The Literary Digest
The Literary Digest was an influential American general interest weekly magazine published by Funk & Wagnalls. Founded by Isaac Kaufmann Funk in 1890, it merged with two similar weekly magazines, Public Opinion and Current Opinion. Beginning with early issues, the emphasis was on an analysis of news events. Established as a weekly newsmagazine, it offered condensations of articles from American and European publications. Type-only covers gave way to illustrated covers during the early 1900s. After Isaac Funk's death in 1912, Robert Joseph Cuddihy became the editor. In the 1920s, the covers carried full-color reproductions of famous paintings. By 1927, The Literary Digest climbed to a circulation of over one million. Covers of the final issues displayed various photo-montage techniques. In 1938, it merged with the Review of Reviews, only to fail soon after, its subscriber list was bought by Time. A column in The Digest, known as "The Lexicographer's Easy Chair", was produced by Frank Horace Vizetelly.
Ewing Galloway as assistant editor at the publication. The Literary Digest is best-remembered today for the circumstances surrounding its demise; as it had done in 1916, 1920, 1924, 1928 and 1932, it conducted a straw poll regarding the outcome of the 1936 presidential election. Before 1936, it had always predicted the winner; the 1936 poll showed that the Republican candidate, Governor Alfred Landon of Kansas, was to be the overwhelming winner. This seemed possible to some, as the Republicans had fared well in Maine, where the congressional and gubernatorial elections were held in September, as opposed to the rest of the nation, where these elections were held in November along with the presidential election, as they are today; this outcome seemed likely in light of the conventional wisdom, "As Maine goes, so goes the nation", a saying coined because Maine was regarded as a "bellwether" state which supported the winning candidate's party. In November, Landon carried only Maine. Landon's electoral vote total of eight is a tie for the record low for a major-party nominee since the American political paradigm of the Democratic and Republican parties began in the 1850s.
The Democrats joked, "As goes Maine, so goes Vermont." The magazine was so discredited by this discrepancy. In retrospect, the polling techniques employed by the magazine were to blame. Although it had polled ten million individuals, it had surveyed its own readers first, a group with disposable incomes well above the national average of the time, shown in part by their ability still to afford a magazine subscription during the depths of the Great Depression, two other available lists: that of registered automobile owners and that of telephone users, both of which were wealthier than the average American at the time. Research published in 1972 and 1988 concluded that non-response bias was the primary source of this error, although their sampling frame was quite different from the vast majority of voters. George Gallup's American Institute of Public Opinion achieved national recognition by predicting the result of the 1936 election and by correctly predicting the quite different results of the Literary Digest poll to within about 1%, using a smaller sample size of 50,000.
Gallup's last poll before the election predicted. The official tally gave Roosevelt 61%; this debacle led to a considerable refinement of public opinion polling techniques and came to be regarded as ushering in the era of modern scientific public opinion research. History of opinion polls Freedman, David. Statistics. New York: Norton. ISBN 0-393-92972-8. Digitized archives: 2,037 Issues, 73,776 Articles, 115,219pp January 2, 1897 to January 22, 1938.
Look (American magazine)
Look was a bi-weekly, general-interest magazine published in Des Moines, from 1937 to 1971, with more of an emphasis on photographs than articles. A large-size magazine of 11 in × 14 in, it was considered a competitor to Life magazine, which began publication months earlier and ended in 1972, a few months after Look ceased publication, it is known for helping launch the career of film director Stanley Kubrick, a staff photographer. Its January 24, 1956 article "The Shocking Story of Approved Killing in Mississippi", included murder confessions from J. W. Milam and Roy Bryant, acquitted in 1955 of killing 14-year old boy Emmett Till. Gardner "Mike" Cowles, Jr. the magazine's co-founder and first editor, was executive editor of The Des Moines Register and The Des Moines Tribune. When the first issue went on sale in early 1937, it sold 705,000 copies. Although planned to begin with the January 1937 issue, the actual first issue of Look to be distributed was the February 1937 issue, numbered as Volume 1, Number 2.
It was published monthly for five issues switched to bi-weekly starting with the May 11, 1937 issue. Page numbering on early issues counted the front cover as page one. Early issues, subtitled Monthly Picture Magazine, carried no advertising; the unusual format of the early issues featured layouts of photos with long captions or short articles. The magazine's backers described it as "an experiment based on the tremendous unfilled demand for extraordinary news and feature pictures", it was aimed at a broader readership than Life, promising trade papers that Look would have "reader interest for yourself, for your wife, for your private secretary, for your office boy". From 1946-70, Look published the Football Writers Association of America College All America Football Team and brought players and selected writers to New York City for a celebration. During that 25-year period, the FWAA team was introduced on national television shows by Bob Hope, Steve Allen, Perry Como and others. Within weeks, more than a million copies were bought of each issue, it became a bi-weekly.
By 1948 it sold 2.9 million copies per issue. Circulation reached 3.7 million in 1954, peaked at 7.75 million in 1969. Its advertising revenue peaked in 1966 at $80 million. Of the leading general interest large-format magazines, Look had a circulation second only to Life and ahead of The Saturday Evening Post, which closed in 1969, Collier's, which folded in 1956. Look was published under various company names: Inc.. Cowles Magazines, Cowles Communications, Inc.. Its New York editorial offices were located in the architecturally distinctive 488 Madison Avenue, dubbed the "Look Building", now on the National Register of Historic Places. Beginning in 1963, Norman Rockwell, after closing his career with the Saturday Evening Post, began making illustrations for Look. KGB defector Yuri Bezmenov, regarding the October 1967 Russia Today issue, said: "From the first page to the last page, it was a package of lies: propaganda cliché which were presented to American readers as opinions and deductions of American journalists.
Nothing could be from truth." He goes on to explain how the Look reporters were compromised. Look ceased publication with its issue of October 19, 1971, the victim of a $5 million loss in revenues in 1970, a slack economy and rising postal rates. Circulation was at 6.5 million. Hachette Filipacchi Médias brought back Look, The Picture Newsmagazine in February 1979 as a bi-weekly in a smaller size, it lasted only a year. Subscribers received copies of Esquire magazine to fulfill their terms; the Look Magazine Photograph Collection was donated to the Library of Congress and contains five million items. After the closure, six Look employees created a fulfillment house using the computer system newly developed by the magazine's circulation department; the company, CDS Global, is now an international provider of customer relationship services. Stanley Kubrick was a staff photographer for Look before starting his feature film career. Of the more than 300 assignments Kubrick did for Look from 1946 to 1951, more than 100 are in the Library of Congress collection.
All Look jobs with which he was associated have been cataloged with descriptions focusing on the images that were printed. Other related Kubrick material is located at the Museum of the City of New York. James Karales was a photographer for Look from 1960 to 1971. Covering the Civil Rights Movement throughout its duration, he took many memorable photographs, including the iconic photograph of the Selma to Montgomery march showing people proudly marching along the highway under a cloudy turbulent sky; the magazine is mentioned in numerous films, including The Shawshank Redemption, A Christmas Story, Crazy in Alabama, An Affair to Remember, The Hoax. In the 1996 episode of The Simpsons, "Bart on the Road", a marquee in Branson, Missouri advertises an Andy Williams show with a quote from Look magazine, although Look magazine had folded 25 years earlier; the season one episode of I Love Lucy titled "Men Are Messy" had a Look photographer coming to Lucy and Ricky's apartment only to have the shoot spoiled by Lucy.
The magazine is a major plot point in the 1953 film I Love Melvin starring Donald O'Connor and Debbie Reynolds. The 1937 Merrie Melodies cartoon, Speaking of the Weather, depicts magazines. In one scene, a character peeks through Look. List of defunct American periodicals Marjorie S. Deane Cowles, Gardner. Mike Looks Back: The Memoirs of Gardner Cowles, Founder of Look Magazin
Collier's was an American magazine, founded in 1888 by Peter Fenelon Collier. It was launched as Collier's Once a Week changed in 1895 to Collier's Weekly: An Illustrated Journal, shortened in 1905 to Collier's; the magazine ceased publication with the issue dated for the week ending January 4, 1957, though a brief, failed attempt was made to revive the Collier's name with a new magazine in 2012. As a result of Peter Collier's pioneering investigative journalism, Collier's established a reputation as a proponent of social reform; when attempts by various companies to sue Collier ended in failure, other magazines became involved in what Theodore Roosevelt described as "muckraking journalism." Peter F. Collier left Ireland for the U. S. at age 17. Although he went to a seminary to become a priest, he instead started work as a salesman for P. J. Kenedy, publisher of books for the Roman Catholic market; when Collier wanted to boost sales by offering books on a subscription plan, it led to a disagreement with Kenedy, so Collier left to start his own subscription service.
P. F. Collier & Son began in 1875, expanding into the largest subscription house in America with sales of 30 million books during the 1900–1910 decade. With the issued dated April 28, 1888, Collier's Once a Week was launched as a magazine of "fiction, sensation, humor, news", it was sold with the biweekly Collier's Library of novels and popular books at bargain rates and as a stand-alone priced at seven cents. By 1892, with a circulation climbing past the 250,000 mark, Collier's Once a Week was one of the largest selling magazines in the United States; the name was changed to Collier's Weekly: An Illustrated Journal in 1895. With an emphasis on news, the magazine became a leading exponent of the halftone news picture. To exploit the new technology, Collier recruited James H. Hare, one of the pioneers of photojournalism. Collier's only son, Robert J. Collier, became a full partner in 1898. By 1904, the magazine was known as Collier's: The National Weekly. Peter Collier died in 1909; when Robert Collier died in 1918, he left a will that turned the magazine over to three of his friends, Samuel Dunn, Harry Payne Whitney and Francis Patrick Garvan.
Robert J. Collier won a lawsuit against Postum Cereal Company and awarded a $50,000 in damages, but in 1912 an appeals court handed down a majority decision that Postum deserved a new trial; the Postum Company believed that Collier's weekly used magazine coverage to attack their company's products in retaliation for not advertising in Collier's after Collier's wrote against a Grape-Nuts's claim that it was an "A Food for Brain and Nerves." Postum bought advertising pages in major newspapers in retaliation. The magazine was sold in 1919 to the Crowell Publishing Company, which in 1939 was renamed as Crowell-Collier Publishing Company. In 1924 Crowell moved the printing operations from New York to Springfield, Ohio but kept the editorial and business departments in New York. Reasons given for moving print operations included conditions imposed by unions in the printing trade, expansion of the Gansevoort Market into the property occupied by the Collier plant and "excessive postage involved in mailing from a seaboard city under wartime postal rates.
After 1924, printing of the magazine was done at the Crowell-Collier printing plant on West Main Street in Springfield, Ohio. The factory complex, much of, no longer standing, was built between 1899 and 1946, incorporates seven buildings that together have more than 846,000 square feet —20 acres —of floor space. Collier's popularized the short-short story, planned to fit on a single page. Knox Burger was Collier's fiction editor from 1948 to 1951 when he left to edit books for Dell and Fawcett Publications; the numerous authors who contributed fiction to Collier's included Ray Bradbury, Eleanor Hoyt Brainerd, Willa Cather, Roald Dahl, Jack Finney, Erle Stanley Gardner, Zane Grey, Ring Lardner, Sinclair Lewis, E. Phillips Oppenheim, J. D. Salinger, Kurt Vonnegut, Albert Payson Terhune and Walter Tevis. Humor writers included H. Allen Smith. Serializing novels during the late 1920s, Collier's sometimes ran two ten-part novels, non-fiction was serialized. Between 1913 and 1949, Sax Rohmer's Fu Manchu serials, illustrated by Joseph Clement Coll and others, were hugely popular.
The first three Fu Manchu novels by Rohmer were compilations of 29 short stories that Rohmer wrote for Collier’s. The Mask of Fu Manchu, adapted into a 1932 film and a 1951 Wally Wood comic book, was first published as a 12-part Collier's serial, running from May 7 to July 23, 1932; the May 7 issue displayed a memorable cover illustration by famed maskmaker Władysław T. Benda, his mask design for that cover was repeated by many other illustrators in subsequent adaptations and reprints. A 1951 condensed version of the book Day of the Triffids by John Wyndham appeared. Leading illustrators contributed to the covers of Collier's, they included C. C. Beall, W. T. Benda, Chesley Bonestell, Charles R. Chickering, Howard Chandler Christy, Arthur Crouch, Harrison Fisher, James Montgomery Flagg, Alan Foster, Charles Dana Gibson, Vernon Grant, Earl Oliver Hurst, Percy Leason, Frank X. Leyendecker, J. C. Leyendecker, Paul Martin, John Alan Maxwell, Ronald McLeod, John Cullen Murphy, Maxfield Parrish, Edward Penfield, Robert O. Reed, Frederic Remington, Anthony Saris, John Sloan, Jessie Willcox Smith, Frederic Dorr Steele, Jon Whitcomb and Lawson Wood.
Other top illustrators contributed prolifically to their short stories. They included Harold Mathews Brett, Richard V. Culter, Robert Fawcett, Denver Gillen and Quentin Reynolds. In 1903, Gibson signed a $100,00
1905 NCAA Men's Basketball All-Americans
The 1905 College Basketball All-American team, as chosen by the Helms Foundation. The player highlighted by gold indicates that he was chosen as the Helms Foundation Player of the Year
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws; the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots -- a dunk, it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, one-on-one. Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and viewed sports; the National Basketball Association is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League; the FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world.
Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like FIBA AmeriCup. The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships; the main North American league is the WNBA, whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day, he sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored.
Basketball was played with a soccer ball. These round balls from "association football" were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in; these laces could dribbling to be unpredictable. A lace-free ball construction method was invented, this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith; the first balls made for basketball were brown, it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball, now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling was common by 1896, with a rule against the double dribble by 1898; the peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards.
A further change was soon made, so the ball passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got; the baskets were nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference. Naismith's handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original
The Omaha World-Herald is the primary newspaper serving the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area. It is based in Nebraska. For decades it circulated daily throughout Nebraska and Iowa and in parts of Kansas, South Dakota, Missouri and Wyoming. In 2008, distribution was reduced to the eastern third of western Iowa. Since 2011, it has been owned by Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway Media based in Omaha. Since June 2018, The World-Herald and the rest of the BH Media Group has been managed by Lee Enterprises, the Davenport, Iowa-based newspaper chain that Buffett chose to manage the 30 daily Berkshire papers; the World-Herald was the largest employee-owned newspaper in the United States. On November 30, 2011, Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway announced plans to buy the newspaper; the World-Herald had for many years been the newspaper with the highest penetration rate – the percentage of people who subscribe to the publication within the paper's home circulation area – in the United States. The Omaha World-Herald Company operates the website Omaha.com, the region's most popular website by all measures of traffic.
The company dubs its downtown Omaha production center the John Gottschalk Freedom Center. The Freedom Center houses its three printing presses, which can each print 75,000 papers per hour, are considered to be some of the most advanced in the world. In 2006, the company purchased the 16-story former Northwestern Bell/Qwest Communications building in downtown Omaha as a new base for its news, editorial and business operations; the newspaper has bureaus in Lincoln and Washington, D. C. Throughout the region, The World-Herald's parent company owns smaller daily and weekly newspapers, which contribute to its World-Herald News Service; the World-Herald has won three Pulitzer Prizes, including the esteemed Pulitzer Prize for Public Service, awarded in 1943. 1920 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing: Harvey E. Newbranch for an editorial entitled "Law and the Jungle," which decried the lynching of a black man on the lawn of the Douglas County Courthouse. Newbranch was the first editorial writer to win a Pulitzer under his own name—as opposed to awards for unsigned staff editorials—in opinion writing.
1943 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service: For its initiative and originality in planning a statewide campaign for the collection of scrap metal for the war effort. The Nebraska plan was adopted on a national scale by the daily newspapers, resulting in a united effort which succeeded in supplying American war industries with necessary scrap material. 1944 Pulitzer Prize for Photography: Earle L. Bunker for his photo entitled "Homecoming"; the newspaper was founded in 1885 by Gilbert M. Hitchcock as the Omaha Evening World, it purchased George L. Miller's Omaha Herald in 1889; the paper was established as an independent political voice but moved to the Democratic Party column. William Jennings Bryan was its editor in 1894–1896. Hitchcock served three terms in the U. S. House of Representatives and, starting in two Senate terms, it was a more objective voice than the Omaha Bee, which tended to sensationalize news to drum up sales. His son-in-law, Henry Doorly, took control of the paper after Hitchcock's death in 1934.
The editorial page began leaning Republican after Hitchcock's death. Over his lifetime, Doorly served 58 years at the paper. In 1963, the World Publishing Company, owned by heirs of the Hitchcock/Doorly families, sold the World-Herald to local businessman Peter Kiewit, a construction magnate whose namesake company is a member of the Fortune 500; when he died, Kiewit left provisions in his will to ensure that the paper would remain locally owned, with a large part of the plan securing employee ownership. On November 30, 2011, the Omaha World-Herald announced that Berkshire Hathaway would buy the newspaper for $150 million pending a vote by its shareholders, including active employees, retired employees and the Peter Kiewit Foundation. Included in the sale were the World-Herald subsidiary newspapers in Council Bluffs, Kearney, Grand Island, York, North Platte and Scottsbluff, Nebraska. Charles G. Hall: photojournalist Gilbert M. Hitchcock: founder, editor George L. Miller: founder Thomas Tibbles: assistant editor Elia W. Peattie: Chief editorial writer, 1889–1896 William Jennings Bryan: Editor, 1894–1896 Henry Doorly: Editor, publisher, 1934–1950 Peter Kiewit: Owner, 1963–1979 Harvey E. Newbranch: Writer, winner of 1920 Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing at the paper Paul Henderson: Writer John Gottschalk: Former publisher and CEO.
Sporting News is a digital sports media owned by Perform Group, a global sports content and media company. Sporting News The Sporting News, was established in 1886 as a weekly U. S. magazine. It became the dominant American publication covering baseball, acquiring the nickname "The Bible of Baseball." It is now a digital-only publication providing essential coverage of all major sports, with editions in the U. S. Canada and Japan. March 17, 1886: The Sporting News, founded in St. Louis by Alfred H. Spink, a director of the St. Louis Browns baseball team, publishes its first edition; the weekly newspaper sells for 5 cents. Baseball, horse racing and professional wrestling received the most coverage in the first issue. Meanwhile, the sporting weeklies Clipper and Sporting Life were based in New Philadelphia. By World War I, TSN would be the only national baseball newspaper. 1901: The American League, another rival to baseball's National League, begins play. TSN was its founder, Ban Johnson. Both parties advocated cleaning up the sport, in particular ridding it of liquor sales and assaults on umpires.
1903: TSN editor Arthur Flanner helps draft the National Agreement, a document that brought a truce between the AL and NL and helped bring about the modern World Series. 1904: New York photographer Charles Conlon begins taking portraits of major league players as they passed through the city's three ballparks: the Polo Grounds, Yankee Stadium and Ebbets Field. His images, many of which were featured in TSN have become treasured symbols of baseball's past. 1936: TSN names its first major league Sporting News Player of the Year Award, Carl Hubbell of the New York Giants. It is the oldest and most prestigious award given to the single player in MLB who had the most outstanding season. To this day, it remains voted on by MLB players. 1942: After decades of being intertwined with baseball, in-season football coverage is added. 1946: TSN expands its football coverage with an eight-page tabloid publication titled The Quarterback. The tab is renamed the All-Sports News as coverage of other sports is added, including professional and college basketball and hockey.
1962: J. G. Taylor Spink dies, his son C. C. Johnson Spink takes over the publication. 1967: TSN publishes its first full-color photo, a cover image of Orioles star Frank Robinson. 1977: The Spink family sells TSN to Times Mirror in 1977.1981: C. C. Johnson Spink sells TSN to Tribune Co; that year, the Baseball Hall of Fame inaugurates the annual J. G. Taylor Spink Award, given to a media member. 1991: The Sporting News transitions to a glossy, full-color all-sports magazine. 1996: The Sporting News comes online, serving as a sports content provider for AOL. The following year, it launches sportingnews.com. 2000: Tribune Co. sells TSN to Vulcan Inc. headed by tech billionaire Paul Allen. The following year, the company acquired the One on One Sports radio network, renaming it Sporting News Radio. 2002: The Sporting News drops the The and becomes just Sporting News. Subsequent magazine covers reflect the change. 2006: Vulcan sells SN to Advance Media, which places the publication under the supervision of American City Business Journals.
2007: Sporting News begins its move from St. Louis, where it had been based since its founding, to ACBJ's headquarters in Charlotte, N. C; the publication leaves St. Louis for good in 2008, when it became a bi-weekly publication. 2012: After 126 years of printing ink on paper with weekly, biweekly or monthly frequency, SN publishes its final print edition and moves to digitally only publishing.2013: ACBJ enters into a joint venture with Perform Group. Perform, which owns Goal.com, Opta Sports and other international sports data properties, buys a 65 percent stake in the company. 2015: Perform buys ACBJ's 35 percent stake and assumes 100 percent ownership of SN. 2015-17: SN expands into international markets, establishing editions in Australia and Japan. In 1962, after J. G. Taylor Spink's death, Baseball Writers' Association of America instituted the J. G. Taylor Spink Award as the highest award given to its members. Spink was the first recipient. From 1968 to 2008, the magazine selected one or more individuals as Sportsman of the Year.
On four occasions, the award was shared by two recipients. Twice, in 1993 and 2000, the award went to a pair of sportsmen within the same organization. In 1999, the honor was given to a whole team. No winner was chosen in 1987. On December 18, 2007, the magazine announced New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady as 2007 Sportsman of the Year, making Brady the first to repeat as a recipient of individual honors. Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals was honored twice, but shared his second award with Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs. In 2009, the award was replaced by two awards: "Pro Athlete of the Year" and "College Athlete of the Year"; these in turn were replaced by a singular "Athlete of the Year" award starting in 2011. 2009 – Mariano Rivera, New York Yankees 2010 – Roy Halladay, Philadelphia Phillies 2009 – Colt McCoy, Texas football 2010 – Kyle Singler, Duke men's basketball Beginning in 2011, the awards were merged back into a singular selection, Athlete of the Year. 2011 – Aaron Rodgers, Green Bay Packers 2012 – LeBron James, Miami Heat SN sponsors its own annual Team, Pitcher, Reliever, Comeback Player and Executive of the Year awards.
Many fans once held the newspaper's baseball awards at equal or higher esteem than those of the Baseball Writers' Association of America. Prior to 2005, the SN Comeback Player Award was recognized as the principal award of its type, as MLB did not give such an award until that year; the Sporting News Most Valuable Player Award (