A city charter or town charter is a legal document establishing a municipality such as a city or town. The concept developed in Europe during the Middle Ages. Traditionally the granting of a charter gave a settlement and its inhabitants the right to town privileges under the feudal system. Townspeople who lived in chartered towns were burghers, as opposed to serfs. Towns were "free", in the sense that they were directly protected by the king or emperor, were not part of a feudal fief. Today the process for granting is determined by the type of government of the state in question. In monarchies, charters are still a royal charter given by the Crown or the authorities acting on behalf of the Crown. In federations, the granting of charters may be within the jurisdiction of the lower level of government such as province. In Canada charters are granted by provincial authorities. Since the beginning of American colonial rule, Philippines cities were formally established through laws enacted by the various national legislatures in the country.
The Philippine Commission gave the city of Manila its charter in 1901, while the city of Baguio was established by the Philippine Assembly, composed by elected members instead of appointed ones. During the Commonwealth era, the National Assembly established an additional ten cities. Since achieving independence from the United States in 1946 the Philippine Congress has established 124 more cities, the majority of which required the holding of a plebiscite within the proposed city's jurisdiction to ratify the city's charter. In Sweden until 1951, cities were established by royal charter. In the United Kingdom, cities are established by royal charter. In the United States, such charters are established either directly by a state legislature by means of local legislation, or indirectly under a general municipal corporation law after the proposed charter has passed a referendum vote of the affected population. A municipal charter is the basic document that defines the organization, powers and essential procedures of the city government.
The charter is, the most important legal document of any city. Municipalities without charters, in states where such exist, are known as general-law municipalities or cities. Town Winfield, P. H; the charter of San Francisco
Amanda Favier is a French classical violinist. Amanda Favier started violin at six. At 13, she joined the Conservatoire de Paris with Gérard Poulet as her main teacher, she graduated cum laude. She traveled in Europe to study with teachers including: Sir Ifrah Neaman in London, Igor Ozim in Cologne, Jean-Jacques Kantorow in Rotterdam and Suzanne Gessner. Favier performed publicly for the first time at the age of nine and was the youngest winner of the International Johann Sebastian Bach Competition in Leipzig, she has won several international competitions. Favier has been awarded with the Forthuny prize of the Académie des Beaux Arts and Berthier prize of the Palmes Académiques. Several private foundations have supported her like the Fondation Banque Populaire and the Mécénat Société Générale, her peers have acknowledged her talent by awarding her the "Révélation classique" and "Violon de l'Adami". Her version of Vivaldi's The Four Seasons received the "Classique d’Or RTL", a "Attention Talent", Ait France's "Sélection du mois" but a Coup de cœur from France Musique.
Beyond her solo and chamber music activity, Favier combines her music with other arts like poetry, jazz and visual arts, has presented her work on French radio and TV on RTL, France-Musiques, FIP, Radio Classique, France 2 and France 3. She invites actors to participate to her projects. Brigitte Fossey, Marie Christine Barrault, François Castang and Jean Marie Machado have been sharing the stage with her. Favier has participated to the tribute to the French violinist and composer Lucien Durosoir with Célimène Daudet through the project Dans la Malle du Poilu; the public is invited to listen to pieces composed just after the First World War but to discover the music that would comfort him on the battlefield. The letters he would send to his falmily from there are read by Marie Christine Barrault, a French actress; this project has been awarded with the official "Centenaire" label by the Mission du centenaire de la Première guerre mondiale. Favier is invited to broadcast on French radio and TV on RTL, France-Musiques, FIP, Radio Classique, France 2 and France 3.
Sonatas by Richard Strauss and Leoš Janáček with Cédric Tiberghien, Lyrinx Album Claude Pascal, Polymnie Antonio Vivaldi's Four seasons with quintet, Saphir Le Violon de l’ADAMI, Sonatas by César Franck and Gabriel Fauré with Dana Ciocarlie, Promotion record Sonatas by Maurice Ravel and César Franck with Jean Dubé, Syrius Album Blanche Selva, with Laurent Martin, Ligia'Dans la malle du Poilu with Célimène Daudet, Arion Amanda Favier's Official website Official website "Dans la Malle du Poilu"
AAA, Triple A, or Triple-A is a three-letter initialism or abbreviation which may refer to: A. A. Attanasio, a science fiction writer Anaa Airport in French Polynesia Logan County Airport AAA - a category of high budget video games TripleA, an open source wargame AAA, a Japanese pop band Against All Authority, an American ska-punk band Angels & Airwaves, an American alternative rock band commonly referred to as "AVA" Triple A, a Dutch trance group "AAA", the sixth track on City A. A. A, an eponymous extended play by Nigerian band A. A. A Access All Areas, a series of music CDs by the Scotland rock band Runrig Triple A, another name for Adult Alternative Songs, a record chart published by Billboard Adult album alternative, a radio format AAA, the production code for the 1970 Doctor Who serial Spearhead from Space <A. A. A>, digital art group for creating and distributing ANSI art AAA, a Japanese manga by Haruka Fukushima Anbanavan Asaradhavan Adangadhavan, a Tamil film in 2017 Advanced Accelerator Applications, a radiopharmaceutical company Ansett Australia, an Australian airline Associated American Artists, an art gallery and art marketing business Associated Argentine Artists, an Argentine film studio Agricultural Adjustment Administration, a US government agency created in the 1930s Puerto Rico Aqueducts and Sewers Authority Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933, US federal legislation Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, US federal legislation Alianza Americana Anticomunista, a Colombian para-military organization, 1978–1979 Alianza Apostólica Anticomunista, in Spain Anti-Austerity Alliance, a political party in Ireland Argentine Anticommunist Alliance, an Argentinian death squad of the mid-1970s Allied Artists Association, an exhibiting society in London founded in 1908 American Abstract Artists, an artist-run organization formed in 1936 to promote and foster public understanding of abstract art American Accordionists' Association Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution archive in Washington, D.
C. Asia Art Archive, a nonprofit organisation documenting the recent history of contemporary art in Asia American Automobile Association, a motor club called "Triple A" Australian Automobile Association Adopt-An-Alleyway Youth Empowerment Project, San Francisco, California Adventist Accrediting Association Alberta Association of Architects, a regulatory body American Academy of Actuaries American Accounting Association American Ambulance Association American Anthropological Association American Arbitration Association Antique Airplane Association Association of Autonomous Astronauts AAA proteins Abdominal aortic aneurysm American Association of Anatomists Anti-actin antibodies Cavaticovelia aaa, an insect from Hawaii Triple-A syndrome Amalgam, represented in medieval alchemical texts with "aaa" Amino acid analysis Aromatic amino acids Arylalkanolamine Asymmetric allylic alkylation AAA, the highest of the three levels of web site accessibility measured by Web Content Accessibility Guidelines AAA chipset, hardware for a proposed Commodore Amiga computer AAA, "Authentication and Accounting", an access control, policy enforcement and auditing framework for computing systems ASCII adjust after addition, an Intel BCD opcode AAA, a rank on an alphabetical grading scale AAA battery, a standard size of dry cell battery Amateur Achievement Award of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Analog-analog-analog, a designation for analog recording Angle-angle-angle, see Similarity Anti-aircraft artillery Amateur Athletic Association of England American Airlines Arena, a sports and entertainment venue in Miami and the Miami Heat's home stadium Arkansas Activities Association Asian Athletics Association Lucha Libre AAA Worldwide, a Mexican wrestling promotion known as "AAA" Montreal AAA, Canada's oldest athletic association Triple-A, the highest level of North American minor league baseball AAA, the best bond credit rating Animal assisted activity, a type of therapy that involves animals as a form of treatment Ghotuo language Morse code for "aerial attacker", used in conjunction with SOS A AA AAAA
Jamal Charles, is a Grenadian footballer who plays Real España in the Honduran League, for the Grenada national football team. Jamal Ray Charles is Grenadian international footballer. He's the son of Janice Charles and Raphael" a former Grenadian footballer; as a child he attended the Belair Government School in St. Andrew's, which he represented at Primary School level competitions. At the age of 12 he entered the St. Andrew's Anglican Secondary School and was selected by coach Michael " Niko" Felix to represent the school, he played during his entire six years at that institution. Charles is a former member of Paradise Fc international, one of the top clubs in Grenada. Charles represented Grenada at U20s level, during 2015 CONCACAF U-20 Championship qualifying and scored 2 goals against Dominica U20s. Charles was first selected to represent Grenada during the 2015 Windward Islands Tournament in Saint Lucia, he made an immediate impact, scoring a brace against hosts St Lucia. Charles would score another important goal for Grenada during second round qualifying for the 2018 FIFA World Cup when he scored the winning aggregate goal against Puerto Rico in a 2-0 win to send them through to the Third Round.
As of match played 17 November 2019. Grenada score listed first, score column indicates score after each Charles goal. Jamal Charles at WorldFootball.net Jamal Charles at National-Football-Teams.com
Her Face Value is a 1921 American silent drama film directed by Thomas N. Heffron and written by Percy Heath based upon a story by Earl Derr Biggers; the film stars Wanda Hawley, Lincoln Plumer, Richard Rosson, T. Roy Barnes, Winifred Bryson, Donald MacDonald, Harvey Clark; the film was released on October 1921, by Paramount Pictures. As described in a film magazine, chorus girl Peggy Malone marries the press agent of her company Jimmy Parsons and, after it disbands, retires to domestic life, she returns to the stage when her visiting relatives cause a drifting apart of husband and wife. She subsequently joins a motion picture company, wins fame, is injured, by the end of the film regains her husband and happiness. Wanda Hawley as Peggy Malone Lincoln Plumer as Pop Malone Richard Rosson as Eddie Malone T. Roy Barnes as Jimmy Parsons Winifred Bryson as Laurette Donald MacDonald as Martin Fox Harvey Clark as F. B. Sturgeon George Periolat as James R. Greenwood Eugene Burr as Jack Darian Ah Wing as Chinaman Her Face Value on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie Film still at silenthollywood.com
Tongji Medical College is a top medical school in China. Tongji Medical University, it became part of the newly established Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 2000. More Than 10 graduates of the medical school have been awarded prestigious memberships to the Chinese Academy of Sciences and/or Chinese Academy of Engineering; the Tongji Medical College now has one member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and one member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, one member of the US National Academy of Medicine, more than 1,400 full and associate professors, over 1,800 lecturers, over 7,500 staff. Doctorate degrees can be conferred in 31 subjects and specialities, with 116 tutors for doctoral candidates, there are 51 subjects and specialities for which master's degrees can be granted with over 540 tutors for graduate students. Post-doctoral mobile stations have been set up in basic medicine, public health, preventive medicine and clinical medicine. Tongji Medical College was founded by Dr. Erich Paulun in 1907 as German Medical School in Shanghai.
In 1927, it became the medical school of National Tongji University. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, in 1951 the medical school was moved from Shanghai to Wuhan, where it merged with the medical college of Wuhan University to form Central-South Tongji Medical College. Tongji Hospital, founded in Shanghai in 1900 by Erich Paulun, a German physician, Wuhan Union Hospital founded in 1866 by Griffith John, a British man, were attached to Tongji College as its university hospitals. In 1955, the name of the college was changed to Wuhan Medical College. On May 26, 2000, it became the Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. October 1, 1907, the medical school held an opening ceremony; the school site was set up in the Tongji University hospital opposite White Gram Road. In 1908 "Shanghai German Medical School" changed its name to "Tongji German Medical School". In 1912, additional engineering courses were started, the name was changed to Tongji Medical and Engineering School.
Medicine and the German were taught in the school. In 1922, the school moved to Wusong Town On May 20, 1924, the name was changed to Tongji Medical and Engineering University, due to comprehensive expansion of the school. In August 1927, National Tongji University was established, the original medicine, engineering branches were separately changed to medicine school and engineering school. In 1937, several additional colleges and schools were built, including colleges of Literature and sciences, a law school; the University became a comprehensive university, was renowned for its prestigious reputation in medicine and engineering. In August 1937, Wusong Town and Shanghai city were engaged in a decisive battle of Far East field during World War II. Shortly after the battle, the medical school moved to East side of Shanghai city across provinces of Zhejiang, Jiangxi and Yunnan, arrived in Yibin and Nanxi of Sichuan province in October, 1940. In July 1946, Tongji University Medical School moved back Shanghai with ending of the World War II.
In February 1950, the Shanghai Tongji University Medical School and its attached Tongji Hospital moved to the interland Wuhan. The Medical School, along with Wuhan University medical School, formed the newly established Central-south Tongji Medical College. In August 1955, the Medical School changed name to Wuhan Medical College during rearrangement of Chinese Higher Education system. In July 1985, the Medical School changed name to Tongji Medical University after significant expansion of the school. Dr. Wu Zaide was appointed president, Dr. Qiu Fazu 裘法祖 as honorary president. On June 15, 2000, the university became part of the new Huazhong University of Science and Technology; the name was changed to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Technology. Internal medicine The internal medicine Surgery Gynecology & obstetrics Occupational health and environment health Forensic Medicine Anesthesiology and Pain medicine Human body anatomy and organization embryology Pharmacology Medicine phantom study Pathology and pathophysiology Otolaryngology Internal medicine, hematology Immunology Medical imaging and Nuclear Medicine Clinical pharmacy Forensic Pathology and Clinical Forensic Medicine Key laboratory of Organ Transplanting, Prof. Chen Xiao-Ping Key laboratory of Environment and Health, Prof. Zhou Yi-Kai Key laboratory of Organ Transplanting, Prof. Chen Xiao-ping Key laboratory of Respiratory System Disease, Prof. Xu Yong-Jian Key laboratory of Environmental Protection and Health, Prof. Zhou Yi-Kai Key laboratory of Tumor Invasion and Metastasis, Prof.
Ma Ding Key laboratory of Nervous System Significant Disease, Prof. Wang Jian-Zhi Key laboratory of Target to Biology Treatment, Prof. Huang Shi-Ang Key laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, Prof. Liu Liegang 1907~1909 Erich Paulun 1909~1917 Fu Shabo? ~1940 Bai De 1941 Huang Rong-Zeng zh:黄榕增 1941.5 ~1942.1 Liang Zhi-Yan zh:梁之彦 1942.2 ~1942.9 Ding Wen-Yuan zh:丁文渊 1942 ~1944 Ruang Shang-Cheng zh:阮尚丞 1944 ~1945.8 Xu Yong-Ming zh:徐诵明 1945 ~1951 Du Gong-Zhen zh:杜公振 1951 ~1968 Tang Zhe zh:唐哲 1968 ~1972 Yin Chuang-Zhao zh:尹传昭 1972 ~1974 Xiong Yun-Fa zh:熊运发 1974 ~1981 Zhang Di-Sheng zh:张涤生 1981 ~1984 Qiu Fazu 1984 ~1992 Wu Zai-De zh:吴在德 1992 ~1997 Xue De-Lin zh:薛德麟 1997 ~2000 Hong Guang-Xiang zh:洪光祥 2000 ~2005 Xiang Ji-Zhou zh:向继洲 2005 ~2006 Tian Yu-Ke zh:田玉科 2006 ~2012 Feng You-M