Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. As the most populous city in the province, the 2016 census recorded 631,486 people in the city, up from 603,502 in 2011; the Greater Vancouver area had a population of 2,463,431 in 2016, making it the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada. Vancouver has the highest population density in Canada with over 5,400 people per square kilometre, which makes it the fifth-most densely populated city with over 250,000 residents in North America behind New York City, San Francisco, Mexico City according to the 2011 census. Vancouver is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse cities in Canada according to that census. 30% of the city's inhabitants are of Chinese heritage. Vancouver is classed as a Beta global city. Vancouver is named as one of the top five worldwide cities for livability and quality of life, the Economist Intelligence Unit acknowledged it as the first city ranked among the top-ten of the world's most well-living cities for five consecutive years.
Vancouver has hosted many international conferences and events, including the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, UN Habitat I, Expo 86, the World Police and Fire Games in 1989 and 2009. In 2014, following thirty years in California, the TED conference made Vancouver its indefinite home. Several matches of the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup were played in Vancouver, including the final at BC Place; the original settlement, named Gastown, grew up on clearcuts on the west edge of the Hastings Mill logging sawmill's property, where a makeshift tavern had been set up on a plank between two stumps and the proprietor, Gassy Jack, persuaded the curious millworkers to build him a tavern, on July 1, 1867. From that first enterprise, other stores and some hotels appeared along the waterfront to the west. Gastown became formally laid out as a registered townsite dubbed Granville, B. I.. As part of the land and political deal whereby the area of the townsite was made the railhead of the Canadian Pacific Railway, it was renamed "Vancouver" and incorporated shortly thereafter as a city, in 1886.
By 1887, the Canadian Pacific transcontinental railway was extended westward to the city to take advantage of its large natural seaport to the Pacific Ocean, which soon became a vital link in a trade route between the Orient / East Asia, Eastern Canada, Europe. As of 2014, Port Metro Vancouver is the third-largest port by tonnage in the Americas, 27th in the world, the busiest and largest in Canada, the most diversified port in North America. While forestry remains its largest industry, Vancouver is well known as an urban centre surrounded by nature, making tourism its second-largest industry. Major film production studios in Vancouver and nearby Burnaby have turned Greater Vancouver and nearby areas into one of the largest film production centres in North America, earning it the nickname "Hollywood North"; the city takes its name from George Vancouver, who explored the inner harbour of Burrard Inlet in 1792 and gave various places British names. The family name "Vancouver" itself originates from the Dutch "Van Coevorden", denoting somebody from the city of Coevorden, Netherlands.
The explorer's ancestors came to England "from Coevorden", the origin of the name that became "Vancouver". Archaeological records indicate that Aboriginal people were living in the "Vancouver" area from 8,000 to 10,000 years ago; the city is located in the traditional and presently unceded territories of the Squamish and Tseil-Waututh peoples of the Coast Salish group. They had villages in various parts of present-day Vancouver, such as Stanley Park, False Creek, Point Grey and near the mouth of the Fraser River. Europeans became acquainted with the area of the future Vancouver when José María Narváez of Spain explored the coast of present-day Point Grey and parts of Burrard Inlet in 1791—although one author contends that Francis Drake may have visited the area in 1579; the explorer and North West Company trader Simon Fraser and his crew became the first-known Europeans to set foot on the site of the present-day city. In 1808, they travelled from the east down the Fraser River as far as Point Grey.
The Fraser Gold Rush of 1858 brought over 25,000 men from California, to nearby New Westminster on the Fraser River, on their way to the Fraser Canyon, bypassing what would become Vancouver. Vancouver is among British Columbia's youngest cities. A sawmill established at Moodyville in 1863, began the city's long relationship with logging, it was followed by mills owned by Captain Edward Stamp on the south shore of the inlet. Stamp, who had begun logging in the Port Alberni area, first attempted to run a mill at Brockton Point, but difficult currents and reefs forced the relocation of the operation in 1867 to a point near the foot of Dunlevy Street; this mill, known as the Hastings Mill, became the nucleus. The mill's central role in the city waned after the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880s, it remained important to the local economy until it closed in the 1920s. The settlement which came to be called Gastown grew around
Incredible Bongo Band
The Incredible Bongo Band known as Michael Viner's Incredible Bongo Band, was a project started in 1972 by Michael Viner, a record artist manager and executive at MGM Records. Viner was called on to supplement the soundtrack to the B-film The Thing With Two Heads; the band's output consisted of upbeat, instrumental music. Many tracks were covers of popular songs of the day characterized by the prominence of bongo drums, conga drums, rock drums and brass; the band released two albums, 1973's Bongo Rock, 1974's Return of the Incredible Bongo Band. The instrumental "Bongo Rock", co-written by Art Laboe and Preston Epps and released by Epps as a Top 40 hit in 1959, was covered by the Incredible Bongo Band, became a minor US hit for them in 1973, a substantial hit in Canada. Michael Viner would make use of MGM recording facilities in down-time, recruiting whichever studio musicians were on-hand; this included many well-known blow-ins, all uncredited. Important contributions were made by Jim Gordon on King Errisson on bongos.
Ringo Starr is rumored to have played on some tracks "Kiburi". The "down-time" sessions carried on for some time, until upper management quelled the vanity project. Other musicians involved in the sessions, per Sample This, the movie include: Musicians mentioned elsewhere include: This was never an actual band. Once the product had been released, a fake band was assembled and photographed; those photos were seen on some album artwork, in publicity. The first Incredible Bongo Band album included a cover of "Apache", an instrumental tune written by Jerry Lordan and made popular in the UK by The Shadows, in the United States and Canada by Jørgen Ingmann, they recorded the song at Can-Base Studios in Vancouver to take advantage of Canadian content laws, which had helped promote their previous hit, "Bongo Rock." The group's version of "Apache" was not a hit upon release, languished in relative obscurity until the late 1970s, when it was adopted by early hip-hop artists, including pioneering deejay Kool Herc, for the uncommonly long percussion break in the middle of the song.
Subsequently, many of the Incredible Bongo Band's other releases were sampled by hip-hop producers, the "Apache" break remains a staple of many producers in drum and bass. The song received popular attention again in 2001 when it was featured in an ad for an Acura SUV. In 2008, music critic Will Hermes did an article on "Apache" and the Incredible Bongo Band for the New York Times and had an entire documentary devoted to it called "Sample this"; as well, the band's cover of "Let There Be Drums,", made famous by Sandy Nelson and performed by the Ventures, was used as the theme song for the long-running television show Atlantic Grand Prix Wrestling during the 1980s. It made #66 in Canada in December 1973. "Last Bongo in Belgium" has been sampled in the songs "Looking Down the Barrel of a Gun" performed by the Beastie Boys, "Angel" performed by Massive Attack and "Song of Life" performed by Leftfield. "Let There Be Drums" was used in Ken Burns' Baseball: The 10th Inning, the follow-up to Burns"94 PBS documentary.
"In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida" was used as the main loop in two different songs by Nas: "Hip Hop Is Dead" and "Thief's Theme". The 2013 documentary Sample This, directed by Dan Forrer and narrated by Gene Simmons, recounts the story of the Incredible Bongo Band and its recording of "Apache"."Bongolia" was used in Edgar Wright's 2017 film Baby Driver. A group formed by musician Shawn Lee with the parallel name "Shawn Lee's Incredible Tabla Band" released a cover album with Ubiquity Records in 2011. Lee took on the entire Bongo Band debut album, two tracks from their second album. Lee's album covers the music on tabla instead of bongo. Released 1973. "Let There Be Drums" "Apache" "Bongolia" "Last Bongo in Belgium" "Dueling Bongos" "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida" "Raunchy'73" "Bongo Rock'73"Bongo Rock was featured in Robert Dimery's book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Released 1974. "Kiburi" "When the Bed Breaks Down, I'll Meet You in the Spring" "Sing, Sing" "Pipeline" "Wipe Out" "Hang Down Your Head Tom Dooley, Your Tie's Caught In Your Zipper" "Slightly Reminiscent of Topsy, Parts One, Two And Three" "Sharp Nine" " Satisfaction" "Got The Sun in the Morning and the Daughter At Night" "Ohkey Dokey" A1.
"Apache" A2. "Let There Be Drums" A3. "Bongolia" A4. "Wipe Out" B1. "Dueling Bongos" B2. "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida" B3. "Raunchy'73" C1. "Last Bongo in Belgium" C2. "Bongo Rock'73" C3. "Hang Down Your Head Tom Dooley, Your Tie's Caught in Your Zipper" C4. "Sharp Nine" D1. "Kiburi" D2. "Sing, Sing" D3. " Satisfaction" D4. "Ohkey Dokey" D5. "When the Bed Breaks Down, I'll Meet You in the Spring" "Let There Be Drums" "Bongolia" "Kiburi" "Apache" "Sing, Sing" "Dueling Bongos" "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida" "Raunchy'73" "Bongo Rock'73" "Hang Down Your Head Tom Dooley, Your Tie's Caught in Your Zipper" "Sharp Nine" "Okey Dokey" "Pipeline" "When the Bed Breaks Down, I'll Meet You in the Spring" " Satisfaction" "Wipe Out" "Last Bongo in Belgium" "Got the Sun in the Morning and the Daughter at Night" "Slightly Reminiscent of Topsy" "Apache" "Let There Be Drums" "Bongolia" "Last Bongo in Belgium" "Dueling Bongos" "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida" "Raunchy'73" "Bongo Rock'73" "Kiburi" "Sing, Sing" " Satisfaction" "Wipe Out" "When the Bed Breaks Down, I'll Meet You in the Spring" "Pipeline" "Ohkey Dokey" "Sharp Nine" "Hang Down Your Head Tom Dooley, Your Tie's Caught in Your Zipper" "Apache" "Last Bongo in Belgium" NY Tim
Bachman–Turner Overdrive abbreviated as BTO, is a Canadian rock group from Winnipeg, that had a series of hit albums and singles in the 1970s, selling over 7 million albums in that decade alone. Their 1970s catalogue included six US Top 40 singles; the band has sold nearly 30 million albums worldwide, has fans affectionately known as "gearheads". Many of their songs, including "Let It Ride", "You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet", "Takin' Care of Business", "Hey You" and "Roll on Down the Highway", still receive play on classic-rock stations; the original lineup consisted of Fred Turner, Tim Bachman and Robbie Bachman. This lineup released two albums in 1973; the second and most commercially successful lineup featured Blair Thornton, in place of Tim Bachman. This lineup released four albums between 1974 and 1977, including two that reached the Top 5 in the U. S. pop charts, as well as the band's only U. S. No. 1 single. Subsequent lineups enjoyed only moderate success. After the band went into a hiatus in 2005, Randy Bachman and Fred Turner reunited in 2009 to tour and collaborate on a new album.
In 2010, they played the halftime show at the Grey Cup in Edmonton and continue to tour as of summer 2014. On March 29, 2014, the classic Not Fragile line-up reunited for the first time since 1991 to mark Bachman–Turner Overdrive's induction into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame, participated in performing in a tribute version of "Takin' Care of Business". After leaving The Guess Who at the height of that band's success, Randy Bachman recalled being labelled "a lunatic and a loser" and that "nobody wanted to work with me"; the exception was Chad Allan, former Guess Who lead singer/keyboardist who had left that band four years before Randy. The two agreed to explore a musical project, Randy turned to family; the result was the band Brave Belt, formed in Winnipeg in 1971 with the additions of Randy's brother Robin "Robbie" Bachman on drums, Gary Bachman acting as band manager. Brave Belt's self-titled first album, which saw Randy playing both lead guitar and bass, did not sell well; the record label still wanted Brave Belt to tour, so Randy hired fellow Winnipeg bassist/vocalist C. F. Turner to perform in the band's scheduled gigs.
Turner was soon asked to be a full-time member and sing lead for the recording of Brave Belt II in 1972. Chad Allan appeared as a vocalist on two Brave Belt II songs, but left the band shortly after the album's recording. During the tour to support this album, another Bachman sibling, Tim Bachman, was added as a second guitarist because the band had felt their three-piece arrangement was too restrictive. Brave Belt II failed to achieve any notable chart success, in mid-1972 their supporting tour was cancelled halfway through, but Turner's influence had started to make itself felt, as he composed five songs for the Brave Belt II album. Brave Belt II had a harder, more guitar-heavy sound than its predecessor, complemented by Turner's throaty, powerful voice. According to Randy Bachman's autobiography, the seeds of the BTO sound were sown at a university gig in Thunder Bay, Ontario shortly after Allan's departure. A promoter, disheartened with reactions to Allan's country-flavoured songs, which the band was still playing, decided to sack Brave Belt for the Saturday night show and bring in a more rock-oriented replacement from Toronto.
When that didn't materialize, he begged Brave Belt to stay on and play a set of classic rock cover songs. As the band played songs like "Proud Mary", "Brown Sugar" and "All Right Now", the dance floor filled up and, according to Randy, "We saw the difference between playing sit-down music people could talk over and playing music they would jump out of their seats and dance to."After Reprise Records dropped Brave Belt from their label, Randy emptied his own bank account to finance another set of recordings, began to shop around the next album. The band landed a new record deal from Mercury Records, one which Randy Bachman proclaimed as a pure stroke of luck. After their demo tape had been rejected 26 times, Bachman was prepared to tell the other band members that "they had to go and get the dreaded day jobs." However, in April 1973, Charlie Fach of Mercury Records returned to his office after a trip to France to find a stack of unplayed demo tapes waiting on his desk. Wanting to start fresh, he took a trash can and slid all the tapes into it except one which missed the can and fell onto the floor.
Fach noticed Bachman's name on it. He remembered talking to him the previous year and had told Bachman that if he put a demo together to send it to him. Coincidentally, Mercury had just lost Uriah Heep and Rod Stewart to other labels, Fach was looking for new rock acts to replace them. Fach called Bachman, Randy describes the conversation from there: I could hear "Gimme Your Money Please" playing in the background, and, the first song on the tape. Back you sent out two 7 1/2-inch reels of your album, an A-side and a B-side, and, side one, cut one, he said, "Randy, this is fabulous. Is the rest of the album like this?" And I said, "Yeah, it's all just good ol', dancing rock-and-roll." So he said, "Well, I have a meeting with my A&R people, but as far as I'm concerned, this is great and I want to sign it." At this point the band's demo tape was still called Brave Belt III. Fach convinced the band; the band had a
SNFU is a Canadian hardcore punk band. They formed in 1981 in Edmonton, relocated to Vancouver in 1992; the band has released ten full-length albums and have been a formative influence on the skate punk subgenre. Their work has on occasion been included in rankings of the best Canadian music. In their early years, SNFU built an audience across North America through energetic live performances and a dynamic punk sound, their 1985 debut album... And No One Else Wanted to Play has remained influential in underground circuits, they grew in popularity following two further studio albums, but disbanded in 1989 due to internal tensions. SNFU reformed two years in a second incarnation that found greater success, they signed with the prominent indie label Epitaph Records, achieved six-digit record sales and toured in support of larger groups. The band became independent in 1997 after their contract with Epitaph expired and again disbanded in 2005, but reformed two years later; the group is fronted by the eccentric singer and artist Ken Chinn, credited as Mr. Chi Pig.
Founding members and twin brothers Brent and Marc Belke helped create the band's melodic hardcore punk sound with dual guitar work before their departures in 1998 and 2005, respectively. Nearly 30 musicians have played with only Chinn remaining constant. Since 2014, the band has consisted of Chinn, bassist Dave Bacon, guitarists Randy Steffes and Kurt Robertson. In March 2018 the band announced a hiatus due to unspecified health concerns. Ken Chinn met Marc Belke in Edmonton in the late 1970s; the three were teenagers who shared interests in the skateboarding subculture and burgeoning punk rock movement. In 1981, they formed the punk band Live Sex Shows with bassist Phil Larson; the band broke up that year after a few gigs. Chinn and the Belkes began a new group, Society's No Fucking Use, shortened to Society's NFU; the initial lineup was completed by drummer Evan C. Jones. After a few months of gigging, Bidlock departed due to stage fright; the group recorded their debut, two-song demo cassette "Life of a Bag Lady", with Scott Juskiw playing bass as a studio guest.
Bassist Jimmy Schmitz replaced Bidlock late in 1982, the group adopted the SNFU moniker. Two studio tracks on the It Came From Inner Space compilation LP on Rubber Records followed early in 1983. SNFU built an audience throughout North America on the strength of their aggressive live set, their support for touring acts such as Youth Brigade, the Dead Kennedys, GBH, their track "Victims of the Womanizer" on the Something to Believe In compilation LP released on the American label BYO Records. SNFU's debut album... And No One Else Wanted to Play, was recorded in Los Angeles and released via BYO in 1985; the album made an immediate impact in the underground punk scene, with noted artist Pushead writing in Maximumrocknroll that the album's "igorous energy push the limits of power with knocking flurry and extreme excitement." Pushead concluded that the album was "a scorcher." Jones left the band due to exhaustion in mid 1985. Dave Bacon was slated to replace him on drums, but joined as bassist after Schmitz's departure in May.
Jon Card moved to Edmonton to join as drummer, the group toured North America. SNFU's second and more experimental album, If You Swear, You'll Catch No Fish, was recorded in 1986 and released on BYO. Card left the band after the album's completion. With his replacement, Ted Simm, SNFU self-released the She's Not on the Menu 7" EP, which included the "Life of a Bag Lady" recordings from 1982. Bacon departed in early 1987 due to health concerns, he was replaced by a former roommate of Chinn and Marc Belke. The band enjoyed increasing popularity: in 1987, Flipside fanzine voted them Best Live Band, beating the Red Hot Chili Peppers and Fugazi. Metallica included photos of lead singer James Hetfield wearing SNFU's iconic'zombie' T-shirt in their $5.98 E. P.: Garage Days Re-Revisited. SNFU toured alongside Voivod and the Dayglo Abortions, signed to the larger Cargo Records imprint, their third record, Better Than a Stick in the Eye, was produced by Cecil English and issued in 1988. The album remains influential among hardcore punk audiences.
The group's touring in support of the album included their first trip to Europe. Due to internal tensions and musical differences, they disbanded in late 1989. Simm returned to his home of Winnipeg, while Chinn relocated to Vancouver and led the short-lived bands The Wongs and Little Joe; the Belkes and Creager formed the Wheat Chiefs, a melodic rock band that released one record, Redeemer, in 1996. In 1991, SNFU released The Last of the Big Time Suspenders, an album of live material and studio outtakes, to satisfy their contract with Cargo; the band reformed around the Belkes, Chinn and Card planning only a supporting promotional tour. The tour was successful and after several months of consideration, they decided to reactivate the band; the Belkes joined Chinn and Card in Vancouver in June 1992 and began a new incarnation of the group with bassist Ken Fleming. Suffering from substance abuse problems, Card was replaced by Dave Rees, who had played in the Wheat Chiefs and former SNFU tour mates Broken Smile.
This lineup completed an extensive European tour. Fleming was dismissed due to personality conflicts in December and was
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 5.016 million as of 2018, it is Canada's third-most populous province. The first British settlement in the area was Fort Victoria, established in 1843, which gave rise to the City of Victoria, at first the capital of the separate Colony of Vancouver Island. Subsequently, on the mainland, the Colony of British Columbia was founded by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Moody was Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for the Colony and the first Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: he was hand-picked by the Colonial Office in London to transform British Columbia into the British Empire's "bulwark in the farthest west", "to found a second England on the shores of the Pacific". Moody selected the site for and founded the original capital of British Columbia, New Westminster, established the Cariboo Road and Stanley Park, designed the first version of the Coat of arms of British Columbia.
Port Moody is named after him. In 1866, Vancouver Island became part of the colony of British Columbia, Victoria became the united colony's capital. In 1871, British Columbia became the sixth province of Canada, its Latin motto is Splendor sine occasu. The capital of British Columbia remains Victoria, the fifteenth-largest metropolitan region in Canada, named for Queen Victoria, who ruled during the creation of the original colonies; the largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, the second-largest in the Pacific Northwest. In October 2013, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,606,371; the province is governed by the British Columbia New Democratic Party, led by John Horgan, in a minority government with the confidence and supply of the Green Party of British Columbia. Horgan became premier as a result of a no-confidence motion on June 29, 2017. British Columbia evolved from British possessions that were established in what is now British Columbia by 1871.
First Nations, the original inhabitants of the land, have a history of at least 10,000 years in the area. Today there are few treaties, the question of Aboriginal Title, long ignored, has become a legal and political question of frequent debate as a result of recent court actions. Notably, the Tsilhqot'in Nation has established Aboriginal title to a portion of their territory, as a result of the 2014 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia; the province's name was chosen by Queen Victoria, when the Colony of British Columbia, i.e. "the Mainland", became a British colony in 1858. It refers to the Columbia District, the British name for the territory drained by the Columbia River, in southeastern British Columbia, the namesake of the pre-Oregon Treaty Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. Queen Victoria chose British Columbia to distinguish what was the British sector of the Columbia District from the United States, which became the Oregon Territory on August 8, 1848, as a result of the treaty.
The Columbia in the name British Columbia is derived from the name of the Columbia Rediviva, an American ship which lent its name to the Columbia River and the wider region. British Columbia is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and the American state of Alaska, to the north by Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, to the east by the province of Alberta, to the south by the American states of Washington and Montana; the southern border of British Columbia was established by the 1846 Oregon Treaty, although its history is tied with lands as far south as California. British Columbia's land area is 944,735 square kilometres. British Columbia's rugged coastline stretches for more than 27,000 kilometres, includes deep, mountainous fjords and about 6,000 islands, most of which are uninhabited, it is the only province in Canada. British Columbia's capital is Victoria, located at the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island. Only a narrow strip of Vancouver Island, from Campbell River to Victoria, is populated.
Much of the western part of Vancouver Island and the rest of the coast is covered by temperate rainforest. The province's most populous city is Vancouver, at the confluence of the Fraser River and Georgia Strait, in the mainland's southwest corner. By land area, Abbotsford is the largest city. Vanderhoof is near the geographic centre of the province; the Coast Mountains and the Inside Passage's many inlets provide some of British Columbia's renowned and spectacular scenery, which forms the backdrop and context for a growing outdoor adventure and ecotourism industry. 75% of the province is mountainous. The province's mainland away from the coastal regions is somewhat moderated by the Pacific Ocean. Terrain ranges from dry inland forests and semi-arid valleys, to the range and canyon districts of the Central and Southern Interior, to boreal forest and subarctic prairie in the Northern Interior. High mountain regions both north and south subalpine climate; the Okanagan area, extending from Vernon to Osoyoos at the United States border, is one of several wine and cider-produci
"Apache" is an instrumental written by English composer Jerry Lordan. The original version was by Bert Weedon; the British rock group the Shadows released it the next month. It topped the UK Singles Chart for five weeks. In 1961, Danish jazz guitarist Jørgen Ingmann's cover of "Apache" went to No. 2 in the US and No. 2 in Canada. A 1973 version by the Incredible Bongo Band has been called "hip-hop’s national anthem". Although this version was not a hit on release, its long percussion break has been sampled countless times on hip hop and dance tracks since the 1980s. In March 2005, Q magazine placed "Apache" by The Shadows at No. 96 in its list of the 100 Greatest Guitar Tracks. English songwriter and composer Jerry Lordan came up with the tune; the title "Apache" reflects the source of Lordan's inspiration: the 1954 American western film Apache. The original recording was by British guitarist Bert Weedon in early 1960, it remained unreleased for several months. In mid-1960 the Shadows were on tour with Lordan as a supporting act.
The band discovered "Apache". Lordan figured; the recording was done at the EMI Abbey Road Studio in London. Singer-guitarist Joe Brown had bought an Italian-built guitar echo chamber that he did not like and gave it to Hank Marvin, who developed a distinctive sound using it and the tremolo arm of his Fender Stratocaster. Bruce Welch borrowed an acoustic Gibson J200 guitar from Cliff Richard, the heavy melodic bass was by Jet Harris, percussion was by Tony Meehan and Cliff Richard, who played a Chinese drum at the beginning and end to provide an atmosphere of stereotypically Native American music. Record producer Norrie Paramor preferred the flip side, an instrumental of the army song "The Quartermaster's Stores", now called "The Quatermasster's Stores" after the TV series Quatermass. Paramor changed his mind after his daughter preferred "Apache", it has been cited by a generation of guitarists as inspirational and is considered one of the most influential British rock 45s of the pre-Beatles era.
The Shadows said: What's the most distinctive sound of our group? We wondered what it is ourselves, it is the sound we had when we recorded "Apache" – that kind of Hawaiian sounding lead guitar... plus the beat. The Shadows' "Apache" entered the UK top 40 on 21 July 1960 at no. 35, climbing into the top 20 the following week. A fortnight the song rose twelve places to no. 3 and, on 25 August, deposed "Please Don't Tease" – on which The Shadows backed Cliff Richard – to begin a five-week run at no. 1. On 29 September, "Apache" dropped to no.2, replaced by "Tell Laura I Love Her" by Ricky Valance. The Shadows version proved to be an enduring hit, enjoying a 19-week run in the top 40 which concluded on 24 November, reappearing for one more week on 8 December. During this run, the group's follow-up single "Man of Mystery/The Stranger" peaked at no.5, alongside the no.3 success of "Nine Times Out of Ten". After the Shadows version began its rise up the UK charts, Weedon's original climbed to no.24 in the UK.
However, neither the Shadows nor Weedon had any impact on North America. In late 1960, Jørgen Ingmann produced his own'twangy' multi-tracked cover version, released in the United States in November 1960. In 1961, this cover version, credited to "Jørgen Ingmann and His Guitar", made No. 2 on the Billboard Hot 100, behind Blue Moon by The Marcels. On other US charts, "Apache" reached No. 9 on the US R&B chart. The track reached no.1 on Canada's CHUM Chart. In 1970, English progressive rock group The Edgar Broughton Band released a single "Apache Drop Out", which combined "Apache" with a version of Captain Beefheart's "Drop Out Boogie"; the unorthodox single reached No. 33 on the UK Singles Chart. A 1973 version by Michael Viner and a funk group called "The Incredible Bongo Band" added a bongo drum introduction and included more percussion; the drum break was played by legendary drummer Jim Gordon. Although this version was not a hit on its initial release, it became sampled in early hip hop music, including by Afrika Bambaataa, who cited its influence.
It has been sampled by hip hop performers such as The Sugarhill Gang, L. L. Cool J, The Roots and Nas, techno performers The Future Sound of London and Moby, drum and bass acts J Majik and Goldie; the 2013 documentary Sample This, directed by Dan Forrer and narrated by Gene Simmons, recounts the story of The Incredible Bongo Band and its recording of "Apache". In 1981, the rap group known as The Sugarhill Gang covered the Incredible Bongo Band's version of the song on its second album 8th Wonder. In 1982, this version peaked at No. 53 on the Billboard Hot 100, No. 51 on the US Dance chart, No. 13 on the US R&B chart. In 1995, this version gained additional popularity after being featured in "Viva Lost Wages", a sixth-season episode of the NBC sitcom The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, as well as in "Whoops, There It Is", a subsequent clip show from the series. Using the distinctive beat and bongo drums as well as Indian war cries, the Sugarhill Gang added rap lyrics with references, including: The Lone Ranger is mentioned extensively as well as his sidekick and his horse.
The lyric "Now what you hear is not a test" recalls the Sugarhill Gang's earlier hit "Rapper's Delight". The instrumental "Popcorn" by Hot Butter is referenced via the lyric " Hot buttered popcorn!" The recording engineer for Sugar Hill Records Steve Jerome was a member and engineer for "Popcorn" by Hot
Diana Ross is an American singer and record producer. Born and raised in Detroit, Ross rose to fame as the lead singer of the vocal group the Supremes, during the 1960s, became Motown's most successful act, are the best charting girl group in US history, as well as one of the world's best-selling girl groups of all time; the group released a record-setting twelve number-one hit singles on the US Billboard Hot 100, including "Where Did Our Love Go", "Baby Love", "Come See About Me", "Stop! In the Name of Love", "You Can't Hurry Love", "You Keep Me Hangin' On", "Love Child", "Someday We'll Be Together". Following her departure from the Supremes in 1970, Ross released her eponymous debut solo album that same year, featuring the number-one Pop hit "Ain't No Mountain High Enough", she released the album Touch Me in the Morning in 1973. She continued a successful solo career through the 1970s, which included hit albums like Mahogany and Diana Ross and their number-one hit singles, "Theme from Mahogany" and "Love Hangover", respectively.
Her 1980 album Diana produced another number-one single, "Upside Down", as well as the international hit "I'm Coming Out". Ross' final single with Motown during her initial run with the company achieved her sixth and final US number-one Pop hit, the duet "Endless Love" featuring Lionel Richie, whose solo career was launched with its success. Ross has ventured into acting, with a Golden Globe Award and Academy Award-nominated performance for her performance in the film Lady Sings the Blues, she starred in two other feature films and The Wiz acting in the television films Out of Darkness, for which she was nominated for a Golden Globe Award, Double Platinum. Ross was named the "Female Entertainer of the Century" by Billboard magazine. In 1993, the Guinness Book of World Records declared Ross the most successful female music artist in history, due to her success in the United States and United Kingdom for having more hits than any female artist in the charts, with a career total of 70 hit singles with her work with the Supremes and as a solo artist.
In 1988, Ross was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as member of the Supremes, alongside Mary Wilson and Florence Ballard. She was the recipient of the Kennedy Center Honors in 2007, the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2016, she is a 12-time Grammy nominee, never earning a competitive honor, but became the recipient of the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2012. In December 2016, Billboard magazine named her the 50th most successful dance artist of all time. In Billboard magazine's Greatest of All Time Hot 100 Artists chart, she ranked 16th as the lead singer of the Supremes and 26th as a solo artist. In December 2018, Diana Ross consolidated her status as a dance diva by ranking #3 in the Billboard Dance Club Songs Artists year-end chart. Diana Ross was born at the Hutzel Women's Hospital in Detroit on March 26, 1944, she was the second eldest child for Ernestine and Fred Ross, Sr.. Ross's older sister is American physician Barbara Ross-Lee. According to Ross, her mother named her "Diane", but, a clerical error resulted in her name being recorded as "Diana" on her birth certificate.
She was listed as "Diane" during the first Supremes records, she introduced herself as "Diane" until early in the group's heyday. Her friends and family still call her "Diane". Ross's grandfather John E. Ross, a native of Gloucester County, was born to Washington Ross and Virginia Baytop. Virginia Baytop's mother Francis "Frankey" Baytop was a former slave who had become a midwife after the Civil War. Ross and her family lived on Belmont Road in the North End section of Detroit, near Highland Park, where her neighbor was Smokey Robinson; when Ross was seven, her mother contracted tuberculosis, causing her to become ill. Ross's father moved with his children to live with relatives in Alabama. After her mother recovered, her family moved back to Detroit. On her 14th birthday in 1958, her family relocated to the working-class Brewster-Douglass Housing Projects settling at St. Antoine Street. Attending Cass Technical High School, a four-year college and preparatory magnet school, in downtown Detroit, Ross began taking classes including clothing design, pattern making, tailoring, as she had aspired to become a fashion designer.
She took modeling and cosmetology classes at the school and participated in three or four other extracurricular activities while there. Ross worked at Hudson's Department Store where it has been claimed in biographies, she was the first black employee "allowed outside the kitchen". For extra income, she provided hairdressing services for her neighbors. Ross graduated from Cass Tech in January 1962. At fifteen, Ross joined the Primettes, a sister group of a male vocal group called the Primes, after being brought to the attention of music manager Milton Jenkins by Primes member Paul Williams. Along with Ross, the other members included Florence Ballard, the first group member hired by Jenkins, Mary Wilson, Betty McGlown. Following a talent competition win in Windsor, Ontario, in 1960, the Primettes were invited to audition for Motown records. Ballard declined the offer, due to unsavory rumors of the unscrupulous business practices of Motown's founder, Berry Gordy. Following local success via live performances at sock hops, etc. Ross approached former neighbor, William "Smokey" Robinson, who insisted that the group a