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Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland ry, or Musiikkituottajat for short, IFPI Finland in English, is the umbrella organization of recording producers active in Finland, with 23 record labels as its members. The aim of the association is "to improve the cultural-political situation and legal protections of record production, develop the distribution and production of recordings and music videos and participate in governing and overseeing the production rights". Musiikkituottajat is the Finnish representative of the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, it is one of the three member associations of Gramex. Since 1994, Musiikkituottajat has been responsible for composing the official records chart, the Official Finnish Charts; the list was produced in cooperation with the Finnish Broadcasting Company until late 2009. The association governs the ISRC codes used in Finland and it keeps account of the best-selling recordings of all time in Finland and awards acts with the gold and platinum certifications.

In certifying recordings sold in Finland, Musiikkituottajat takes into account both physical and digital sales. The certifications awarded by Musiikkituottajat and their sales limits are the following: Gold: 10,000 Platinum: 20,000 Double platinum: 40,000 Triple platinum: 60,000 Note: Domestic albums use the current threshold for albums released on or after January 1, 2010. For foreign albums, the threshold was used for albums released on or after January 1, 2008. Double and multi-platinum award levels were introduced in 1989. Gold: 5,000 Platinum: 10,000 Double platinum: 20,000 Video certifications was introduced in June 2004. For extended plays, it uses the current thresholds, for releases on or after January 1, 2010. Music recording certification was introduced in Finland in September 1971. Gold Platinum Diamond Gold Platinum The organization was established in 1970 under the name Äänilevytuottajat. Before 1970, the companies in the industry were unionized in Soitinalan Tuottajaliitto. In 1982, the organization took the name Suomen Ääni- ja kuvatallennetuottajat ÄKT, which became the current Musiikkituottajat on August 26, 2010.

Musiikkituottajat organizes the following annual events: Emma Awards for the most successful artists and professionals of the year Muuvi Awards for the best music videos of the yearIn addition, Musiikkituottajat organized the JANNE Awards for the best productions in classical music. The awards were cancelled in 2002 and since 2006, the awards have been incorporated in the Emma Awards. Arto Alaspää 1975–2009 Lauri Rechardt 2010–present As of March 2011 the board includes: Chairperson: Niko Nordström Vice Chairperson: Epe Helenius Members: Jarkko Nordlund Joose Berglund Juha Ruuska Kimmo Valtanen Markku Takkunen Tapio Korjus Tom Pannula Playground Music Bam The Official Finnish Charts the official homepage of Musiikkituottajat


Jairampur is a census town in Changlang district in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. Jairampur is an ADC HQ of Changlang district. A small hilly town along the Indo-Myanmar border and Namchik basin is covered with evergreen tropical rain forest. Where life moves at leisure pace and the howling of hollock gibbons wake you up in the morning. Mother Nature has been generous to bequeath abundant natural resources to this terra firma, it is a wonderful place to be in. Though, the journey through the serpent roads might be tough for some but it is worth when you reach the destination. In this part of the planet, time standstill, life moves at snail pace, worries refrain to meddle, mind, disdain to overwork. At the 2001 India census, Jairampur had a population of 5918. Males constitute 57% of the population and females 43%. Jairampur has an average literacy rate of 71%, lower than the national average of 74.5%: male literacy is 77%, female literacy is 64%. In Jairampur, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The Tangsas are dominant tribe of these four Circles under Jairampur, one of the major tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. There are different sub tribes within the Tangsa, namely Tikhak, Havi, Mossang, Kimsing, Mungrey, Longri, Sangwal, Sakieng, Thamphang etc, they are of Mongoloid descent. According to the legends, The Tangsas originated in a hill called Masoi Sinarupam, they migrated to India in the 1740s from the north of Myanmar and migrated to the present habitat only in the early 18th century. Traditionally, they are believer of Bon Faith, portrayed by spirit and ceremonial animal slaughters. Nonetheless over the years many have converted to Christianity; the Tangsas are peace-loving community. They are experts in handicrafts in woodcarving; the major populations of the Tangsa are agriculturist by occupation. Lifestyle is uncomplicated. Survival is simple, their warm smiles compel to forget the freezing temperature of January and the hospitality for the guest are the best in the world Bhaumik, Subir.

World: South Asia India finds forest graves, BBC, 2 March 1999 Choudhuri, Atonu. Monumental neglect of war graves - Discovered in 1997, Jairampur cemetery gets entangled in red tape, Calcutta Telegraph, 29 January 2008

Pine Tree Flag

The Tree Flag was one of the flags used during the American Revolution. The flag, featuring a pine tree with the motto "An Appeal to God" or, more "An Appeal to Heaven", was used by a squadron of six cruisers commissioned under George Washington's authority as commander in chief of the Continental Army in October 1775, it was used by Massachusetts state navy vessels in addition to privateers sailing from Massachusetts. The design of the flag came from Colonel Joseph Reed. In a letter dated October 20, 1775, Colonel Reed suggested a "flag with a white ground and a tree in the middle, the motto AN APPEAL TO HEAVEN" be used for the ships Washington commissioned; the following summer, on July 26, 1776, the Massachusetts General Court established the flag of the state navy with a resolution that stated in part: "...that the Colours be a white Flag, with a green Pine Tree, an Inscription,'Appeal to Heaven'." The pine tree had long been a New England symbol being depicted on the Flag of New England flown by colonial merchant ships dating back to 1686.

The pine tree appeared earlier on coinage produced by the Massachusetts Bay colony from 1652 to 1682, a period of relative independence for New England during the English Commonwealth. Leading up to the Revolutionary War the pine tree became a symbol of Colonial ire and resistance as well as multi-tribal support of Independence; the white pine found in New England the eastern white pine with heights exceeding 150 feet, was desirable for constructing masts in shipbuilding. Twenty years after arrival in the new world, the Pilgrims harvested and exported these pines as far as Madagascar. Due to lack of supply of suitable lumber on the island, England reserved 24 inch diameter trees under the Mast Preservation Clause in the Massachusetts Charter in 1691; the trees were identified by a Surveyor of the King’s Woods who would, in turn, appoint deputies to survey and place the broad arrow symbol on the tree from three hatchet slashings denoting property of the Crown. The broad arrow statutes were not enforced, due to England having access to other sources of timber in the Baltic.

However, when this source diminished, additional broad arrow policies acts were passed and enforcement increased in North America. The statutes required colonists prior to harvesting trees from their property to have a King's Surveyor mark the larger diameter trees with the broad arrow and purchase a royal license to harvest the trees not marked with the broad arrow; the colonists resented the strictures on the timber used for their livelihoods. Prohibitions were disregarded and they practiced "Swamp Law", where the pines were harvested according to their needs regardless of statutes. In New Hampshire enforcement led to the Pine Tree Riot in 1772, where a statute had been in effect since 1722 protecting 12-inch diameter trees. After being fined and refusing to pay for possessing trees marked with the broad arrow, a New Hampshire mill owner leading other mill owners and townsmen assaulted the Sheriff and his Deputy sent to arrest him by giving him one lash with a tree switch for every tree which the mill owners were fined, cutting the ears and tails off their horses, forced them out of town through a jeering crowd.

This was one of the first acts of forceful protest against British policies. It occurred two years prior to the more well-known Boston Tea Party protest and three years before open hostilities began at the Battles of Lexington and Concord. Months prior to Colonel Reed's suggestion for using the pine, the pine was used on the flag that the Colonists flew at the Battle of Bunker Hill in June 1775; the accepted flag has a red field with the green pine tree in the upper left corner as depicted in John Trumbull's The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker's Hill, June 17, 1775 painting. Provided Colonel Reed was aware of the Bunker Hill flag, there was a precedent to incorporate the pine in another Colonial martial flag. Given the pine tree's significance to the Colonists and since the flag was to fly over Colonial warships, the pine offered an appropriate and ironic symbol due to it flying atop the structure the British had sought to harvest the white pine for. Well into the 20th century, the pine tree was a symbol of New England.

The state of Maine adopted the 1901 Maine Flag which prominently featured a pine tree alongside a blue star. The phrase is a particular expression of the right of revolution used by British philosopher John Locke in Second Treatise on Civil Government, published in 1690 as part of Two Treatises of Government refuting the theory of the divine right of kings. Locke's works were well-known and quoted by colonial leaders, being the most quoted authority on the government in the 1760-1776 period prior to American independence. Thomas Jefferson was accused of plagiarizing Locke in certain sections of the Declaration of Independence by fellow Virginian delegate Richard Henry Lee. Prior to Colonel Reed's suggestion and Massachusetts General Court establishing the Pine Tree flag as the standard of the Massachusetts navy, "an appeal to Heaven" or similar expressions had been invoked by the Massachusetts Provincial Congress in several resolutions, Patrick Henry in his Liberty or Death speech, the Second Continental Congress in the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms.

Subsequently, it was used again by the Second Continental Congress in the Declaration of Independence. The Pine Tree flag is shown in the opening credits of all seven episodes of the 2008 HBO miniseries John Adams and is shown being carried by colonial forces in "Part I: Join

¡Viva Hollywood!

¡Viva Hollywood! is an American reality television series that aired for one season on VH1. The show features twelve Latino actors competing for the role of "America's Numero Uno Telenovela Star"; the winner received a contract with Telemundo, the biggest telenovela production company in the United States. WinnerBerto Colón, 35, New Jersey EliminatedMaría Páez, 29, New York Jainmy Martínez, 30, New Jersey Alexcy Aranguren, 32, Orange County, California Kalain Santos, 24, Florida Janet Michel, 28, Los Angeles, California Vinci Alonso, 26, Florida Silvia Tovar, 24, New York Enrique Sapene, 28, Los Angeles, California Roseny Carrero, 23, Ponce, PR Geovannie Gómez, A. K. A Geovanni Gopradi, 24, Fort Lauderdale, Florida Gisel Saumat, 25, Florida Jenn Pinto, 22, New York This contestant is the winner of the series; the contestant was the challenge winner. The contestant did not face elimination; the contestant wasn't eliminated. The contestant was eliminated; the contestant did not compete in El Duelo.

The contestant was eliminated. The contestant quit the competition. Note: 1Kalain was sent home and did not compete in the Duel. 2Jenn and Geovannie both won the challenge. 3Silvia left the competition due to a family emergency. Our twelve contestants arrive at "La Casa de Locos" where they are greeted by co-host, telenovela leading man and crossover American star Carlos Ponce, the "Diva de la Casa", Latin superstar María Conchita Alonso. Walter Mercado appears in a magic portrait to tell them they must master the Seven Deadly Sins of Telenovela; the first sin is Passion. The group learns, they pair off to shoot fight scenes complete with stage punches, drink throws, food fights and hair pulls. Janet wasn't so passionate in her scene and was placed in the duel. Roseny, on the other hand was the best and awarded with immunity, a free makeover and dinner with a famous Latina actress, Sofía Vergara. Janet must face off with the person that the contestants vote into "El Duelo", they vote in Jainmy, killed off in a telenovela death scene which means she is eliminated.

Special Guest: Sofía Vergara The contestants brace themselves for a challenge in the sin of Lust. Telenovela romantic leads Christian De La Fuente and his wife Angélica Castro guest star to teach them the art of romantic lovemaking for the camera. To prepare, the group warms up with yoga; the group is surprised when the instructors strip and ask the contestants to do their yoga in the buff. Sparks fly when several contestants strip naked. Tensions mount as the scenes are assigned and include a three-way scene, a lesbian scene and a gay love scene. Roseny, being the previous challenge winner, must cast each scene and when she puts Berto and Vinci in the gay love scene. Vinci breaks down and threatens to leave la casa, in turn he is accused of being homophobic by the cast, In the end he decides to participate. Alexcy's poor acting puts him in el duelo and Giovannie is voted in to face him. Alexcy's charm at elimination was not enough to save him and he was eliminated. Special Guest: Cristian de la Fuente & Angélica Castro Maria Conchita, a former Miss Venezuela, announces that for the sin of vanity they must compete in the first annual Viva Hollywood Pageant where they must walk the runway and perform a talent.

The loser will leave the show immediately. Fights ensue when Kalain chooses the same talent as another contestant, one Jenn dances herself sick, literally. Pageant expert, Scott Grossman, is on hand to teach them to work the catwalk, but the pageant takes a twist when Mexico's "Ugly Betty", Angélica Vale announces that they are all getting "Ugly Makeovers" and must compete as hideous characters. Kalain is eliminated for his poor job in the "Ugly Pageant", Janet's unoriginal character places her in the duel. Meanwhile, annoyed with Vinci's arrogance, the contestants place Vinci in the duel but it is Janet, sent packing. Special Guest: Scott Grossman & Angélica Vale Vinci continues to clash with the other contestants while they gather to learn the next challenge, are surprised to find telenovela leading lady, Lorena Rojas crying in the dining room. It's just an act, they must do the same in a "crying game" around the table where they have three minutes to burst into tears with a sad personal tale.

The winner chooses her partner for the dramatic challenge to come. Silvia wins and trades in her partner, with Berto. To help the contestants come in touch with their feelings, the group travels to a Hypnosis Institute where they are hypnotized to experience past life regressions. In the challenge, the group must pretend to be victims of ridiculous problems and appear on a talk show with journalist, María Celeste, who invites them to share their sob story on the couch, Oprah-style, in difficult dramatic improvisations. Jenn and Giovannie win the challenge. Enrique is sent to el duelo. Meanwhile, Gisel becomes jealous of Silvia and Berto's relationship and votes Silvia into el duelo but the other contestants send Vinci back into el duelo and he is eliminated. Special Guest: Lorena Rojas & María Celeste Special Guest: Charo & Sergio Trujillos Special Guest: Daisy Fuentes ¡Viva Hollywood! at ¡Viva Hollywood! on IMDb ¡Viva Hollywood! at

György Szilvásy

György Szilvásy is a Hungarian politician, former minister in the cabinet of Ferenc Gyurcsány supervising the secret service. He obtained an economic degree on the academic specialisation of international relations in 1982 from Marx Károly Közgazdaságtudományi Egyetem. In 1985 he obtained a doctoral title. In the Prime Minister's Office, of Imre Pozsgay he worked as a government chief counsellor on a Ministers of State secretariat in 1989, he was the spokesman of the Hungarian Young Communist League central committee in the same year. He met Ferenc Gyurcsány. Between 1989 and 1990 he was on the supervisory board of Magyar Televízió and Magyar Rádió, held a position as under-secretary in Prime Minister's Office. Between 1998 and 2000 he was the CEO of Altus corp. the company owned by his close friend Ferenc Gyurcsány. Soon after Gyurcsány became Prime Minister he appointed Szilvásy as his minister of chancellery. Between 2006 and 2007 Szilvásy was leading Cabinet Minister of the office of the Prime Minister.

After the June 2007 he became minister supervising the secret service. He lost that position, he was arrested in July 2011. News channel Hír TV reported on 1 July evening that a house search had been carried out at the home of Szilvásy. According to Hír TV, the house search was connected to a statement by Lajos Galambos, former chief director of the National Security Office, under house arrest on espionage charges; the main opposition Socialist Party stands up for György Szilvásy, believes that he is innocent and expresses solidarity with the former minister in charge of the secret services during the Gyurcsány government, Socialist leader Attila Mesterházy said on 2 July. Ferenc Gyurcsány said on Facebook earlier on that day that he had been informed by Szilvásy’s family that the former minister is suspected of criminal activities against the state. On 5 July 2013, a court in Debrecen sentenced in a non-final ruling Szilvásy and Galambos to two years and ten months in prison for espionage; the trial was held in full secrecy and the files of the case have been classified until 2040 because, as the prosecution put it, “several state secrets have emerged during the lawsuit”.

Szilvásy told MTI. The opposition Socialists said; as long as the files of the case are classified, the Socialist consider the lawsuit against Szilvásy to be based on trumped-up charges, Socialist leader Mesterházy said. Ex-premier Ferenc Gyurcsány, leader of the leftist Democratic Coalition, expressed solidarity with his former minister. Gyurcsány called it characteristic of the “absurd world of the Orbán government” that, for the first time since the 1950s, a former minister has been sentenced to a term in prison; the opposition E14-PM electoral alliance called for the files of the case to be made public. Commenting the sentence, a Fidesz spokesman said that “a key figure of the mafia left wing could be put behind bars”. Máté Kocsis called Szilvásy a close associate of Gyurcsány, ex-premier Gordon Bajnai and Mesterhazy, whom he co-blamed for “destroying the country both economically and morally”, it is therefore no surprise that they have expressed solidarity with him, he said. Szilvásy is married, with two children.

One of his brothers, Péter Szilvásy called attention to himself with operating the so-called Kormányzati Tanácsadó Jósda in 2007. His other brother, István Szilvásy is heading the national medical centre from 2007

University of Molise

The University of Molise known as UNIMOL, is an Italian public university located in Campobasso, Italy. It was founded in 1982 by the Law n.590 according to the plan for development and institution of new universities. In the years 1982-1983 was opened the University with the only faculty of Agricultural Science with the borning of the faculties of Economics and of Law, the number of students grew. In 1993 new structures were opened in Isernia, where was set the faculty of Natural Sciences. On in Campobasso was opened the Colozza Center, which has improved the quality and organization of the courses becoming nowadays a school for master's degrees in Secondary Education. Since 2000 the University increased the number of students and of courses, establishing in 2006 the faculty of Medicine and Surgery, the youngest faculty of UNIMOL. Moreover, after a notice of competition issued by the University, was created the Scientific and Technological campus, which represents a link between the research and the world of business.

Today the University counts about 7,000 students. "Unimol Management" provides for high specialising courses in the field of Public and Private Management. Its aims are the promotion and spreading of managerial and entrepreneurial culture in public and private sectors through the development, the organisation and the management of high quality courses; the aim of the specialisation Centre “Colozza” is a specific professional training for prospective High School teachers. The didactical activities include not only mere teachings, but laboratory activities and traineeships aiming at the integration between theoretic knowledge and practical abilities; the Centre offers the following diplomas: Curricula: Linguistic – Literary Natural Sciences Physics, Computer Sciences Economic – Judicial Sciences Sport Sciences The University is organised in six departments: Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences Department of Economics Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Department of Biosciences and Territory Department of Law Department of Medicine and Health Sciences Centre for Didactics and Informatic Research Centre of Molise Culture Centre of Documentation and Research on Scholastic Institutes, Scholastic Book and on kids Literature History University Linguistic Centre Centre of formation on Aging Medicine International Research Centre for the Study and Prevention of Atopic Dermatitis and Psoriasis Legal Seminar Centre "Andrea d'Isernia" Microscopy Interdepartmental Services Centre Appenninic Centre of Studies Touristic Systems Study Center Laboratory for the Activities connected to the Territorial and Environmental Development Laboratory for the study of the relations between Companies and Stocks List of Italian universities Campobasso University of Molise - Official Website CUS Molise - Official Website