City of Albury
The City of Albury is a local government area in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. The area covers 305.9 square kilometres to the north of the Murray River. The area extends around 10 to 12 kilometres east and west along the river from the centre of Albury and up to 20 kilometres north. Albury is located 460 kilometres to the south–west of Sydney and 260 kilometres to the north–east of Melbourne; the national Hume Highway passes through the area. Other major road transport links include the Riverina Highway that commences east of Albury and runs west to Deniliquin; the city forms a major crossing point of the Murray River and the railway junction of the Main Southern line with the North East line. Albury was declared a municipality in 1859 and proclaimed a city in 1946; the Mayor of the City of Albury is Cr. Kevin Mack, an independent politician. Suburbs within the City of Albury are: At the 2011 Census, there were 47,810 people in the Albury local government area, of these 48.3% were male and 51.7% were female.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.3% of the population. The median age of people in the City of Albury area was 37 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 19.4% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 15.2% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 46.1% were married and 12.5% were either divorced or separated. Population growth in the City of Albury Council area between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census was 9.38%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% population growth in the Albury local government area was on par with the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Albury area was below the national average. At the 2011 Census, the proportion of residents in the Albury local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Saxon exceeded 77% of all residents. In excess of 58% of all residents in the City of Albury area nominated a religious affiliation with Christianity at the 2011 Census, higher than the national average of 50.2%.
Meanwhile, as at the Census date, compared to the national average, households in the Albury local government area had a lower than average proportion where two or more languages are spoken. Albury City Council is composed of nine Councillors elected proportionally as a single ward. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office; the Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, the makeup of the council is as follows: The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election, is: The City of Albury has a sister city with: Wodonga List of Mayors of Albury List of local government areas in New South Wales Albury City Council – official website Local Government & Municipal Knowledge Base – Albury City Council Page
Bookham, New South Wales
Bookham is a small village in the Southern Tablelands and Riverina regions of New South Wales, Australia in Yass Valley Shire. It is about 29 km west of Yass on the Hume Highway; the general grazing area which now encompasses the village of Bookham was collectively called Bogolong and childhood memories of the races at Bogalong Racetrack inspired Banjo Paterson to write his poem Old Pardon the Son of Reprieve. The name change came about in 1839 when Lady Jane Franklin, wife of John Franklin, the Lieutenant Governor of Van Diemen's Land between 1837 and 1843, became the first woman European woman to travel overland from Port Phillip to Sydney and stayed in the area in 1839. Shortly after a design for the village at Cumbookambookinah near Bogolong was drawn up and that name was shortened either through general usage or by design to the current name of Bookham. Bookham Post Office opened on 1 September 1864 and closed in 1993.. While the Post Office had a number of homes, its most recent has now been turned into a cafe, Barney's of Bookham.
There are two churches: the Uniting Church and St. Columba's Catholic Church, still standing in the town.. St Columba's Catholic Church now houses the Bookham Bazaar Pop Up offering a range of homewares, fashion and more from Australia, India and France; the Bookham Bazaar is held during holiday periods throughout the year. At the 2016 census, Bookham had a population of 161 people. 82.7% of people were born in Australia and 87.7% of people spoke only English at home
Balranald is a town and local government area in the Riverina district of New South Wales, Australia. The town of Balranald is located where the Sturt Highway crosses the Murrumbidgee River in a remote, semi-desert area. Although it is part of New South Wales, Balranald receives Victorian television stations, with a range of Sydney and Melbourne newspapers available. Balranald was featured in 2010-2015 Australian tourism ads, displaying the natural flora of the region with over 30 subspecies of shrubs native to Balranald and its surrounds. Balranald is located in Mutthi Mutthi traditional country; the area has a long history before non-indigenous settlement and a strong indigenous culture continues to this day. In about 1847–48 George James McDonald, the Commissioner for Crown Lands for the Lower Darling District, arrived at the site of the present-day township with a police escort. Commissioner McDonald had chosen the site as his base, he and his entourage set up their camp under canvas. In 1848 Leighton Robinson and Thomas Duggan established a general store at Balranald and during the same year a public-house, the Balranald Inn, was erected by a Mr Robertson.
In 1849 the Crown Lands Commissioner McDonald recommended to the Colonial Secretary that a township be established at the location. McDonald was a Scotsman, born at Balranald on North Uist in the Outer Hebrides, he pointed out that the township’s position, on the lower reaches of the Murrumbidgee River, was expected to be of strategic importance with the impending introduction of steam navigation on the Murray. During 1849 the surveyor Francis MacCabe laid out large reserves in the region of the Lower Murrumbidgee / Murray-Darling junction. Included in MacCabe's surveys was a site "for a Township at the North End of Caiera, otherwise Balranald Reserve"; the decision to lay out Balranald township was made in November 1849. Commissioner McDonald died in 1851 and he was succeeded by Stephen Cole. Cole used Balranald as a base until 1853, when the office of Commissioner for Crown Lands for the Lower Darling District was transferred to Euston where a new house was erected for the Commissioner; the township of Balranald was gazetted on 4 April 1851 and the first land sale held on 14 January 1852, with thirty-five lots submitted to public auction.
On 1 March 1852 an official post office opened in the township.. From 1853 the mail contractor, John Bent, operated a service along the Murrumbidgee River between Wagga Wagga and Balranald. A second hotel, the Carriers' Arms, was erected at Balranald in about 1852 by the German, Philipp Comitti. William Graham acquired the licence of the Balranald Inn in April 1854. Graham held the licence until 1859; the perpetrator was arrested and hanged at Goulburn gaol. Denis Hanan obtained the licence of the Balranald Inn, which he held until 1867. In 1859 Hanan purchased a punt from Captain Cadell and operated it at the southern end of Mayall Street; the Victorian gold-rushes, which began as Balranald was being established, had a profound impact on the Riverina region by stimulating the development of the fat-stock market. The development of the stock-route across the One-tree Plain to Lang’s Crossing-place tended to direct attention away from Balranald to the region up-river of the Murrumbidgee-Lachlan junction.
By the latter half of the 1850s, when the fat-stock market was at its peak, Balranald was exhibiting signs of stagnation. A correspondent from the area made these comments about the township in August 1858: "This obscure and miserable township, situated on the Lower Murrumbidgee, is here attracting a considerable share of attention, as being one of those rowdy places for which the Australian bush in the interior has become so famous". Balranald became a major crossing place for stock from South Australia. In 1866 Peter Young built the Royal Hotel at Balranald and began operating a second punt at the township. A toll-house was erected on the north bank of the river near Young's punt. William Hall purchased the Balranald Inn and the Mayall Street punt from Denis Hanan in 1867; the Commercial Hotel was erected in 1869 and the first licensee was John Russell. In 1871 a new Post & Telegraph Office was erected at Balranald, the first brick building to be built in the township; the first church to be built at Balranald was of the Church of England denomination.
Two months the church was consecrated by the Bishop Mesac Thomas of the Diocese of Goulburn. A Roman Catholic church was completed in 1875. A newspaper, the Riverina Recorder, was commenced in 1877. In 1881 the population of Balranald was about 400 and it was reported that the town supported five stores and six hotels. Balranald was proclaimed a Municipality in 1882 and Herman Levy was elected its first mayor; the first meetings of the Municipal Council were held in the old Court house at the corner of Market and River streets. A lift-span bridge was constructed over the Murrumbidgee River at Balranald, which opened in April 1883. In 1885 a new Court House was erected in the town. In 1887 Balranald was described as "a squarely built little town with few prominent buildings'. By that stage it had two churches and a Gospel Hall, a hospital, a branch of the Australian Joint Stock Bank, a Masonic Hall. By 1888 a Presbyterian church had been built there; the first public telephone service in Balranald was installed in 1911.
The Balranald Municipal Council underwent financial difficulties, in 1912 the NSW Gove
Eucalyptus camaldulensis known as the river red gum, is a tree, endemic to Australia. It has smooth white or cream-coloured bark, lance-shaped or curved adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven or nine, white flowers and hemispherical fruit with the valves extending beyond the rim. A familiar and iconic tree, it is seen along many watercourses across inland Australia, providing shade in the extreme temperatures of central Australia. Eucalyptus camaldulensis is a tree that grows to a height of 20 metres but sometimes to 45 metres and does not develop a lignotuber; the bark is smooth white or cream-coloured with patches of pink or brown. There is loose, rough slabs of rough bark near the base; the juvenile leaves are lance-shaped, 80 -- 13 -- 25 mm wide. Adult leaves are lance-shaped to curved, the same dull green or geyish green colour on both sides, 50–300 mm long and 7–32 mm wide on a petiole 8–33 mm long; the flower buds are arranged in groups of seven, nine or sometimes eleven, in leaf axils on a peduncle 5–28 mm long, the individual flowers on pedicels 2–10 mm long.
Mature buds are oval to more or less spherical, green to creamy yellow, 6–9 mm long and 4–6 mm wide with a prominently beaked operculum 3–7 mm long. Flowering occurs in summer and the flowers are white; the fruit is a woody, hemispherical capsule 2–5 mm long and 4–10 mm wide on a pedicel 3–12 mm long with the valves raised above the rim. The limbs of river red gums, sometimes whole trees fall without warning so that camping or picnicking near them is dangerous if a tree has dead limbs or the tree is under stress. Eucalyptus camaldulensis was first formally described in 1832 by Friedrich Dehnhardt who published the description in Catalogus Plantarum Horti Camaldulensis. Seven subspecies of E. camaldulensis have been described and accepted by the Australian Plant Census. The most variable character is the shape and size of the operculum, followed by the arrangement of the stamens in the mature buds and the density of veins visible in the leaves; the subspecies are: Eucalyptus camaldulensis subsp.
Acuta Ian Brooker & M. W. McDonald has mature flower buds with a pointed operculum 6–9 mm long and erect stamens and broadly lance-shaped or egg-shaped juvenile leaves. Arida Ian Brooker & M. W. McDonald has bluish green adult leaves with only a few veins and mature flowers buds with a curved to rounded operculum 3–7 mm long. Subsp. Camaldulensis has a beaked operculum, incurved or irregularly bent stamens and narrow lance-shaped juvenile leaves. Minima Ian Brooker & M. W. McDonald has mature flower buds that are small with a conical operculum 2–4 mm long and broad juvenile leaves that are covered with a powdery bloom. Obtusa Ian Brooker & M. W. McDonald has white, powdery bark in some months and mature flower buds with a curved, conical operculum 4–7 mm long. Refulgens Ian Brooker & M. W. McDonald has glossy green adult leaves with a dense network of veins. Simulata Ian Brooker & Kleinig. has a horn-shaped operculum 9–16 mm long. The specific epithet is a reference to a private estate garden near the Camaldoli monastery in Naples, where Frederick Dehnhardt was the chief gardener.
The type specimen was grown in the gardens from seed collected in 1817 near Condobolin by Allan Cunningham, was grown there for about one hundred years before being removed in the 1920s. Although Dehnhardt was the first to formally describe E. camaldulensis, his book was unknown to the botanical community. In 1847 Diederich von Schlechtendal gave the species the name Eucalyptus rostrata but the name was illegitimate because it had been applied by Cavanilles to a different species. In the 1850s, Ferdinand von Mueller labelled some specimens of river red gum as Eucalyptus longirostris and in 1856 Friedrich Miquel published a description of von Mueller's specimens, formalising the name E. longirostris. In 1934, William Blakely recognised Dehnhardt's priority and the name E. camaldulensis for river red gum was accepted. Northern Territory aboriginal names for this species are: aper, aper or per, aylpele, ngapiri, yitara apara, piipalya, kunjumarra and ngapiri. Dimilan is the name of this tree in the Miriwoong language of the Kimberley.
Eucalyptus camaldulensis has the widest natural distribution of any eucalyptus species. It is found along waterways and there are only a few locations where the species is found away from a watercourse. Subspecies acuta is common along rivers from south of Cape York Peninsula in Queensland to the north west slopes and plains of New South Wales but is absent from coastal areas and the arid inland. Subspecies arida has the widest distribution of the subspecies and is found in all mainland states except Victoria, it grows in arid regions but only. Subspecies camaldulensis is the dominant eucalypt along the Murray-Darling river system and its tributaries, it occurs on the Eyre and Yorke Peninsulas and Kangaroo Island in South Australia and in some locations along the Hunter River in New South Wales. I
City of Wagga Wagga
City of Wagga Wagga is a local government area in the Riverina region of south-western New South Wales, Australia. The Mayor of the City of Wagga Wagga is Cr. Greg Conkey, an independent politician; the City of Wagga Wagga includes the suburbs of Wagga Wagga was first incorporated as the Borough of Wagga Wagga on 15 March 1870. It received city status and became the City of Wagga Wagga on 17 April 1946; the municipality enlarged on 1 January 1981 when the adjoining Shire of Kyeamba and Shire of Mitchell were amalgamated into the City. The City of Wagga Wagga has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Bomen, Main Southern railway: Bomen railway station Tarcutta, Tarcutta Street: Hambledon Homestead Wagga Wagga, Botanic Gardens Site, Baden Powell Drive: Mobile Cook's Galley, Museum of the Riverina Wagga Wagga, Main Southern railway: Wagga Wagga railway station At the 2016 census, there were 62,385 people in the City of Wagga Wagga local government area, of these 48.9 per cent were male and 51.1 per cent were female.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 5.6 per cent of the population, twice the national and average of 2.9 per cent. The median age of people in the City of Wagga Wagga was 35 years, lower than the national median of 38 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 20.3 per cent of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 15.2 per cent of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 46.6 per cent were married and 11.4 per cent were either divorced or separated. Population growth in the Tamworth Regional Council between the 2011 census and the 2016 census was 4.92 per cent. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same period, being 8.8 per cent, population growth in the City of Wagga Wagga local government area was around half of the national average. The median weekly income of $1,354 within the City of Wagga Wagga local government area was lower than the national average of $1,438. At the 2016 census, the proportion of residents in the Tamworth Regional local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Saxon exceeded 80 per cent of all residents.
Two-thirds of all residents in the City of Wagga Wagga nominated a religious affiliation with Christianity at the 2016 census, higher than the national average of 60 per cent. Meanwhile, as at the census date, compared to the national average, households in the City of Wagga Wagga local government area had a lower than average proportion where two or more languages are spoken. Wagga Wagga City Council is composed of nine Councillors elected proportionally as a single ward. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office; the Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, the makeup of the Council is as follows: The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election, is: A referendum was held on 8 September 2012 and an absolute majority of voters resolved in favour to reduce the number of Councillors from eleven to nine; the change came into effect at the September 2016 elections. In December 2009, Wagga Wagga City Council announced that it had appointed Phil Pinyon as the General Manager of the Wagga Wagga City Council replacing Lyn Russell, who announced her resignation in October 2009, after completing 18 months of her five-year contract.
The floral emblem for the city is the Silver Banksia. Riverina Water County Council Media related to City of Wagga Wagga at Wikimedia Commons Wagga Wagga City Council website
Book Book, New South Wales
Book Book is a rural community in the central east part of the Riverina. It is situated 15 km south of Ladysmith. Book Book exists now only through a set of old tennis courts and the telephone exchange that sits just off the Tumbarumba road; the Book Book Public School was discontinued on 27 October 1989. Media related to Book Book, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons
Barooga is a border town in the Riverina region of New South Wales, located in the Berrigan Shire local government area. It is situated just north of the Murray River. Barooga's population at the 2011 census was 1,498. Barooga is a residential area and most of its commercial and industrial needs are met in its twin town of Cobram on the south side of the Murray River. Barooga Post Office opened on 1 May 1896. Barooga has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Vermont Street: Old Cobram-Barooga Bridge Being only two and a half hours drive from Melbourne, Barooga is a popular holiday destination because it offers two registered clubs, a 36-hole golf course and river attractions and a large Botanical Garden. Other attractions include a twenty-metre swing bridge, Quicks Beach, walking tracks and the Barooga Markets. Barooga is home to the Barooga PBR - On The Murray, a Bull Riding event held in December. Barooga Public School caters for primary school students. High School students must cross the river to Cobram.
The Barooga Public School follows Victorian, rather than school holidays. Barooga shares the postcode of 3644 with Cobram, it is unusual for a town in New South Wales to have a postcode that begins with "3" which ordinarily signifies a location in Victoria. This is due to the mail being delivered via Cobram. Barooga has an Australian rules football team in the Murray Football League called the Barooga Hawks, a cricket team in the Murray Valley Cricket Association. Golfers play at the Cobram Barooga Golf Club on Barooga Golf Course Road. Other sporting clubs include soccer, tennis, table tennis and bowls. Barooga has a shopping strip known to the locals as'Barooga Mall'. There is an IGA Express supermarket, general store, take away and petrol station, post office, bakery cafe, clearance shop, hairdresser, vehicle service centre; when dining out there is the Barooga Hotel, the Barooga Sporties, Cobram Barooga Golf Club and Happy Village Chinese Restaurant & Take Away. Cobram, Tocumwal and Berrigan On 21 March 2013, a tornado affected Barooga causing widespread damage across a number of towns.
Millions of dollars worth of damage was caused across New South Wales. Media related to Barooga at Wikimedia Commons