Acraman Creek Conservation Park
Acraman Creek Conservation Park is a protected area located in South Australia on the northern side of Streaky Bay on the western side of the Eyre Peninsula, about halfway between the towns of Ceduna and Streaky Bay. The conservation park occupies land in Allotments 10 and 11 of Deposited Plan No. 30252 in the cadastral units of the Hundreds of Wallanippie and Haslam. It was proclaimed on 12 September 1991 under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 with its name being derived from Acraman Creek, a stream located within its boundaries; as of 2018, it covered an area of 39.53 square kilometres. It contains the Acraman Creek estuary, ocean beaches, sand dunes, mangrove and mallee habitats, it is an important feeding location for many coastal birds, including migratory waders such as sandpipers and stilts that journey from the Arctic Circle. A bush camping ground and the ocean beach is accessible by conventional vehicles, but access to boat launching facilities at Port Lindsey on Acraman Creek requires a four-wheel drive.
Offshore is the remains of a shipwreck when whaling was performed in the area. Activities in the conservation park include bush camping, boating and birdwatching; the conservation park is classified as an IUCN Category VI protected area. During the 1990s, the conservation park were listed on the former Register of the National Estate. Protected areas of South Australia John Acraman Acraman Creek Conservation Park official webpage Acraman Creek Conservation Park webpage on protected planet
Ikara-Flinders Ranges National Park
The Ikara-Flinders Ranges National Park is situated 400 km north of Adelaide in the northern central part of South Australia's largest mountain range, the Flinders Ranges. The park covers an area of 912 km², northeast of the small town of Hawker; the Heysen Trail and Mawson Trails pass through the park. The park's most characteristic landmark is Wilpena Pound, a large, sickle-shaped, natural amphitheatre covering nearly 80 km², containing the range's highest peak, St Mary Peak. On 12 February 2016 the park was renamed to include the Adnyamathanha word, Ikara, "meeting place", referring to the traditional name for Wilpena Pound; the park centre at Wilpena Pound is accessible by sealed road from Hawker. Other areas in the park can be reached by un-sealed roads, which are accessible by two-wheel drive vehicles except in bad weather or after heavy rain. There are many lookouts, scenic vistas, small canyons and unusual rock formations located in the park; these include Wilpena Pound, Wilkawillina Gorge, Hucks Lookout, Brachina Gorge, Bunyeroo Gorge and Arkaroo Rock.
The park has some stone ruins from early European settlement and Aboriginal rock art sites. A rock formation called. Camping is permitted at many locations in the park; the Flinders Ranges are composed of folded and faulted sediments of the Adelaide Geosyncline. This thick sequence of sediments were deposited in a large basin during the Neoproterozoic on the passive margin of the ancient continent of Rodinia. During the Cambrian 540 million years ago, the area underwent the Delamerian orogeny where the geosynclinal sequence was folded and faulted into a large mountain range. Since this time the area has undergone erosion resulting in the low ranges today. Most of the high ground and ridgetops in the Flinders are sequences of quartzites that outcrop along strike; the high walls of Wilpena Pound are formed by the outcropping beds of the eponymous Pound Quartzite in a synclinal structure. The same formation forms many of the other high parts of the Flinders, including the high plateau of the Gammon Ranges and the Heysen Range.
Cuesta forms are very common in the Flinders. The flora of the Flinders Ranges is composed of species adapted to a semi-arid environment such as cypress-pine and black oak. Moister areas near Wilpena Pound support grevilleas, Guinea flowers and ferns. Reeds and sedges grow near permanent water sources such as waterholes. Since the eradication of dingos and the establishment of permanent waterholes for stock, the numbers of red kangaroos, western grey kangaroos and euros in the Flinders Ranges have increased; the yellow-footed rock-wallaby, which neared extinction after the arrival of Europeans due to hunting and predation by foxes, has now stabilized. Other endemic marsupials include planigales. Echidnas are the sole monotreme species in the park. Insectivorous bats make up significant proportion of mammals in the area. Reptiles include goannas, dragon lizards and geckos; the streambank froglet is an endemic amphibian. There are a large number of bird species including various parrots, the wedge-tailed eagles and small numbers of waterbirds.
The land within the national park has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area because it contains an sustainable population of the range-restricted short-tailed grasswren. There are a number of heritage-listed sites within the national park: Eddie Pumpa Outstation Hayward Homestead Ruins Impact Ejecta Horizon Late Precambrian Shales Geological Site Enorama Mail Station and Rubbish Dump Oraparinna Diapir Wilpena Homestead Complex Wilpena Pound Stromatolites in the Precambrian Trezona Formation, Enorama Creek Wills Homestead Complex Ruins Appealinna Mine Ruins and Miners Hut Wilkawillina Archaeocyathae Geological Site Dingley Dell Homestead Ruins Hill's Cottage, Wilpena Pound Enorama Diapir Oraparinna Station Blacksmith's Shop Protected areas of South Australia Cazneaux Tree Arkaroola Vulkathunha-Gammon Ranges National Park Mawson Plateau Mount Chambers Ikara-Flinders Ranges National Park official website Flinders Rangers & Outback at SouthAustralia.com Flinders Ranges National Park page on ProtectedPlanet
Althorpe Islands Conservation Park
Althorpe Islands Conservation Park is a protected area in the Australian state of South Australia occupying the Althorpe Islands, Haystack Island and Seal Island in Investigator Strait near the town of Stenhouse Bay. The conservation park was proclaimed in 1972 following the enactment of the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 with the protection applying to the Western Islets in the Althorpe Islands, Haystack Island and Seal Island with Althorpe Island itself was not added until 1997; the purpose of the conservation park is ‘to protect important wildlife habitat for sea-bird populations’. It is classified as an IUCN Category Ia protected area. Althorpe Islands Conservation Park webpage on protected planet
Lake Gairdner National Park
Lake Gairdner National Park is a protected area associated with Lake Gairdner in South Australia, 436 km northwest of Adelaide. It is located just south of the Trans-Australian Railway, Stuart Highway, the Woomera Prohibited area; the national park consists of the following salt lakes - Lake Gairdner, Lake Harris and Lake Everard. Ordinarily, the country is arid, devoid of free water, surface or underground. In the summer it can be hot: in the springtime, this country has great attraction for birdwatchers and botanists. There is limited public access to this park, surrounded by pastoral leases; the easiest public access is from the main road running from Yardea to Kingoonya, at The Brothers Well, a concrete catchment at the side of the road at the southern end of Moonaree Station. The road is dirt, but quite good enough for two-wheel drive vehicles unless it is wet, when it is that it will be closed by the Highways Dept.. This region is the home country of the Kokatha people, traces of their occupation may still be found: sacred sites are still visited for ceremonies.
The national park contains the historic Glenloth Gold Battery Site, located at its western end on the shore of Lake Harris, listed on the South Australian Heritage Register as a designated place of archaeological significance. Protected areas of South Australia Lake Gairdner National Park webpage on protected planet
Gawler Ranges National Park
Gawler Ranges National Park is a 1,633 km2 protected area lying 350 km north-west of Adelaide in the northern Eyre Peninsula of South Australia. It is known for its spectacular rock formations; the national park originated as the 1,200 km2 Paney Station pastoral lease, acquired in 2000 by the South Australian Government with assistance from the Australian Government. In 2001 some 420 km2 of the adjacent Scrubby Peak Station was acquired and added to the national park; the national park is 40 km north of Wudinna, 40 km north-east of Minnipa and is accessible using high ground clearance two wheel drive vehicles via the gravel roads from Kimba, Wudinna or Minnipa. Camping is permissible and encouraged at several campgrounds. Although some have toilets, there are minimal other facilities and visitors are encouraged to take adequate food, water and firewood with them. Historic sites in the national park include the Old Paney Homestead, the Policemans Point precinct, Stone Dam, Pondanna Outstation, where agriculture was attempted in the early 20th century.
Notable landmarks are Mount Allalone, Mount Sturt, Conical Hill and Scrubby Peak. Other scenic sites are the Organ Pipes and Yandinga Gorge; some 21 rare and endangered animal and plant species including the yellow-footed rock-wallaby can be found in the national park. Another larger mammal is the southern hairy-nosed wombat; some 140 species of birds have been recorded in the national park. The area covered by the national park has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area because it supports populations of the vulnerable malleefowl, the Gawler Ranges subspecies of the short-tailed grasswren, rufous treecreeper, blue-breasted fairy-wren, purple-gaped honeyeater and western yellow robin. Protected areas of South Australia Gawler Gawler Ranges National Park official webpage Accessed 17 April 2012. Friends of the Gawler Ranges National Park Gawler Ranges National Park webpage on protected planet
Bakara Conservation Park
Bakara Conservation Park is a protected area of mallee scrub in the Murray Mallee region of South Australia. It is located in the locality of Maggea on the southern side of the Stott Highway, its area was doubled in size in 2009 by the addition of the adjacent section of land to its north. The conservation park provides habitat for malleefowl, local landholders are involved in active fox and rabbit control in the park and nearby farmland, it is classified as an IUCN IUCN Category Ia protected area. Bakara Conservation Park webpage on protected planet
Witjira National Park
Witjira National Park is a protected area in the Australian state of South Australia about 987 kilometres north of the state capital of Adelaide. The national park was proclaimed on 21 November 1985 to "protect Australia’s largest array of arterial springs: the nationally significant Dalhousie Mound Springs complex". In 2007, it became the first protected area in South Australia to have formal joint management arrangements between its traditional owners and the Government of South Australia; as of 2018, it covered an area of 7,726.73 square kilometres. The extent of land occupied by the national park was gazetted as a locality in April 2013 under the name'Witjira'; the historic Dalhousie Homestead Ruins, from the former Dalhousie Station, lie within the national park and are listed on the South Australian Heritage Register. The national park is classified as an IUCN Category VI protected area, it was listed on the now-defunct Register of the National Estate during or after 1998. Protected areas of South Australia Witjira National Park official webpage Witjira National Park webpage on protected planet