National Basketball Association
The National Basketball Association is a men's professional basketball league in North America. It is considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world; the NBA is an active member of USA Basketball, recognized by FIBA as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The NBA is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. NBA players are the world's best paid athletes by average annual salary per player; the league was founded in New York City on June 1946, as the Basketball Association of America. The league adopted the name National Basketball Association on August 3, 1949, after merging with the competing National Basketball League; the league's several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in New Jersey; the Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada.
On November 1, 1946, in Toronto, Canada, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, in a game the NBA now refers to as the first game played in NBA history. The first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers. Although there had been earlier attempts at professional basketball leagues, including the American Basketball League and the NBL, the BAA was the first league to attempt to play in large arenas in major cities. During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that league's 1948 title, the 1948 NBL champion Minneapolis Lakers won the 1949 BAA title. Prior to the 1948–49 season, however, NBL teams from Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and Rochester jumped to the BAA, which established the BAA as the league of choice for collegians looking to turn professional.
On August 3, 1949, the remaining NBL teams–Syracuse, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan and Waterloo–merged into the BAA. In deference to the merger and to avoid possible legal complications, the league name was changed to the present National Basketball Association though the merged league retained the BAA's governing body, including Podoloff. To this day, the NBA claims the BAA's history as its own, it now reckons the arrival of the NBL teams as an expansion, not a merger, does not recognize NBL records and statistics. The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities, as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. In 1950, the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until 1953–54, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises: the New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, Philadelphia Warriors, Minneapolis Lakers, Rochester Royals, Fort Wayne Pistons, Tri-Cities Blackhawks, Syracuse Nationals, all of which remain in the league today.
The process of contraction saw. The Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee in 1951, to St. Louis in 1955; the Rochester Royals moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati in 1957 and the Pistons relocated from Fort Wayne, Indiana, to Detroit in 1957. Japanese-American Wataru Misaka broke the NBA color barrier in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks, he remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter, signing with the Washington Capitols in 1950. Hunter was cut from the team during training camp, but several African-American players did play in the league that year, including Chuck Cooper with the Celtics, Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton with the Knicks, Earl Lloyd with the Washington Capitols. During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships and established themselves as the league's first dynasty. To encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954.
If a team does not attempt to score a field goal within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped and the ball given to its opponent. In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell joined the Boston Celtics, which featured guard Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, went on to lead the club to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, setting new single game records in scoring and rebounding. Russell's rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports; the 1960s were dominated by the Celtics. Led by Russell, Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, Boston won eight straight championships in the NBA from 1959 to 1966; this championship streak is the longest in NBA history. They did not win the title in 1966–67, but regained it in the 1967–68 season and repeated in 1969; the domination totaled nine of the ten championship banners of the 1960s.
Through this period, the NBA continued to evolve with the shift of the Minneapolis Lakers to Los Angeles, the Philadelphia Warriors to San Francisco, the Syracuse Nationals to Philadelphia to become the Philadelphia 76ers, the St. Louis Hawks moving to Atlanta, as well as the addition of its first expansion franchises; the Chicago Packers (now Wa
David Braxton Flemming is an American sportscaster working as a play-by-play announcer for the San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball as well as college football, college basketball, Monday Night Baseball on ESPN and NBA basketball on ESPN Radio. Flemming grew up in Alexandria, listening to current Giants partner Jon Miller call Baltimore Orioles games. In 2004, Flemming began his first full year as an announcer for the team, working with Miller, Duane Kuiper and Mike Krukow on San Francisco station KNBR and the Giants Radio Network, he splits time between the Giants' radio and television broadcasts. After graduating from St. Stephen's & St. Agnes School in 1994, Flemming received bachelor's and master's degrees in classics from Stanford University and a master's degree in broadcast journalism from the S. I. Newhouse School of Communications at Syracuse University. While at Stanford, Flemming broadcast Stanford Cardinal baseball, men's and women's basketball, football and served as Sports Director at KZSU.
In 2000, he broadcast play-by-play for the Visalia Oaks and served as the assistant General Manager, before moving on to the Pawtucket Red Sox. Flemming teamed with PawSox radio broadcaster Andy Freed for three seasons on the eight-station PawSox Radio Network, his rise in the baseball broadcasting industry was fast, as he went from Class-A ball in 2000 to Triple-A from 2001–2003 and the Giants. In twelve seasons calling Giants games, Flemming has been a part of many memorable on-air moments. On April 27, 2003, in his second major league broadcast, working as a fill-in for Jon Miller, Flemming broadcast the Phillies' Kevin Millwood's no-hitter against the Giants. In some ways it was an indication of the moments to come. Barry Bonds provided several of those. On May 28, 2006, Flemming had the chance for his voice to go into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum when he was set to call Barry Bonds' 715th home run, passing Babe Ruth for second place on the all-time home run list. However, as he was making the call, his microphone went dead: Flemming, unaware of the problem, continued to make the call, but all listeners heard was about ten seconds of dead air.
Only Duane Kuiper's call on Fox Sports Net's broadcast was sent to the Hall of Fame. On September 23 of the same year, during Flemming's third-inning call of a game against the Milwaukee Brewers at Miller Park, Bonds hit a home run off left-hander Chris Capuano; this was Bonds' 734th career homer. On August 4, 2007, Flemming was able to call Bonds' record-tying 755th home run in San Diego on the radio against the San Diego Padres; that call of #755 proved to be a notable one in a weekend of milestone moments for Bonds and Alex Rodriguez. That week, the New York Times sports media critic Richard Sandomir wrote of the collection of broadcasts that past weekend, "But the best one on radio or TV came from Dave Flemming, the Giants’ radio announcer, who said and excitedly on KNBR: "Bonds swings, 2-1 pitch, he drives one to left. Going back on the ball is Hairston. It's gone. Off the facing of the second deck, and Barry Bonds has equaled baseball's all-time home run record: 755 for Bonds." On July 14, 2006, for a Friday night home game, Flemming made his television broadcast debut for the Giants.
Since he has appeared both on NBC Sports Bay Area and KNTV during the baseball season. Other milestone broadcasts Flemming contributed to include the calls of Greg Maddux and Randy Johnson's 300th pitching victories, the Giants' Jonathan Sánchez's no hitter against the San Diego Padres on July 11, 2009. On November 1, 2010, during the seventh inning in Game 5 of the World Series at Rangers Ballpark, Flemming made the winning home run call that sealed the Giants' win, thus the World Series: On June 13, 2012, Flemming made the radio call of the final out of Matt Cain's perfect game, the first in the history of the Giants. In 2013 Flemming won an Emmy for his coverage of the perfect game; that season, on October 28, 2012, Flemming made the call for the final out of the 2012 World Series. Starting in 2008, Flemming began basketball, he spent three years as the voice of Stanford basketball on the radio, six years in that capacity with Stanford football before leaving the Stanford broadcasts to concentrate on his network work.
The period Flemming served as the voice of Stanford football coincided with the most successful stretch in the school's football history. Flemming's first broadcast on the Stanford radio network was the epic upset of #1 ranked USC on October 6, 2007. Over the next six seasons, Flemming was behind the microphone for the record performances of Toby Gerhart and Andrew Luck, for three BCS bowl appearances, including a Rose Bowl victory over Wisconsin on January 1, 2013. Flemming became a regular College Basketball on ESPN announcer in 2010, after having called a couple of games for the network the previous season, he works Pac-12, Big 12, WCC games for ESPN, teaming with Sean Farnham, Fran Fraschilla, other analysts. He has called baseball for ESPN and ESPN Radio, worked a season calling college football games for the Pac-12 Network in 2012 before shifting to College Football on ESPN in 2013. In 2013, Flemming began calling NBA games on ESPN Radio and contributing to Little League World Series coverage on ESPN and ABC.
In 2015, Flemming began calling NFL games for ESPN Radio as well. In 2016, he began calling select Monday Night Baseball games for ESPN, as well as College Football Thursday Primetime games
TuneIn Inc. is an American audio streaming service delivering live news, sports and podcasts to over 60 million monthly active users. The company is based in California; the company was founded by Bill Moore in 2002 as RadioTime in Texas. Users can listen to radio on the TuneIn website, use a mobile app, smart speaker or another supported device; as of 2016 TuneIn is available on more than 55 vehicle models. The company raised over $47 million in venture funding from Institutional Venture Partners, Sequoia Capital, GV, General Catalyst Partners, Icon Ventures. TuneIn's website and apps allow listening to streaming audio of over 100,000 radio networks and radio stations, including AM, FM, HD, LP, digital and internet stations. Additionally, over four million podcasts can be streamed. TuneIn's directory lists various sports, news and music broadcasts from around the world. TuneIn's website is available in 22 languages, each with its own content tailored for the specific language or region. In August 2015 a premium service was launched which includes audiobooks, sports content from MLB, NFL, NBA, news content from MSNBC, Al Jazeera and other content.
The paid version, “TuneIn Radio Pro” allows subscribers to record anything played through the TuneIn service. Recordings made by TuneIn Radio Pro can not be played on other devices. In March 2018, TuneIn launched another premium live audio subscription called "TuneIn Live," which offers play-by-play calls from thousands of live sporting events, plus access to premium news stations, talks shows and other content. TuneIn Live marked the first time; the service has more than 100,000 broadcast radio stations and four million on-demand programs and podcasts from around the world. TuneIn has deals with various broadcasters of sports, news and music worldwide like ESPN Radio, NPR, Public Radio International, CBC / Radio-Canada, C-SPAN Radio, All India Radio, AIR FM Gold, Emmis Communications, Hearst Radio, Radio One, mvyradio, Wu-Tang Radio, ABC Radio and Regional Content, Bonneville International, Sport Your Argument, talkSPORT, Westwood One Podcast Network. On June 25, 2018, Entercom announced that it would move online streaming of its stations to its in-house Radio.com platform, with legacy stations removed July 6, former CBS Radio stations were removed on August 1.
In turn, Cumulus Media joined the TuneIn platform on August 9, 2018. In August 2015, TuneIn announced deals with MLB and Premier League and the Bundesliga for live play-by-play coverage. In October 2015, NFL announced a deal with TuneIn to broadcast live, play-by-play coverage of all NFL games to its premium subscribers. On December 22, 2015, the National Hockey League announced that TuneIn would gain radio rights to the NHL. TuneIn would create an individual station for every NHL team to simulcast their home market broadcasts on. Additionally, TuneIn would create a replay channel for each team so fans could listen to the games archived, they would create a 24/7 NHL Channel, the NHL would embed TuneIn's player onto the NHL.com website. All TuneIn NHL items would be made available to the public for free; the first broadcasts for TuneIn began Jan. 1, 2016. On February 15, 2019 the Oakland Athletics of Major League Baseball announced that TuneIn would be launching a 24/7 exclusive A’s station which would include free streaming of all A’s games within the team's market as well as exclusive team programming.
In August 2015, the service launched deals with book publishers including Penguin Random House and HarperCollins to provide an audiobook library. In December 2017, TuneIn announced that it would remove audiobooks as of January 15, 2018. Official website
ESPN Radio is an American sports radio network. It was launched on January 1, 1992, under the original banner of "SportsRadio ESPN". ESPN Radio is located at ESPN headquarters in Connecticut; the network airs a regular schedule of daily and weekly programming as well as live coverage of sports events including Major League Baseball, Major League Soccer, National Basketball Association, Army Black Knights football, College Football Playoff, Championship Week, UEFA Champions League games. ESPN Radio is broadcast to hundreds of affiliate stations as well as to subscribers of Sirius XM Radio in the United States and Canada; the network's content is streamed online and via mobile applications and other media devices via TuneIn, several affiliates and owned stations are available through the service. In 2014, ESPN partnered with TuneIn to create 24/7 streams of its most popular programming including Mike & Mike and SVP & Russillo. Select iHeartMedia-owned ESPN Radio affiliates are available through iHeartRadio.
ESPN Radio has four company-owned stations in New York City, Los Angeles and Dallas, operates an additional New York City station under a local marketing agreement with its owner. Each station is partnered with an ESPN local website named for the city and featuring a separate staff of sportswriters and reporters for each market who give their local viewpoints of local sports. Most other markets have ESPN Radio affiliates, whether they be part-time or have their entire format dedicated to ESPN Radio; the Walt Disney Company did not include the ESPN Radio network or the Radio Disney network in the 2007 sale of ABC Radio to Citadel Broadcasting. ESPN Radio Network was formed in September 1991 by both ESPN Inc. and Capital Cities/ABC, Inc.'s ABC Radio Networks. Twenty-five stations had signed on as affiliates as of its announcement on September 5, 1991, with an expected total of 200 at the January launch. Shelby Whitfield, executive producer of ABC Radio Sports, John A. Walsh, executive editor of ESPN, were placed in charge of the venture.
The network launched as Sports Radio ESPN on January 1, 1992. At first, ESPN Radio broadcast only on weekends; the network debut with 16 hours running on 147 affiliates in 43 states. Its initial programming consisted of news shows, update segments, occasional features. By 1996, ESPN Radio had expanded to weekdays with a show hosted by The Fabulous Sports Babe, Nancy Donnellan. One hour of that show was simulcast on ESPN2. Two years Tony Bruno and Mike Golic were brought together for a new morning show, the Bruno & Golic Morning Show which aired until Bruno left the network in 2000. Mike Greenberg was named as Bruno's replacement, the morning show became Mike & Mike, which aired until 2017. In January, 2010, Mike & Mike celebrated their 10-year anniversary on ESPN Radio. Dan Patrick was a mainstay in the afternoons until his departure from ESPN in 2007. ESPN added more dayparts and became a 24-hour service. In 1995, ESPN Radio gained national radio rights to the NBA. In 1997, it gained the national radio rights to MLB.
Disney purchased WEVD from the Forward Association in September 2002 to become WEPN, ESPN Radio's flagship station. Disney spun off and merged on June 12, 2007, its ABC Radio Networks with Citadel Broadcasting into Citadel Communications while retaining its ESPN Radio and Radio Disney networks and stations. Weekday programming Saturday programming MLB on ESPN Radio airs on Saturday afternoon with varied times week to week, those times are in-tune with the FOX Saturday Baseball Telecast which airs its games at 4 or 7 p.m. ET, with the start time being one hour prior to first pitch. Sunday programming ESPN Radio College GameDay NFL on ESPN Radio Fantasy Focus Baseball Tonight The Mort Report with Chris Mortensen NBA Lockdown NBA Lockdown: insiders NBA on ESPN Radio MLB on ESPN Radio Caribbean Series on ESPN Radio World Baseball Classic on ESPN Radio BCS on ESPN Radio College Football on ESPN Radio Championship Week on ESPN Radio NIT on ESPN Radio FIFA World Cup on ESPN Radio FIFA Women's World Cup on ESPN Radio ESPN FC Presents: UEFA Euro on ESPN Radio U.
S. Open on ESPN Radio The Open on ESPN Radio Live @ Wimbledon on ESPN Radio MLS Soccer Sunday on ESPN Radio MLS Cup on ESPN Radio NFL on ESPN Radio Army Football on ESPN Radio College Football Playoff on ESPN Radio ESPN FC Presents: La Liga on ESPN Radio ESPN FC Presents: EFL Championship on ESPN Radio ESPN FC Presents: UEFA Champions League on ESPN Radio ESPN FC Presents: UEFA Europa League on ESPN Radio ESPN FC Presents: UEFA Super Cup on ESPN Radio In 2013, ESPN Radio broadcast their first non-sporting event, a radio simulcast of the Miss America 2013 beauty pageant. ESPN Radio SportsCenter SportsBeat Extra Point Note *: WEPN 98.7 FM is owned by Emmis Communications, but is operated by ESPN under a local marketing agreement. Note **: KESN 103.3 FM is operated by Cumulus Media under local marketing agreement. CBS Sports Radio Fox Sports Radio NBC Sports Radio Sports Byline USA TSN Radio SB Nation Radio ESPN Radio SiriusXM | ESPN Radio