Torrance is a U. S. city in the South Bay region of Los Angeles County, California in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Torrance has 1.5 miles of beaches on the Pacific Ocean. Torrance has a moderate year-round climate with warm temperatures, sea breezes, low humidity, an average rainfall of 12.55 inches per year. Since its incorporation in 1921, Torrance has grown to a 2013 estimated population of 147,000; this residential and light high-tech industries city has 30 city parks. Known for its low crime rates, the city ranks among the safest cities in Los Angeles County. Torrance is the birthplace of the American Youth Soccer Organization. In addition, Torrance has the second-highest percentage of residents of Japanese ancestry in California. For thousands of years the area where Torrance is located was part of the Tongva Native American homeland. In 1784 the Spanish land grant for Rancho San Pedro, in the upper Las Californias Province of New Spain and encompassing present day Torrance, was issued to Juan Jose Dominguez by King Carlos III – the Spanish Empire.
It was divided in 1846 with Governor Pío Pico granting Rancho de los Palos Verdes to José Loreto and Juan Capistrano Sepulveda, in the Alta California territory of independent Mexico. In the early 1900s, real estate developer Jared Sidney Torrance and other investors saw the value of creating a mixed industrial-residential community south of Los Angeles, they purchased part of an old Spanish land grant and hired landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. to design a planned community. The resulting town was named after Mr. Torrance; the city of Torrance was formally incorporated in May 1921, the townsite being bounded by Western Avenue on the east, Del Amo Boulevard on the north, Crenshaw Boulevard on the west, on the south by Plaza Del Amo east of where it meets Carson Street, by Carson Street west of where it meets Plaza Del Amo. The first residential avenue created in Torrance was Gramercy and the second avenue was Andreo. Many of the houses on these avenues turned 100 years of age in 2012.
Both avenues are located in the area referred to as Old Town Torrance. This section of Torrance is under review to be classified as a historical district; some of the early civic and residential buildings were designed by the renowned and innovative Southern California architect Irving Gill, in his distinctive combining of Mission Revival and early Modernist architecture. Torrance is a coastal community in southwestern Los Angeles County sharing the climate and geographical features common to the Greater Los Angeles area, its boundaries are: the cities of Lawndale and Gardena to the north. It is about 20 miles southwest of Downtown Los Angeles. Torrance Beach lies between Malaga Cove on Santa Monica Bay; the southernmost stretch of Torrance Beach, on a cove at the northern end of the Palos Verdes peninsula, is known to locals as Rat Beach. An urban wetlands, the Madrona Marsh, is a nature preserve on land once set for oil production and saved from development, with restoration projects enhancing the vital habitat for birds and native plants.
A Nature center provides activities and classes for school children and visitors of all ages. Torrance has a Mediterranean climate bordering a subtropical highland climate; the rainy season is November through March. Summers tend to be warm and humid due to Torrance's proximity to the coast, making it the ideal weather for swimming; the Los Angeles area is subject to the phenomenon typical of a microclimate. As such, the temperatures can vary as much as 18 °F between inland areas and the coast, with a temperature gradient of over 1 °F per mile from the coast inland. California has a weather phenomenon called "June Gloom or May Gray", which sometimes brings overcast or foggy skies in the morning on the coast, followed by sunny skies by noon during late spring and early summer; the 2010 United States Census reported that Torrance had a population of 145,438. The population density was 7,076.1 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Torrance was 74,333 White, 50,240 Asian, 3,955 African American, 554 Native American, 530 Pacific Islander, 7,808 from other races, 8,018 from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23,440 persons, while non-Hispanic whites formed 42.3% of the population. The Census reported that 144,292 people lived in households, 506 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 640 were institutionalized. There were 56,001 households, out of which 18,558 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 29,754 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,148 had a female householder with no husband present, 2,510 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,152 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 309 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 14,472 households were made up of individuals and 5,611 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58. There were 38,412 families; the population was spread out with 31,831 people under the age of 18, 10,875 people aged 18 to 24, 38,296
Antelope Valley Transit Authority
Antelope Valley Transit Authority is the transit agency serving the cities of Palmdale and Northern Los Angeles County. Antelope Valley Transit Authority is operated under contract by Transdev, is affiliated with and offers connecting services with Metro and Metrolink; the cities of Palmdale and Lancaster and the Los Angeles County Department of Public Works jointly created the Antelope Valley Transit Authority in 1992 to meet the growing need for public transportation in the Antelope Valley. AVTA began local transit service on July 1, 1992 with three types of services: Transit and Dial-A-Ride. A fourth service, Access Services, was created in 1996 to provide the disabled with a local complementary paratransit service in line with the Americans with Disabilities Act. AVTA openedd a larger facility in 2004 to accommodate increased demand. On March 17, 2017, the system suffered a temporary strike by its drivers; the dispute was between the driver's union the system operator Transdev. After making their statement, the drivers elected to return to service by March 19 while negotiations between the parties continued.
However the drivers went on strike again, May 3 was the third walkout. As the dispute continued, drivers were locked out on August 22. AVTA has tripled the number of passenger trips in just over a decade of operation. To keep up with the increased need for transit services, AVTA opened a new, larger maintenance facility in Lancaster. AVTA pays for a much higher share of its costs through fares compared to other transit systems in Los Angeles County. AVTA offers some of its customers an innovative program designed to assist those in need, as well as a program to show appreciation to our armed forces, AVTA permits seniors and passengers who have a disability, with proper ID, to utilize its local bus system for free, during regular business hours. Pam Holland, spokesperson for AVTA, says, "This program offers those in need, a hand up, in their everyday life, some of which can't afford a car, let alone bus fare, now have the freedom, to use our system throughout the Antelope Valley, going grocery shopping, paying their bills, or going to their doctor's appointment for free on our local fixed routes, we are happy to offer this service, as well as, letting our military ride the local transit system for free as well, in appreciation of their sacrifice to our country."
In 2017, AVTA became the first transit agency in the United States to operate a 60-foot, articulated electric bus. The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors recognized AVTA as an “Efficient Transit System”; the California Transit Association gave a “Transit Innovation Award” to AVTA in 1998 and a “Transit Image Award” in 1999. Commuter Services provides service to and from to major places of employment outside of the Antelope Valley. Commuter Services service is only operated Monday - Friday. Official website
SLO Transit is the provider of mass transportation in the city of San Luis Obispo, California. SLO Transit operates 10 vehicles at peak along eight fixed-routes within the 23 square miles of the city limits of San Luis Obispo and California Polytechnic State University. SLO Transit operates Monday to Friday from 6am to 11pm, Saturday and Sunday from 8am to 8pm. SLO Transit's ridership has increased steadily, it transports over 1.1 million riders annually. SLO Transit ridership demographics reflect a broad cross section of riders, including: seniors, people with disabilities or economic transit dependent, K-12 students, college students, working professionals and choice riders. Operation and maintenance of all fixed-route services are contracted out to First Transit Inc. a third-party vendor. SLO Transit provides its fixed route transit system information via various formats, including: online at slotransit.org, printed materials, Google & Bing Maps, Social Media, “Bus Tracker” smart phone application, City Hall, the Transit Center, Parks & Rec Facilities, County Library & Offices, San Luis Obispo Council of Governments office, by phone, print advertising, on vehicles, at bus stops, community centers and via neighboring transit agencies.
The public has direct access for participating in the improvements and management of SLO Transit services. By direction of the City Council the Mass Transportation Committee was formed in 1972 to provide them input on matters related to transit; the committee is an advisory body of citizen volunteers. Their purpose is to gather input and represent the general public on matters of setting priorities and to include input during the planning processes. MTC advisory body includes representation from the: Senior, Technical and General community. SLO Transit has received many awards for its system including qualifying for Small Transit Intensive Cities funding, a funding source only granted to cities that provide a greater level of service than which their city’s population size would suggest. For para-transit services, SLO Transit provides part of its funding allocation, off-the-top, to the county’s consolidated para-transit service provider known as Run-About, operated by SLO Regional Transit Authority, who provides the fixed-route services to the other cities and parts of the county.
SLO Transit www.slotransit.org
Pasadena Transit known as Pasadena Area Rapid Transit System, is a city-operated local bus service in Pasadena, United States. It was formed in 1994 coinciding with the kickoff of the World Cup at the Rose Bowl as a free service of the City of Pasadena. In 2003, fares were introduced. In December 2015, the agency changed its name to Pasadena Transit. Pasadena Transit consists of 8 routes in the City of Pasadena. All routes connect with the Metro Gold Line. Effective July 1, 2018, service is operated seven days a week, with the exception of six major holidays; the Pasadena-Altadena Regional Trolley System is a proposed heritage streetcar system that would connect Altadena and Pasadena City College. No dates for this proposal have been set. Gold Line
FlyAway is a shuttle bus service created and funded by Los Angeles World Airports, which transports passengers non-stop to and from Los Angeles International Airport. There are five routes in service with separate schedules. Most make no stops in between their terminal station. At the airport, the buses are distinguished by their light blue color and large FlyAway logo appliques. Buses pick up travelers at every terminal on the arrival level under green signs reading FlyAway and Long-Distance Vans; when dropping off passengers, the bus stops at each airport terminal on the departure level. The Van Nuys and Union Station routes use larger motorcoach buses, while the Westwood and Long Beach routes use smaller cutaway shuttle buses or low-floor transit-style buses; as well as using the blue FlyAway branded buses, sometimes FlyAway Bus routes use buses from the fleet of its operators which do not have the same blue livery. The FlyAway bus network is owned by Los Angeles World Airports, which owns and operates LAX and Van Nuys Airport.
FlyAway is part of the LAWA ground transportation initiative to improve passenger convenience, reduce traffic congestion and vehicle emissions pollutants by encouraging high-occupancy vehicle ridership as part of the LAX Master Plan Mitigation Monitoring and Reporting Program. LAWA reported the FlyAway network serviced more than 1.5 million passengers in 2008. This route travels between LAX and the FlyAway terminal building and parking structure located near the LAWA-owned Van Nuys Airport; the Van Nuys FlyAway route provides services 24 hours a day, with buses departing every half-hour throughout much of the day. Van Nuys is the only FlyAway location with a passenger terminal building, which opened on December 17, 2004; the US$34-million facility was designed to serve as a remote LAX terminal, was designed with the ability to add airline ticketing and checked baggage services in the future. The renovation added a 2,000-car parking structure, more convenient passenger drop-off and new landscaping.
The service is operated with 45-foot motorcoaches. The Van Nuys FlyAway is the original route and was the only FlyAway service for more than 30 years after it was launched on July 10, 1975. During its first year of operation it transported over 275,000 passengers. By 2008, Los Angeles World Airports reported the annual passenger count from its flagship location in the San Fernando Valley rose to nearly 988,000; the Van Nuys FlyAway route is one of the few public transportation systems that operates at a profit. Fares and parking fees charged to customers generates enough revenue that LAWA expects to have a net operating profit of $168,000 in 2013; this route travels between Los Angeles Union Station in downtown Los Angeles. It is intended for those who use public transportation to get to Union Station and transfer to the bus to complete their journey. There is, however, a parking garage available for those who wish to drive to Union Station, though the rates are higher than at Van Nuys; the Union Station FlyAway route operates 24 hours a day, with buses departing every half-hour throughout much of the day.
The buses leave from Bay 1 at Union Station's Patsaouras Transit Plaza, use the high-occupancy toll lanes on the Harbor Freeway and the carpool/high-occupancy vehicle lanes on the Century Freeway. Tickets may be purchased from the staffed FlyAway kiosk at the Patsaouras Transit Plaza or at any Metrolink ticket vending machine; the buses on this route look similar to the Van Nuys buses, but bus drivers remind riders which bus goes to which destination and destination signs are present on the front and sides of each bus. The LAX FlyAway began offering service at Union Station on March 15, 2006 and has been hailed as a success by city officials since its inception. Union Station was the second FlyAway service location to open. During its first year of operation the FlyAway at Union Station transported 250,000 passengers, more than three times the number predicted at the onset of service. By 2008, Los Angeles World Airports reported the annual passenger count rose to more than 433,000; this route travels between Parking Structure 32 south of the UCLA campus in Westwood.
The Westwood FlyAway route runs once an hour between 6 am and 10 pm southbound and 6 am and 11 pm northbound with buses departing UCLA and LAX at the top of every hour. Drivers dropping off or picking up FlyAway passengers may enter and exit UCLA's Parking Structure 32 without paying a fee. Limited parking is available for $12 per weekday, $8 per weekend day and $63 for any 7-day period; the LAX FlyAway in Westwood began operating on June 14, 2007. The Westwood location was the third FlyAway route in the network of non-stop buses to LAX; the Westwood route converted to smaller clean-fueled, compressed natural gas buses in fall 2008. The buses travel on the congested Interstate 405 Freeway, so average travel time can be 45 minutes or longer during peak traffic hours. During its first year of operation the FlyAway at Westwood transported 105,300 passengers, nearly 10 percent more than the number predicted at the onset of service; the 2008 annual passenger count reported by Los Angeles World Airports was nearly 125,300.
This route travels between LAX and a stop located at the northeast corner of Argyle and Selma avenues, one block south of the Hollywoo
Riverside Transit Agency
The Riverside Transit Agency is the main transit agency for western Riverside County, United States. RTA provides both local and regional services throughout the region with 34 fixed-routes, eight CommuterLink routes, Dial-A-Ride services using 289 vehicles. In the cities of Corona and Banning, RTA coordinates regional services with municipal transit systems. In Riverside, RTA coordinates with the city's Riverside Special Services, which provides ADA complementary service to RTA's fixed-route services. RTA was established as a joint powers agency on August 15, 1975 and began operating bus service on March 16, 1977. RTA experienced record ridership in Fiscal Year 2014 with over 9.5 million boardings. RTA is governed by a board of directors composed of 22 elected officials from 18 cities in western Riverside County and four members of the County Board of Supervisors; the member jurisdictions include the cities of Beaumont, Hemet, Lake Elsinore, Moreno Valley, Murrieta, Perris, San Jacinto, Temecula and the unincorporated areas of Riverside County Supervisorial Districts I, II, III and V. RTA’s service consists of 34 local fixed routes and 8 commuter express routes.
The fixed-route service includes tourist trolleys. The agency provides dial-a-ride service in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act. In 2003, RTA launched CommuterLink, its first bus service designed to serve Riverside County’s growing number of commuters; the specially designed express buses have limited stop service to major transit centers and Metrolink stations in Riverside county. In 2005, RTA debuted free Wi-Fi Internet service aboard its Temecula-Riverside CommuterLink Route 202, making the agency among the first in Southern California to offer such amenities aboard public buses. By the end of 2016, Wi-fi will be offered on all of the agency's fixed-route buses. RTA plans on implementing a limited-stop system called RapidLink along Magnolia Avenue, from Riverside to Corona paralleling the existing Route 1 with limited stops and traffic-signal priority; the project as proposed would resemble LACMTA's Metro Rapid lines, with buses traveling in mixed traffic rather than a dedicated lane.
Dubbed the Gold Line, the service is expected to begin operating in 2017. In September 2006, RTA partnered with the University of California, Riverside to provide their students with an all-access bus pass. UC Riverside students get free rides on all fixed-route and CommuterLink buses by swiping their valid university identification cards through any RTA bus farebox when they board; the program, called U-Pass, is designed to help ease traffic congestion around campus, reduce parking problems and encourage ride-sharing. Additionally, RTA operates a trolley service called the Crest Cruiser, free to UCR students and travels around the university to off-campus housing and retail outlets. Students of La Sierra University have benefited from U-Pass since January 2009, California Baptist University joined the program in August 2009; as of August 21, 2008, RTA has partnered with Riverside Community College District to provide the same free transit services to students at the Riverside City and Moreno Valley college campuses.
The program, called Go Pass, requires that students swipe their valid RCCD ID cards through the bus farebox when boarding. As of August 2014, the Go-Pass has logged more than 4.5 million RCCD student rides. In August 2010, RTA expanded the reach of its Go-Pass program by partnering with the Mt. San Jacinto College District. Students at the Banning and San Jacinto campuses who pay their student fees are allowed unlimited riders on all fixed-route and CommuterLink buses with the swipe of their ID card. City of Riverside employees ride free under the CityPass program, initiated in the summer of 2007. Under an agreement with the Riverside County Courts, anyone serving as a juror at the Riverside and Murrieta Courthouses is entitled to free travel on any RTA bus; the City of Riverside, using funding from the South Coast Air Quality Management District, began offering discounted bus passes to all residents of the city in December 2009. This program, called Riverside Go Transit, provides a 30% discount on monthly passes.
Any person who meets RTA active duty military, police or fire personnel requirements rides free on RTA fixed-route buses. Active duty military personnel must wear the appropriate uniform at the time of boarding or present to the driver a valid U. S. Uniformed Services ID card indicating active service or a Common Access card indicating uniformed services or active duty. Police and fire personnel must be in full uniform at the time of boarding. Customers must wear the appropriate uniform or show appropriate ID each time they board a bus to receive the discounted fare. RTA maintains several transit centers throughout their service area; the primary transit center, the Riverside Downtown Terminal, is located between University and Mission Inn Avenues just west of Market Street in downtown Riverside. It is located adjacent to the Riverside Greyhound station; the Downtown Perris station, located between 1st and 2nd Streets east of C Street in Perris, opened on January 10, 2010, with 6 bus bays and a park-and-ride lot.
The center is a station for weekend excursion trains from the Orange Empire Railway Museum, is a station on Metrolink's Perris Valley Line. The Corona Transit Center opened in September 2010, adjacent to the North Main Corona Metrolink station; the center has 8 bus bays, additional park-and-ride parkin
Long Beach Transit
Long Beach Transit is a municipal transit company providing fixed and flexible bus transit services in Long Beach, United States, in other communities in south and southeast Los Angeles County, northwestern Orange County. Long Beach Transit operates the Passport shuttle and Aqualink; the service, while operated on behalf of the City of Long Beach, is not operated directly by the city, but by a separate nonprofit corporation, the Long Beach Public Transportation Company, operated for that purpose. Long Beach Transit receives its operating revenue from farebox receipts and state tax revenue distributed by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Long Beach Transit began operation in 1963 with the acquisition of Long Beach City Lines and Long Beach Motor Bus Company from National City Lines; the primary service area of Long Beach Transit has been the city of Long Beach and to a limited extent the enclave city of Signal Hill, but it has provided service to surrounding communities in Los Angeles County, including Lakewood, Cerritos and Seal Beach in neighboring Orange County.
The company has operated various types of bus services. During the 1970s and 1980s, it ran small shuttle buses in the downtown area, called DASH, because the routes were shorter, the fare was lower than on the regular buses. Bus transfers could be obtained upon payment of $0.05 for local transfers, $0.10 for "interagency transfers", which allow transfer to another bus line without additional payment. Throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, instead of using a common transfer with the route number punched on the transfer, each route had its own transfer with the route number printed on them. For transfers to other bus lines, Long Beach Transit used the consolidated Los Angeles County interagency transfer, which every bus company in Los Angeles County except RTD and Orange County Transit District used; the consolidated interagency transfer used by all the other transit agencies had a check box naming the twelve bus companies in the county, the driver would punch the box for the particular agency that issued the transfer.
During the mid-1970s, for a period of six months, a special subsidy was available. All bus trips in Los Angeles County were reduced from $0.80 to $1.25, to $0.25 on weekdays and Saturdays, $0.10 on Sunday. As a result, the issuance of transfers was discontinued for all trips within Los Angeles County; when the subsidy ended, the old price returned and bus companies resumed issuing transfers. In the early 1980s, the company changed its transfer system. Instead of using books of transfers, every bus has a ticket printer, which issues the three types of transfers: regular transfers, which allow the user to transfer to a different route. In case of machine failure, operators would still carry one book of each kind of transfers. Effective in 1999, Long Beach Transit instituted a day pass, on July 1, 2005, it eliminated transfers within the system, although the interagency transfer is available for transfers to other transit systems. In addition to regular service, Long Beach Transit operates two seasonal water taxi services: the 49-passenger AquaBus, the 75-passenger AquaLink, which connects the major attractions of Downtown Long Beach, including the Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beach Cruise Terminal, the RMS Queen Mary hotel.
The 49-passenger AquaBus has six "ports of call": Dock 4 of the Aquarium of the Pacific, Queen Mary, Shoreline Village at Parker's Lighthouse, Catalina Landing, Dock 7 of Pine Avenue Circle, Hotel Maya. The fare is $1; the AquaLink is a 68-foot catamaran that ferries up to 75 passengers to the most popular attractions in Long Beach Harbor and on to Alamitos Bay Landing. The fare is $5, wheelchair boarding is available at Dock 4 near the Aquarium of the Pacific and at the Queen Mary. Long Beach Transit operated its bus lines as a consecutive set of route numbers, from 1 to 18; the numbers had no significance except that route 1 ran along State Route 1, the Pacific Coast Highway. Some routes had more than one routing. All of the route 9 buses would continue along Bellflower Boulevard, whereupon one would terminate at Bellflower and Stearns Street. Due to the successful renumbering which RTD had done in 1983, Long Beach Transit decided to renumber its routes. In the mid-1980s, the company changed some of its route numbers, keeping the original 1- or 2-digit number and adding a single digit after the number.
This was done to routes which split and serviced multiple streets and d