NC&StL 576

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Nashville Chattanooga & St. Louis Railway 576
NCSt&L 576 on display in Centennial Park
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderAmerican Locomotive Company
Build dateAugust, 1942
 • Whyte4-8-4
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia.70 in (1,778 mm)
Length86.31 ft
Adhesive weight228,000 lb (103,000 kg)
Loco weight400,500 lb (181,700 kg)
Total weight685,500 lb (310,900 kg)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity32,000 lb (15,000 kg)
Water cap15,000 US gal (57,000 l; 12,000 imp gal)
 • Firegrate area
77.30 sq ft (7.2 m2)
Boiler pressure250 psi (1.72 MPa)
Cylinder size25 in × 30 in (635 mm × 762 mm)
Valve gearWalschaerts
Performance figures
Tractive effort57,000 lbf (253.5 kN)
  • NCSt&L J3-57
Number in class7 of 11
  • NCSt&L 576
Nicknames"Yellow Jackets" "The Stripe" "Gliders"
RetiredSeptember 2nd, 1952
Current owner
  • City of Nashville,TN
  • Nashville Steam Preservation Society (Leased Operator)
DispositionUndergoing Restoration
Steam Locomotive 576 being painted
Locomotive 576 while being painted prior to the first Open House hosted by the Nashville Steam Preservation Society to promote and fundraise for the restoration of the locomotive to service.
The 576 looks alive for guests at the first open house with special lighting and effects.
The 576 looks alive for guests at the first open house with special lighting and effects.

Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis Railway 576 is a 4-8-4 "Dixie" type steam locomotive built by the American Locomotive Company in August,1942 for the NC&StL (Nashville, Chattanooga, and St Louis) Railway as a member of the J-3 class. Designed with some of the latest locomotive technological features of the time, the J3 class was used to handle heavy freight and express trains to aid the American war effort during World War II.[1]

Faced with dwindling traffic and the onset of dieselization, all of the NC&StL J3's were withdrawn from service and scrapped by September 2nd, 1952 with the exception of the 576. In September 1953, the locomotive was donated to the people of Nashville, TN and placed on display in Centennial Park in Nashville as the sole surviving steam locomotive of the NC&StL Railway. Today, the locomotive is undergoing restoration to operating condition for use in excursion service.

Service History[edit]

Referred to as "Dixie's" by their crews as opposed to "Northern's", the "up to date" J3 class locomotives were utilized heavily in handling of critical war time material, armament and troop train movements during the rabid buildup and mobilization of the American war effort during World War II. [2]


Locomotive 576 was chosen in 1953 for preservation and subsequently donated for display in Centennial Park located in Nashiville. To keep the locomotive and tender safe from the elements, a shelter was constructed over the engine in the early 2000's.


A restoration to operational status as an excursion locomotive is underway by the Nashville Steam Preservation Society (N.S.P.S).[3] In October of 2018, news was announced the N.S.P.S. had successfully raised the necessary $500,000 to relocate and transport the locomotive out of the park and into a nearby restoration facility. The locomotive is scheduled to move sometime by late 2018, or early 2019. [4]


History of the J3 class. [1] [2]

External links[edit]

A video produced for the restoration project of locomotive #576.