Jacksonville Public Library
The Jacksonville Public Library is the public library system of Jacksonville, Florida. It serves Jacksonville and Duval County, is used by the neighboring Baker, Clay, St. Johns Counties, it is one of the largest library systems in Florida, with a collection of over three million items. A division of the city government, the library has the third largest group of city employees after the city's Fire Department and Sheriff's Office. There are a Main Library in the system. Located downtown near City Hall and Hemming Plaza, the Main Library opened in November 2005, replacing the Haydon Burns Library. Designed by Robert A. M. Stern Architects, the new library is three times the size of the Haydon Burns building; the North Laura facility is 300,000 square feet with the capacity to hold one million books. A 600-space parking garage across from the library building on Duval Street makes the Main Library accessible. State-of-the-art technology offers 250 public computers and video conferencing capabilities with infrastructure to support future technologies.
On April 18, 2012, the AIA Florida Chapter placed the Jacksonville Public Library – Main Library on its list of Florida Architecture: 100 Years. 100 Places. In addition to the Library and the Conference Center, the Library building hosts a bookstore and a cafe; the BOOKtique bookstore, run by the Friends of the Library, opened concurrently with the Library. In 2013, the BOOKtique was closed to make way for The Lounge @ 303 North. After a year and a half of legal wrangling and construction, on May 14, 2007, Shelby's Café opened inside the concession space in the Main Library; the concession stand closed in 2011. Highlands – Dunn Avenue, serving the Northside. Pablo Creek – Beach Blvd between Hodges and Kernan serving the Southside. Southeast – Deerwood Park Blvd serving the Southside. Charles D. Webb Wesconnett – 103rd Street serving the Westside. Argyle – Near the Argyle Forest subdivision serving the Westside. Beaches – A1A in Neptune Beach. Bradham*Brooks Northwest – Edgewood Avenue serving the Northside.
Brentwood – Pearl St serving the urban core. Dallas A. James Graham – Myrtle Avenue serving the urban core. Mandarin – Kori Road serving the Mandarin area. Maxville – Maxville Blvd serving the Maxville area. Murray Hill – Edgewood Avenue South serving the urban core. Raiford A. Brown Eastside – Harrison St serving the urban core. Regency Square – Regency Square Blvd serving the Arlington/Regency area. San Marco – The San Marco Branch on LaSalle Street serves the San Marco neighborhood South Mandarin – San Jose Blvd near the St. John's County border. University Park – University Blvd North serving the Arlington area including Jacksonville University. West – Chaffee Road serving the Westside. Westbrook – Commonwealth Avenue serving the urban core. Willowbranch – Park St serving the Riverside and Avondale areas. Jacksonville was the first library in Florida to offer a mobile library service, established in 1928. For over 75 years, the Jacksonville Public Library continued this service of providing accessible materials to rural residents and areas where a branch had not been established.
However, due to funding cuts, the bookmobile was discontinued as of October 2005. After the discontinuation of the bookmobile service, the library looked for ways to continue servicing the area where the mobile branch had been operating. In 2012, the library opened the Oceanway Express location to provide limited service to customers who have no geographically-close library branch; the pickup/drop-off service is located near the Oceanway Community Center in northwest Jacksonville. As a branch of the city government, the system is funded by local taxes; the system receives aid supplemental funds from various grants. The Jacksonville Public Library is one of the few departments of the City Government to be administered by an independent board; the eleven members of the Library Board of Trustees are appointed by the Mayor of Jacksonville and approved by the City Council. Board members serve for four years, may serve a second consecutive term if reappointed; the Library Board approves library policies, submits an annual budget request, oversees the operation of the system and hires the library director.
Barbara A. B. Gubbin served as director from 2005 to June 30, 2017, she is succeeded by Tim Rogers who will begin serving as director on January 29, 2018. Patrons of the Jacksonville Public Library may borrow books, most magazines,'zines', videos and audio materials. Patrons may check out 50 items at 10 of these being DVDs. Most items, except for express DVDs are a three-week checkout period. Overdue materials collect fines, except on days. Fees totaling $10 or more will result in a block to the user's account. A fine balance of $9.99 or less is considered a library account in good standing. All materials borrowed from the library can be returned to any branch, regardless of where they were borrowed. Patrons can place up to 25 holds on library materials; these materials will be held for patrons for 7 days after the patron is notified of their availability. Jacksonville Public Library cards are free for residents of Duval County, including Baldwin and the Beaches communities, non-residents employed by a city/county agency or who own businesses or property in the county.
Other non-residents may apply for a card, at $25 for three months, $50 for six months, or $100 for one year. Hardship waivers are available upon request. Lost cards may be replaced by paying a small, $2 fee. Children under the age of 18 can apply for a card with parental permission. Parents are responsible for all items checked out on th
American Alliance of Museums
The American Alliance of Museums the American Association of Museums, is a non-profit association that has brought museums together since its founding in 1906, helping develop standards and best practices and sharing knowledge, advocating on issues of concern to the museum community. AAM is dedicated to ensuring that museums remain a vital part of the American landscape, connecting people with the greatest achievements of the human experience, past and future. AAM is the only organization representing the entire scope of museums and professionals and nonpaid staff who work for and with museums. AAM represents more than 25,000 individual museum professionals and volunteers, 4,000 institutions and 150 corporate members. Individual members span the range of occupations in museums, including directors, registrars, exhibit designers, public relations officers, development officers, security managers and volunteers; every type of museum is represented by the more than 4,000 institutional members, including art, science, military and youth museums, as well as public aquariums, botanical gardens, historic sites, science and technology centers.
At the 2014 American Alliance of Museums conference, the Institute of Museum and Library Services announced there are now at least 35,000 museums in the US. An informal meeting was held at the National Museum in Washington, D. C. on December 21, 1905, for the “purpose of discussing the advisability of endeavoring to establish an association of the museums of America.” 1906: Foundation 1911: Directory of North and South American museums published 1923: Headquarters established in Washington, D. C. 1925: Code of Ethics for Museum Workers adopted 1925: $2,500 grant from the Carnegie Corporation for research on museum fatigue 1927: Laurence Vail Coleman, President 1958: Joseph Allen Patterson, President 1961: Museum directory published 1964: Museums included in the National Arts and Cultural Development Act 1966: National Museum Act passed 1968: Belmont Report recommends developing accreditation program to help support museums, Kyran M. McGrath, President 1969: Accreditation program created on recommendation of a committee chaired by Holman J. Swinney 1969: 1975: Richard McLanathan, President 1971: The Public Museum of Grand Rapids and fifteen additional museums are the first accredited 1976: New constitution adopted 1978: Lawrence L. Reger, President 1980: Museum Assessment Program created on recommendation of a committee chaired by E. Alvin Gearhardt, with MAP supported through a cooperative agreement with IMS, the Institute of Museum Services 1986: Edward H. Able, President 2003: Launch of the Nazi Era Provenance Internet Portal 2006: Year of the Museum – 100th anniversary of AAM 2007: Ford W. Bell, President 2009: First Comprehensive Strategic Plan “The Spark” adopted 2012: Name changed to "American Alliance of Museums" 2015: Laura L. Lott, President Media&Technology is a Professional Network of the American Alliance of Museums, a leading museums organization in the United States.
The M&T Network is the AAM link between museums and media technologies. As such, it identifies and advocates appropriate uses of media technologies in helping museums meet the needs of their diverse publics. Membership is limited to institutions or individuals that are members of AAM; the mission of the M&T is "to identify and advocate a broad variety of program uses for media and technology in helping museum professionals meet the needs of their diverse publics". "The Spark" is the first comprehensive strategic plan in AAM’s recent history. It articulates a vision for museums, the field and AAM; the mission highlights AAM's commitment to leadership, advocacy and service."The Spark" contains four goals: excellence, advocacy and alignment. Hermon Carey Bumpus, director of the American Museum of Natural History William M. R. French, director of the Art Institute of Chicago William Jacob Holland, director of the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh Frederic A. Lucas, director of the American Museum of Natural History Frederick J.
V. Skiff, director of the Field Museum of Natural History Edward S. Morse, director of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology Henry L. Ward, director of the Milwaukee Public Museum Benjamin Ives Gilman, secretary of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Oliver C. Farrington, Field Museum of Natural History Henry R. Howland, director of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences Newton H. Carpenter, executive secretary of the Art Institute of Chicago Paul M. Rea, director of the Charleston Museum Frederic Allen Whiting, director of the Cleveland Museum of Art Chauncey J. Hamlin, president of the Buffalo Society of Natural Science and a founder of ICOM Fiske Kimball, director of the Philadelphia Museum of Art Paul J. Sachs, associate director of the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University Herbert E. Winlock, director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art Clark Wissler, curator of the Department of Anthropology, Yale University David E. Finley, director of the National Gallery of Art and chairman of the National Trust for Historic Preservation George H. Edgell, director of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Albert E. Parr, director of the American Museum of Natural History William M. Milliken, director of the Cleveland Museum of Art Edward
Main Street Bridge (Jacksonville)
The Main Street Bridge the John T. Alsop Jr. Bridge, is a bridge crossing the St. Johns River in Jacksonville, Florida, it was the second bridge built across the river. It carries four lanes of traffic, is signed as US 1/US 90. A lift bridge, it opened in July 1941 at a cost of $1.5 million. In 1957 it was named after Mayor John T. Alsop Jr. but continues to be known on road signs, as the Main Street Bridge. It remains one of the most recognizable features of the Downtown Jacksonville skyline. Construction of the Main Street Bridge began in 1938 at a cost of $1.5 million by the Mount Vernon Bridge Company. It was a War Department permitted in 1936 prior to World War II; the Main Street Bridge took three years to be built and had a dedication ceremony on July 17, 1941. The bridge was built as a vertical lift bridge with use of trusses in order to lift up to accommodate ships passing underneath it; the official name of the bridge, John T. Alsop Jr. Bridge, was dedicated in 1957 to former mayor of Jacksonville John T. Alsop.
The bridge carries traffic to and from San Marco, Downtown Jacksonville and Interstate 95. In 2014 the Main Street Bridge underwent renovations for $11 million to upgrade metal barriers and patch sidewalks; the bridge opens at half past the hour. Media related to Main Street Bridge at Wikimedia Commons
The Sun-Ray Cinema at 5 Points known as Riverside Theater and 5 Points Theatre, is a historic two-screen movie theater in Jacksonville, Florida. The first theater in Florida equipped to show talking pictures, it opened in March 1927 in the Five Points district of the Riverside and Avondale neighborhood; the Riverside Theater opened in March 1927, when the Five Points area was emerging as a commercial center for Riverside and Avondale. It was the first in the state, third in the country, equipped to show talking pictures; the architect was Roy Benjamin, whose architectural firm became KBJ Architects. The theater is part of a much larger Italian Renaissance revival building. Benjamin went on to design more than 200 theaters throughout Florida and the southeastern United States, including Downtown Jacksonville's Florida Theatre; the first "talkie" shown in the theater was Don Juan, starring Mary Astor. Admission was $1.10, an expensive ticket considering the prevailing wage was less than a quarter per hour.
The building was remodeled in 1949 and renamed the Five Points Theater when the marquee was added, which remains to this day. In 1977 the theater closed for several years and an attempt was made to "modernize" the building in 1978 with the application of stucco. In the early 1980s the movie theater shut down, the acting group River City Playhouse moved into the space in 1984. In 1991 the building was remodeled into a nightclub, Club 5, which closed in 2004. A four-year, $4.5 million historic restoration was begun in 2004 after local car dealer Mike Shad purchased the property. Midway through the renovations, the facility was opened for private events like reunions and wedding receptions, but work was not completed until 2008; the renamed 5 Points Theatre and Historic Event Facility now offers 14 loft condominiums on the third and fourth floors, commercial/office space on the second level and retail space on the ground floor, in addition to the theater. Although the marquee was not original, it was restored because it is considered a historic component.
In 2010 the Theatre shifted to an "art house" format, with foreign and classic films, late night movies, special events and concerts. The Theatre was a venue for the 2009 and 2010 Jacksonville Film Festivals, the 2009 and 2010 Citrus Cel Animation Festival, has hosted its own Horror Film Festival as well. In 2014, it served as screening home for the Jacksonville edition of the 48 Hour Film Project. During 2011, co-owners Tim Massett and his wife Shana David-Massett raised funds to take over and refresh the venue. Massett, a Jacksonville native who managed a movie theater in Minnesota, raised $102,450 via online crowdsourcing and private loans, their improvements include a larger screen, sound dampening, tiered theater seats. The venue was renamed the Sun-Ray Cinema at 5 Points, re-opened in December 2011; the show schedule features lesser-known movies and cult films. In addition to traditional movie fare plus beer and wine, they serve sandwiches, site-made pizza with unusual toppings and baked goods.
The theatre expanded its capacity, adding a second auditorium in 2014. In 2016, PETA ranked Sun-Ray Cinema as the number one theater for people who do not eat animal products, since the menu includes multiple vegan and gluten-free options. Official website
Karpeles Manuscript Library Museum (Jacksonville)
The Karpeles Manuscript Library Museum is a museum in Jacksonville, one of ten Karpeles Manuscript Library Museums in the United States. It displays manuscripts and documents from the private collection of David and Marsha Karpeles, the world's largest such collection, as well as art exhibits; the museum opened in 1992 in the former First Church of Christ, Scientist building in Jacksonville's Springfield neighborhood. The Classical Revival structure, constructed in 1921, is a contributing property in the Springfield Historic District and is listed as No. SP-61 by the Jacksonville Historic Landmarks Commission; the first Christian Science services in Jacksonville were held in 1892 and First Church of Christ, Scientist was organized in 1897. It met at several locations in Jacksonville before acquiring the property that would be its permanent home in the Springfield area in 1921; the building, located at 101 West 1st Street, was built in the Classical Revival style. A contributing building in the Springfield Historic District, it is listed as No.
SP-61 by the Jacksonville Historic Landmarks Commission. In 1992 the congregation sold the building to David Karpeles. After the sale the church was voluntarily dissolved August 10, 1993; the Jacksonville Karpeles Manuscript Library Museum opened in 1992. It is owned by David Karpeles, a former math professor who had made millions investing in real estate and taken up manuscript collecting. In 1983 he began opening museums across the country to house his collection, now the world's largest; the museum features three or four exhibits from Karpeles' collection a year, as well as exhibits from other collectors and around six art exhibits. List of former Christian Science churches and buildings Official website
Bryan-Gooding Planetarium in the Alexander Brest Science Theatre is a planetarium in the Museum of Science and History in Jacksonville, Florida, U. S, it was built in 1988 and featured a 60-foot-diameter dome-shaped projection screen, JBL stereo sound system, a Zeiss Jena Optical mechanical planetarium star projector. The facility has seating for 200, 60,000 people see a planetarium show each year; the planetarium was built with a donation by the late Alexander Brest, was known as the Alexander Brest Planetarium. The theater used the Dove X / DORK automation system for slide projectors and special effects projectors. In 1996, the automation system was upgraded to the JHE automation system; the star projector was built by a German company named Carl Zeiss AG, was capable of displaying 8,900 stars. The projector used two 500-watt lamps at each end of the projector. Michael Reynolds was the first planetarium director who designed the first planetarium programs which included a lecture series, workshops for teachers and a seminar about telescope makers.
The Henry and Lucy Gooding Endowment and the Bryan family made a gift of nearly half a million dollars to MOSH in June 2010 to finance improvements to the Alexander Brest Space Theater. The seating and flooring were cleaned and the dome was repainted. However, the biggest improvement was the new Konica Minolta Super MediaGlobe II digital dome projection system which replaced the 22-year-old dome projector; the high-resolution projection features 4096 x 2400 pixels, four times as many pixels as the best HDTV image. It has a contrast ratio of 10,000:1, but does not use an optical iris, so black images stay black and retain detail; the system can display 3D digital space simulations using the Mitaka stella database from the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. In contrast to the Jena projector which can project 8,900 stars, the MediaGlobe II can project 118,000 stars; the system can project weather occurrences, such as rain, snow and aurora. The upgrades have improved the planetarium's overall experience, have attracted more people to the new shows that utilize the advanced equipment.
The planetarium was closed for two months for renovations from August 23, 2010 to October 23, 2010. When the improvements were completed, the facility was renamed The Bryan-Gooding Planetarium in the Alexander Brest Science Theatre. In addition to the educational programs presented by the planetarium, the staff offers Cosmic Concerts on the first Friday nights of each month; the shows combine music with a multi-colored laser light show and video projected on the dome, interspersed with special effects and cosmic images of galaxies and pulsars. The museum sells diffraction glasses which can enhance the viewing experience; the audio is played back digitally on the planetarium's 18,000-watt sound system. In early 2010, the aging laser light system began to require so much water to cool the equipment that the staff discontinued the Cosmic Concerts until the new laser projection system and multicolored LED lighting system were installed in late summer. Official website Projector website
The Jacksonville Riverwalks are a network of multi-use trails and open space developments along both the north and south banks of the St. Johns River in Jacksonville, Florida; the 2-mile Downtown Northbank portion travels alongside the Hyatt Regency Jacksonville, Jacksonville Landing, Times-Union Center for the Performing Arts, CSX Transportation Building, extends into the Brooklyn district. The 1.25-mile Southbank portion of the trail connects local landmarks such as Friendship Fountain, Museum of Science and History and Riverplace Tower. The first section of the Riverwalk opened on the Downtown Southbank on November 8, 1985, it was intended as a venue where tourists and local residents alike could view the beauty of the river and the skyline of the city. On a sunny day, the view from the walk includes shimmering water, shiny buildings, sailboats & speedboats; the 1.2-mile walk was designed by Perkins & Perkins Architects to be a festive waterfront public space linking Friendship Fountain and Harbormasters Restaurant with hotels and office buildings east of the Main Street Bridge.
Friendship Park Fountain was built in 1965 and became one of the most recognizable landmarks in the city. A graphic system was developed and, included banners and signage to provide visitors with clear and legible information, as well as reinforce the warm and lively image of the riverwalk. A few of the project were scaled back; the St. Johns Wharf was a planned open-air marketplace to be built over the river adjacent to the Wyndham Hotel. A few shops were built along the riverwalk. Four open air pavilions were projected to include concessions and restroom facilities. Only two were constructed; the Ship Museum, an attraction to emphasize the historic relationship between the city and the river. Multiple projects did not come to fruition; the Grove, a raised grass seating area shaded by a grove of palm trees. In January, 2005, a ribbon-cutting ceremony was held to celebrate the opening of the latest extension of the Northbank Riverwalk. Construction took nearly two years for $8.7 million project. The landscaped brick walkway connects the existing Riverwalk at the CSX building to Riverside Avenue.
Its features include historical lighting, water fountains, trash receptacles, bike racks, irrigated landscaping and over 100 benches. Nearly 40 feet of Riverwalk was temporarily closed in late 2006 when corrosion caused steel pilings to fail and the supported walkway buckled; the city allocated $1.3 million to inspect the entire Riverwalk and make emergency repairs, planned a multi-year capital improvement project costing $25 million for upgrades split between both riverwalks. As part of that project, the city began installing 306 pile jackets in and around the area of the 2006 closure at a cost of $1.4 million. At the January 31, 2008 meeting of the Downtown Development Review Board of the Jacksonville Economic Development Commission, plans were tentatively approved for a 128-slip dockage facility to be named, The South Shore Marina & Riverwalk at the Aetna Building; the project would include a new section of southbank riverwalk on the 13-acre Aetna Building property, which has 1,100 feet of riverfrontage.
Permits from the Florida Department of Environmental Protection and the United States Army Corps of Engineers had been obtained, but financial conditions forced the project to be placed on hold. The City of Jacksonville and Fidelity National Financial executed a land swap in 2008 that added 1.3 acres in exchange for the parcel of land under Riverside Avenue's historic fire station. The city has the option to move the structure before it can be demolished, funding for that purpose is being discussed; the Riverside Arts Market was begun in 2008 beneath the Fuller Warren Bridge around the Northbank Riverwalk. It is open on Saturdays, 10-4 from March to December and features an eclectic mix of vendors offering arts and crafts and drink, fruits and vegetables and live entertainment in a family-friendly environment. Eight of the market's vendors have subsequently opened restaurants. In late June 2009, a 12-foot corner section of concrete walkway on the northbank collapsed due to erosion of the steel bulkhead.
Another portion of the riverwalk was closed after bricks became loose when the walkway sank several inches. Repairs to both damaged areas were completed prior to the July 4th celebration and fireworks show. A meeting was held in January, 2010 between Mayor John Peyton and several city councilmen to discuss progress on three major downtown improvement projects, including Southbank Riverwalk replacement. Legislation was filed to fund these three projects with a price tag of $23 million. $11.9 million was allocated to replace the wooden structure with a more durable material with a 40-year life span, upgrade lighting and trash receptacles. On February 9, 2010 the city council passed the three bills without debate, providing final approval for all three projects; as of late 2011, the Northbank Riverwalk ran from the Full