaries as an authentic teacher and tertön. Today his teachings and literary works those on non-mediation, are regarded within the Nyingma-tradition of Tibetan Buddhism. Dudjom Tersar is the collective name for the large collection of terma teachings revealed by Dudjom Lingpa and Dudjom Rinpoche.

As a class of texts, Tersar means "new or recently-revealed treasure teachings". Dudjom Rinpoche was a major revealer of hidden teachings; the following quote links Dudjom Tersar with the Three Roots, iṣṭadevatā practice, deity yoga, Sariputta, Gautama Buddha and Yeshe Tsogyal:The Dudjom Tersar is a powerful and complete cycle of tantric transmissions deriving from Dudjom Lingpa and his reincarnation Dudjom Yeshe Dorje. It focuses on Three Roots deity yogas and associated primordial awareness yogas that derive from the teachings of Guru Padmasambhava of India and his close student, the Princess Yeshe Tsogyelma. Dudjom Lingpa and Dudjom Yeshe Dorje are no other than Guru Sakyamuni's own student Sariputra, the Great Adept / Mahasiddha Saraha. Nang-jang is the name given to a visionary text of the Tibetan Dzogchen tradition, in which the Dzogchen master, Dudjom Lingpa, experiences visionary visitation from fourteen awakened beings, including Avalokiteshvara and Longchenpa, who teach him of the illusionality of all things and their ultimate dependence upon a universal'ground of being'.

According to the teachings bestowed upon Dudjom Lingpa by the advanced spiritual beings who visit him in this text, all phenomenal, sensible things are empty and illusory. Yet there is that, not separate from them, nor they from it, which can be described as the'ground of being'. Orgyan Tsokyey Dorje states:'All sensory appearances are not other than the ground of being, but are of one taste with that ground itself, like the reflections of all the planets and stars in the ocean that are not other than the ocean, but are of one taste with the water itself.'The text tells of how the Buddha nature, the heart of awareness, is utterly pure and lucid and constitutes the life essence of all things, both samsaric and nirvanic. Ekajati declares:'Since the fundamental nature of awareness, buddha nature, is pristine and lucid, free of sullying factors, it is "utter lucidity". Since it is endowed with the seven indestructible vajra attributes, it is "vajra", and since it abides as the vital essence of all phenomena of samsara and nirvana, it is "heart essence".

This is ultimate reality, a state of truth beyond ordinary mundane consciousness and beyond the power of words to describe. It is designated by Zurchhung Sheyrab Dragpa in the text as'a supreme and inexpressible state', the'fundamental nature beyond ordinary consciousness'; the practitioner of this spiritual path is urged to strive for obtaining of an ultimate all-knowingness which transcends time:'Hold this to be the most excellent key point - to practice with intense and unflagging exertion until you attain supreme timeless awareness, total omniscience.' Lingpa, Dudjom. Buddhahood without meditation: a visionary account known as'Refining one's perception' (English. Revised Edition. Junction City, CA, USA: Padma Publishing. ISBN 1-881847-33-0

Grand Trunk Railway Literary and Scientific Society

The Grand Trunk Railway Literary and Scientific Institute was a mechanics' institute and library formed by officers and employees of The Grand Trunk Railway in 1857 at Point St. Charles, Quebec; the Institute was incorporated in 1871, active until 1923 when GTR was purchased by Canadian National Railways. The Grand Trunk Railway Literary and Scientific Institute is listed as a component of the Canadian National Railway. Similar to other Mechanics' Institutes of the time, the purpose of the Institute was to supply its members with instruction in science and the arts, to provide a reading room and library, to provide specimens and drawings. While some Mechanics' Institutes operated more like cultural centres for their communities, the Grand Trunk Railway Literary and Scientific Institute was more about educating its workers; the Institute at Point St. Charles, Montreal contained over 6500 volumes. Membership here allowed access to all the privileges of the building, including "hot and cold baths, the use of the lecture hall at noon for lunch, the lectures and entertainments."

The lecture hall was a large room with tables and benches, but it had a heating chamber to keep the men's lunches hot, at one end of the hall was a stage with stock scenery for dramatic productions. Any employee could become a member of the Institute to make use of the library and reading room, providing the potential member had two recommendations from existing members and paid the monthly membership dues. Life Membership was given to anyone who donated $25, rendered valuable service to the Institute, retained membership for at least 25 years, or was a person eminent in arts or sciences. By 1905, Life Members included: The Institute was governed by the officers of the Institute: President, Vice Presidents, Secretary-Treasurer, a Managing Committee of thirteen members, a board of Trustees, a librarian and two auditors; the President was to preside over all meetings and see that the Institute's Constitution and By-Laws were observed. The Vice Presidents were to act in his absence; the Secretary-Treasure was to keep the books, attend all general and Committee meetings, keep the minutes of the meetings, conduct all correspondence, receive all moneys due, make the books available to the Auditors twice a year.

The Trustees consisted of the President of the Grand Trunk Railway, the Board of Directors, the Mechanical Superintendent, two members elected as Working Trustees. The Librarian was to open the reading room for the hours set by the Committee, he had to take care of all the books, periodicals and property of the Institute. He had to keep a register of the members, he had to keep a record of all books taken out of the library by members. He was to not permit anyone but Committee members from having access to the book cases. If a book needed repairs, the librarian was to report the offending members to the Committee and submit the books for the Committee's inspection, he was required to be courteous to visitors. Among the powers of the Managing Committee were: deciding the charges for lectures and classes, purchasing and accepting gifts or loans of books, establishing regulations of use of the reading room, library and classes; the Committee had the power to draft by-laws of the Institute, but all acts of the Committee were to be approved by members at a general meeting.

The Committee had governance over membership with the ability to reprimand, suspend or expel a member for acting contrary to the rules of the Institute. The by-laws included setting a date for the annual general meeting, the frequency of the Committee's meetings, the hours of operation of the reading room; the by-laws stated that "silence and decorum must be observed at all times in the Reading Room." The by-laws required the catalogue to be kept in the reading room for all members' convenience. Papers and periodicals were not allowed to leave the room. Members were allowed to borrow books for 14 days. Members no longer employed by GTR had their membership service unless they qualified to be a Life Member. One topic included for lecture in 1915 was "Banks: Ancient & Modern," given by C. E. Benedict of the Bank of Montreal. In 1861, when His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales visited the new rail bridge in Montreal, Victoria Bridge, he presented the Point St. Charles, Montreal location of the Institute a gift of $440 for the benefit of the employees.

The Directors of the Grand Trunk Railway handed over the sum to the Committee of the Institute for the purchase of new books. On March 27, 1879, the Point St. Charles, Montreal branch of the Institute received a gift from Mr. J. Curtis Clark, in the form of five framed pictures of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen, His Excellency the Governor General the Marquis of Lorne, Her Royal Highness the Princess Louise, the late Governor General the Earl of Dufferin,and the Countess of Dufferin; the Institute was located in GTR stations in the Ontario towns of Belleville and Lindsay. The Institute in Lindsay, Ontario operated from 1890 to 1923 with a reading room and library on the second floor of the station located at Durham and William Streets; the library contained 1600 volumes of books. Hours of operation were 2 pm to 7 pm to 9 pm six days a week; the librarian, David Callison Trew, was paid $8 per month. The fee for membership was 5 cents per month. In 1914, a spark from a passing engine set the station's roof on fire.

The extent of the damage was to the attic of the building. The greatest loss for the library was to the periodicals on the tables. "The cases saved the books."

2007 International League season

The 2007 International League season took place from April to September 2007. The Richmond Braves defeated the Durham Bulls to win the league championship. Buffalo - 572,635 Charlotte - 311,119 Columbus - 507,155 Durham - 535,056 Indianapolis - 586,785 Louisville - 653,915 Norfolk - 464,034 Ottawa - 126,894 Pawtucket - 611,379 Richmond - 356,028 Rochester - 473,288 Scranton/WB - 590,326 Syracuse - 380,152 Toledo - 596,675 The following teams qualified for the postseason: Durham Bulls, Richmond Braves, Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees, Toledo Mud Hens. Durham 3, Toledo 0 Richmond 3, Scranton/Wilkes-Barre 1 Richmond 3, Durham 1 Richmond played in their first Triple A Championship Game against the Sacramento River Cats, they lost to Sacramento. They following season they played their final season in Richmond before relocating to Gwinnett County and being renamed the Gwinnett Braves. International League official website

IMAM Ro.58

The IMAM Ro.58 was an Italian twin-engined, two-seat monoplane heavy fighter and attack aircraft, a development of the IMAM Ro.57. First flown in May 1942, it was considered a general improvement over its predecessor due to the substitution of higher power Daimler-Benz DB 601 engines for the Fiat A.74 engines used on the Ro.57. It had many problems and during the maiden flight only the proficiency of the test pilot, Adriano Mantelli, saved the plane, it was recognizable because it appeared to have a long hump over the fuselage. The Ro.58 was a twin-tailed aircraft, in layout similar to the Bf 110. The performance of the aircraft with the DB 601 engines was much better than many single engine fighters of the time. More armed than its predecessor, with five forward-firing MG 151s. Tested alongside an Me 410 it was found to be superior, but so it had its share of problems that delayed production. By the time it was refined it was too late for Italy, there were no resources for single-engine fighters, much less the more expensive twin-engined ones.

As with the Ro.57, not put into production in 1940 or 1941, the Ro.58, better armed and faster appeared only in May 1942, too late to be produced in any numbers, as Italy surrendered to the Allies in September 1943. One prototype only produced. Data from Уголок неба — Ugolok Neba — "Sky Corner"General characteristics Crew: Two Length: 9.89 m Wingspan: 13.40 m Height: 3.39 m Wing area: 26.2 m2 Empty weight: 4,350 kg Gross weight: 6,100 kg Powerplant: 2 × Daimler-Benz DB 601A-1, 876 kW eachPerformance Maximum speed: 605 km/h Range: 1,500 km Service ceiling: 9,800 m Armament 3 × fixed, forward-firing 20 mm MG 151 cannons in nose 2 × fixed, forward-firing 20 mm MG 151 cannons under belly 1 × flexible, rearward-firing 12.7 mm Breda-SAFAT machine gun in rear cockpit Aircraft of comparable role and era Bristol Beaufighter Messerschmitt Me 410 Related lists List of aircraft of World War II Brotzu, Emilio. Dimensione Cielo vol. 3. Rome: Edizioni Bizzarri. Lembo, Daniele. "Officine Ferroviarie Meridionali IMAM".

Aerei nella Storia. Parma: Delta editions

Democratic Party (Mendoza)

The Democratic Party is a provincial conservative party in Mendoza Province and in the City of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It was founded around 1930. Since the return of the democracy in 1983, the party has been the third political force in Mendoza, except in 1999 when it won the second position in the elections, it was member of the national Recrear electoral alliance led by Ricardo López Murphy although in 2007 it supported the presidential bid of Roberto Lavagna rather than López Murphy. In the 2013 legislative elections, it would form a center-right alliance with the Republican Proposal, called the PD - PRO Union. Since 2015, he has participated in an alliance with the Radical Civic Union and other parties in a centrist alliance called «Frente Cambia Mendoza», supporting the radical Alfredo Cornejo, as governor of the Province, which manages to win the general elections, he is in the City of Buenos Aires and supports Mauricio Macri since 2003. He is an ally of Republican Proposal in this district