The rise of the player piano grew with the rise of the mass-produced piano for the home in the late 19th and early 20th century. Sales peaked in 1924, declined as the improvement in phonograph recordings due to electrical recording methods developed in the mid-1920s. The idea of musical devices can be traced back many centuries. These devices were extended to operate musical boxes, which contain a set of tuned metal teeth plucked by the player mechanism, an early musical instrument to be automated was the organ, which is comparatively easy to operate automatically. The power for the notes is provided by air from a system. The playing task is performed by a pinned barrel. The piano is an instrument, requiring each note to be struck with a different force to control the dynamics of the performance. The entire force required to sound the note must be given by the hitting the keys. It proved to be difficult for a device to combine a variable percussive force. Barrels do not provide a force, but a relatively gentle switching motion.
Early barrel pianos moved the back and forwards continuously as the operator turned the handle. The hammers hit repeatedly until the pin was removed and this played the note, but at a fixed dynamic and with a tremolo action quite unlike a pianist. The development of the piano was the gradual overcoming of the various difficulties of controlled percussive striking. The earliest practical piano playing device was probably the Forneaux Pianista and this bellows struck the piano key and so played the note. The acceleration of developments leading to the player device started in the 1840s. The start of the period can probably be seen as the Centennial Exposition of 1876 in Philadelphia. At this exhibition were a number of automatic devices, including the Pianista. The earliest description of a piano playing device using perforated paper rolls was Claude Seytres French patent of 1842, the concept was sound, but the device described was impractical in the way it read the roll and operated the piano
Pau Casals i Defilló, sometimes known as Pablo Casals, was a cellist and conductor from Spain. He is generally regarded as the pre-eminent cellist of the first half of the 20th century and he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963 by President John F. Kennedy. Casals was born in El Vendrell and his father, Carles Casals i Ribes, was a parish organist and choirmaster. He gave Casals instruction in piano, violin, and he was a very strict disciplinarian. When Casals was young his father would pull the piano out from the wall and have him and his brother, stand behind it and name the notes and the scales that his father was playing. At the age of four Casals could play the violin and flute and his first encounter with a cello-like instrument was from witnessing a local traveling Catalan musician, who played a cello-strung broom handle. Upon request, his father built him a cello, using a gourd as a sound-box. When Casals was eleven, he first heard the real cello performed by a group of traveling musicians, and decided to dedicate himself to the instrument.
In 1888 his mother, Pilar Defilló de Casals, who was born in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico of Catalonian ancestry, took him to Barcelona, there he studied cello and piano. In 1890, when he was 13, he found in a sheet music store in Barcelona a tattered copy of Bachs six cello suites. He spent the next 13 years practicing them every day before he would perform them in public for the first time, Casals would make his own version of the six suites. He made prodigious progress as a cellist, on February 23,1891 he gave a recital in Barcelona at the age of fourteen. He graduated from the Escola with honours five years later, Casals was asked to play at informal concerts in the palace, and was granted a royal stipend to study composition at the Madrid Royal Conservatory in Madrid with Víctor Mirecki. He played in the newly organized Quartet Society, in 1895 he went to Paris, having lost his stipend from Catalonia, he earned a living by playing second cello in the theater orchestra of the Folies Marigny. In 1896, he returned to Catalonia and received an appointment to the faculty of the Escola Municipal de Música in Barcelona and he was appointed principal cellist in the orchestra of Barcelonas opera house, the Liceu.
In 1897 he appeared as soloist with the Madrid Symphony Orchestra, in 1899, Casals played at The Crystal Palace in London, and for Queen Victoria at Osborne House, her summer residence, accompanied by Ernest Walker. On November 12, and December 17,1899, he appeared as a soloist at Lamoureux Concerts in Paris, to great public and critical acclaim. He toured Spain and the Netherlands with the pianist Harold Bauer from 1900 to 1901, in 1901/02 he made his first tour of the United States, on January 15,1904, Casals was invited to play at the White House for President Theodore Roosevelt
A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds. In principle, any object that produces sound can be a musical instrument—it is through purpose that the object becomes a musical instrument, the history of musical instruments dates to the beginnings of human culture. Early musical instruments may have used for ritual, such as a trumpet to signal success on the hunt. Cultures eventually developed composition and performance of melodies for entertainment, Musical instruments evolved in step with changing applications. The date and origin of the first device considered an instrument is disputed. The oldest object that some refer to as a musical instrument. Some consensus dates early flutes to about 37,000 years ago, many early musical instruments were made from animal skins, bone and other non-durable materials. Musical instruments developed independently in many populated regions of the world, contact among civilizations caused rapid spread and adaptation of most instruments in places far from their origin.
By the Middle Ages, instruments from Mesopotamia were in maritime Southeast Asia, development in the Americas occurred at a slower pace, but cultures of North and South America shared musical instruments. By 1400, musical instrument development slowed in areas and was dominated by the Occident. Musical instrument classification is a discipline in its own right, Instruments can be classified by their effective range, their material composition, their size, etc. However, the most common method, Hornbostel-Sachs, uses the means by which they produce sound. The academic study of instruments is called organology. Once humans moved from making sounds with their bodies—for example, by using objects to create music from sounds. Primitive instruments were designed to emulate natural sounds, and their purpose was ritual rather than entertainment. The concept of melody and the pursuit of musical composition were unknown to early players of musical instruments. A player sounding a flute to signal the start of a hunt does so without thought of the notion of making music.
Musical instruments are constructed in an array of styles and shapes
Martha Rose Reeves is an American R&B and pop singer and former politician, and is the lead singer of the Motown girl group Martha Reeves and the Vandellas. They scored over a hit singles, including Come and Get These Memories, Nowhere to Run, Heat Wave, Jimmy Mack. From 2005 until 2009, Reeves served as an elected council woman for the city of Detroit, Martha Rose Reeves was born in Eufaula, the first daughter of Elijah Joshua Reeves and Ruby Lee Gilmore Reeves, and the third of the couples 11 children. She was a baby when the family moved from Eufaula to Detroit, the family was very active in the church and its choir. Elijah played guitar and Ruby liked to sing, the children acquired their love of music from their parents, at Detroits Northeastern High School, her vocal coach was Abraham Silver, who worked with Florence Ballard and Mary Wilson and Bobby Rogers. Raised on gospel, and inspired by singers like Lena Horne and Della Reese, Reeves became a fan of R&B and she joined the Fascinations. in 1959, but left the group before they became a recording act.
The Del-Phis were popular local performers, Reeves was reportedly an admirer of the group and was a friend of Gloria Williams, who hired Reeves to join the group in 1960. Through 1960 and 1961, Reeves made ends meet working several jobs by day and worked as a singer in nighttime hours singing jazz and blues standards at some of Detroits respected nightclubs. Singing at the 20 Grand, Reeves was spotted by Motown A&R director Mickey Stevenson, who used the stage name Martha Lavaille showed up at Motowns Hitsville USA studios the next morning, not knowing that she was to call to schedule an audition. Stevenson asked her to answer phones while he took care of other business, using the skills she had learned in commercial courses in high school, Reeves answered phones, took notes, administrated payroll for Motowns famed Funk Brothers, and made herself invaluable. Before long, Reeves was working several hours at Hitsville as Stevensons right hand, by 1961, the Del-Phis had changed their name to The Vels and recorded singles for Checker and Checkmate Records.
One day, when Mary Wells couldnt make a session, Reeves stepped up to the mic, with Ill Have to Let Him Go, Martha and the Vandellas was born. Then, when the Andantes couldnt make a session to back the Miracles drummer on songs he was recording, the ladies provided backup vocals for Marvin Gayes Stubborn Kind of Fellow. Martha and the Vandellas backed Gaye on his first three singles, his first album, and on stage—even after they had their own hits. After Heat Wave became the groups first million-seller and the Vandellas quickly rose to one of the labels top draws both as recording stars and as a successful live act. Martha was the one consistent member of the group staying throughout all the groups incarnations, after the exits of original members Annette Beard and Rosalind Ashford, members replacing them included Betty Kelly, Sandra Tilley and one of Marthas sisters Lois Reeves. The group was featured in major magazine articles in Johnson Publishing Corp. publications including HEP, Ebony and JET.
Reeves was a contributing writer for SOUL
The sanxian is a Chinese lute — a three-stringed fretless plucked musical instrument. It has a fingerboard, and the body is traditionally made from snake skin stretched over a rounded rectangular resonator. It is made in sizes for different purposes and in the late 20th century a four-stringed version was developed. The northern sanxian is generally larger, at about 122 cm in length, the sanxian has a dry, somewhat percussive tone and loud volume similar to the banjo. The larger sizes have a range of three octaves and it is primarily used as an accompanying instrument, as well as in ensembles and orchestras of traditional Chinese instruments, though solo pieces and concertos exist. The sanxian is used in nanguan and Jiangnan sizhu ensembles, as well as other folk. Traditionally the instrument is plucked with a thin, hard plectrum made from animal horn but today most players use a plectrum or, alternatively. This use of fingers to pluck the instrument often shares technique with that of the pipa and is most commonly used in performance of sanxian arrangements of works written for the pipa.
This allows for techniques such as tremolo to be used. Other techniques for sanxian include the use of harmonics and hitting the skin of the instrument with the plectra or fingernail, a closely related musical instrument is the Japanese shamisen, which originated from the Chinese sanxian. Even more closely related is the Okinawan sanshin, which is covered in snakeskin. Additionally, the sanshin and sanxian share a similar body part consisting of a round-edged square of wood. In the Japanese shamisen, the body is made of four pieces of wood instead of one, the Mongolian shanz and the Vietnamese đàn tam are very similar to the sanxian. In addition to its use in traditional and classical Chinese music, some popular and rock musicians have used the sanxian, most notably the singer He Yong, as many Chinese orchestras exclude the sanxian, many people are unwilling to learn this instrument. For the most part, use of the sanxian in the Chinese orchestra is as a provider of a de facto bass line. Also, as the neck of the da sanxian is particularly long and this is not an issue in the smaller saxian, which are closer in size to the Japanese shamisen.
One likely reason for the decline in the popularity is that it is extremely over priced. A similar 3-string instrument, the qinqin sells for about 1/10 the price, the sanxian is not fretted, and is actually a better instrument as the qinqin fretting is very odd, being based on a non-equal temperament diatonic scale
Elvis Aaron Presley was an American singer and actor. Regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century, he is referred to as the King of Rock and Roll. Presley was born in Tupelo and relocated to Memphis and his music career began there in 1954, when he recorded a song with producer Sam Phillips at Sun Records. Accompanied by guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, Presley was a popularizer of rockabilly. RCA Victor acquired his contract in a deal arranged by Colonel Tom Parker, Presleys first RCA single, Heartbreak Hotel, was released in January 1956 and became a number-one hit in the United States. He was regarded as the figure of rock and roll after a series of successful network television appearances. In November 1956, Presley made his debut in Love Me Tender. In 1958, he was drafted into military service, in 1973, Presley featured in the first globally broadcast concert via satellite, Aloha from Hawaii. Several years of drug abuse severely damaged his health.
Presley is one of the most celebrated and influential musicians of the 20th century and he won three Grammys, receiving the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at age 36, and has been inducted into multiple music halls of fame. Presley was born on January 8,1935, in Tupelo, Mississippi, to Gladys Love and Vernon Elvis Presley, Jesse Garon Presley, his identical twin brother, was delivered stillborn 35 minutes before his own birth. Thus, as a child, Presley became close to both parents and formed an especially close bond with his mother. The family attended an Assembly of God, where he found his musical inspiration. Although he was in conflict with the Pentecostal church in his years, rev. Rex Humbard officiated at his funeral, as Presley had been an admirer of Humbards ministry. Presleys ancestry was primarily a Western European mix, including Scots-Irish, German, gladyss great-great-grandmother, Morning Dove White, was possibly a Cherokee Native American. Gladys was regarded by relatives and friends as the dominant member of the small family, Vernon moved from one odd job to the next, evincing little ambition.
The family often relied on help from neighbors and government food assistance, the Presleys survived the F5 tornado in the 1936 Tupelo–Gainesville tornado outbreak. In 1938, they lost their home after Vernon was found guilty of kiting a check written by the landowner, Orville S. Bean and he was jailed for eight months, and Gladys and Elvis moved in with relatives
Ramsey Emmanuel Lewis, Jr. is an American jazz composer and radio personality. Ramsey Lewis has recorded over 80 albums and has received seven gold records, Ramsey Lewis was born in Chicago, Illinois, to Ramsey Lewis, Sr. and Pauline Lewis. Lewis began taking lessons at the age of four. At 15 he joined his first jazz band, the Cleffs, the seven-piece group provided Lewis his first involvement with jazz, he would join Cleffs drummer Isaac Red Holt and bassist Eldee Young to form the Ramsey Lewis Trio. The trio started as primarily a unit and released their first album, Ramsey Lewis. Following their 1965 hit The In Crowd they concentrated more on pop material and Holt left in 1966 to form Young-Holt Unlimited and were replaced by Cleveland Eaton and Maurice White. White left to form Earth, Wind & Fire and was replaced by Morris Jennings in 1970, Frankie Donaldson and Bill Dickens replaced Jennings and Eaton, Felton Crews appeared on many 1980s releases. By 1966, Lewis was one of the nation’s most successful jazz pianists, topping the charts with The In Crowd, Hang On Sloopy, all three singles each sold over one million copies, and were awarded gold discs.
Many of his recordings attracted a large non-jazz audience, in the 1970s, Lewis often played electric piano, although by in the decade he was sticking to acoustic and using an additional keyboardist in his groups. In 1994, Lewis appeared on the Red Hot Organizations compilation album, Stolen Moments, Red Hot + Cool, alongside other prominent jazz artists Herbie Hancock and Roy Ayers. The album, meant to raise awareness and funds in support of the AIDS epidemic in relation to the African American community, was heralded as Album of the Year by TIME magazine. In addition to recording and performing, Lewis hosts the syndicated radio program Legends of Jazz. He hosted the Ramsey Lewis Morning Show on Chicago smooth jazz radio station WNUA, lonnie Smith, Joey Defrancesco, Dave Brubeck, Chick Corea, Kurt Elling, Benny Golson, Pat Metheny and Tony Bennett. Lewis is artistic director of Jazz at Ravinia and helped organize Ravinias Jazz Mentor Program. Ramsey serves on the Board of Trustees for the Merit School of Music, a Chicago inner-city music program and The Chicago High School for the Arts, early in 2005, the Ramsey Lewis Foundation was created to help connect at-risk children to the world of music.
As an offshoot of that foundation, Lewis plans to form a Youth Choir, in January 2007, the Dave Brubeck Institute invited Lewis to join its Honorary Board of Friends at the University of the Pacific in Stockton, California. Lewis is an Honorary Board member of the Chicago Jazz Orchestra, Lewis is a member of Phi Beta Sigma fraternity. In May 2008, Lewis received a doctorate from Loyola University Chicago upon delivering the keynote address at the undergraduate commencement ceremony
Joshua David Bell is an American violinist and conductor. Bell was born in Bloomington, United States and his mother, was a therapist. His father, Alan P. Bell, was a psychologist, Professor Emeritus of Indiana University, in Bloomington, and his father is of Scottish descent, and his mother is Jewish. Bell told The Jewish Journal, I identify myself as being Jewish and his parents got a scaled-to-size violin for their five-year-old son and started giving him lessons. Bell studied as a child first under Donna Bricht, widow of Indiana University music faculty member Walter Bricht, satisfied that the boy was living a normal life, Gingold took Bell on as his student. By age 12, Bell was serious about the instrument, thanks in part to Gingolds inspiration. At the age of 14, Bell appeared as a soloist with the Philadelphia Orchestra conducted by Riccardo Muti and he studied the violin at the Indiana University Jacobs School of Music and graduated from Bloomington High School North in 1984. In 1989, Bell received an Artist Diploma in Violin Performance from Indiana University and his alma mater honored him with a Distinguished Alumni Service Award only two years after his graduation.
He has been named an Indiana Living Legend and received the Indiana Governors Arts Award, Bell made his Carnegie Hall debut in 1985, at age 17, with the St. Louis Symphony. He has since performed many of the worlds major orchestras. As well as the concerto repertoire, Bell has performed new works. Nicholas Maws violin concerto is dedicated to Bell, who premiered it in 1993 and he performed the solo part on John Coriglianos Oscar-winning soundtrack for the film The Red Violin and was featured in Ladies in Lavender. Bell made an appearance in the movie Music of the Heart, Bells instrument is a 300-year-old Stradivarius violin called the Gibson ex Huberman, which was made in 1713 during what is known as Antonio Stradivaris Golden Era. This violin had been stolen twice from the owner, Bronisław Huberman. Bell had held and played the violin, and its owner at the time, violinist Norbert Brainin, shortly thereafter, by chance, Bell came across the violin again and discovered it was about to be sold to a German industrialist to become part of a collection.
According to Bells website, Bell was practically in tears, as with his previous Stradivarius violin, Bell entrusts the upkeep of the Gibson ex Huberman to expert luthier Emmanuel Gradoux-Matt. The story of the theft and subsequent acquisition by Bell is told in the 2013 documentary The Return of the Violin, Bells first recording made with the Gibson ex Huberman was Romance of the Violin in 2003. Bell is a partner for the Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra
Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. As the worlds fifth-largest country by area and population, it is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to wildlife, a variety of ecological systems. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, in 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a state governed under a constitutional monarchy. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, the country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup détat.
An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, Brazils current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. The federation is composed of the union of the Federal District, the 26 states, Brazils economy is the worlds ninth-largest by nominal GDP and seventh-largest by GDP as of 2015. A member of the BRICS group, Brazil until 2010 had one of the worlds fastest growing economies, with its economic reforms giving the country new international recognition. Brazils national development bank plays an important role for the economic growth. Brazil is a member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States, CPLP. Brazil is a power in Latin America and a middle power in international affairs. One of the worlds major breadbaskets, Brazil has been the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years and it is likely that the word Brazil comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.
In Portuguese, brazilwood is called pau-brasil, with the word brasil commonly given the etymology red like an ember, formed from Latin brasa and the suffix -il. As brazilwood produces a red dye, it was highly valued by the European cloth industry and was the earliest commercially exploited product from Brazil. The popular appellation eclipsed and eventually supplanted the official Portuguese name, early sailors sometimes called it the Land of Parrots. In the Guarani language, a language of Paraguay, Brazil is called Pindorama
Brussels, officially the Brussels-Capital Region, is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels which is the capital of Belgium. The Brussels-Capital Region is a part of both the French Community of Belgium and the Flemish Community, but is separate from the region of Flanders or Wallonia. The region has a population of 1.2 million and an area with a population of over 1.8 million. Brussels is the de facto capital of the European Union as it hosts a number of principal EU institutions, the secretariat of the Benelux and the headquarters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization are located in Brussels. Today, it is considered an Alpha global city, historically a Dutch-speaking city, Brussels has seen a language shift to French from the late 19th century onwards. Today, the majority language is French, and the Brussels-Capital Region is a bilingual enclave within the Flemish Region. All road signs, street names, and many advertisements and services are shown in both languages, Brussels is increasingly becoming multilingual with increasing numbers of migrants and minority groups speaking their own languages.
The most common theory of the origin of Brussels name is that it derives from the Old Dutch Broekzele or Broeksel, meaning marsh, Saint Vindicianus, the bishop of Cambrai made the first recorded reference to the place Brosella in 695 when it was still a hamlet. The origin of the settlement that was to become Brussels lies in Saint Gaugericus construction of a chapel on an island in the river Senne around 580. The official founding of Brussels is usually situated around 979, when Duke Charles of Lower Lotharingia transferred the relics of Saint Gudula from Moorsel to the Saint Gaugericus chapel, Charles would construct the first permanent fortification in the city, doing so on that same island. Lambert I of Leuven, Count of Leuven gained the County of Brussels around 1000 by marrying Charles daughter, as it grew to a population of around 30,000, the surrounding marshes were drained to allow for further expansion. The Counts of Leuven became Dukes of Brabant at about this time, in the 13th century, the city got its first walls.
After the construction of the city walls in the early 13th century, to let the city expand, a second set of walls was erected between 1356 and 1383. Today, traces of it can still be seen, mostly because the small ring, Brabant had lost its independence, but Brussels became the Princely Capital of the prosperous Low Countries, and flourished. In 1516 Charles V, who had been heir of the Low Countries since 1506, was declared King of Spain in St. Michael and St. Gudula Cathedral in Brussels. Upon the death of his grandfather, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor in 1519 and it was in the Palace complex at Coudenberg that Charles V abdicated in 1555. This impressive palace, famous all over Europe, had expanded since it had first become the seat of the Dukes of Brabant. In 1695, during the Nine Years War, King Louis XIV of France sent troops to bombard Brussels with artillery, together with the resulting fire, it was the most destructive event in the entire history of Brussels
Tiple (Puerto Rico)
For other instruments named Tiple, see Tiple. The tiple is the smallest of the three string instruments of Puerto Rico that make up the orquesta jibara, according to investigations made by Jose Reyes Zamora, the tiple in Puerto Rico dates back to the 18th century. It is believed to have evolved from the Spanish guitarrillo, there was never a standard for the tiple and as a result there are many variations throughout the island of Puerto Rico. Most tiples have four or five strings and most tiple requintos have three strings, some tiples have as many as 6 strings and as few as a single string, though these types are rare. The main types of tiple in Puerto Rico are, Tiple requinto de la montaña - a tiny version of the Tiple doliente with only three strings and it is usually smaller than 12 inches. Tiple requinto costanero - a smaller version of the tiplón with only three strings and it is usually about 15 inches in length. Tiple doliente - this tiple has 5 single strings and is the most common used today and it is usually about 15 inches in length.
Tiplón or tiple con macho - a larger version of the tiple with a fifth string peg like an American banjo and it is usually about 21 inches in length. Tiple grande de Ponce - the largest version with 5 strings and it is considered to be the link between Tiples and Bordonuas. It is sometimes called Bordonua Chiquita, the tiple that is now most often played in Puerto Rico is the Tiple Doliente. It has recently acquired a more or less fixed body shape narrowing at the top and it is usually made like the cuatro, so either constructed like a guitar, or from one piece of wood hollowed out. The bottom half of the body is rounded like a guitar, however the top half is square, all other features resemble the construction of a normal Spanish guitar. The peghead has tuning machines either from the side or from the back, the Tiple doliente is tuned with 5 metal strings, e a d g c. Cuatro Project, Puerto Ricos Tiples The Stringed Instrument Database The Puerto Rican Tiple The Tiples of Puerto Rico ATLAS of Plucked Instruments El Tiple Puertorriqueño
Veronica Yvette Bennett, better known by her stage name Ronnie Spector, is an American singer and the ex-wife of producer Phil Spector. Spector was the singer of the R&B-pop vocal girl group the Ronettes, which had a string of hits during the early to mid–1960s. Spector has been called the original bad girl of rock and roll, Spector was born Veronica Yvette Bennett in New York City, the daughter of an African-American/Cherokee mother and Irish father. She and her sister, Estelle Bennett, were encouraged to sing by their family, as was their cousin. All three women became members of the Darling Sisters, known as the Ronettes. The Ronettes were a live attraction around the greater New York area in the early 1960s. Looking for a contract, they initially were signed to Colpix Records. After releasing a few singles on Colpix without success, they were signed by Phil Spector to Philles Records. Their relationship with Spector brought chart success with Be My Baby, Baby, I Love You, The Best Part of Breakin Up, Do I Love You.
and Walking in the Rain. The group had two top 100 hits in 1965, Born to Be Together and Is This What I Get for Loving You. The group broke up in early 1967, following a European concert tour included their appearance at the Moonlight Lounge, in Gelnhausen, Germany. The Ronettes were never to reunite until their 2007 induction into the Rock, the groups last single, I Can Hear Music, on the Philles Records label, was released in the fall of 1966. Instead, I Can Hear Music was produced by songwriter/producer Jeff Barry, Phil stopped producing new Ronettes records and kept many of the groups numerous unreleased songs in the vault for years. 1966 was the year when Phil Spector went into a brief seclusion, only Ronnies voice was used for the lead and background vocals on You Came, You Saw, You Conquered. Ronnies recording and performing career had begun its long hiatus, the A-side was written by George Harrison, and produced by both him and Spector. Although the single was not a big hit, its track was used two years for Harrisons own version of the song, on his chart-topping Living in the Material World album.
Lennon liked the rockabilly B-side too, he sang it at his party in New York in October 1971. In the early to mid-1970s, Spector briefly reformed the Ronettes with two new members, in her book, Spector recounted several abortive attempts to recapture mainstream success throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, during which time she was widely perceived as an oldies act