Mundaring, Western Australia
Mundaring is a suburb located 34 km east of Perth on the Great Eastern Highway. The suburb is located within the Shire of Mundaring; the Aboriginal name of the area "Mindah-lung", said to mean "a high place on a high place", was anglicised to become "Mundaring". The Mundaring area is considered to be part of the Perth Hills area; the Mundaring region is well served by weekly and monthly newspapers: Chidlow Chatter Darlington Review – locality specific The Echo – weekly – Midland based Hills Gazette – weekly Mundaring magazine – monthlyEarlier newspapers in the area included: The Darling Swan Express – although Midland based, had considerable space to "Hills" storiesIt is extracted in entries in the J S Battye Library catalogue with items about the Hills. The only railway line current in the Mundaring Shire – is the third route of the Eastern Railway which passes through Bellevue and Swan View; the railway routes mentioned below – first route and second route are no longer operational – and constitute sections of the Railway Reserve Heritage Trail.
The Eastern Railway passed through Mundaring on its first route through to Chidlow. Mundaring railway station, the branch railway leading from it – the Mundaring Weir Branch Railway were significant locations for the construction of the Mundaring Weir. Following the construction of the second route of the Eastern Railway, the Mundaring line served as an alternative to the second route at the time of accidents and derailments, until its closing to traffic in 1954; the line through Mundaring was known as the Mundaring Loop to railway administration in its years of operation, while in earlier years it was known as Smiths Mill Branch. The line served a small population but played an integral part in the development and history of Mundaring; the Mundaring Hotel opened opposite the Mundaring Railway Station in 1899 and served patrons on the route. Mundaring was the location of a Bureau of Mineral Resources Geophysical Observatory from 1959 to April 2000 The annual reports from the Observatory constituted the seismic record of the state of Western Australia for that period of time as well as reports and summaries of activity The town lies within the Mundaring-Kalamunda Important Bird Area, so identified by BirdLife International because of its importance as a non-breeding season roost site and foraging base for Long-billed Black Cockatoos.
Elliot, Ian. Mundaring – A History of the Shire. Mundaring: Mundaring Shire. ISBN 978-0-9592776-0-9. Spillman, Ken. Life was meant to be here: community and local government in the Shire of Mundaring. Mundaring: Mundaring Shire. ISBN 978-0-9592776-3-0. Watson, Lindsay; the railway history of Midland Junction: commemorating the centenary of Midland Junction, 1895-1995. Swan View, WA: L & S Drafting in association with the Shire of Swan and the Western Australian Light Railway Preservation Association. ISBN 978-0-646-24461-7. Shire of Mundaring Website Mundaring Tourism Association Website Mundaring and Hills Historical Society Website Golden Pipeline Website
Railway Reserves Heritage Trail
The Railway Reserves Heritage Trail – on some maps as Rail Reserve Heritage Trail or Rail Reserves Historical Trail, referred to locally as the Bridle Trail or Bridle Track – is within the Shire of Mundaring in Western Australia. The Trail Loop is 40.8 km in length - it constitutes two routes travelling east of Bellevue. The Eastern Extension within this trail, Mount Helena to Wooroloo is 22.5 km in length. The Kep Track continues along the old railway route as far as Northam, is 75 km in length. In Kalamunda there is a railway heritage trail that follows the alignment of the old Upper Darling Range Railway, it was created following the Western Australian Government Railways ceasing to operate on the Bellevue to Northam railway following the construction of the Standard Gauge Railway in 1966. The first two attempts at the Eastern Railway from Bellevue to Chidlow, Western Australia both constructed before 1900 failed to have sufficiently low gradients for the increasing tonnages on the railway system.
The Avon Valley route taken by the new Standard Gauge line, was the third and final attempt to take the railway system out of the metropolitan area across the Darling Scarp. The first two Eastern Railway formations were closed by an Act of Parliament in the 1960s, the lands were vested with the Mundaring Council; as a result, most of the removable property of the WAGR - was removed from the reserve. Notably the Mundaring and Darlington concrete railway platforms remain, three telegraph poles remain along the original formation. Otherwise all rails and buildings no longer remain; the Koongamia platform, although in use for only about five years in the 1960s, was re-built as public sculpture in the 2000s. Interesting exceptions to the removal of railway operations assets are the stationmaster's houses in Mundaring and Glen Forrest - these have been preserved and maintained; the Mundaring house is the location of the office of the Mundaring and Hills Historical Society. Considerable alterations have been made to the original railway formations by telecommunication, power and other authorities.
In parts, roads named "Railway Terrace", other old roads running parallel to the reserve remain unchanged. In 1988 the Australian Bicentenary saw 17 Heritage Trails funded by the Commonwealth and Western Australian governments under the Commonwealth State Bicentennial Commemorative Program - as the W. A. Heritage Trail Network; the Railway Reserves Heritage Trail was developed by the Mundaring Bicentennial Community Committee, a pamphlet and signage on the trail was funded by this as well. In the pamphlet and on the signage - the main stopping places as annotated, the details go as far as Wooroloo. In some parts the reserve is an important wildlife corridor, while other parts have been degraded by erosion and bushfire damage, it passes through the John Forrest National Park and is one of a number of named trails in the park Considerable funds have been given to the Mundaring shire to maintain the reserve for use by walkers and horse riders. However, despite restraints, motor cyclists and others provide a regular hazard.
The two earlier routes of the Eastern Railway followed the line of two creeks - the first route followed Nyaania Creek, part of the Helena River catchment, while the second followed Jane Brook which joins the Swan River at Middle Swan. Sections of the reserve have important ecological features that contain examples of a range of conditions found in the region; the whole trail is in effect a vital Wildlife corridor creating connections between adjacent parks and nature reserves: First Route or southern section Greenmount National Park - adjacent reserve grounds - Greenmount and Boya Darlington Recreation Ground - Darlington Binbrook Park - Darlington Glen Forrest Super Block - Glen Forrest Strettle Road Reserve - Mahogany Creek State Forest - Sawyers Valley Second Route or northern section John Forrest National Park - Swan View and Hovea Brookside Park - Hovea Milligan Park - Stoneville Leschenaultia Conservation Reserve - Chidlow Beechina Nature Reserve - Beechina Beechina North Nature Reserve - Beechina Needham Nature Reserve - WoorolooIt has named parks and reserves either within or linked in the legal bounds of the land designated as the trail: Whybourne Park - Bellevue Darlington Station Reserve - Darlington M.
J. Morgan Reserve - Glen Forrest Thomas Park - Glen Forrest Sculpture Park - Mundaring Jarrah Creek Reserve -Sawyers Valley Chidlow Recreation Reserve - Chidlow Trek the Trail is a free walking and cycling event that takes place every September along a section of Railway Reserves Heritage Trail; this annual event, jointly run by the Shire of Mundaring, Mundaring Arts Centre, Mundaring Tourism Association and Mundaring and Hills Historical Society, encourages participants to enjoy art, local history and the physical challenge along the Trail. The event was conducted from Wooroloo to Chidlow in 2004, Mount Helena to Parkerville in 2005, Mundaring to Darlington in 2006, Chidlow to Sawyers Valley in 2007, Mundaring to Mundaring Weir in 2008, Mundaring to Darlington in 2009 and Parkerville to Swan View in 2010. Pechey Road, Swan View 00.0 km 40.8 km Swan View Tunnel eastern entrance 1.2 km 39.6 km Parkerville 8.9 km 31.9 km Stoneville 11.9 km 28.9 km Mount Helena 15.9 km 24.9 km Sawyers Valley 19.0 km 21.8 km Mundaring 22.6 km 18.2 km Coppin Road, Mundaring 24.1 km 16.7 km Bailey Road, Glen Forrest 27.8 km 15.2 km Hardey Road, Glen Forrest 29.0 km 11.8 km Darlington 31.7 km 9.1 km Boya 34.0 km 6.8 km Scott Road
Shire of Mundaring
The Shire of Mundaring is a local government area in eastern metropolitan Perth, the capital of Western Australia. The Shire covers an area of 645 square kilometres and had a population of 38,000 as at the 2016 Census; the Greenmount Road District was created on 17 April 1903. On 29 March 1934, it was renamed Mundaring. On 1 July 1961, it became the Shire of Mundaring after enactment of the Local Government Act 1960. Mundaring Shire has published the following statistics for the period 1994-2006: Population: 35,097 Area: 643.32 km² Rateable area: 205.91 km² Rateable properties: 13,600 Revenue: A$17.4M Vested reserves: 104.60 km² Forests and National Parks: 238.30 km² The shire is divided into four wards. West Ward South Ward Central Ward East Ward The Shire contains three national parks and numerous nature reserves: Beelu National Park Greenmount National Park John Forrest National Park Lake Leschenaultia Mundaring Weir and Interpretation Precinct The Shire is recognised for its natural environment and has numerous walk and ride trails: Bibbulmun Track C Y O'Connor Trail Eagle View Walk Trail Forsyths Mill Mountain Bike Track Kep Track Lake Leschenaultia Trails Munda Biddi Trail Railway Reserves Heritage Trail Weir View Walk 2014 Perth Hills Bushfire Official website
The West Australian
The West Australian known as The West is the only locally edited daily newspaper published in Perth, Western Australia, is owned by Seven West Media, as is the state's other major newspaper, The Sunday Times. The West is the second-oldest continuously produced newspaper in Australia, having been published since 1833; the West tends to have conservative leanings, has supported the Liberal–National Party Coalition. The West is Australia's fourth largest newspaper by circulation, is the only newspaper in the top 20 not owned by either News Limited or Nine Publishing; the tabloid newspaper publishes international and local news. As of 23 February 2015, newsgathering was integrated with the TV news and current-affairs operations of Seven News, which moved its news staff to the paper's Osborne Park premises. A "breaking news" and video news website are staffed in the same area, together with sales and other departments. In the 1990s, the newspaper introduced a weekly "Earth 2000" segment on environmental matters and an "Asia Desk" feature covering events in South East Asia.
Opinion columnists now include Zoltan Kovacs, Paul Murray and a variety of writers syndicated from Nine Publishing including Gerard Henderson, Danny Katz and Brian Toohey. The paper publishes a supplement titled WestWeekend Magazine, included as an insert in The Weekend West; the Saturday edition was rebranded as The Weekend West in October 2010. There is an enlarged classified-advertising section for motor vehicles each Wednesday. A digital archive subscription enables past editions to be accessed for $220 per month or $2,200 per year; the West has conservative leanings, has supported the Liberal–National Party Coalition throughout the political group's existence. At the state election held in March 2017, the newspaper's editorial endorsed the Australian Labor Party opposition, led by Mark McGowan, over the Coalition government led by Colin Barnett; as of January 2015, refraining from reporting reduced print circulation, the paper claimed "readership across print and online platforms" of 1.8 million per month.
Online readership is limited by requirement of paid subscription According to Roy Morgan Research, total cross-platform readership is less than 50,000 daily, having declined 4.5% in the year to September 2014. The West Australian was owned by the publicly listed company West Australian Newspapers Ltd from the 1920s. In 1969, the Melbourne-based The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd bought WAN and published the paper until 1987 when it was sold to Robert Holmes à Court's Bell Group in 1987 when the remainder of H&WT was bought by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation; the following year Alan Bond, through Bond Corporation, gained control of Bell Group and hence the paper. This ownership structure only survived for a few years until the collapse of Bond Corporation. A newly formed company, West Australian Newspapers Holdings purchased the paper from the receivers before being floated in an oversubscribed $185 million public offering. Chairman Trevor Eastwood announced in the annual report that the company was listed on the Australian Securities Exchange on 9 January 1992.
A management fee of $217,000 and underwriting/brokers handling fee of $1,981,136 were paid to companies associated with former short-term directors John Poynton and J. H. Nickson. After having acquired Seven Media Group in February 2011, West Australian Newspapers Holdings Limited became Seven West Media, Australia's largest diversified media business; the West Australian traces its origins to The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal, the first edition of which appeared on 5 January 1833. Owned and edited by Perth postmaster Charles Macfaull, it was a four-page weekly, it was, at first, published on Saturdays, but changed to Fridays in 1864. From 7 October 1864 it was known as The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Times and was published by Arthur Shenton, until 24 March 1871, after which the publisher was Joseph Mitchell, until 29 September 1871; the new publisher, M. Shenton, remained in place until 26 June 1874; when it was bought by a syndicate who renamed it The Western Australian Times and who in September 1874 increased production to two editions a week.
On 18 November 1879, it was relaunched as The West Australian. In October 1883, production was increased to three editions per week; the proprietors of the West Australian at that time inaugurated the Western Mail, in 1885. Delivery of the paper beyond settled areas was problematic, but the growth and development of the rural railway system in the early 1900s facilitated wider circulation. Newspaper House, the former office and publishing plant of The West on St Georges Terrace, across the road from the Palace Hotel, was a prominent landmark in the life of the city and state for over 50 years, it was vacated in the mid-1980s for the ill-fated "Westralia Square" redevelopment, completed in 2012 under the name Brookfield Place. The editorial staff was temporarily relocated in a nearby office building. Recognised as part of an important heritage precinct, Newspaper House was scheduled for preservation and refurbishment. In 1988, larger and more modern accommodation for the paper's printing presses was commissioned in Osborne Park.
Ten years the editorial operations moved to the Osborne Park complex. In September 2015 the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission approved the acquisition of The Sunday Times, which would give Seven West Media a monopoly over major newspapers in the state. Finalisation of the deal, which includes the website PerthNow, was announced by The West on 8 November
Anzac Day is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand that broadly commemorates all Australians and New Zealanders "who served and died in all wars and peacekeeping operations" and "the contribution and suffering of all those who have served". Observed on 25 April each year, Anzac Day was devised to honour the members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps who served in the Gallipoli Campaign, their first engagement in the Great War. Anzac Day marks the anniversary of the first campaign that led to major casualties for Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War; the acronym ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, whose soldiers were known as Anzacs. Anzac Day remains one of the most important national occasions of both New Zealand. According to Dr Martin Crotty, a historian at the University of Queensland, Anzac commemorations have “suited political purposes right from 1916 when the first Anzac Day march was held in London and Australia, which were much around trying to get more people to sign up to the war in 1916-1918.”
In 1915, Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of an Allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli Peninsula to open the way to the Black Sea for the Allied navies. The objective was to capture Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire, an ally of Germany during the war; the ANZAC force landed at Gallipoli on 25 April, meeting fierce resistance from the Ottoman Army commanded by Mustafa Kemal. What had been planned as a bold strike to knock the Ottomans out of the war became a stalemate, the campaign dragged on for eight months. At the end of 1915, the Allied forces were evacuated after both sides had suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships; the Allied deaths totalled over 56,000, including 2,721 from New Zealand. News of the landing at Gallipoli made a profound impact on Australians and New Zealanders at home and 25 April became the day on which they remembered the sacrifice of those who had died in the war. Though the Gallipoli campaign failed to achieve its military objectives of capturing Constantinople and knocking the Ottoman Empire out of the war, the actions of the Australian and New Zealand troops during the campaign bequeathed an intangible but powerful legacy.
The creation of what became known as an "Anzac legend" became an important part of the national identity in both countries. This has shaped the way their citizens have viewed both their past and their understanding of the present; the heroism of the soldiers in the failed Gallipoli campaign made their sacrifices iconic in New Zealand memory, is credited with securing the psychological independence of the nation. On 30 April 1915, when the first news of the landing reached New Zealand, a half-day holiday was declared and impromptu services were held. Adelaide, South Australia was the site of Australia's first built memorial to the Gallipoli landing, unveiled by Governor-General Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson on "Wattle Day", 7 September 1915, just over four months after the first landings; the monument was the centrepiece of the Wattle Day League's Gallipoli Memorial Wattle Grove on Sir Lewis Cohen Avenue in the South Parklands. The original native pines and remnant seedlings of the original wattles still grow in "Wattle Grove", but in 1940 the Adelaide City Council moved the monument and its surrounding pergola a short distance away to Lundie Gardens.
In South Australia, Eight Hour Day, 13 October 1915, was renamed "Anzac Day" and a carnival was organised to raise money for the Wounded Soldiers Fund. The name "Anzac Day" was won by Robert Wheeler, a draper of Prospect. Melbourne observed an Anzac Remembrance Day on 17 December 1915. In Queensland on 10 January 1916 Canon David John Garland was appointed the honorary secretary of the Anzac Day Commemoration Committee of Queensland at a public meeting which endorsed 25 April as the date to be promoted as "Anzac Day” in 1916 and after. Devoted to the cause of a non-denominational commemoration that could be attended by the whole of Australian society, Garland worked amicably across all denominational divides, creating the framework for Anzac Day commemorative services. Garland is credited with initiating the Anzac Day march, the wreath-laying ceremonies at memorials and the special church services, the two minutes silence, the luncheon for returned soldiers. Garland intended the silence to be used in lieu of a prayer to allow the Anzac Day service to be universally attended, allowing attendees to make a silent prayer or remembrance in accordance with their own beliefs.
He feared that the universality of the ceremony would fall victim to religious sectarian disputes. The date 25 April was named Anzac Day in 1916. In New Zealand it was gazetted as a half-day holiday. Over 2,000 people attended the service in Rotorua. In London, over 2,000 Australian and New Zealand troops marched through the streets of the city. An unnamed London newspaper reputedly dubbed them "The Knights of Gallipoli". Marches were held all over Australia. In Egypt, General John Monash paraded the troops on Anzac Day 1916. For the remaining years of the war, Anzac Day was used as an occasion for patriotic rallies and recruiting campaigns, marches of serving members of the AIF were held in most cities. From 1916 onwards, in both Australia and New Zealand, An