Academy Award for Best Actor
The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered a performance in a leading role while working within the film industry. The 1st Academy Awards ceremony was held in 1929 with Emil Jannings receiving the award for his roles in The Last Command and The Way of All Flesh. Currently, nominees are determined by single transferable vote within the branch of AMPAS. In the first three years of the awards, actors were nominated as the best in their categories, at that time, all of their work during the qualifying period was listed after the award. The following year, this unwieldy and confusing system was replaced by the current system in which an actor is nominated for a performance in a single film. Starting with the 9th ceremony held in 1937, the category was officially limited to five nominations per year, since its inception, the award has been given to 79 actors. Daniel Day-Lewis has received the most awards in this category with three Oscars, spencer Tracy and Laurence Olivier were nominated on nine occasions, more than any other actor.
As of the 2017 ceremony, Casey Affleck is the most recent winner in category for his role as Lee Chandler in Manchester by the Sea. In the following table, the years are listed as per Academy convention, and generally correspond to the year of release in Los Angeles County. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twelve months from August 1 to July 31, for the 6th ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1,1932 to December 31,1933
Laura Leggett Linney is an American actress. A three-time Academy Award nominee and three-time Tony Award nominee, she won her first Emmy Award in 2002 for Wild Iris, from 2010–13, she starred in the Showtime series The Big C, which won her a fourth Emmy in 2013. She is a two-time Golden Globe Award winner and she made her screen debut in the 1992 film Lorenzos Oil, and went on to receive Academy Award nominations for You Can Count on Me, Kinsey and The Savages. Her other films include Primal Fear, The Truman Show, Mystic River, Love Actually and The Squid and the Whale. Her mother, Miriam Anderson Ann Perse, was a nurse who worked at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, linneys paternal great-great-grandfather was Republican U. S. Linney grew up in modest circumstances, living with her mother in a small one-bedroom apartment and she has a half-sister, from her fathers second marriage. She is a 1982 graduate of Northfield Mount Hermon School, a preparatory school in New England. Linney graduated from Brown in 1986 and she went on to study acting at the Juilliard School as a member of Group 19, which included Jeanne Tripplehorn.
Linney received an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from Juilliard when she delivered the commencement address in 2009. Linney first appeared in roles in a few early 1990s films, including Lorenzos Oil and Dave. She was cast in a series of thrillers, including Congo, Primal Fear. She made her Hollywood breakthrough in 1998, playing Jim Carreys on-screen wife in The Truman Show, Linney was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in the 2000 film You Can Count on Me. The same year, she appeared in the role of an artists model in the low-budget film Maze with Rob Morrow. In 2003, Linney appeared in notable films, including The Life of David Gale, Love Actually. The latter film earned her a BAFTA Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress and her 2004 performance in Kinsey, again as the title characters wife, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. In 2005, Linney starred in the horror film The Exorcism of Emily Rose and the comedy-drama The Squid, for the latter role, she received a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy.
In 2006, Linney appeared in the political satire Man of the Year, the comedy Driving Lessons, Jindabyne was based on Raymond Carvers short story So Much Water so Close to Home. She received a third Academy Award nomination for The Savages, this time for Best Actress, in 2008, Linney starred in The Other Man, opposite Liam Neeson, with whom she had starred in Kinsey and Love Actually, and Antonio Banderas
Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County, although the county government was disbanded on July 1,1999. The city proper covers 48 square miles with a population of 667,137 in 2015, making it the largest city in New England. Alternately, as a Combined Statistical Area, this wider commuting region is home to some 8.1 million people, One of the oldest cities in the United States, Boston was founded on the Shawmut Peninsula in 1630 by Puritan settlers from England. It was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston. Upon U. S. independence from Great Britain, it continued to be an important port and manufacturing hub as well as a center for education, through land reclamation and municipal annexation, Boston has expanded beyond the original peninsula. Its rich history attracts many tourists, with Faneuil Hall alone drawing over 20 million visitors per year, Bostons many firsts include the United States first public school, Boston Latin School, first subway system, the Tremont Street Subway, and first public park, Boston Common.
Bostons economic base includes finance and business services, information technology, the city has one of the highest costs of living in the United States as it has undergone gentrification, though it remains high on world livability rankings. Bostons early European settlers had first called the area Trimountaine but renamed it Boston after Boston, England, the renaming on September 7,1630 was by Puritan colonists from England who had moved over from Charlestown earlier that year in quest of fresh water. Their settlement was limited to the Shawmut Peninsula, at that time surrounded by the Massachusetts Bay and Charles River. The peninsula is thought to have been inhabited as early as 5000 BC, in 1629, the Massachusetts Bay Colonys first governor John Winthrop led the signing of the Cambridge Agreement, a key founding document of the city. Puritan ethics and their focus on education influenced its early history, over the next 130 years, the city participated in four French and Indian Wars, until the British defeated the French and their Indian allies in North America.
Boston was the largest town in British America until Philadelphia grew larger in the mid-18th century, Bostons harbor activity was significantly curtailed by the Embargo Act of 1807 and the War of 1812. Foreign trade returned after these hostilities, but Bostons merchants had found alternatives for their investments in the interim. Manufacturing became an important component of the economy, and the citys industrial manufacturing overtook international trade in economic importance by the mid-19th century. Boston remained one of the nations largest manufacturing centers until the early 20th century, a network of small rivers bordering the city and connecting it to the surrounding region facilitated shipment of goods and led to a proliferation of mills and factories. Later, a network of railroads furthered the regions industry. Boston was a port of the Atlantic triangular slave trade in the New England colonies
Mystic River (novel)
Mystic River is a novel by Dennis Lehane that was published in 2001. It won the 2002 Dilys Award and was made into an Academy Award-winning film in 2003, the novel revolves around three boys who grow up as friends in Boston — Dave Boyle, Sean Devine, and Jimmy Marcus. When the story opens, we see Dave abducted by child molesters while he, Dave escapes and returns home days later, emotionally shattered by his experience. The book moves forward 25 years, Sean has become a detective, Jimmy is an ex-convict who currently owns a convenience store. Jimmys daughter disappears and is brutally murdered in a city park. Sean is assigned to investigate the murder, and the three friends are caught up in each others lives again. Mystic River, the Academy Award-winning adaptation of the novel, was released in 2003, the film was directed by Clint Eastwood and starred Sean Penn as Jimmy Markum, Tim Robbins as Dave, and Kevin Bacon as Sean. Sean Penn won the Best Actor in a Leading Role and Tim Robbins won the Best Supporting Actor for their respective performances and it was nominated for four other Academy Awards, Best Picture, Best Director, Best Supporting Actress, and Best Adapted Screenplay.
Mystic River won the 2002 Dilys Award presented by the Independent Mystery Booksellers Association, the same year, it won the Massachusetts Book Award
Timothy Francis Tim Robbins is an American actor, director, producer and musician. He is well known for his portrayal of Andy Dufresne in the drama film The Shawshank Redemption. Robbins was born in West Covina and raised in New York City and he is the son of Mary Cecelia, an actress, and Gilbert Lee Robbins, a musician, folk singer and former manager of The Gaslight Cafe. Robbins has two sisters and Gabrielle, and a brother, David and he moved to Greenwich Village with his family at a young age, while his father pursued a career as a member of the folk music group, The Highwaymen. Robbins started performing in theater at age twelve and joined the club at Stuyvesant High School. He spent two years at SUNY Plattsburgh and returned to California to study at the UCLA Film School, after graduation from college in 1981, Robbins founded the Actors Gang, an experimental theater group, in Los Angeles with actor friends from his college softball team. In 1982, he appeared as domestic terrorist Andrew Reinhardt in three episodes of the television program St.
Elsewhere, in 1985, he guest-starred in the second episode of the television series Moonlighting, Gunfight at the So-So Corral. He took parts in films, such as the role of frat animal Mother in Fraternity Vacation. He played in The Love Boat, as a version of one of the characters in retrospection about the Second World War. His breakthrough role was as pitcher Ebby Calvin Nuke LaLoosh in the 1988 baseball film Bull Durham which he co-starred with Susan Sarandon and Kevin Costner. He received critical acclaim and won the Best Actor Award at Cannes for his role as an amoral film executive in Robert Altmans 1992 film The Player. He made his directorial and screenwriting debut with 1992s Bob Roberts, Robbins starred alongside Morgan Freeman in the critically acclaimed The Shawshank Redemption, which was based on Stephen Kings novella. Robbins has written and directed films with strong social content, such as the critically acclaimed capital punishment saga Dead Man Walking, starring Sarandon. The film earned him an Oscar nomination for Best Director and his next directorial effort was 1999s Depression-era musical Cradle Will Rock.
Robbins has appeared in mainstream Hollywood thrillers, such as 1999s Arlington Road and 2001s Antitrust, and in films such as The Hudsucker Proxy, Nothing to Lose. Robbins has acted in and directed several Actors Gang theater productions, Robbins won the Best Supporting Actor Oscar and the SAG Award for his work in Mystic River, as a man traumatized from having been molested as a child. In 2005, he won the 39th annual Man of the Year Pudding Pot Award given by the Hasty Pudding Theatricals of Harvard. His most recent acting roles include a blind man who is nursed to health by a psychologically wounded young woman in The Secret Life of Words
Fishburne became the first African American to portray Othello in a motion picture by a major studio when he appeared in Oliver Parkers 1995 film adaptation of the Shakespeare play. For his portrayal of Ike Turner in Whats Love Got to Do With It, he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor. He won a Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play for his performance in Two Trains Running, Fishburne starred in several cult classics, including Deep Cover and King of New York. In 2013, he portrayed Perry White in the Zack Snyder-directed Superman reboot Man of Steel and in 2016 reprised his role in Batman v Superman, Dawn of Justice. Fishburne was born in Augusta, the son of Hattie Bell, a high school mathematics and science teacher. After his parents divorced during his childhood, his mother moved him to Brooklyn, New York. Fishburnes father saw him once a month, Fishburne is a graduate of Lincoln Square Academy in New York, which closed in the 1980s. For most of his career, he was credited as Larry Fishburne.
In 1973, Fishburne had his first acting role portraying Joshua Hall on the ABC soap opera One Life to Live and he auditioned for the role of Michael Evans in the television series Good Times, but the role went to Ralph Carter. His most memorable role was in Cornbread, Earl and Me. He earned a role in Apocalypse Now, in which he played Tyrone Miller. When production began in March 1976, he was just 14 years old, filming took so long that he actually was 17 years old upon its completion. Fishburne spent much of the 1980s in and out of television, in the early 1980s, he worked as a bouncer at punk rock clubs. He had a role in the early 1980s movie Band of the Hand and he had a role in the 1984 movie The Cotton Club. Fishburne had a role as Cowboy Curtis on Paul Reubens CBS childrens television show Pee-wees Playhouse. He appeared in the M*A*S*H episode, The Tooth Shall Set You Free, in Spenser, For Hire, he was a guest star for the second-season episode Personal Demons. He appeared as a thug in Death Wish 2 and he appeared alongside Kevin Bacon in Quicksilver.
His stage work during the 1980s included Short Eyes, and Loose Ends, in 1987 he played a part in the third Nightmare On Elm Street film as a hospital orderly
Massachusetts State Police
At present, it has approximately 2,300 officers,1500 of them being uniformed troopers, and 400 civilian support staff—making it the largest law enforcement agency in New England. The MSP is headed by Colonel Richard McKeon and it investigates instances of wrongful deaths in most Massachusetts cities. The MSP was established by Governor John A. Andrew when he signed a law creating the State Constabulary on May 16,1865 and this legislative act to “establish a State Police Force, ” founded the first statewide enforcement agency in the nation. The first leader of the State Police was a General King and his title was probably earned during the American Civil War. This law enforcement mission was performed by the trooper on horse back, until recently, the MSP maintained one of the strictest regimens for physical size requirements for applicants. Efforts are being made presently to render the department more racially diverse, as well as inclusive of women. The history of the agency is being researched and preserved for the 2010 opening of the Massachusetts State Police Museum, the museum is being made possible by funding of MSP troopers and employees.
The museum will be located at the site of the former Troop C2 barracks in Grafton, there is currently a temporary museum at the barracks until construction is completed. Kennedy photos and memorabilia Nostalgic badges and patches Since the MSPs inception,32 troopers have been killed in the line of duty, the earliest death was in 1909 and the latest death was March 16,2016. The four former agencies officially ceased to exist on July 1,1992, the distinctive uniform and seal of the former Division of State Police would be retained by the newly formed Department of State Police. The ranks of Corporal and Staff Sergeant were not carried over into the new agency, as of late, there has been political debate concerning the state police merging with the MBTA Transit Police. The Massachusetts State Police rank structure is as listed, The rank of trooper first class is awarded after 5 years of service at the rank of trooper. Promotion to the ranks of sergeant and captain are based on varying combinations of years of service, promotional exam score, the rank of major and lieutenant colonel are appointed by the colonel / superintendent.
The deputy superintendent holds the rank of lieutenant colonel, the colonel / superintendent is appointed by the Governor of the Commonwealth. The A Troop headquarters are located in Danvers, and there are 70 municipalities located within Troop A, Troop A Barracks are located in, A-1 Andover A-2 Newbury A-3 Concord A-4 Medford A-5 Revere A-6 Danvers Troop B includes the western section of the commonwealth. The B Troop headquarters are in Northampton, Troop B has primary law enforcement responsibilities in many municipalities that lack local police departments in Western Massachusetts. Troop B Barracks are located in, B-1 Lee B-2 Shelburne Falls B-3 Springfield B-4 Cheshire B-5 Russell B-6 Northampton Troop C includes the section of the commonwealth. It is the largest of the troops, and the C Troop headquarters are located in Holden, also,85 cities or towns rely on C Troop to assist with law enforcement or provide primary coverage
Village Roadshow Pictures
Village Roadshow Entertainment Group is an independent global film entertainment company. Village Roadshow Entertainment Group consists principally of Village Roadshow Pictures, Village Roadshow Productions, Village Roadshow Entertainment Group s largest owner is Village Roadshow Limited, which owns 47. 6% of the company. The other shareholders are Crescent Entertainment, Tailwind Capital, Falcon Investment Advisors and Trinity Opportunities Limited
Eli Herschel Wallach was an American film and stage actor whose career spanned more than six decades, beginning in the late 1940s. Trained in stage acting, which he enjoyed doing most, he one of the greatest character actors ever to appear on stage and screen states TCM. On stage, he often co-starred with his wife, Anne Jackson, as a stage and screen character actor, Wallach had one of the longest careers in show business, spanning 62 years from his Broadway debut to his last major Hollywood studio movie. Wallach initially studied method acting under Sanford Meisner, and became a member of the Actors Studio. His versatility gave him the ability to play a variety of different roles throughout his career. For his debut performance in Baby Doll, he won a BAFTA Award for Best Newcomer. Among his other most famous roles are Calvera in The Magnificent Seven, Guido in The Misfits, and Tuco in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Other notable portrayals include outlaw Charlie Gant in How The West Was Won, Don Altobello in The Godfather Part III, Cotton Weinberger in The Two Jakes, and Arthur Abbott in The Holiday.
One of Americas most prolific screen actors, Wallach remained active well into his nineties, with roles as recently as 2010 in Wall Street, Money Never Sleeps and The Ghost Writer. Wallach received BAFTA Awards, Tony Awards and Emmy Awards for his work, in March,2017, the Harry Ransom Center announced the acquisition of Wallachs papers, along with that of his wife. It will be made public when cataloging is complete, Wallach was born in Red Hook, Brooklyn, at 156 Union Street, a son of Jewish immigrants Abraham and Bertha Wallach, both from Poland. He had a brother and two sisters, with his family being the only Jews in an otherwise Italian American neighborhood and his parents owned Berthas Candy Store. Wallach graduated in 1936 from the University of Texas at Austin with a degree in history, while at the university, he performed in a play with fellow students Ann Sheridan and Walter Cronkite. In a interview, Wallach said that he learned to ride horses while in Texas and he explained, You could rely on people.
If they gave you their word, that was it, Two years he received a master of arts degree in education from the City College of New York. He gained his first method acting experience at the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre in New York City, according to Wallach, actors were forced to unlearn all their physical and vocal mannerisms, while traditional stage etiquette and singsong deliveries were utterly excised from his classroom. Wallachs education was cut short when he was drafted into the United States Army in January 1941 and he served as staff sergeant in a military hospital in Hawaii and sent to Officer Candidate School in Abilene, Texas to train as a medical administrative officer. Commissioned a second lieutenant, he was ordered to Casablanca, when he was serving in France, a senior officer noticed his acting career and asked him to create a show for the patients
Sean Justin Penn is an American actor and political activist. He has won two Academy Awards, for his roles in the mystery drama Mystic River and the biopic Milk, Penn began his acting career in television with a brief appearance in episode 112 of Little House on the Prairie, directed by his father Leo Penn. He became known as a prominent leading actor with the drama Dead Man Walking, for which he earned his first Academy Award nomination, Penn made his feature film directorial debut with The Indian Runner, followed by the drama film The Crossing Guard and the mystery film The Pledge. Penn directed one of the 11 segments of 110901 September 11 and his fourth feature film, the biographical drama survival movie Into the Wild, garnered critical acclaim and two Academy Award nominations. In January 2016, Penn published an interview with Mexican drug lord Joaquín El Chapo Guzmán in Rolling Stone, Penn was born in Los Angeles County, California, to actor and director Leo Penn, and actress Eileen Ryan.
His older brother is musician Michael Penn and his younger brother, actor Chris Penn, died in 2006. His paternal grandparents were Ashkenazi Jewish emigrants from Lithuania and Russia, while his mother is a Catholic of Irish, Penn was raised in a secular home and attended Santa Monica High School. He began making films with some of his childhood friends, including actors Emilio Estevez and Charlie Sheen. Penn appeared in a 1974 episode of the Little House on the Prairie television series as an extra when his father, Penn launched his film career with the action-drama Taps, where he played a military high school cadet. A year later, he appeared in the hit comedy Fast Times at Ridgemont High, in the role of surfer-stoner Jeff Spicoli, Penn appeared as Mick OBrien, a troubled youth, in the drama Bad Boys. The role earned Penn favorable reviews and jump-started his career as a serious actor, Penn played Andrew Daulton Lee in the film The Falcon and the Snowman, which closely followed an actual criminal case.
Lee was a drug dealer by trade, convicted of espionage for the Soviet Union and originally sentenced to life in prison. Penn starred in the drama At Close Range which received critical acclaim and he stopped acting for a few years in the early 1990s, having been dissatisfied with the industry, and focused on making his directing debut. The Academy Awards first recognized his work in nominating him for playing a racist murderer on death row in the drama film Dead Man Walking and he was nominated again for his comedic performance as an egotistical jazz guitarist in the film Sweet and Lowdown. He received his nomination after portraying a mentally handicapped father in I am Sam. Penn finally won for his role in the Boston crime-drama Mystic River, in 2004, Penn played Samuel Bicke, a character based on Samuel Byck, who in 1974 attempted and failed to assassinate President Richard Nixon, in The Assassination of Richard Nixon. The same year, he was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts, Penn portrayed governor Willie Stark in an adaptation of Robert Penn Warrens classic 1946 American novel All the Kings Men.
The film was a critical and commercial failure, named by a 2010 Forbes article as the biggest flop in the last five years, the film earned Penn his fifth nomination and second win for the Academy Award for Best Actor
Kevin Norwood Bacon is an American actor and musician. Bacon is known for taking on roles such as that of a sadistic guard in Sleepers. Also on television, he starred in the Fox series The Following from 2013 to 2015, Bacon has won a Golden Globe Award and three Screen Actors Guild Awards, and was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award. The Guardian named him one of the best actors never to have received an Academy Award nomination, in 2003, Bacon received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Bacon has become an icon for the concept of interconnectedness, having been popularized by the game Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon, in 2007, he created SixDegrees. org, a charitable foundation. Bacon, one of six children, was born and raised in a family in Philadelphia. The experience solidified Bacons passion for the arts, Bacon left home at age 17 to pursue a theater career in New York City, where he appeared in a production at the Circle in the Square Theater School. I wanted life, the thing, he recalled to Nancy Mills of Cosmopolitan.
The message I got was The arts are it, art and creative expression are next to godliness. Combine that with an ego and you wind up with an actor. Bacons debut in the fraternity comedy National Lampoons Animal House did not lead to the fame he had sought and he briefly worked on the television soap operas Search for Tomorrow and Guiding Light in New York. In 1980, he had a prominent role in the slasher film Friday the 13th, some of his early stage work included Getting Out, performed at New Yorks Phoenix Theater, and Flux, at Second Stage Theatre during their 1981–1982 season. In 1982, he won an Obie Award for his role in Forty Deuce, bolstered by the attention garnered by his performance in Diner, Bacon starred in the box-office smash Footloose. To prepare for the role, Bacon enrolled at a school as a transfer student named Ren McCormick. Bacon earned strong reviews for Footloose, and he appeared on the cover of People magazine soon after its release. Bacons critical and box office led to a period of typecasting in roles similar to the two he portrayed in Diner and Footloose, and he had difficulty shaking this on-screen image.
For the next years he chose films that cast him against either type and experienced, by his own estimation. In 1988, he starred in John Hughes comedy Shes Having a Baby, in 1990, Bacon had two successful roles