Music of New Mexico
|Music of the United States|
New Mexico is a state of the Southwest United States. The state has music traditions dating back to the ancient Anasazi and Pueblo people, Navajo, Apache, and the Spanish Santa Fe de Nuevo México; these old traditions are found in both their original folk forms and as a modern folk genre known as New Mexico music. In the 1940s town of Clovis was home to the Norman Petty Studios, where Buddy Holly, Roy Orbison, and Waylon Jennings recorded. Perhaps the first well-known group hailing from New Mexico was The Fireballs scoring a #1 Hot 100 hit in 1963 called "Sugar Shack". Native American rock group Xit were signed and recorded Plight of the Redman (1972) and Silent Warrior (1973) for a subsidiary of Motown Records, Rare Earth Records. During the 1970s and 80s, New Mexico musicians Al Hurricane and Al Hurricane, Jr. became recognized on the nationally syndicated Val De La O Show.
The English-language state song of New Mexico is "O Fair New Mexico", adopted by the state legislature in 1917. In 1971, "Así es Nuevo México" was adopted as the Spanish-language state song. In 1989, the legislature adopted "Land of Enchantment" by Michael Martin Murphey as the official state ballad; and in 1995, the legislature adopted "New Mexico - Mi Lindo Nuevo México" by Pablo Mares as the state's official bilingual state song.
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New Mexico's heritage studies and inquiries into the unique past of the area reveal that the violin was introduced into New Mexico long before Europeans brought polka and other folk forms to the east coast; several studies confirm the long history of violin playing in New Mexico. The New Mexico Musical Heritage Project continues to play the music of early New Mexico, while learning the violin building techniques used in the pueblos to convert the natives through music.
The first inhabitants of New Mexico were Native Americans, followed by Spaniards in the sixteenth century. In 1821 the land was ceded to Mexico, and in 1848 it became a territory of the United States. The cultures of each of these groups has influenced the music of New Mexico in unique ways.
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Native American music
Orchestral and classical music
The New Mexico Philharmonic continues the long tradition of the now defunct New Mexico Symphony Orchestra, who had been performing since 1932. Other Classical music institutions in the state include the Taos School of Music, the Santa Fe Community Orchestra and the Santa Fe Symphony Orchestra and Chorus.
New Mexico's country music heritage includes Red River's Michael Martin Murphey, a cowboy singer and popular local attraction, as well as the Old West town of Las Vegas, New Mexico. The town of Ruidoso is home to the Lincoln County Cowboy Symposium. Glen Campbell started his career by playing guitar with his uncle in Albuquerque bars. More recently a country/Americana duo Handsome Family moved from Chicago to Albuquerque, making it their home.
In 2002, a song called "New Slang" was heard on TV commercials across the country. The group was The Shins, which became a perennial favorite among indie folk/pop/rock fans worldwide. The next international success came when a young Santa Fe and Albuquerque resident Zach Condon formed an ethno/world influenced band called Beirut.
The city of Santa Fe, New Mexico is home to the Santa Fe International Festival of New Music, the Santa Fe Chamber Music Festival, and the Santa Fe Opera. Taos is home to the Taos Solar Music Festival. June is the month for many festivals in New Mexico. Besides Taos Solar Music Festival at the end of June, there is Southwest Roots Music Festival, also called the Thirsty Ear Music Festival that takes place in the middle of June just outside Santa Fe at the famous western movie set. Festival features well-known artists representing the roots of folk, blues, bluegrass, and world music.
The University of New Mexico's John Donald Robb Composers’ Symposium has been and continues to be one of the central contemporary music events in the US Southwest. The symposium began in 1972 when UNM Music Professor William Wood invited his former teacher, Norman Lockwood, to the campus, where his compositions were performed, along with the works of UNM music composition students. In 1999, the symposium was renamed the John Donald Robb Composers’ Symposium. The symposium is now presented jointly by the John Donald Robb Musical Trust and the UNM Department of Music. The Symposium brings international composers and performers to the University of New Mexico campus for four to six long days of concerts, seminars, masterclasses, and public talks. The numerous concerts and events are all made free to the public, making the Symposium an inclusive listening opportunity that welcomes in audiences and serves them entirely new sonic experiences, as well as showcasing the talents of UNM faculty and students, alongside national and international guest artists. Guest composers have included Robert Ashley, Milton Babbitt, Anthony Braxton, Martin Bresnick, John Cage, Raven Chacon, Chen Yi, Michael Colgrass, George Crumb, Julio Estrada, Lukas Foss, Lou Harrison, Alan Hovhaness, Karel Husa, John Harbison, Ernst Krenek, Libby Larson, Lei Liang, John Lewis, Thea Musgrave, Pauline Oliveros, Hilda Paredes, Vincent Persichetti, Roger Reynolds, Ned Rorem, Maria Schneider, Gunther Schuller, Cecil Taylor, James Tenney, Joan Tower, Christian Wolff. Directors of the Symposium include: Christopher Shultis, Peter Gilbert, and Karola Obermüller.
Another festival in New Mexico is Globalquerque taking place at the end of every September since 2005 at the Hispanic Cultural Center in Albuquerque. It features music from all continents (folk/ethno/pop) as well as some Native American and Hispanic acts.
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In Las Cruces, Starbucks coffee shop is known for hosting an open mic on Friday or Sunday nights. Popular artists at these venues include the group: "Raw Material," as well as Clay King, a local guitar player, Codeword Zefferina, and Jon Paz, a local multi-instrumentalist.
Red River in Northern New Mexico has a Bluesfest in early June and Larry Joe Taylor's Music Festival and Chili Cookoff featuring well-known songwriters such as Richard Leigh, Keith Sykes, Joe Ely and Michael Hearn.
In Taos, the Taos Inn host nightly music performances.
Musicians and bands associated with New Mexico include:
- Rahim AlHaj
- Bob Andrews
- Antonia Apodaca
- Andru Bemis
- Freddie Brown
- Glen Campbell
- John Denver
- Bo Diddley
- The Echoing Green
- The Eyeliners
- The Fireballs
- Eliza Gilkyson
- Handsome Family
- A Hawk and a Hacksaw
- Joy Harjo
- Tish Hinojosa
- Al Hurricane
- Last Day Parade
- Ottmar Liebert
- Demi Lovato
- Consuelo Luz
- Herbie Mann
- Eric McFadden
- Old Man Gloom
- Robert Mirabal
- Michael Martin Murphey
- Romanovsky and Phillips
- The Rondelles
- Scared of Chaka
- Bernadette Seacrest
- The Shins
- Sonny Throckmorton
- Tony Vincent
- Lehmer, L. (2003). The Day the Music Died: The Last Tour of Buddy Holly, the Big Bopper and Ritchie Valens. Schirmer Trade Books. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-8256-7287-3. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- "History". The Fireballs. January 4, 1960. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- Wright-McLeod, B. (2005). The Encyclopedia of Native Music: More Than a Century of Recordings from Wax Cylinder to the Internet. University of Arizona Press. p. 215. ISBN 978-0-8165-2448-8. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- DeLaO, V (May 4, 2014). "Entrevista Anthony Quinn". The Val De La O Show. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- "State Songs". Dianna J Duran - New Mexico Secretary of State. March 25, 2009. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- Lozano, T.; Montoya, R. (2007). Cantemos Al Alba: (in Spanish). University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 978-0-8263-3874-7. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- Robb, J.D. (1980). Hispanic Folk Music of New Mexico and the Southwest: A Self-portrait of a People. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0-8061-1492-7. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- Weigle, M.; White, P. (2003). The Lore of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8263-3157-1. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- "New Mexico Musical Heritage Project". Retrieved October 9, 2012.
- "Robert Mirabal and the Jemez Pueblo Dancers in: Blue Corn - The Journey". NMT Performing Arts Series. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- "History". New Mexico Symphony Orchestra. Archived from the original on March 18, 2009. Retrieved December 7, 2005.
- "New Mexico Philharmonic". New Mexico Philharmonic. October 11, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- Byron, Janet (1996). Country Music Lover's Guide to the U.S.A. (1st ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-14300-1.
- "The Shins". The Shins. May 9, 2005. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- "An Interview with Zach Condon & Jason of Beirut". BrooklynVegan. June 29, 2006. Retrieved September 29, 2014.