Jennifer Lynn Lopez is an American singer, actress and producer. In 1991, Lopez began appearing as a Fly Girl dancer on In Living Color, where she remained a regular until she decided to pursue an acting career in 1993. For her first leading role in the 1997 Selena biopic of the same name, Lopez received a Golden Globe nomination and became the first Latin actress to earn over US$1 million for a film, she went on to star in Anaconda and Out of Sight establishing herself as the highest-paid Latin actress in Hollywood. Lopez ventured into the music industry with her debut studio album On the 6, which helped propel the Latin pop movement in American music. With the simultaneous release of her second studio album J. Lo and her romantic comedy The Wedding Planner in 2001, Lopez became the first woman to have a number one album and film in the same week, her 2002 remix album, J to tha L–O! The Remixes, became the first in history to debut at number one on the U. S. Billboard 200; that year, she released her third studio album This Is Me...
And appeared in Maid in Manhattan. After starring in Gigli, a critical and commercial failure, Lopez subsequently starred in the successful romantic comedies Shall We Dance? and Monster-in-Law. Her fifth studio album, Como Ama una Mujer, received the highest first-week sales for a debut Spanish album in the United States. Following an unsuccessful period, she returned to prominence in 2011 with her appearance as a judge on American Idol, released her seventh studio album Love?. In 2016, she began starring in the crime drama series Shades of Blue and commenced a residency show, Jennifer Lopez: All I Have, at Planet Hollywood Las Vegas. Since 2017, Lopez has served as a judge on World of Dance. In 2018, she starred in the film Second Act. With a cumulative film gross of US$3 billion and estimated global sales of 80 million records, Lopez is regarded as the most influential Latin performer in the United States. In 2012, Forbes ranked her as the most powerful celebrity in the world, as well as the 38th most powerful woman in the world.
Time listed her among the 100 most influential people in the world in 2018. Her most successful singles on the US Billboard Hot 100 include: "If You Had My Love", "Love Don't Cost a Thing", "I'm Real", "Ain't It Funny", "Jenny from the Block", "All I Have", "On the Floor", one of the best-selling singles of all time. For her contributions to the music industry, Lopez has received a landmark star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, the Billboard Icon Award and the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award among other honors, her other ventures include clothing lines, fragrances, a production company, a charitable foundation. Jennifer Lynn Lopez was born on July 24, 1969, in The Bronx borough of New York City, to Puerto Rican parents Guadalupe Rodríguez and David López, she has an older sister, a younger sister, Lynda, a journalist. David worked the night shift at the Guardian Insurance Company before becoming a computer technician at the firm, while Guadalupe was a homemaker; when Lopez was born, the family was living in a small apartment in the Castle Hill neighborhood.
A few years her parents had saved up enough money to be able to purchase a two-story house, considered a big deal for the poor family. At the age of five, Lopez began taking dancing lessons, she toured New York with her school. Her parents stressed the importance of work ethic and being able to speak English, they encouraged their three daughters to put on performances at home—singing and dancing in front of each other and their friends so that they would stay "out of trouble". Lopez spent her entire academic career in Catholic schools. In school, Lopez did gymnastics, ran track on a national level, was a member of the school's softball team, she excelled athletically rather than academically. While attending her final year of high school, Lopez learned about a film casting, seeking several teenage girls for small roles, she auditioned and was cast in My Little Girl, a low-budget film co-written and directed by Connie Kaiserman. Lopez acted as a young woman at a center for troubled girls. After she finished filming her role in the film, Lopez realized that she wanted to become a "famous movie star".
To please her parents, she enrolled in Baruch College, only to drop out after one semester. She told her parents about her dream of becoming a movie star, but they insisted that it was a "really stupid" idea and that "no Latinos did that"; the differences in opinions led Lopez to move out of their family home and into an apartment in Manhattan. During this period, Lopez performed in regional productions of the musicals Jesus Christ Superstar and Oklahoma!. From there, she was hired for the chorus in a Golden Musicals of Broadway, which toured Europe for five months, she was unhappy with the role. She got a job on the show Synchronicity in Japan, where she acted as a dancer and choreographer. Lopez was selected as a backup dancer for the New Kids on the Block in 1991 and performed with them during their performance of "Games" at the 18th Annual American Music Awards. Shortly after, Lopez gained her first regular high-profile job as a Fly Girl dancer on the television program In Living Color, she applied for the job.
Out of 2,000 applicants, Lopez made it to the finals. She was the runner-up but received the role when the winner was unable to accept the job, she moved to Los Angeles to film the series and remained a r
Monica Pauline "Nikki" Gil-Albert is a Filipino singer, host and former video jockey. She is known for being part of the afternoon remake of Carlo J. Caparas' Pieta, in 2009, she portrayed Princess Punzalan's role in the afternoon drama Nagsimula sa Puso, she is well known for her lead portrayal as Jennifer "Jenny" La Peña in the 2012 remake of the 1990 radio serial of Salvador Royales' Mundo Man ay Magunaw played by Jennifer Sevilla in the film version and was produced by SEIKO Films. Monica Pauline Gil was born in Manila to Julie Gil, she is of Filipino and German descent. Born to a father who plays the piano and a mom who sang in a church choir, Nikki showed early signs of musical talent. At the age of four years, Nikki was singing and doing voiceovers for commercials, she graduated from Shekinah Christian Training Center in March 2005 as valedictorian. In 2009, she graduated from Ateneo de Manila University. Gil first rose to prominence when she was 17 years old after appearing in a 2005 Coca-Cola commercial.
After that, she went on to released her first self-titled album, Nikki Gil, that same year under EMI Philippines with "Sakayan ng Jeep" as the carrier single. In 2006, it was repackaged and rereleased with and additional song, "Glowing Inside". In July 2006, EMI Philippines and Walt Disney Records hired Nikki along with other Asian artists to sing and to star in the music video of "High School Musical", a Disney Channel production. Nikki sang "Breaking Free" and "Gotta Go My Own Way" in the production's album. In 2008, Gil released her second music album, Hear My Heart, with "Hear My Heart" as the carrier single, she co-wrote the song with Dani. During the same year, Disney hired her to sing and star in the music video of the pop version of "It's a Small World After All". In addition, she was asked to sing the Tagalog version of the song at the grand opening of "It's a Small World" in Hong Kong Disneyland. In 2010, Gil released her third music album, Somebody to Love, with "Somebody to Love" as the carrier single, a song written by her younger sister, Dani.
Gil played the character of Elle Woods in the Manila production of the musical Legally Blonde, based on the 2001 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer motion picture Legally Blonde and the novel by Amanda Brown. In 2014, Nikki moved to her new recording company Universal Records. In 2005, Gil was given a VJ stint for ABS-CBN's music channel subsidiary, MYX until she left MYX in January 2016, she was picked to host the now-defunct talk show MRS on ABS-CBN and morning show Breakfast on Studio 23. She would join the cast of the weekly variety show ASAP Mania. In 2006, she was joined by Toni Gonzaga, Bianca Gonzalez and Sam Milby as a host for the first season of Pinoy Dream Academy, a singing reality show from Endemol. In 2007, she became part of an anime-inspired fantasy series "Rounin" and as an extended cast for the drama series "Pangarap na Bituin". In 2008, she was again chosen to be the host for the season 2 of Pinoy Dream Academy with Toni Gonzaga and Billy Crawford. In 2009, she appeared in "Pieta", an afternoon teleserye with Ryan Agoncillo, appeared in the teleserye "Florinda" with Maricel Soriano.
Nikki Gil is one of the mainstay on ABS-CBN with ASAP XV. In 2010, she started hosting E-Live along with Ogie Diaz, she did a fair share of hosting on Showtime replacing Anne Curtis. In 2007, Gil did her first movie appearance by doing a cameo role as John Lloyd Cruz's best friend for One More Chance. In 2009, she appeared along with Bea Alonzo, Sam Milby and Derek Ramsay for a Star Cinema movie entitled And I Love You So. In 2010, she was the lead actress in a romance film entitled The Red Shoes produced by Unitel Pictures with Marvin Agustin, which won the Best Picture in the 27th Bogota International Film Festival. In 2012, Gil became part of the TV remake of the Salvador Royales film Mundo Man ay Magunaw as Jennifer la Pena. In 2013, she played a special participation role in Apoy Sa Dagat as young Odessa, became a star antagonist in the remake of Maria Mercedes as Misty; the same year, Nikki Gil won as Best Single Performance By An Actress for her role in "MMK" in the recent 2013 PMPC Star Awards For TV.
In 2014, she was a member of the cast of Hawak-Kamay, playing Meann. She has a sister, Dani Gil, who sings and plays the piano. Dani helped. Nikki first performed in front of an audience in church as a worship leader before entering the entertainment business. In 2008, Gil began dating Billy Crawford, their relationship ended in 2013. According to Gil, the breakup was caused by Crawford's infidelity while she chose to remain celibate until marriage: "The scary thing, knowing what I know now, is I would have said yes to his insincere offers of marriage!" she said. "I was made to believe I was making up these things in my head—I thought we were just plateau-ing." Gil married BJ Albert on November 21, 2015. In November 2017, Gil gave birth to her first child, a boy, she is now retired from showbiz to focus on her marriage to Albert. 2007: Seussical the Musical - The Cat 2010: Legally Blonde: The Musical - Elle Woods 2011: Sweet Charity - Charity Hope Valentine 2013: They're Playing Our Song - Sonia Walsk 2014: The Last 5 Years - Cathy Hyatt Official site Nikki Gil on IMDb Nikki Gil at myx
Shaffer Chimere Smith, known professionally as Ne-Yo, is an American singer, record producer and dancer. He gained fame for his songwriting abilities when he penned his 2004 hit "Let Me Love You" for singer Mario; the single's successful release in the United States prompted an informal meeting between Ne-Yo and Def Jam's label head and the signing of a recording contract. Ne-Yo's debut solo single, "Stay", was released in 2005 to moderate success, his debut studio album, In My Own Words, was critically and commercially successful, reaching number one on the Billboard 200 chart in the United States. It is certified platinum in the United States, United Kingdom and Australia and saw the success of the single "So Sick", which topped the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the United States; because of You, Ne-Yo's second studio album, was the second number one platinum-selling album debuted on the Billboard 200 and Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums charts, received the Grammy Award for Best Contemporary R&B Album at the 50th Grammy Awards.
His third studio album, Year of the Gentleman, saw continued success and further Grammy Award nominations for Best Contemporary R&B Album as well as Album of the Year. Its singles "Closer" and "Miss Independent" were nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance, Best Male R&B Vocal Performance and Best R&B Song. Year of the Gentleman has been certified platinum twice in the US, selling two million copies platinum three times in the UK and once in Japan. Libra Scale, Ne-Yo's fourth studio album, reached number one in the UK R&B Singles and Albums Charts and number 9 on the US Billboard 200, seeing a decline in overall sales, his fifth studio album, R. E. D. saw the international success of its lead single "Let Me Love You", which certified platinum in the United States and sold over two million copies. Ne-Yo's sixth studio album, Non-Fiction, followed in 2015, his seventh studio album, Good Man, was released on June 8, 2018. In addition to music, Ne-Yo serves as judge for the reality competition series World of Dance alongside Jennifer Lopez and Derek Hough.
Smith was born in Arkansas. His father is of African American and Chinese descent and his mother is African American. Ne-Yo's middle name, comes from the Igbo ethnic group of Nigeria. Both his parents were musicians; as a young child, he was raised by his mother. In hopes of better opportunity, his mother relocated the family to Nevada. While in the Las Vegas Academy, Smith adopted the stage name GoGo and joined an R&B group called Envy, who appeared during amateur night on Showtime at the Apollo and on the MTV's The Cut; the group disbanded in 2000, Smith continued to write songs for other artists before starting his solo career. The stage name Ne-Yo was coined by Big D Evans, a producer with whom Ne-Yo once worked, because Evans claimed that Ne-Yo sees music as Neo sees the Matrix. After Envy disbanded in 2000, Columbia Records signed Ne-Yo, but the label dropped him before he could release his already-recorded first album. American singer Marques Houston happened to hear "That Girl", which Ne-Yo had planned to release as his debut single off his then-unreleased album.
Houston re-recorded the song and released it as a single for his 2003 album MH. The release of the song led to Ne-Yo being recognized as a top songwriter. For the next two years, Ne-Yo continued writing songs, some of which have not been released, he contributed songs to American singer Teedra Moses's 2004 album Complex Simplicity, Christina Milian's It's About Time, the American boy band Youngstown, none of which, brought Ne-Yo much mainstream attention. Ne-Yo has contributed songs to singers Mary J. Blige, B2K, Faith Evans, Musiq, among others. A breakthrough came; the song reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100, stayed at the top spot for nine weeks. After the successful release, Tina Davis, former A&R representative for Def Jam Recordings, arranged an informal meeting with label head L. A. Reid. Despite not seeking a new contract at the time, then-CEO of Def Jam Jay Z signed Ne-Yo to a new deal after he performed for the label's executives. In early 2006, Ne-Yo released his debut album, through Def Jam.
Boosted by its popular second single "So Sick", the album debuted at number one on Billboard 200, selling over 301,000 copies in its first week on sale. During the same week, the single had reached number one on the |Billboard Hot 100. Singles released were "When You're Mad" and "Sexy Love", which peaked at number 15 and number 7, respectively; the album has been certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for a shipment of over one million units. His second album, Because of You, was released on May 1, 2007, fueled by its lead single, debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, selling 251,000 copies in the United States; the first single from the platinum-selling album was the title track, which peaked at the number-two spot. Despite the success of "Because of You," singles released charted lower and were unable to reach the Top 20; the album has been certified platinum by RIAA for a shipment of over one million units. In December 2007, Ne-Yo and the Goo Goo Dolls performed at a fund-raising concert for the then–presidential candidate Senator Barack Obama.
Ne-Yo's third album, Year of the Gentleman, was released internationally on August 5, 2008. Speaking to noted UK R&B writer Pete Lewis of the award-winning Blues & Soul, Ne-Yo explained the thinking behind its
Bursa Malaysia is the stock exchange of Malaysia. It is in Kuala Lumpur. Economy of Malaysia List of Southeast Asian stock exchanges List of stock exchanges in the Commonwealth of Nations List of stock exchanges Official website
ABS-CBN (TV network)
ABS-CBN is a Filipino commercial broadcast television network, the flagship property of ABS-CBN Corporation, a company under the Lopez Group. The network is headquartered at the ABS-CBN Broadcasting Center in Quezon City, with additional offices and production facilities in 25 major cities including Baguio, Bacolod, Iloilo and Davao. ABS-CBN is formally referred to as "The Kapamilya Network"; this was introduced in 1999 and was introduced in 2003 during the celebration of its 50th anniversary. It is the largest television network in the country in terms of revenues and international coverage. ABS-CBN is the oldest television broadcaster in Southeast Asia and one of the oldest commercial television broadcasters in Asia, it is the leading television network in the Philippines with advertising revenues of 21.2 billion pesos for the fiscal year of 2015. ABS-CBN's first television broadcast was on October 23, 1953, as Alto Broadcasting System on DZAQ-TV, just 3 months after the first broadcast of Japan's NHK General TV and Nippon Television.
It is the first television network in Southeast Asia to broadcast in color, the first television network in the Philippines to formally launch a digital terrestrial television service, the first broadcast television network in the Philippines to formally launch in high-definition. Today, the flagship television station of ABS-CBN is DWWX-TV; the network operates across the Philippine archipelago through the ABS-CBN Regional division which controls 80 television stations. Its programs are available outside the Philippines through the global subscription television channel The Filipino Channel, now available in over three million paying households worldwide as well as terrestrially in Guam through KEQI-LP. Since 2011, the network is on test broadcast for digital terrestrial television using the Japanese standard ISDB-T in select areas in the Philippines. On October 3, 2015, ABS-CBN started to broadcast in high-definition through its affiliate direct-to-home cable and satellite television providers.
ABS-CBN traces its history to the first Philippine television station DZAQ-TV, owned by Bolinao Electronics Corporation, renamed Alto Broadcasting System. James Lindenberg, the owner of BEC, was the first to apply for a license to the Philippine Congress to establish a television station in 1949, his request was granted on June 14, 1950, under Republic Act 511. Because of the strict import controls and the lack of raw materials needed to open a TV station in the Philippines during the mid-20th century, Lindenberg branched to radio broadcasting instead. Judge Antonio Quirino, brother of former President Elpidio Quirino tried to apply for a license to Congress, but was denied, he purchased stocks from BEC and subsequently consummated the controlling stock to rename the company from BEC to Alto Broadcasting System. DZAQ-TV began commercial television operations on October 23, 1953; the first program to air was a garden party at the Quirino residence in San Juan. After the premiere telecast, the station followed a four-hour-a-day schedule, from six to ten in the evening.
In 1955, Manila Chronicle owner Eugenio Lopez, Sr. and former Vice President Fernando Lopez, acquired a radio-TV franchise from the Congress and established Chronicle Broadcasting Network in 1956, which focused only on radio broadcasting. On February 24, 1957, Lopez invited Judge Quirino to his house for breakfast and ABS was bought under a contract written on a table napkin; the corporate name was reverted to Bolinao Electronics Corporation after the purchase of ABS. With the establishment of DZXL-TV 9 of CBN in April 19, 1958, the Lopez brothers controlled both television channels in the archipelago, culminating in the first wave of expansion; the monopoly in television was broken in 1960, when DZTV-TV 13 was established by the Inter-Island Broadcasting Corporation, owned by Dick Baldwin. In 1961, BEC launched the nation's first provincial television station in Cebu City. In the same year, BEC merged ABS and CBN to form the ABS-CBN network, a brand name that would become official in a few years.
In 1966, ABS-CBN became the first TV network to broadcast certain shows in color by using the American NTSC standard and by December 18, 1968, ABS-CBN opened its present-day Broadcast Center complex in Bohol Avenue, Quezon City, moving from its Roxas Boulevard studios, opened in 1958. It was among the most advanced broadcasting facility of its kind in Asia. Full-color broadcasts began in 1971 on ABS-CBN 2 with the availability of more color television sets around Manila and neighboring municipalities and cities. In 1967, the company was renamed ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation; this company became the formal merger of the two stations DZAQ-TV 3 and DZXL-TV 9. In 1969, DZAQ-TV transferred to channel 2, while its sister station DZXL-TV transferred to channel 4; this frequency adjustment was done to make room for Kanlaon Broadcasting System or KBS to occupy the channel 9 frequency. ABS-CBN sold its headquarters and studios in Roxas Boulevard to KBS; when then-President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law in 1972, the station was forced, along with its regional stations and other television networks to shut down, with the co
Edward Barber (actor)
Edward John Barbe is a German-born British-Filipino actor and TV personality. He placed fourth on season 7 of Pinoy Big Brother. Barber was born in Germany to a British father and a Filipino mother, he has an older sister named Laura who resides in the United Kingdom. As a child and his family would spend every Christmas in his mother's home town in Santa Lucia, Aringay, La Union, Philippines. Before his rise to stardom, Edward was just an ordinary teenager with ordinary everyday problems; when he was approached by an ABS-CBN staff member in Germany, he decided to audition for Pinoy Big Brother: Lucky Season 7, to get a chance to meet his celebrity crush in the Philippines, Liza Soberano. He got accepted, was the second teen housemate, introduced right after his eventual loveteam partner, Maymay Entrata and became part of the Dream Team, he was dubbed as the "Cheerful Charmer ng Germany" because of his cheerful personality that won the hearts of many. Inside the house, Edward exemplified leadership and maturity that's expected from men way beyond his age.
Throughout the Dream Team, Edward maintained his "never nominated" status and it was further sealed when he became part of the Dream Team's Lucky 7 Housemates that would go on to the Finale Night. In one of the tasks, The award-winning director Rory B. Quintos was so impressed with Edward's acting that she referred to him as "The Next Big Superstar." At the Big Night, he was announced as the season's 4th Big Placer. On September 2017, Maymay Entrata and Edward Barber, popularly known with their loveteam "Mayward", played the lead roles for their debut film, Loving In Tandem, released September 13, 2017 nationwide. Right after, he got. On October 15, 2017, he was recognized as Push Personality Newcomer during the awarding ceremony of PUSH AWARDS, an annual digital media event of ABSCBN held at the ASAP Chillout; the tandem of Edward and Maymay Entrata, enjoyed a breakout win as the Push Group/Tandem. Their fans, the MayWards captured the Ultimate Fan Award for posting the highest number of tweets among all fan clubs during the seven-week voting period.
He joined Maymay to make a teleserye debut on the anticipated horror-action fantasy drama television series, “La Luna Sangre” topbilled by Kathryn Bernardo and Daniel Padilla. Maymay and Edward have made their own successful Out-of-the-Country concerts in Singapore and Hong Kong and were part of Star Magic Grand Celebration in Singapore together with KathNiel, Piolo Pascual, Maja Salvador and many others. On February 23, during Maymay’s first soldout solo concert, Edward showed everyone his skills on rap as he was so cool rapping while performing I'll Find You by Lecrae with Maymay; the crown went wild and crazy as they performed their hit song Baliw and showered kilig and sweetness on their IKAW lyrical dance performance. A week after, MayWard were announced to be performing at 4th Impact Rise Up Concert at Sky Dome on March 23. Last July 22, 2018, the pilot episode of their first topbilled Wansapanataym series "Ikaw ang Ghosto ko" was aired garnering the ratings with 26% vs 17.4% of the rival show.
Maymay played the role of "Espie" while Edward Barber played the role of "Vincent". Maymay Entrata and Edward Barber will soon Topbill their First Teleserye "Honey My Love So Sweet" under Dream Scape Production on ABS-CBN. Pokwang, Cherrie Pie, McCoy DeLeon, Joey Marquez and many others will join them on the said teleserye. ELM Tree Foundation, a charity organization founded by Edward Barber, Laura Barber, Maymay Entrata, was formally launched last December 19, 2017. Fresh from Pinoy Big Brother house, he together with on-screen partner Maymay Entrata joined McDonald’s family as the newest endorsers of the new Creamy McFreeze, they became one of the newest endorsers for Bench. MayWard joined the launching of Ariel Philippines’ new product, the NEW Ariel with Downy Perfume last May 18, 2017 with the #ArielWhatAFeeling trending nationwide. On March 2018, together with Maymay, bagged another endorsement deal with Vivo Philippines. Edward together with Maymay Entrata became the Celebrity Ambassador of Tik Tok Philippines.
In June 2018 Edward Barber is one of the newest ambassador of Coca-Cola. Special Guest @ Maymay Entrata's Grand album launch for debut album "Maymay": SM Skydome, June 21, 2017 Singapore Concert Tour: Nexus Auditorium Cuppage Plaza, August 6, 2017 Star Magic 25: A Grand Celebration in Singapore, October 29, 2017 Taiwan Concert Tour: Ba De Entertainment Center, November 5, 2017 Special Guest @ The Dream, Maymay in Concert: Kia Theatre, February 23, 2018. Special Guest @ 4th Impact Rise Up, SM Skydome, March 23, 2018. Hong Kong Concert Tour: Yu Chun Keung Memorial College 2, March 25, 2018. Special Guest @ The Dream Tour: Maymay in Concert, Imus Sports Complex, April 13, 2018. Edward Barber FanCon, SM Skydome, May 4, 2018. Just Love Araw-araw FanMeet @ ABS-CBN Vertis Tent, May 19, 2018. ASAP LIVE in HONOLULU @ Neal Blaisdell Arena, June 30, 2018. 34th London Barrio Fiesta @ Apps Court Farm, July 21, 2018. Triple Treat: Singapore @ Kallang Theater, August 26, 2018. Special Guest @ The Dream Tour: Maymay in Concert Live in Cebu @ Hoops Dome Arena, Lapu-lapu City, October 19, 2018.
Special Guest @ The Dream Tour: Maymay in Concert Live in Pampanga @ AUF Sports and Cultural Center, Angeles City, October 28, 2018. MayWard Concert Live in Dubai by Yugen PR @ Global Village, November 23, 2018
The Philippines the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon and Mindanao; the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, Malaysia and Indonesia to the south; the Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 km2, according to the Philippines Statistical Authority and the WorldBank and, as of 2015, had a population of at least 100 million.
As of January 2018, it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Malay, Indian and Chinese nations occurred. Various competing maritime states were established under the rule of datus, rajahs and lakans; the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for the Spanish, in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established.
The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Catholicism becoming the dominant religion. During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons; as the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution followed, which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War. The war, as well as the ensuing cholera epidemic, resulted in the deaths of thousands of combatants as well as tens of thousands of civilians. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, when the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation. Since the unitary sovereign state has had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution; the Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the East Asia Summit.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. Along with East Timor, the Philippines is one of Southeast Asia's predominantly Christian nations; the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar Felipinas after the then-Prince of Asturias; the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other names such as Islas del Poniente and Magellan's name for the islands San Lázaro were used by the Spanish to refer to the islands; the official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history. During the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic.
From the period of the Spanish–American War and the Philippine–American War until the Commonwealth period, American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands, a translation of the Spanish name. Since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. Philippines has gained currency as the common name since being the name used in Article VI of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, with or without the definite article. Discovery in 2018 of stone tools and fossils of butchered animal remains in Rizal, Kalinga has pushed back evidence of early hominins in the archipelago to as early as 709,000 years. However, the metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago remains the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date; this distinction belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago. Negritos were among the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated.
There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. F. Landa Jocano theorizes. Wilhelm Solheim's Island Origin Theory postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around