Musk strawberry

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Musk strawberry
Fragaria moschata detail.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Fragaria
Species: F. moschata
Binomial name
Fragaria moschata
Duchesne
Synonyms[1]
  • Fragaria muricata D.H.Kent

The musk strawberry or hautbois strawberry[2] (Fragaria moschata), is a species of strawberry native to Europe. Its French name hautbois strawberry may be anglicised as hautboy strawberry,[3] the plants are hardy and can survive in many weather conditions and are cultivated commercially on a small scale, particularly in Italy. The fruit are small and round; they are used in the gourmet community for their intense aroma and superb flavour, which has been compared to a mixture of regular strawberry, raspberry and pineapple.[4] Popular cultivated varieties include 'Capron' and 'Profumata di Tortona'.

Distribution[edit]

Leaves

Musk strawberries grow wild to a limited extent in the forests of Central Europe, north into Scandinavia, and east into Russia,[5] the musk strawberry is found growing along the edges of forests and requires moist and sheltered sites since they do not tolerate temperature fluctuations.[citation needed]

Polyploidy[edit]

All strawberries have a base haploid count of 7 chromosomes. Fragaria moschata is hexaploid, having six pairs of these chromosomes for a total of 42 chromosomes.

Cultivation[edit]

Musk strawberry has long been in cultivation in parts of Europe, this species was the first strawberry of any sort with a cultivar name, which was Le Chapiron (1576).[4] By 1591, the cultivar was called Chapiton, then later Capiton; in the early 17th century an illustration appeared in the Hortus Eystettensis as fraga fructu magno. It was mentioned by Quintinye, gardener to Louis XIV, as Capron in 1672,[4] at the beginning of the 19th century musk strawberries were the most common garden strawberry in Germany.[6]

Cultivation of musk strawberries is not very different from that of garden strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) or alpine strawberry (Fragaria vesca); the plants thrive in nutrient-rich soils. However, neither female plants nor hermaphrodite plants are self-fertile; they require pollen transfer from a male or a different hermaphrodite clone (or cultivar) of the same species, which is usually achieved by insect pollinators.[6]

Cultivars:

  • 'Capron royal', hermaphrodite
  • 'Askungen' (Truedsson) hermaphrodite
  • 'Marie Charlotte' (Hans) hermaphrodite
  • 'Bauwens', female
  • Fragaria moschata 'Capron', female
  • 'Profumata di Tortona', female
  • 'Siegerland', female
  • 'Cotta', male

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ Karp, David. "Berried Treasure". The Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 2012-01-28. 
  4. ^ a b c Reich, Lee (2004). Uncommon Fruits for Every Garden. Timber Press. pp. 34–35. ISBN 0-88192-623-X. 
  5. ^ Goodyear, Dana (14 August 2017). "Strawberry Valley". The New Yorker. Retrieved 16 August 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Wachsmuth, Brigitte: Von Monats-, Wald- und Moschuserdbeeren 20-28. In: Gartenpraxis 35 4/2009

External links[edit]