Murdo, South Dakota
Murdo is a city in Jones County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 488 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Jones County. Murdo was founded in about 1907 by Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad; as about halfway between Rapid City and Mitchell, Murdo was home to a roundhouse and a railyard, a passenger station which served trains bound for Rapid City and Mitchell, until the discontinuation of the Sioux passenger train. The town was named in honor of Murdo MacKenzie. Murdo is located at 43°53′17″N 100°42′40″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.63 square miles, all of it land. Murdo has been assigned the ZIP code 57559 and the FIPS place code 44260; as of the census of 2010, there were 488 people, 237 households, 128 families residing in the city. The population density was 774.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 291 housing units at an average density of 461.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.9% White, 0.2% African American, 3.5% Native American, 2.5% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population. There were 237 households of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 46.0% were non-families. 43.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age in the city was 45.1 years. 21.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.1% male and 52.9% female. At the 2000 census, there were 612 people, 271 households and 160 families residing in the city; the population density was 964.5 per square mile. There were 315 housing units at an average density of 496.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.92% White, 2.94% Native American, 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.49% of the population.
There were 271 households of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.6% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.99. Age distribution was 26.8% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males. The median household income was $30,104, the median family income was $40,000. Males had a median income of $24,196 versus $17,917 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,008. About 10.5% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over
Raider of the Copper Hill
"Raider of the Copper Hill" or "The King of the Copper Hill" is a young adult Scrooge McDuck comic by Don Rosa. It is the fourth of the original 12 chapters in Times of Scrooge McDuck; the story takes place from 1884 to 1885. The competition in the cattle business in the Montana Territory is growing bigger, less profitable. Sixteen year old-Seventeen year old Teenager Scrooge McDuck's employer, Murdo MacKenzie decides to quit, therefore has to let Scrooge go. Scrooge decides to try his luck as a silver prospector. There is no luck in it. Eating dinner in town at night with Marcus Daly, owner of the shut down Anaconda Silver Mine which has found tonnes of copper, he does find out that the government is putting up electric wire, made of copper, making the price skyrocket, thus he again starts prospecting, but doesn't know how to dig the best way, until Howard Rockerduck gives him some help. They find a small copper vein, the same as that off the Anaconda Mine, making a lot of money. Rockerduck does know of the Apex law and due to this, Scrooge becomes the owner of the Anaconda Mine.
He is however forced to sell it back to Marcus Daly for ten thousand dollars, as he receives a telegram from his father, asking him to come home, since there is a "terrible crisis for the Clan McDuck" going on. Scrooge leaves for Scotland after five years in America, as the ship sets sail from New York City he thinks to himself that a statue should be placed there, to welcome people seeking a chance to succeed on their own terms. Behind him - where he can't see it - the Statue of Liberty is under construction. Raider of the Copper Hill at the INDUCKS Raider of the Copper Hill on Duckman The Life and Times of $crooge McDuck - Episode 4
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Scrooge McDuck is a fictional character created in 1947 by Carl Barks as a work-for-hire for The Walt Disney Company. Scrooge is an elderly Scottish anthropomorphic Pekin duck with a yellow-orange bill and feet, he wears a red or blue frock coat, top hat, pince-nez glasses, spats. He is portrayed in animations as speaking with a Scottish accent. Named after Ebenezer Scrooge from the 1843 novel A Christmas Carol, Scrooge is an wealthy business magnate and self-proclaimed "adventure-capitalist" whose dominant character trait is his thrift, he is brother to Matilda McDuck and Hortense McDuck, the maternal uncle of Della and Donald Duck, the grand-uncle of Huey and Louie, a usual financial backer of Gyro Gearloose. Within the context of the fictional Duck universe, he is the world's richest person, he is an oil tycoon, owner of the largest mining concerns, many factories to operate different activities. His "Money Bin"—and indeed Scrooge himself—are used as a humorous metonyms for great wealth in popular culture around the world.
McDuck was characterized as a greedy miser and antihero, but in appearances he has been portrayed as a charitable and thrifty hero and explorer. He was created by Barks as an antagonist for Donald Duck, first appearing in the 1947 Four Color story Christmas on Bear Mountain. However, McDuck's popularity grew so large. In 1952 he was given his own comic book series, called Uncle Scrooge, which still runs today. Scrooge was most famously drawn by his creator Carl Barks, by Don Rosa. Like other Disney franchise characters, Scrooge McDuck's international popularity has resulted in literature, translated into other languages. Comics have remained Scrooge's primary medium, although he has appeared in animated cartoons, most extensively in the television series DuckTales and its reboot as the main protagonist of both series. Scrooge McDuck, maternal uncle of established character Donald Duck, made his first named appearance in the story Christmas on Bear Mountain, published in Dell's Four Color Comics #178, December 1947, written and drawn by artist Carl Barks.
His appearance may have been based on a similar-looking, Scottish "thrifty saver" Donald Duck character from the 1943 propaganda short The Spirit of'43. In Christmas on Bear Mountain, Scrooge was a bearded, reasonably wealthy old duck, visibly leaning on his cane, living in isolation in a "huge mansion". Scrooge's misanthropic thoughts in this first story are quite pronounced: "Here I sit in this big lonely dump, waiting for Christmas to pass! Bah! That silly season when everybody loves everybody else! A curse on it! Me—I'm different! Everybody hates me, I hate everybody!"Barks reflected, "Scrooge in'Christmas on Bear Mountain' was only my first idea of a rich, old uncle. I had made him too weak. I discovered on that I had to make him more active. I could not make an old guy like that do the things I wanted him to do." Barks would claim that he only intended to use Scrooge as a one-shot character, but decided Scrooge could prove useful for motivating further stories. Barks continued to experiment with Scrooge's personality over the next four years.
Scrooge's second appearance, in The Old Castle's Secret, had Scrooge recruiting his nephews to search for a family treasure hidden in Dismal Downs, the McDuck family's ancestral castle, built in the middle of Rannoch Moor in Scotland. Foxy Relations was the first story where Scrooge is called by his title and catchphrase "The Richest Duck in the World"; the story, Voodoo Hoodoo, first published in Dell's Four Color Comics #238, August 1949, was the first story to hint at Scrooge's past with the introduction of two figures from it. The first was Foola Zoola, an old African sorcerer and chief of the Voodoo tribe who had cursed Scrooge, seeking revenge for the destruction of his village and the taking of his tribe's lands by Scrooge decades ago. Scrooge admitted to his nephews that he had used an army of "cutthroats" to get the tribe to abandon their lands, in order to establish a rubber plantation; the event was placed by Carl Barks in 1879 during the story, but it would be retconned by Don Rosa to 1909 to fit with Scrooge's later-established personal history.
The second figure was the organ of the sorcerer's curse and revenge. He had sought Scrooge for decades before reaching Duckburg, mistaking Donald for Scrooge. Barks, with a note of skepticism found in his stories, explained the zombie as a living person who has never died, but has somehow gotten under the influence of a sorcerer. Although some scenes of the story were intended as a parody of Bela Lugosi's White Zombie, the story is the first to not only focus on Scrooge's past but touch on the darkest aspects of his personality. Trail of the Unicorn, first published in February 1950, introduced Scrooge's private zoo. One of his pilots had managed to photograph the last living unicorn, which lived in the Indian part of the Himalayas. Scrooge offered a reward to competing cousins Donald Duck and Gladstone Gander, which would go to the one who captured the unicorn for Scrooge's collection of animals; this was the story that introduced Scrooge's private airplane. Barks would establish Scrooge as an experienced aviator.
Donald had been shown as a skilled aviator, as was Flintheart Glomgold in stories. In comparison, Huey and Louie were depicted as only having taken flying lessons in the story Frozen Gold
Balnagown Castle is located beside the village of Kildary in Easter Ross, part of the Highland area of Scotland. There has been a castle on the site since the 14th century, although the present building was remodelled in the 18th and 19th centuries. Balnagown is the ancestral home of the Chiefs of Clan Ross, although since the 1970s it has been owned by the Egyptian-born businessman Mohamed Al-Fayed; the castle is protected as a category B listed building, the grounds are included on the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland, the national listing of significant gardens. In the early 14th century, a castle was begun at Balnagown by Mormaer of Ross. Hugh was husband of Maud, sister of King Robert the Bruce, although after Hugh's death in 1333, his family lost royal favour and their lands were forfeit. Balnagown was acquired by a stepson of Hugh in 1375 who expanded the estate, a process which continued over the following centuries. In 1585 Alexander Ross, 9th laird of Balnagown, was outlawed.
During the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, David Ross, 12th of Balnagown, fought for King Charles II at the Battle of Worcester, although he was captured and died in the Tower of London. The 13th laird, another David, married Anne, daughter of James Stuart, 4th Earl of Moray, in 1666. David and Anne rebuilt Balnagown, as attested by a datestone of 1672 on the castle, although they left no heir, the estate passed to the Rosses of Halkhead in 1711. In 1754 Balnagown passed to another branch of the family, when it was inherited by Admiral Sir John Lockhart-Ross, 6th Baronet; the admiral spent much time and money improving the Balnagown estate, becoming "the most efficient and enterprising Highland estate manager of his day." His son and heir Sir Charles Lockhart-Ross consulted James Gillespie Graham on Gothic Revival style alterations to the castle, Italian gardens were laid out. Sir Charles Ross, 9th Baronet, inherited in 1911, he continued the tradition of agricultural improvement, introducing the silo and the combine harvester to the estate.
He invented the Ross rifle, which he had manufactured in Canada. To prevent the seizure of Balnagown by the Inland Revenue, Ross had the estate declared a ward of the court of Delaware, he was subsequently unable to return to Britain for fear of imprisonment. From his death in 1942, until 1972, the castle became dilapidated. In 1972, it was purchased by Mohamed Al-Fayed, who began restoration of grounds. Balnagown Highland Estate Media related to Balnagown Castle at Wikimedia Commons
Handbook of Texas
The Handbook of Texas is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography and historical persons published by the Texas State Historical Association. The original Handbook was the brainchild of TSHA President Walter Prescott Webb of The University of Texas history department, it was published as a two-volume set in 1952, with a supplemental volume published in 1976. In 1996, the New Handbook of Texas was published, expanding the encyclopedia to six volumes and over 23,000 articles. In 1999, the Handbook of Texas Online went live with the complete text of the print edition, all corrections incorporated into the handbook's second printing, about 400 articles not included in the print edition due to space limitations; the handbook continues to be updated online, contains over 25,000 articles. The online version includes entries on general topics, such as "Texas since World War II", biographies such as notable Texans Samuel Houston and W. D. Twichell, ranches such as the Matador, geographical entries such as "Waco, Texas".
Many Texas scholars and professors, such as Robert A. Calvert and Art Martinez de Vara, have contributed to the Handbook. Texas State Historical Association Handbook of Texas 1952 2 volume edition at HathiTrust
Trinidad is a Home Rule Municipality, the county seat and the most populous city of Las Animas County, United States. The population was 9,096 as of the 2010 census, up from 9,078 in 2000; the estimate as of 2012 was 8,771. Trinidad lies 21 mi north of Raton, New Mexico, 195 mi south of Denver. Trinidad is situated on the historic Santa Fe Trail. Trinidad was first explored by Spanish and Mexican traders, who liked its proximity to the Santa Fe Trail, it was founded in 1862. This led to an influx of immigrants. By the late 1860s, the town had about 1,200 residents. Trinidad was incorporated in 1876, just a few months before Colorado became a state. An important milestone for the town occurred in 1878, when the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway reached Trinidad, making it easier for goods to be shipped from distant locations. In the 1880s, Trinidad became home to a number of well-known people, including Bat Masterson, who served as the town's marshal in 1882. By 1900, the population of Trinidad had grown to 7,500.
It was now home to two English-language newspapers, one, published in Spanish. In the early 1900s, Trinidad became nationally known for having the first woman sports editor of a newspaper, Ina Eloise Young, her expertise was in baseball, in 1908, she was the only woman sportswriter to cover the World Series. During the same time, Trinidad was home to a popular semiprofessional baseball team, coached by Damon Runyon. Ina Eloise Young is thought to be sitting in the center of the front row, above the white dog, with her mother and father seated on her left; this was a good location to report on the game. Although no byline is used, Ina Eloise Young, as sporting editor wrote the article that appeared in The Chronicle-News on September 3, 1907, about the three-game series. Damon Runyon is standing on the far left with the other dignitaries in the front-center of the photograph; this event illustrates the popularity of baseball in Colorado at the time and shows Young and Runyon right in the middle of it.
On August 7, 1902, the Bowen Town coal mine, six miles north of Trinidad, experienced a horrific gas explosion, killing 13 miners. At the time, it was one of the worst mining disasters in the state. At one point in late 1903, an estimated 3,000 miners, members of the United Mine Workers of America, went out on strike. In, 1904, Trinidad experienced several disasters. In mid-January, a fire destroyed two blocks of the business section of the town, causing more than $75,000 in damages. In late September, the Trinidad area and the region along the Las Animas River endured an unusually heavy rainstorm, leading to severe flooding; as Trinidad continued to grow, this was a time when a number of new construction projects began in the downtown area, including a new library, a new city hall, an opera house, a new hotel. On April 20, 1914, just 18 mi north of town was the site of the Ludlow Massacre. Trinidad was dubbed the "Sex Change Capital of the World", because a local doctor had an international reputation for performing sex reassignment surgery.
In the 1960s, Dr. Stanley Biber, a veteran surgeon returning from Korea, decided to move to Trinidad because he had heard that the town needed a surgeon. In 1969, a local social worker asked him if he would perform the surgery for her, which he learned by consulting diagrams and a New York surgeon. Biber attained a reputation as a good surgeon at a time when few doctors were performing sex-change operations. At his peak, Biber was performing four sex-change operations a day, the term "taking a trip to Trinidad" became a euphemism for some seeking the procedures he offered. Biber was featured in an episode of South Park, in which elementary school teacher Mr. Garrison undergoes a sex-change operation. Biber's surgical practice was taken over in 2003 by Marci Bowers. Dr. Bowers has since moved the practice to California; the 2008 documentary Trinidad focuses on two of her patients. Drop City, a counterculture artists' community, was formed in 1965 on land about 4 mi north of Trinidad. Founded by art students and filmmakers from the University of Kansas and University of Colorado at Boulder, Drop City became known as the first rural "hippie commune", received national attention from Life and Time, as well as from reporters around the world.
Drop City was abandoned by the early 1970s, but influenced subsequent alternative-living projects across the country. In 2015 the town started to experience a new boom, the city is thriving today due to the marijuana industry. CNN asks the question "Did pot money save small town from'abyss of nothingness'?". The answer is a resounding "yes" with the town experiencing a new found $4.4 million in tax revenue from $44 million in annual sales of the recreational drug, representing about 5.13% of the states total sales. In 2018 High Times called the town "Weed Town, USA" noting the 23 licensed retail marijuana dispensaries servicing less than 10k people works out to one dispensary per 352 people; the article states "In one downtown block alone along Commercial Street, there are eight dispensaries in a section of town some locals jokingly refer to as the Trinidad'weed mall'." For many years, Trinidad housed the miners who worked in the coal mines of the Raton Basin south and west of the town. The coal mines are now closed, but since the 1980s, companies have been dr