click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Frederick Petersen

Frederick J. Petersen was an American physiotherapist who served three terms as a Republican member of the Wisconsin State Assembly from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Petersen was born in Neenah, Wisconsin on February 24, 1874, he attended Neenah public schools and Neenah High School, graduated as a doctor of physiotherapy from the Philadelphia Orthopaedic Institute of Physio-Therapy, after which he came to Wisconsin, taking charge of the therapeutic department at the Northern State Hospital at Oshkosh for eight years doing the same at a sanatorium in Kenosha for three years, another in Lake Geneva for eight years. He moved to Milwaukee and went into practice there. Petersen's official biography of 1921 describes him as taking "a keen interest in municipal and national politics", but states falsely that he had "never sought or held a public office until elected to the assembly in 1920". In fact, in 1918 Petersen ran for the Assembly from the Sixth Milwaukee County district to succeed Republican incumbent Charles Schiewitz.

Petersen lost to Socialist Henry Sievers' who drew 1,105 votes to Petersen's 778. Sievers was not a candidate for re-election in 1920, was succeeded by Petersen, who won by 46 votes, with 1884 votes to 1838 for Socialist Eugene Cooney, he was assigned to the standing committees on public welfare. In 1922, Sievers again faced this time widening the margin of victory to 76 votes, he remained on the elections committee, but was shifted to the committee on manufactures and commerce. In 1924, Petersen challenged Socialist Joseph Padway for the Sixth State Senate District, losing 7248 to 5384, he was succeeded in the Sixth Assembly seat by fellow Republican B. Z. Glass. Glass was not a candidate for re-election in 1926, Petersen returned to his old Assembly seat, polling 943 votes to 861 for John Lewin and 140 for John B. Traynor, he was assigned once more to the committee on commerce. In 1928, Frederick W. Cords, Jr. the son of businessman and former Republican clerk of the Milwaukee County circuit court Fred W. Cords, Sr. defeated Petersen in the Republican primary election Cords went on to win the general election.

In 1930 Petersen was one of four challengers to Cords in a five-way primary, coming in third with 333 votes (Cords won a plurality with 734, but was unseated in the general election by Socialist Ben Rubin. In 1932 Petersen was again one of Cords' competitors in another five-way primary over who would challenge Rubin, a candidate for re-election. In the general election, Cords again faced Rubin and another independent, as well as Petersen running as a nominal independent; this time Kaiser was the victor, with 2240 votes to Cords' 1412, Rubin's 2130, another 129 for the two independents. Petersen was last in the general election, polling only 37 votes. In 1934, Petersen came out ahead in a three-way Republican primary, becoming the Republican nominee to take on Kaiser, Progressive Fred G. Miller, an independent, he came in fourth, behind Kaiser and Miller. Petersen was a Grand Chancellor of the Wisconsin Knights of Pythias, helped preside in that capacity over the 1928 international convention of the Knights held in Milwaukee in August 1928.

He died October 14, 1946 at his home in Milwaukee

Kim Hirschovits

Kim Michael Hirschovits-Gerz is a Finnish professional ice hockey forward. He is playing for the Kiekko-Espoo in Finnish second tier. Hirschovits was drafted by the New York Rangers as their sixth-round pick, 194th overall, in the 2002 NHL Entry Draft. Hirschovits started his playing career with HIFK in the 2000–01 season, but his career took off in the 2005–06 season when he scored 40 points. Hirschovits created controversy by signing with HIFK's local rival Jokerit following in the footsteps of coach Doug Shedden. Hirschovits's career includes a brief visit to North America in 2002, when he played six games with the Chicago Steel of the USHL. In September 2006 he was the SM-liiga Player of the Month, in 2008-2009 he led the SM-liiga in assists and points and in January 2009 was SM-liiga Player of the Month, in 2014-2015 he won the SM-liiga Best Player of Regular Season, the SM-liiga Golden Helmet, led the SM-liiga in assists, led the SM-liiga in points, in February 2015 was SM-liiga Player of the Month.

Hirschovits made his international debut on Team Finland on the Euro Hockey Tour's Moscow tournament in December 2006. Recorded six assists in a Jokerit club record; the league record, seven assists, is held by Matti Forss. List of select Jewish ice hockey players Kim Hirschovits career statistics at EliteProspects.com Kim Hirschovits's official website

Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc.

Burwell v. Hobby Lobby, 573 U. S. 682, is a landmark decision in United States corporate law by the United States Supreme Court allowing held for-profit corporations to be exempt from a regulation its owners religiously object to, if there is a less restrictive means of furthering the law's interest, according to the provisions of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. It is the first time that the court has recognized a for-profit corporation's claim of religious belief, but it is limited to held corporations; the decision does not address whether such corporations are protected by the free-exercise of religion clause of the First Amendment of the Constitution. For such companies, the Court's majority directly struck down the contraceptive mandate, a regulation adopted by the US Department of Health and Human Services under the Affordable Care Act requiring employers to cover certain contraceptives for their female employees, by a 5–4 vote; the court said that the mandate was not the least restrictive way to ensure access to contraceptive care, noting that a less restrictive alternative was being provided for religious non-profits, until the Court issued an injunction 3 days effectively ending said alternative, replacing it with a government-sponsored alternative for any female employees of held corporations that do not wish to provide birth control.

The ruling is considered to be part of the political controversy regarding the Affordable Care Act and freedoms in the United States. The United States Supreme Court ruled in Employment Division v. Smith that a person may not defy neutral laws of general applicability as an expression of religious belief. "To permit this," wrote Justice Scalia, citing the 1878 Reynolds v. United States decision, "would make the professed doctrines of religious belief superior to the law of the land, in effect to permit every citizen to become a law unto himself. " He wrote that applicable laws do not have to meet the standard of strict scrutiny, because such a requirement would create "a private right to ignore applicable laws". Strict scrutiny would require a law to be the least restrictive means of furthering a compelling government interest. In 1993, the US Congress responded by passing the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, requiring strict scrutiny when a neutral law of general applicability "substantially burden a person's exercise of religion".

The RFRA was amended in 2000 by the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act to redefine exercise of religion as any exercise of religion, "whether or not compelled by, or central to, a system of religious belief", to be "construed in favor of a broad protection of religious exercise, to the maximum extent permitted by the terms of this chapter and the Constitution". The Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the RFRA as applied to federal statutes in Gonzales v. O Centro Espirita in 2006. Of those Americans who have health insurance, most are covered by employer-sponsored health insurance. In 2010, Congress passed the Affordable Care Act, which relies on the Health Resources and Services Administration, part of the Department of Health and Human Services, to specify what kinds of preventive care for women should be covered in certain employer-based health plans. HHS exempted religious employers, non-profit organizations that object to any required contraception, employers providing grandfathered plans, employers with fewer than 50 employees.

The HRSA decided that all twenty contraceptives approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration should be covered. Companies that refuse are fined $100 per individual per day, or they can replace their health coverage with higher wages and a calibrated tax. Hobby Lobby is an arts and crafts company founded by self-made billionaire David Green and owned by the Evangelical Christian Green family with about 21,000 employees, it provided health insurance covering the contraceptives Plan-B and Ella until it dropped its coverage in 2012, the year it filed its lawsuit. The Hobby Lobby case involved Mardel Christian and Educational Supply, owned by Mart Green, one of David's sons. Hobby Lobby's case was consolidated with another case by Conestoga Wood Specialties, a furniture company owned by the Mennonite Hahn family that has about 1,000 employees, represented by the Alliance Defending Freedom; the plaintiffs believed that life began at conception which they equated to fertilization, objected to their businesses providing health insurance coverage to their female employees of four FDA-approved contraceptives that the plaintiffs believed prevented implantation of a fertilized egg.

The plaintiffs believed these forms of contraception constituted an abortion.: Emergency contraceptive pills levonorgestrel ulipristal acetate Intrauterine devices copper IUDs Hormonal IUDs In September 2012, Hobby Lobby filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma against enforcement of the contraception rule based on the RFRA and the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment. On November 19, 2012, U. S. District Judge Joe L. Heaton denied Hobby Lobby's request for a preliminary injunction. On December 26, 2012, Justice Sonia Sotomayor issued an in-chambers opinion denying an injunction pending appeal. In March 2013, the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit granted a hearing of the case. In June

Howard Huge

Howard Huge is a cartoon series written by Bunny Hoest and illustrated by John Reiner. Created by Bill Hoest, the series had 80 million readers, since it ran in the Sunday supplement magazine, Parade from 1980 to 2007, continuing on a website; the single-panel cartoons feature Howard Huge, an enormous but lovable dog, his family and neighborhood kids. Karen L. Miller, writing in the Reading Eagle, described the dog: Howard is a pleasant, likable Saint Bernard, who by his size, gets in the way of the family he lives with, sometimes, Howard gets in his own way, he envelops the sofa just by sitting on it. He bathes guests, he befriends animals and kills them. Yes. Howard is a friend to beast alike. Howard's humorous experiences show us family life at its funniest. According to Bunny Hoest, the character was based on a real pet acquired when the family was looking for a Labrador Retriever as a companion to an aging black Lab; the kennel was vibrant with lively Labrador puppies, but a quiet, little animal was alone in a small cage.

When they took the furry, disheveled dog out for a stretch, he tried his paws and sprawled on his belly. The kennel owner speculated that the dog had been sent to the wrong kennel and had been taken from his mother too soon in the breeder's haste to find a Christmas buyer; the family was appalled, with something less than enthusiasm, they kept looking at the playful Labrador puppies. But the littlest girl held the disheveled dog on her shoulder. Without being able to come to a decision, the family started to leave and told her to put the dog back; the good-natured animal kissed her face and lay alone. The family was captivated; this good-natured, placid puppy was a Saint Bernard who became an enormous and lovable member of the family for the next 13 years. Howard Huge is based on that Saint Bernard; the collection, Howard Huge, was published by Ballantine Books in 1982. Bunny Hoest did the character as a children's book, Howard Huge Comes to Stay, published by Random House Books for Young Readers in 1992.

Howard Huge was mentioned in an episode of Family Guy. It was in Season 7, Episode 11, Not All Dogs Go to Heaven. Howard Huge at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on February 5, 2016

Jonathan Bowman

Jonathan Bowman was an American lawyer and politician. He was a member of the Wisconsin State Senate. Born in Charleston, New York, his father was a farmer. Bowman was educated at the Canajoharie academy and graduated from the State and National Law School in Ballston Spa, New York in 1850, he moved to Delton, Wisconsin, in 1851, where he practiced law and was invested in several businesses. His business interests led him, in 1852, to take part in laying out the village of Newport, Wisconsin—where he resided until 1862. Newport was chosen as the site of the first dam across the Wisconsin River, Bowman was one of the incorporators of the project, he worked with Joseph Bailey, who would become famous in the American Civil War for his bridge across the Red River. Despite his efforts, Newport lost out on a railroad bridge to neighboring Kilbourn City. Bowman resided there for the rest of his life. Bowman was an alternate delegate from Wisconsin to the 1860 Republican National Convention, which nominated Abraham Lincoln.

For a time, Bowman was disappointed that the convention did not nominate William H. Seward, but became a great admirer of Lincoln. In 1861, Bowman was elected to the 1862 session of the Wisconsin State Assembly as a Republican; the next year he was elected to the Wisconsin State Senate. He was re-elected in 1864. In 1864, Bowman was chosen as one of Wisconsin's presidential electors and served as chairman of the electoral college that year, he served one final term in the Assembly in 1875. In his legislative career, he worked to get approval for a dam on the Wisconsin River at Kilbourn City to improve the industry of the area with water power. After a great deal of resistance from loggers upstream, he was able to get the dam approved and constructed. After leaving the legislature, he served as an attorney for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Company in a dispute with the city of La Crosse, over the location of a railroad bridge over the Mississippi River; the dispute was adjudicated in the Wisconsin Legislature, Bowman was successful on behalf of the Railroad.

He went on to become a member of the bard of directors of the railroad from 1875 to 1879. He purchased a controlling interest in the Bank of Kilbourn in 1868 and remained president of the bank until his death. Bowman married Hannah J. Davis, of Montgomery County, New York, in 1856, they had five children, though only three—Abram and Emma—survived him. Bowman died in Kilbourn City, Wisconsin