Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
The Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy is an autonomous postgraduate school of the National University of Singapore. The Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, or LKY School, is an autonomous postgraduate school of the National University of Singapore; the QS World University Rankings ranked NUS 11th in 1st in Asia. It was formally launched on 4 August 2004 and named in honour of Singapore’s first and longest-serving Prime Minister; the School inherited the Policy Programme that NUS had set up with Harvard Kennedy School in 1992. Today, the LKY School offers four master's degree programmes and a PhD programme, has four research centres; the mission of the School is to'be the leading global public policy school in Asia, developing thought leadership, improving standards of governance and transforming lives for a more sustainable world.'Its Executive Education, the consultancy arm of the School, established in 2010 provides short term training programs for over 2,000 senior professionals annually from over 90 countries worldwide.
As of 2018, the School has over 2,800 alumni from over 90 countries. About 80 per cent of its student body consists of international students with the rest from Singapore; the School offers five master's degree programmes. They are: Master in Public Policy – two-year programme Double Master Degree in Public Policy and European Affairs – two-year programme Master in International Affairs – two-year programme Master in Public Administration – one-year programme Master in Public Administration and Management It offers a PhD in Public Policy. Both MPP and MPA students may choose to pursue a double degree with NUS Business School or NUS Law School; as a member of the Global Public Policy Network, students from its MPP programme have the opportunity to enroll in a dual degree programme with either the School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University, London School of Economics, Sciences Po, GraSPP, University of Tokyo, Peking University, Tsinghua University, University of Geneva or Science Po.
The School has student exchange programmes with:Asia and the Pacific Tsinghua University, China National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Japan Seoul National University, Graduate School in International Studies, Korea Yonsei University, Graduate School of Public Administration Korea Development Institute, Korea University of Malaya, Malaysia University of Tokyo, JapanAmericas University of Toronto, Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy, Canada Centro de Investigación y docencia Económicas A. C. Mexico Georgetown University, Georgetown Public Policy Institute, United StatesEurope Hertie School of Governance, Germany Bocconi University, Italy Moscow State Institute of International Relations University, Russia University of St Gallen, Switzerland The Graduate Institute Geneva, SwitzerlandAfrica & the Middle East The American University in Cairo, School of Global Affairs and Public Policy, Egypt The LKY School has built up research expertise in four core areas principally, which are key areas of public policy challenges in Asia in the years and decades ahead.
The four baskets of research focus are: Policy Studies, Public Management and Governance Social Policy International Relations and Global Governance Economic Development and CompetitivenessThe LKY School has four research centres, providing research on the latest developments in public policy. These are: The Asia Competitiveness Institute was established in 2006 to build the intellectual leadership and network for understanding and developing competitiveness in the ASEAN region. ACI seeks to contribute to the enhancement of economic living standards in the region, it serves as a regional repository of competitiveness information that enables analyses of long-term trends in economic policies and development. It conducts research to understand patterns of policy and economic development, develops models that are applicable to different contexts, it undertakes projects to assess current competitiveness of key economic clusters and provide policy inputs for enhancing growth. The ACI is an affiliated institute of the Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness at Harvard University.
The Centre on Asia and Globalisation was established in 2006 to analyse the management of global issues and Asia’s role in a changing and integrating world. Within this broad context, CAG has mapped out two initial areas of research: the mechanisms of global governance, energy governance; the Centre’s research on global governance investigates a variety of innovative approaches to managing global issues, including: transparency and information. The energy governance programme examines the policies and institutions needed to bring about a shift to a more effective and sustainable global energy system, with a focus on the role of Asia in shaping globalisation forces; the Institute of Policy Studies is a think-tank dedicated to fostering good governance in Singapore through strategic policy research. It focuses on Singapore’s domestic developments and external relations taking a multidisciplinary approach with an emphasis on long-term strategic thinking. Established in 1988, IPS became an institute within the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy in 2008.
The Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy established the Institute of Water Policy in June 2008 in partnership with the Singapore Public Utilities Board and receives funding from the PUB and Singapore’s Tote Board. The Institute’s research is funded by many local partners including Sembcorp and Temasek Foundation.
The Asian Institute is a research centre at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto, is located in the historical Devonshire House, a former residential hall of the university's Trinity College. Ritu Birla is the Richard Charles Lee Director of the Asian Institute; the Asian Institute has over one hundred affiliated scholars whose research focuses on the geopolitical region of Asia. Research at the Asian Institute is interdisciplinary and ranges from the humanities to the social sciences. Examples of this interdisciplinary approach are the Global Ideas Institute, the Contemporary Asian Studies undergraduate program, the recent student run conference for Sustainable Development that examined how economic and social developments operate in the "regional" context; the Centre for South Asian Studies is a constitutive unit of the Asian Institute at the Munk School of Global Affairs. Ritu Birla is the former director of the centre. CSAS was established in 1981 and is a key research centre of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at University of Toronto with core faculty across the University of Toronto's downtown St. George, UTSC and UTM campuses.
CSAS organizes many public lectures and academic events throughout the school year. The CSAS examines "South Asia" and its regions as objects of knowledge, from mythic to governmental, to geopolitical, "Postcolonial." CSAS programming addresses questions as wide-ranging as the workings of postcolonial democracy and activism. CSAS does not grant undergraduate or graduate degrees, but has a collaborative program for students interested in pursuing a MA or PhD who have been accepted to study at the University of Toronto; the Collaborative Master's and Doctoral Program in South Asian Studies focuses on basic methodological grounding for students working towards their research degrees. The program builds from an interdisciplinary and critical study of South Asia and as starting point to examine the development of global processes; the CSAS offers a minor in South Asian Studies for undergraduate students, a part of the Contemporary Asian Studies program at the Asian Institute. The South Asian Studies minor begins with an introduction into the study of Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
Students can take a variety of undergraduate courses from other departments and faculties that can be used toward a CSAS minor. Central and Inner Asia Studies Centre for Southeast Asian Studies Centre for the Study of Korea Dr. David Chu Program in Asia- Pacific Studies. Partha Chatterjee, "Nationalism and Cosmopolitanism: Some Observations from Modern Indian History." Chen Kaige, Xie Fei, Bart Testa, Chen Biqiang, on the panel, "A Century of Chinese Cinema: Buried Treasures of Chinese Silent Cinema." Elizabeth J. Perry's, "The Culture of Chinese Communist Resilience: Mining the Anyuan Revolutionary Tradition." Wang Hui's, "The Beginning of China's Twentieth Century: Revolution and Negotiation in the Era of'Awakening of Asia.'" Laurie L. Patton's, "Is Every Sanskritist a Nationalist?" Frank Dikötter's, "Reassessing the Politics of Man-Made Catastrophe: China's Great Leap Forward." Mahesh Dattani's, "My Life in Theatre and Cinema." Robert Petit, Kunthear Thorng, Kate Robertson spoke at the symposium, "From Impunity to Accountability?
The Khmer Rouge Tribunal." Mark Selden's, "Electronic Publication and the Critical Intellectual in the Post-Print Era: An Asia-Pacific Perspective." Saeed Naqvi's, "How Have 170 Million Indian Muslims Remained Moderate?" Arjun Appadurai's, "The New and the Now: Globalization and the Politics of the Déjà Vu." Dai Qing's, "China's "Rise" and the Environment's Decline." Not all of the research centres that are a part of the Asian Institute offer taught programs, however, in association with the Dr. David Chu Program in Asia-Pacific Studies and the Centre for South Asian Studies, the Asian Institute runs several undergraduate and graduate programs. Contemporary Asian Studies minor. South Asian Studies minor. Collaborative Master's Program in Asia-Pacific Studies. Collaborative Master's and Doctoral Program in South Asian Studies
Innis College, Toronto
Innis College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Toronto. It is one of the University of Toronto's smallest colleges in terms of size and the second smallest college in terms of population with 1870 registered students, it is located in the campus' historic west end, directly north of Robarts Library, is named after prominent University of Toronto political economist Harold Innis. The College includes a equipped cinema, supporting 35mm, 16mm, all digital presentation formats, known as Innis Town Hall, which hosts numerous film festivals, free film screenings, a variety of other cultural events, it serves as a venue for Hot Docs, North America's largest documentary film festival. Designed to be a wing onto New College, Innis College was founded separately in 1964 as the second non-federated college to be formed under the University's administration. Although located at the Macdonald-Mowatt house on St. George Street, the College has since relocated to a building on Sussex Avenue that incorporates a substantial Victorian home into a functional modern structure designed by Jack Diamond and Barton Myers.
Vladimir House, the first Innis residence located at 651 Spadina Avenue, was replaced by a larger, modern residence in 1994. Innis was the first University of Toronto college to host an open pub and the first one to sport an equity split between faculty and students on its governing council; the current Principal of Innis College is Charlie Keil. The current Innis Registrar is Donald Boere; as mentioned, Innis College was the first college at the University of Toronto to have parity between students and faculty on its governing council. The main governing body of Innis College is the Innis College Council and operates under the Governing Council of the University of Toronto; the College Council is made up of students and other interest groups including the members of the life learning program, the alumni association to name a few. The council has many boards including boards on academic affairs, college affairs, student affairs, community affairs, it is the job of the council to exercise the college's autonomous rights granted to them by the University and therefore oversees admissions and academic programs offered by the college.
The students of Innis College as well as the engineers living in the Innis Residence are members of the Innis College Student Society. The ICSS is represented by a governing body that offers student services, as well as social events held by the college; the governing body of the ICSS is made up of an executive body, student representatives, operations directors, all of whom are students. Innis College is home to the Urban Studies Student Union. Innis College is watched over by an administrative staff consisting of the Principal's Office and Registrar's Office, as well as the Innis Town Hall and Innis College Library staff. Innis College houses a student-run newspaper called the Innis Herald which releases quarterly issues to the University of Toronto community. All students of the College are enrolled in the Faculty of Science. Innis College hosts several programs in the faculty, which are: Cinema Studies Urban Studies Writing and Rhetoric Innis College students are welcome to enrol in any program within the Faculty of Arts & Science, any student in the Faculty may enrol in one of Innis' programs.
The College hosted the Environmental Studies program before it was relocated to the University's Centre for Environment. A student studying at Innis College is a member of the University of Toronto, the Faculty of Arts and Science, Innis College; the representative body of Innis Students is the Innis College Student Society. The student society is a mandatory membership student group which receives its funding through a dedicated student levy collected by the University of Toronto. Both Innis Students and engineering students living in the Innis Residence have this levy collected from them and are therefore members of the ICSS; the ICSS holds elections twice a year. The ICSS conducts its elections using a preferential voting electoral method; the ICSS Governing Body meets every two weeks during the academic year in open meetings where members of council, as well as members of the society are invited to deliberate on various issues. The deliberative proceedings of the ICSS government are conducted under Robert's Rules of Order.
The ICSS is steered by an executive committee consisting of a President, an Executive Vice-President, a Vice-President Internal, a Vice-President Finance. The remainder of council is made up of directors responsible for council's operations, as well as student representatives representing various constituencies including first year students, non-residence students, the graduating class; the direction and priorities of council are steered by the executive committee however each individual portfolio has relative autonomy to make their own decisions when planning events and activities. The office of the Innis College Student Society is located inside Room 107 of the Innis College main building at 2 Sussex Avenue; the Innis Residence was built in 1994 and is a modern apartmen
The Toronto Star is a Canadian broadsheet daily newspaper. Based on 2015 statistics, it is Canada's highest-circulation newspaper on overall weekly circulation; the Toronto Star is owned by Toronto Star Newspapers Limited, a subsidiary of Torstar Corporation and part of Torstar's Daily News Brands division. The Star was created in 1892 by striking Toronto News printers and writers, led by future Mayor of Toronto and social reformer Horatio Clarence Hocken, who became the newspaper's founder, along with another future mayor, Jimmy Simpson; the Star was first printed on Toronto World presses, at its formation, The World owned a 51% interest in it as a silent partner. That arrangement only lasted for two months, during which time it was rumoured that William Findlay "Billy" Maclean, the World's proprietor, was considering selling the Star to the Riordon family. After an extensive fundraising campaign among the Star staff, Maclean agreed to sell his interest to Hocken; the paper did poorly in its first few years.
Hocken sold out within the year, several owners followed in succession until railway entrepreneur Sir William Mackenzie bought it in 1896. Its new editors, Edmund E. Sheppard and Frederic Thomas Nicholls, moved the entire Star operation into the same building used by the magazine Saturday Night; this would continue until Joseph E. "Holy Joe" Atkinson, backed by funds raised by supporters of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, bought the paper. The supporters included William Mulock, Peter Charles Larkin and Timothy Eaton. Atkinson was the Star's editor from 1899 until his death in 1948; the newspaper's early opposition and criticism of the Nazi regime saw it become one of the first North American papers to be banned in Germany. Atkinson had a social conscience, he championed many causes that would come to be associated with the modern welfare state: old age pensions, unemployment insurance, health care. The Government of Canada Digital Collections website describes Atkinson asa "radical" in the best sense of that term....
The Star was unique among North American newspapers in its consistent, ongoing advocacy of the interests of ordinary people. The friendship of Atkinson, the publisher, with Mackenzie King, the prime minister, was a major influence on the development of Canadian social policy. Atkinson became the controlling shareholder of the Star; the Star was criticized for practising the yellow journalism of its era. For decades, the paper included heavy doses of crime and sensationalism, along with advocating social change. From 1910 to 1973, the Star published the Star Weekly. Shortly before his death in 1948, Joseph E. Atkinson transferred ownership of the paper to a charitable organization given the mandate of continuing the paper's liberal tradition. In 1949, the Province of Ontario passed the Charitable Gifts Act, barring charitable organizations from owning large parts of profit-making businesses, that required the Star to be sold. Atkinson's will had directed that profits from the paper's operations were "for the promotion and maintenance of social and economic reforms which are charitable in nature, for the benefit of the people of the province of Ontario" and it stipulated that the paper could be sold only to people who shared his social views.
The five trustees of the charitable organization circumvented the Act by buying the paper themselves and swearing before the Supreme Court of Ontario to continue what became known as the "Atkinson Principles": A strong and independent Canada Social justice Individual and civil liberties Community and civic engagement The rights of working people The necessary role of governmentDescendants of the original owners, known as "the five families", still control the voting shares of Torstar, the Atkinson Principles continue to guide the paper to this day. In February 2006, Star media columnist Antonia Zerbisias wrote on her blog: Besides, we are the Star which means we all have the Atkinson Principles—and its multi-culti values—tattooed on our butts. Fine with me. At least we are upfront about our values, they always work in favour of building a better Canada. From 1922 to 1933, the Star was a radio broadcaster on its station CFCA, broadcasting on a wavelength of 400 metres, whose coverage was complementary to the paper's reporting.
The station was closed following the establishment of the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission and the introduction of a government policy that, in essence, restricted private stations to an effective radiated power of 100 watts. The Star would continue to supply sponsored content to the CRBC's CRCT station, an arrangement that lasted until 1946. In 1971, the newspaper was renamed The Toronto Star and moved to a modern office tower at One Yonge Street by Queens Quay; the original Star Building at 80 King Street West was demolished to make room for First Canadian Place. The new building housed the paper's presses. In 1992, the printing plant was moved to the Toronto Star Press Centre at the Highway 407 & 400 interchange in Vaughan. In September 2002, the logo was changed, "The" was dropped from the papers. During the 2003 Northeast blackout, the Star printed the paper at a press in Ontario; until the mid-2000s, the front page of the Toronto Star had no advertising aside from lottery jackpot estimates from the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation.
On May 28, 2007, the Star unveiled a redesigned paper that features larger type, narrower pages and shorter articles, renamed
The Paris Institute of Political Studies referred to as Sciences Po, is the primary institution of higher learning for French political and administrative elite, one of the most prestigious and selective European schools in the social sciences. It was founded in 1872 to promote a new class of French politicians in the aftermath of the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1871, has since educated, among others, 32 heads of state or government, 7 of the past 8 French Presidents, 3 past heads of the International Monetary Fund, heads of international organizations, 6 of sitting CAC 40 CEOs; the school is the alma mater of numerous intellectual and cultural figures, such as Marcel Proust, René Rémond, Paul Claudel, Raymond Aron. In 2019, it was ranked as the world's 3rd best school for international relations. Sciences Po undertook an ambitious reform agenda starting in the mid-1990s, which broadened its focus to prepare students for the private sector, put an emphasis on the internationalization of the school's curriculum and student body, established a special admission process for underprivileged applicants.
It expanded outside Paris by establishing additional campuses in Dijon, Le Havre, Nancy and Reims. The institution is a member of the Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs and the Global Public Policy Network. Sciences Po was established in February 1872 as the École Libre des Sciences Politiques by a group of French intellectuals and businessmen led by Émile Boutmy, including Hippolyte Taine, Ernest Renan, Albert Sorel and Paul Leroy Beaulieu; the creation of the school was in response to widespread fears that the inadequacy of the French political and diplomatic corps would further diminish the country’s international stature, as France grappled with the aftermath of a series of crises including the defeat in the 1870 Franco-Prussian War, the demise of Napoleon III, the upheaval and massacre resulting from Paris Commune. The founders of the school sought to reform the training of French politicians by establishing a new "breeding ground where nearly all the major, non-technical state commissioners were trained.".
ELSP proved successful at preparing candidates for entry into senior civil service posts, acquired an image as a major feature of France’s political system. From 1901 to 1935, 92.5% of entrants to the Grands Corps de l'État, which comprises the most powerful and prestigious administrative bodies in the French civil service, had studied there.. In August 1894, the British Association for the Advancement of Science spoke out for the need to advance the study of politics along the lines of ELSP. Sidney and Beatrice Webb used the purpose and curriculum of Sciences Po as part of their inspiration for creating the London School of Economics in 1895. Sciences Po underwent significant reforms in the aftermath of France's liberation from Nazi occupation in 1945; the humiliation of France's surrender to Nazi Germany and the collapse of the Vichy regime provided the impetus for a major restructuring of the state's institutions. Charles de Gaulle, as leader of France's Provisional Government, appointed Michel Debré to overhaul the recruiting and training of public servants.
Though eight of thirteen ministers in De Gaulle's government, including Debré himself, were Sciences Po alumni, a significant reform of the university seemed inevitable, as it had been instrumental in training the class of leaders whom many accused of complacency in face of Nazi aggression. Communist politicians including Georges Cogniot proposed abolishing the ELSP and founding a new state-run administration college on its premises. Debré proposed the compromise, adopted. First, the government established the Ecole Nationale d'Administration, an elite postgraduate college for training government officials. From on, the Grands Corps de l'Etat had to recruit new entrants from ENA; the change, had little impact on Sciences Po's central role in educating the French elite. Although it was now the ENA rather than Sciences Po that fed graduates directly into senior civil service posts, Sciences Po became the university of choice for those hoping to enter the ENA, so retained its dominant place in educating high-ranking officials.
The reforms restructured the administration of École libre des sciences politiques, by creating two separate legal entities: the Institut d'études politiques and the Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques or FNSP. Both entities were tasked by the French government to ensure "the progress and the spread, both within and outside France, of political science and sociology". FNSP manages IEP Paris, its library, budget, an administrative council assures the development of these activities. NSP, a private foundation that receives generous subsidies from the government, administers the school, IEP, owns its buildings and library; the two entities worked together in lockstep, however, as the director of the school is, by tradition the administrator of FNSP. This institutional arrangement gave Sciences Po a unique status, as FNSP continued to receive substantial government subsidies, but the school did not need to submit to many government interventions and regulations, preserved a higher level of autonomy compared to other French universities and schools.
The epithet Sciences Po is applied
Knox College, Toronto
Knox College is a postgraduate theological college of the University of Toronto in Toronto, Canada. It was founded in 1844 as part of a schism movement in the Church of Scotland following the Disruption of 1843. Knox is affiliated with the Presbyterian Church in Canada and confers doctoral degrees as a member school of the Toronto School of Theology. Controversy arising from the issue of state control in the Church of Scotland led to the Disruption of 1843 and the establishment of the Free Church of Scotland. In response, several Presbyterian ministers and congregations within the Canadian synod of the Church of Scotland switched their affiliation to the new denomination. Queen's College, a Presbyterian seminary in Kingston, decided in 1844 to remain affiliated with the Church of Scotland, prompting some of its students to defect and establish Knox College in Toronto. Named for Scottish Reformation theologian John Knox, the new college became affiliated with the Free Church; the first class included 14 students and took place on November 5, 1844, in the home of Rev. Henry Esson on James Street, at the present site of Toronto Eaton Centre.
For the next two years, Knox College transitioned to larger buildings acquired at Adelaide Street and Front Street, at the present site of the Fairmont Royal York Hotel. Scottish minister Rev. Dr. Michael Willis, the founding president of the Anti-Slavery Society of Canada, became the first principal of the college in 1857. Willis came to Toronto in 1846 from St. John's Renfield Church, where he followed Thomas Chalmers and took part in the Disruption of 1843. Knox was formally granted its charter from the colonial government in 1858, thereby possessing the authority to confer academic degrees. In 1861, the Canada Presbyterian Church was created from the union of the Canadian synods of the Free Church of Scotland with the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland. Knox College absorbed the existing United Presbyterian Church theological college, founded in London, Canada West in 1844. In 1867, Knox College assisted the establishment of The Presbyterian College, Montreal, as the second theological college affiliated with the Canadian Presbyterian Church.
Knox College donated some of the books from its library collection, several Knox alumni served as faculty of The Presbyterian College. In 1875, Knox College moved to a new Gothic-revival building at 1 Spadina Crescent, operated as the main seminary for the newly formed Presbyterian Church in Canada. Towards the end of the century, Knox began encouraging its students to attend non-divinity studies at the nearby University College of the University of Toronto. Knox College entered formal affiliation with the University of Toronto in 1885. In 1890, Knox College became part of the university within a federated governance structure. In 1915, Knox College moved to its present site adjacent to University College. During World War II, Knox College accommodated faculty and students from The Presbyterian College, whose building was used for military training until 1946. In 1969, Knox became a founding member of the Toronto School of Theology. By virtue of an amendment of its charter, Knox College has granted theology degrees conjointly with the university and the Toronto School of Theology since 1978.
Ewart College, a women's college of the Presbyterian Church, was merged into Knox College in 1991. Founded in 1897, Ewart College was known as the Presbyterian Missionary and Deaconess Training School and Ewart Missionary Training Home after Catherine Seaton Ewart in 1960. In 2005, Knox observed its 160th anniversary with a visit and lecture by Alison Elliot, the Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. Knox college provides a number of facilities to the University of Toronto community, including Knox College Chapel; the chapel is noted for its Hellmuth Wolff organ. The chapel has a large south-facing window, unobstructed by other buildings; as a result, natural sunlight streams in through the window. The glass is such that it softens the light to some degree, but without taking away its directionality. Seating is provided by two rows of pews on either side of the central aisle. There is a front piece in front of the frontmost pews for hymn books of those at the front of the congregation.
This organ is original to the building. It consists of 26 stops and 24 ranks; the console was replaced in 1959, in 1974 a four-rank mixture was added to the Great. It has Ventil electro-pneumatic action. In 1991, a second, 32-stop, three-manual instrument was added in a new rear gallery, it is an oriented organ in the North German baroque style, built as Opus 33 by Wolff & Associés of Laval, Quebec. The pipework is modelled on the Johan Niclas Cahman organ at Leufsta Bruk, Sweden from 1726/28; the case, though, is a modern interpretation of north-European style that does not refer to any particular historic instrument. The key action and stop action are both mechanical; the two bellows can be pumped either with an electric blower. Notably, the Wolff organ is tuned to a modified fifth comma meantone temperament devised by Harald Vogel following 17th-century Swedish theorists; this same tuning has been used for the Arp Schnitger organ in Germany. Knox College is a wholly postgraduate institution, conferring four master's degrees and two doctorate degrees.
It administers both academic programs for the general-interest study of theology and professional programs. The basic degree program comprises the degrees of Master of Divinity, Master of Pastoral Studies, Master of Theological Studies and Master of Religious Education; the advanced degrees of Master of Arts in Theology, Mast
Emmanuel College, Toronto
Emmanuel College is a theological college of Victoria University at the University of Toronto. Affiliated with the United Church of Canada, it is a member institution of the Toronto School of Theology; the current principal is Michelle Voss Roberts. Emmanuel College is a member of the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada. Emmanuel College has its origins in Victoria College, a Methodist college founded in 1836. From 1871 it operated a Faculty of Theology training candidates for the ministry of the Wesleyan Methodist Church. In 1884, with the merger of the Wesleyan Methodists and the Methodist Episcopal Church into a single Methodist Church of Canada, the seminary the MEC had established at Albert University in 1857 merged into Victoria; when the merger in turn to create the United Church of Canada took place in 1925, a number of congregations in the Presbyterian Church in Canada chose to remain a distinct denomination. Knox College, University of Toronto, founded as the Free Church rival to Queen's during the Disruption of 1843 and favourable to church union, was expected to serve as the new church's main seminary.
However, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario awarded the building to the continuing Presbyterians. The faculty and most students of Knox left to form "Union College" with the Faculty of Theology at Victoria. Shortly renamed Emmanuel College, the new college became affiliated with the University of Toronto as a United Church of Canada seminary in 1925; the Emmanuel College main building was designed by architect Henry Sproatt. In 1969 the Toronto School of Theology was created as an independent federation of 7 schools of theology, including the divinity faculties of Emmanuel College. Within its own federation, U of T granted all but divinity degrees. In May 1974, along with the other federated universities, St. Michael's and Trinity, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed with the University of Toronto, establishing the terms of their new relationship with the Faculty of Arts and Science. Since 1978, by virtue of a change made in its charter, the University of Toronto has granted theology degrees conjointly with Emmanuel College and other TST's member institutions.
Emmanuel College was the scene in which the British band Tears for Fears filmed the music video for their song "Head over Heels" in the summer of 1985. Kenneth H. Cousland; the Founding of Emmanuel College of Victoria University of the University of Toronto. University of Toronto Press, 1978. Martin L. Friedland; the University of Toronto: A History University of Toronto Press, 2002. Official website