Pervomayskaya (Moscow Metro)
Pervomayskaya is a Moscow Metro station in the Izmaylovo District, Eastern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Izmaylovskaya and Shchyolkovskaya stations. Before the current station opened on 21 October 1961, Pervomayskaya referred to the temporary station located in the Izmaylovo depot near the present-day Izmaylovskaya; the station was the first to be built to the standard column tri-span design which would from become the most widespread in Moscow Metro and in other ex-USSR cities, with flared red marble pillars and tiled walls. The architects were M. F. Markovsky and Ya. V. Tatarzhinskaya
Molodyozhnaya (Moscow Metro)
Molodyozhnaya is a Moscow Metro station in the Kuntsevo District, Western Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Krylatskoye and Kuntsevskaya stations. Molodyozhnaya was opened in 1965 as a part of the Filyovskaya Line. On 7 January 2008 the station was detached from the line; the station was designed by architect Rimidalv Pogrebnoy. It has the standard pillar-trispan design; the pillars are white marble with bands of pink marble at the bottom. The walls are tiled
Moscow Oblast, or Podmoskovye, is a federal subject of Russia. With a population of 7,095,120 living in an area of 44,300 square kilometers, it is one of the most densely populated regions in the country and is the second most populous federal subject; the oblast has no official administrative center. Moscow Oblast borders Tver Oblast in the northwest, Yaroslavl Oblast in the north, Vladimir Oblast in the northeast and east, Ryazan Oblast in the southeast, Tula Oblast in the south, Kaluga Oblast in the southwest, Smolensk Oblast in the west. In the center stands the federal city of Moscow, a separate federal subject in its own right; the oblast is industrialized, with its main industrial branches being metallurgy, oil refining, mechanical engineering, food and chemical industries. The oblast is flat, with some hills with the height of about 160 meters in the western and extensive lowlands in the eastern part. From the southwest to northeast, the oblast is crossed by the border of the Moscow glacier to the north of the common ice-erosion form with moraine ridges, to the south – only erosional landforms.
The western and northern parts of the oblast contain the Moscow Uplands. Their average height peaks at about 300 meters near Dmitrov and the upper point of 310 meters lies near the village of Shapkino in Mozhaysky District; the northern part of the Moscow Uplands is steeper than the southern part. The uplands contain lakes such as Lakes Nerskoye and Krugloye. To the north of the Moscow Uplands lies the alluvial Verhnevolzhsk Depression. To the south stretches a hilly area of the Moskvoretsko-Oksk plain, its greatest height of 254 meters lies within the Moscow city limits. The plain has defined river valleys in the south parts, occasional karst relief in Serpukhovsky District. In the extreme south, after the Oka River, lies the Central Russian Upland, it contains numerous gullies and ravines and has average height above 200 m with the maximum of 236 m near Pushchino. Most of the eastern part of Moscow Oblast is taken by the vast Meshchera Lowlands with much wetland in their eastern part, their highest hill peaks at 214 meters but the average heights are 120–150 meters.
Most lakes of the lowlands, such as Lakes Chyornoye and Svyatoye, are of glacial origin. Here lies the lowest natural elevation of the water level of Oka River at 97 meters. Moscow Oblast is located in the central part of the East European craton. Like all cratons, the latter is composed of the crystalline sedimentary cover; the basement consists of Archaean and Proterozoic rocks and the cover is deposited in the Palaeozoic and Cenozoic eras. The lowest depth of the basement is to the south of Serebryanye Prudy, in the south area of the oblast, the largest is to the east of Sergiyev Posad, in the northeast region. Tertiary deposits are absent within the oblast. More abundant are deposits of the Carboniferous and Jurassic periods. In the Cretaceous period, a sea was covering Moscow Oblast, as evidenced by phosphate deposits and a variety of sands. Cretaceous sediments are most common in the north of the oblast; the sea was wider in Jurassic than in Cretaceous period. Typical Jurassic deposits, in the form of black clay, are found within and around the city of Moscow and in the valley of the Moscow River.
Carboniferous deposits in Moscow Oblast are represented by dolomite and marl. Coal deposits rich in organic remains occur in the south in Serpukhovsky District, in the western regions. Devonian deposits were found within the region. Quaternary deposits are distributed in Moscow Oblast, it is believed. The first occurred in the Lower Pleistocene and spread to the east-west part of the Oka River valley, it left no trace in the region. In the Middle Pleistocene, there were two powerful glaciations; the Dnieper glacier covered a large part of the Russian Plain, whereas the Moscow glaciation stopped just south of the present city of Moscow. The last glaciation, the Valdai glaciation, occurred in the Late Pleistocene; the glaciers left behind a moraine loam with pebbles and boulders of various rocks, such as granite, quartzite, dolomite and sandstone. Its thickness varies between a few meters at 100 m at moraine ridges. Moscow Oblast is rich in minerals. Sands from the sediments of different periods are of high quality and are used in construction.
Quartz sand is used in the glass industry, their production is conducted from the end of 17th century near Lyubertsy. Much of the production is halted due to environmental concerns, only the Yeganovskoye field is being exploited. Sand and gravel deposits are abundant within the Smolensk-Moscow Upland. Sandstone deposits are developed in Dmitrovsky Districts. There are numerous clay deposits within the oblas
Semyonovskaya (Moscow Metro)
Semyonovskaya is a station of the Moscow Metro in the Sokolinaya Gora District, Eastern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Elektrozavodskaya and Partizanskaya stations. Semyonovskaya opened in 1944; the station was called Stalinskaya, as it was built under Stalinskaya Ploshchad. As part of De-Stalinization, the station was renamed in 1961 to Semyonovskaya for the settlement from which the Semyonovsky Regiment took its name. Built concurrently with Partizanskaya, it too is war-themed, sporting plaques along the outer walls depicting a variety of Soviet weapons used in the war, including swords, sniper rifles, machine guns. A much larger plaque at the end of the platform includes an image of the Order of Victory and the words "Our Red Army- Glory!". Semyonovskaya is an unusual design, with a double-width platform and four rows of pillars instead of the usual two; this was because the station was built as a pylon type, but was changed in design and the pylons were transformed into pillars.
The pillars are faced with white marble. The outer walls are grey marble. There is a row of green marble floor lamps along the center of the platform; the architects of the station were S. Kravets and V. Akhmetev; the station was closed for escalator replacement and general renovation on the 70th anniversary of the first Metro line, May 15, 2005. It reopened on April 28, 2006, with new escalator machinery and new interior and exterior finishes for the surface vestibule. Metro.ru mymetro.ru Photographs of station prior to and after renovation More photographs Official report on the station's reoppening KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Strogino (Moscow Metro)
Strogino is a Moscow Metro station in the Strogino District, North-Western Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Myakinino and Krylatskoye stations; the station opened on 7 January 2008 as a part of a massive Strogino–Mitino extension, used to be the terminus of the line until its extension to Mitino on 26 December 2009. Planned as part of a massive chordal line, construction began in the late 1980s, but after major delays in finances work has stalled and was restarted much in 2004; the overall design, adopted by architects A. Orlov and A. Nekrasov is a shallow depth single vault. Running along its snow-white colour, is a set of wedges which contain 16 triangle-shaped caissons, each housing the lighting element, in shape of a giant droplet; the platform itself is covered in bright grey granite and contains a series of arrow-shaped benches made of wood with stainless steel markings. The station contains two vestibules, both located under the Stroginsky Boulevard, although the opening of the Western one was postponed due to the delays of escalator contractor in Saint Petersburg.
Both vestibules are connected to subways that lead to large glazed pavilions, located not far from the intersection with the Tallinskaya street and the Kulakova street. As the station was only the first stage of the extension, its terminus state was temporary, as the line continues northwestward to Mitino since December 2009. There were plans to make this station a cross-platform interchange with the Kalininskaya Line which would take over the Mitino extension, the terminus station of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya would revert to Strogino.
The Moscow Metro is a rapid transit system serving Moscow and the neighbouring Moscow Oblast cities of Krasnogorsk, Reutov and Kotelniki. Opened in 1935 with one 11-kilometre line and 13 stations, it was the first underground railway system in the Soviet Union; as of 2018, the Moscow Metro excluding the Moscow Central Circle and Moscow Monorail has 224 stations and its route length is 381 km, making it the fifth longest in the world. The system is underground, with the deepest section 84 metres underground at the Park Pobedy station, one of the world's deepest. It's the busiest metro system in Europe, a tourist attraction in itself; the Moscow Metro, a state-owned enterprise, is 381 km long and consists of twelve lines and 223 stations organized in a spoke-hub distribution paradigm, with the majority of rail lines running radially from the centre of Moscow to the outlying areas. The Koltsevaya Line forms a 20-kilometre long circle which enables passenger travel between these diameters, the new Moscow Central Circle forms a 54-kilometre longer circle that serves a similar purpose on middle periphery.
Most stations and lines are underground. The Moscow Metro uses the Russian gauge of 1,520 millimetres, like other Russian railways, an underrunning third rail with a supply of 825 V DC, except line 13 and 14; the average distance between stations is 1.7 kilometres. Long distances between stations have the positive effect of a high cruising speed of 41.7 kilometres per hour. The Moscow Metro opens at 05:25 and closes at 01:00; the precise opening time varies at different stations according to the arrival of the first train, but all stations close their entrances at 01:00 for maintenance, so do transfer corridors. The minimum interval between trains is 90 seconds during the evening rush hours; as of 2017 the system had an average daily ridership of 6.99 million passengers. Peak daily ridership of 9.71 million was recorded on 26 December 2014. Free Wi-Fi has been available on all lines of the Moscow Metro since 1 December 2014; the network was launched by MaximaTelecom. Of the metro's 224 stations, 88 are deep underground, 123 are shallow, 12 are surface and five are elevated.
The deep stations comprise 55 triple-vaulted pylon stations, 19 triple-vaulted column stations, one single-vault station. The shallow stations comprise 79 spanned column stations, 33 single-vaulted stations, three single-spanned stations. In addition, there are 12 ground-level stations, four elevated stations, one station on a bridge. Two stations have three tracks, one has double halls. Seven of the stations have side platforms. In addition, there were two temporary stations within rail yards. One station is reserved for future service; the stations being constructed under Stalin's regime, in the style of socialist classicism, were meant as underground palaces of the people. Stations such as Komsomolskaya, Kiyevskaya or Mayakovskaya and others built after 1935 in the second phase of the evolution of the network are tourist landmarks, their photogenic architecture, large chandeliers and detailed decoration unusual for an urban transport system; each line is identified by an alphanumeric index and a colour.
The colour assigned to each line for display on maps and signs is its colloquial identifier, except for the nondescript greens and blues assigned to the Kakhovskaya, the Zamoskvoretskaya, the Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya, Butovskaya lines. The upcoming station is announced by a male voice on inbound trains to the city center and by a female voice on outbound trains; the metro has a connection to the Moscow Monorail, a 4.7-kilometre, six-station monorail line between Timiryazevskaya and VDNKh which opened in January 2008. Prior to the official opening, the monorail had operated in "excursion mode" since 2004. Sokolnicheskaya line was named Kirovsko-Fruzenskaya Zamoskvoretskaya line was named Gorkovsko-Zamoskvoretskaya. Filyovskaya line was named Arbatsko-Filyovskaya. Since the beginning, platforms have been at least 155 metres long to accommodate eight-car trains; the only exceptions are on the Filyovskaya Line: Vystavochnaya, Studencheskaya, Fili, Filyovsky Park and Pionerskaya, which only allows six-car trains.
Trains on the Zamoskvoretskaya, Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya, Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya, Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya and Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya lines have eight cars, on the Sokolnicheskaya line seven cars and on the Koltsevaya and Kakhovskaya lines six cars. The Filyovskaya and Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya lines had six- and seven-car trains as well, but now use four- and five-car trains of another type; the V-type trains were from Berlin U-Bahn C-class trains from 1945 to 1969, until its complete demi
Baumanskaya (Moscow Metro)
Baumanskaya is a station on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro, named after the revolutionary Nikolai Bauman. It was designed by Boris Iofan and Yury Zenkevich and opened in 1944; the Art Deco design features white marble pylons with rounded corners, fluted piers faced with red ceramic tile, decorative ventilation grilles. In the bays between each set of piers are bronze sculptures by V. A. Andreev depicting Russian soldiers and workers of the home front during World War II. At the end of the platform is a mosaic portrait of Vladimir Lenin; this station is busy, as one of the biggest Moscow institutes is located not far away. The station was closed in 2015 for repairs and escalator shaft replacement. Baumanskaya is the second busiest station in Moscow Metro; the facts: There are at least 3 major universities near the station: Bauman Moscow State Technical University main and secondary buildings Moscow State University of Civil Engineering and Moscow State Academy of Law. Specific configuration of central hall like garmon before the escalator, where some passengers try to short jump queue.
Most passengers prefer Baumanskaya to other station if they would get to the area, at half-way between Baumanskaya and another station if causes additional transfer or best accessible by ground transport. The escalators here were the oldest working in the entire world, their replacement began in January 2015 and was competed in December 2015. A cryptic inscription is on the wall of station, it is situated near the first car stop towards the Shchyolkovskaya station just under the last ventilation lattice. The inscription is carved in marble on about 120 centimetres above the floor, is about 8 centimetres in length and 1.5 centimetres in height. It consists of two dates, divided by hyphen: 19 14/XI 46 - 19 15/XII 54 These dates translate to 14 November 1946 - 15 December 1954; the way of writing is similar to the way dates are written on gravestones. The origin of that artifact is unknown. Metro.ru mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map