Muncie /ˈmʌnsi/ is an incorporated city and the seat of Delaware County, Indiana. It is located in East Central Indiana, about 50 miles northeast of Indianapolis, the United States Census for 2010 reported the citys population was 70,085. It is the city of the Muncie metropolitan statistical area. The Lenape people, who arrived in the area in the 1790s, founded several villages, including one known as Munsee Town. The small trading post, renamed Muncietown, was selected as the Delaware County seat and its name was officially shortened to Muncie in 1845 and incorporated as a city in 1865. Muncie developed as a manufacturing and industrial center, especially after the Indiana gas boom of the 1880s and it is home to Ball State University. As a result of the Middletown studies, sociological research that was first conducted in the 1920s, the area was first settled in the 1790s by the Lenape people, who migrated west from their tribal lands in the Mid-Atlantic region to new lands in present-day Ohio and eastern Indiana. The Lenape founded several towns along the White River, including Munsee Town, there is no evidence that a mythological Chief Munsee ever existed. In 1818 the areas native tribes ceded their lands to the government under the terms of the Treaty of St. Marys. New settlers began to arrive in what became Delaware County, Indiana, about 1820, the small trading village of Munsee Town, renamed Muncietown, was selected as the Delaware County seat and platted in 1827. On January 13,1845, Indianas governor signed legislation passed by the Indiana General Assembly to shorten the name to Muncie. Soon, a network of roads connected Muncie to nearby towns, adjacent counties, Muncie incorporated as a town on December 6,1854, and became an incorporated city in 1865. John Brady was elected as the citys first mayor, Muncies early utility companies also date to the mid-1860s, including the citys waterworks, which was established in 1865. The Indiana gas boom of the 1880s ushered in a new era of prosperity to Muncie, abundant supplies of natural gas attracted new businesses, industries, and additional residents to the city. Although agriculture continued to be a factor in the region. One of the manufacturers that arrived early in the citys gas-boom period was the Ball Brothers Glass Manufacturing Company. In 1889 the company relocated its manufacturing operations to Muncie. In addition to other glass factories, Muncie attracted iron and steel mills, including the Republic Iron and Steel Company
The Muncie City Hall in 2005
Illustration of Muncie, looking southeast in 1884.