National Historic Sites of Canada
National Historic Sites of Canada are places that have been designated by the federal Minister of the Environment on the advice of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, as being of national historic significance. Parks Canada, a federal agency, manages the National Historic Sites program; as of October 2018, there are 987 National Historic Sites, 171 of which are administered by Parks Canada. The sites are located across all ten provinces and three territories, with two sites located in France. There are related federal designations for National Historic Persons. Sites and Persons are each marked by a federal plaque of the same style, but the markers do not indicate which designation a subject has been given; the Rideau Canal is a National Historic Site. Emerging Canadian nationalist sentiment in the late 19th century and early 20th century led to an increased interest in preserving Canada's historic sites. There were galvanizing precedents in other countries. With the support of notables such as Victor Hugo and Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, the Commission des monuments historique was created in France in 1837.
In the United Kingdom, the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty was created in 1894 to protect that country's historic and natural heritage. While there was no National Park Service in the United States until 1916, battlefields of the Civil War were designated and managed by the War Department: Chickamauga and Chattanooga, Shiloh, Gettysburg and Chalmette. Domestically, Lord Dufferin, the Governor General from 1872 to 1878, initiated some of the earliest, high-profile efforts to preserve Canada's historic sites, he was instrumental in stopping the demolition of the fortifications of Quebec City, he was the first public official to call for the creation of a park on the lands next to Niagara Falls. The 1908 tricentennial of the founding of Quebec City, the establishment that same year of the National Battlefields Commission to preserve the Plains of Abraham, acted as a catalyst for federal efforts to designate and preserve historic sites across Canada. At the same time, the federal government was looking for ways to extend the National Park system to Eastern Canada.
The more populated east did not have the same large expanses of undeveloped Crown land that had become parks in the west, so the Dominion Parks Branch looked to historic features to act as focal points for new national parks. In 1914, the Parks Branch undertook a survey of historic sites in Canada, with the objective of creating new recreational areas rather than preserving historic places. Fort Howe in Saint John, New Brunswick was designated a national historic park in 1914, named the "Fort Howe National Park"; the fort was not a site of significant national historic importance, but its designation provided a rationale for the acquisition of land for a park. Fort Anne in Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia was designated in 1917. In 1919, William James Roche, the Minister of the Interior, was concerned over the fate of old fur trade posts in Western Canada, he was being lobbied by historical associations across Canada for federal funds to assist with the preservation and commemoration of local landmarks.
At the same time, the Department of Militia and Defence was anxious to transfer old forts, the associated expenses, to the Parks Branch. Roche asked James B. Harkin, the first Commissioner of Dominion Parks, to develop a departmental heritage policy. Harkin believed that the Parks Branch did not have the necessary expertise to manage historic resources. On Harkin's recommendation, the government created the Advisory Board for Historic Site Preservation in 1919 in order to advise the Minister on a new program of National Historic Sites. Brigadier General Ernest Alexander Cruikshank, a noted authority on the War of 1812 and the history of Ontario, was chosen as the Board's first chairman, a post he held for twenty years; the first place designated and plaqued under the new program was the "Cliff Site" in Port Dover, where two priests claimed sovereignty over the Lake Erie region for Louis XIV of France in 1670. Due to a lack of resources, the HSMBC limited itself to recommending sites for designation, the focus of the program was on commemoration rather than on preservation.
Benjamin Sulte, a member of the HSMBC, wrote to Harkin in 1919 about the significant ruins at the Forges du Saint-Maurice, demonstrating his preference for the installation of a plaque over restoration: "All that can be done in our days is to clear away the heap of stones, in order to reach the foundation walls and plant a sign in the centre of the square thus uncovered."In the early years of the program, National Historic Sites were chosen to commemorate battles, important men, the fur trade and political events. Of the 285 National Historic Sites designated by 1943, 105 represented military history, 52 represented the fur trade and exploration, 43 represented famous individuals (almo
Niceville High School
Niceville Senior High School is a public high school in the city of Niceville, Florida. Niceville High School is ranked as the top high school within its high performing Okaloosa County School district. In 1996 NHS was selected as one of 226 secondary schools to be designated as a Blue Ribbon School of Excellence. NHS was named a New American High School in 1999, one of only 13 in the nation to earn that honor that year; the State of Florida Department of Education rated the school an A+ in 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005. Academically, U. S. News & World Report ranks Niceville High School for 2018 as #534 in the nation and # 42 in Florida. Niceville High School has 95 % graduation rate. Many of the 2017 academic top graduates of Niceville High School are enrolled at the #1 and other Nationally ranked Universities; the current location of NHS on John Sims Parkway was not the original site of the school, opened in 1964. Niceville High School's first State Title came in 1987 when the Boys Cross Country team won the State Title in Titusville, FL.
NHS won the state championship in football in 1988. The NHS Girls Cross-Country team won the state championship in 1994 and were runners-up in 1995, and were crowned state champions in 2016 and runners up in 2015. The 2011 softball team won the State Championship in Clermont, FL, defeating Bartow High School 2-1; the 2011 Girls Golf Team won the State Championship at Mission Inn Resort. The 2013 Football team placed second in the state The 2014 Girls Tennis Team won the State Championship in Seminole, FL; the 2017 Varsity Boys Tennis Team won the FHSAA 3-A Florida High School Athletics Association State Tennis Championship Runner up Title. The Boys Tennis team of 2017 reached the highest Florida State High School Tennis Boys title in Niceville High School’s history. Niceville High School has won accolades for many of its Teacher and Student assisted extra curricular activities. Students were sent to Tanzania to participate in Natural Geography In-Shore Areas project sponsored by University of Kyoto, Japan.
In 2003 a team from NHS posted 43rd out of 200 teams in the Super Bowl of High School Calculus. Niceville High School offers other activities such as, SADD, Key Club, Chess Club, Latin club and competition, Gifted program with NaGISA research, Robotics Competition and club, Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Manga Club, Philosophy Club, countless others; the Niceville High School Forensics Team has won many competitions in the south Florida region, including the prestigious University of Blue Key Tournament. In the Xcellent 25 Writers' Poll Niceville is ranked 7th. Niceville High supports an Air Force Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps program; the Corps is sponsored by the nearby Eglin AFB's 33rd Fighter Wing. The Corps has four drill teams, Armed Regulation, Un-Armed Regulation, Armed Exhibition, Un-Armed Exhibition, in addition to an Honor Guard, Sabre Team, a Rocket Team that fires off rockets during the National Anthem at home football games. With more than 300 members, the Niceville High School Eagle Pride is one of the largest high school bands in the region.
The current band director is Mr. Dan Wooten, they most attended the 2012 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade in NYC, New York, in the same year their Wind Ensemble was one the select few high school concert bands to perform at CBDNA in Columbus, Georgia. In 2005 the Eagle Pride marched in the Fiesta Bowl Parade and took fourth place in the national marching band contest associated with the parade. In 2008, the Niceville High School Eagle Pride participated in the Tournament of Roses Parade and Bandfest. In 2010, the Niceville Wind Ensemble performed at Carnegie hall in New York City, they perform every year at the Southeastern States Marching Festival at Troy University in Troy, Alabama. The Eagle Pride is well known for their quality of music. In 2010, the Eagle Pride was chosen to march in the 2012 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade. In 2015, the Niceville High School Eagle Pride was selected to attend the 2017 Rose Parade for the 2nd time in school history. * Charlie Marello Jeff Palmer Rodney Nobles Ed.
D. Dr. Janie Varner, Ed. D. Dr. David Morgan, Ed. D. Jeanette Rhodes Ashley Hutcheson Colly V. Williams Orus Kinney Roy Finch, Canadian Football League player Jimmy Nelson, Milwaukee Brewers pitcher Pam Oliver, Fox Sports sideline analyst Craig Page, former NFL player Conrad Ricamora, broadway performer and television actor Alan Ritchson, actor and songwriter, model Toby Turner, YouTube personality Lewis Billups, former NFL player, Cincinnati Bengals Official Niceville High School
National Health Service (England)
The National Health Service is the publicly funded national healthcare system for England and one of the four National Health Services for each constituent country of the United Kingdom. It is the largest single-payer healthcare system in the world. Funded through the government funding and overseen by the Department of Health and Social Care, NHS England provides healthcare to all legal English residents, with most services free at the point of use; some services, such as emergency treatment and treatment of infectious diseases, are free for everyone, including visitors. Free healthcare at the point of use comes from the core principles at the founding of the National Health Service by the Labour government in 1948. In practice, "free at the point of use" means that anyone legitimately and registered with the system, available to legal UK residents regardless of nationality, can access the full breadth of critical and non-critical medical care, without payment except for some specific NHS services, for example eye tests, dental care and aspects of long-term care.
These charges are lower than equivalent services provided by a private provider and many are free to vulnerable or low-income patients. The NHS provides the majority of healthcare in England, including primary care, in-patient care, long-term healthcare and dentistry; the National Health Service Act 1946 came into effect on 5 July 1948. Private health care has continued parallel to the NHS, paid for by private insurance: it is used by about 8% of the population as an add-on to NHS services; the NHS is funded from general taxation, with a small amount being contributed by National Insurance payments and from fees levied in accordance with recent changes in the Immigration Act 2014. The UK government department responsible for the NHS is the Department of Health and Social Care, headed by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care. On 9 January 2018, the Department of Health was renamed the Department of Social Care; the Department of Health had a £110 billion budget in 2013–14, most of this being spent on the NHS.
In 2017, UK media reported that the Care Quality Commission said that the NHS is "straining at the seams" with a "precarious" future. Sources do not always make clear; the NHS was established within the differing nations of the United Kingdom through differing legislation, such there has never been a singular British healthcare system, instead there are 4 health services in the United Kingdom. In 2009, NHS England agreed to a formal NHS constitution, which sets out the legal rights and responsibilities of the NHS, its staff, users of the service, makes additional non-binding pledges regarding many key aspects of its operations; the Health and Social Care Act 2012 came into effect in April 2013, giving GP-led groups responsibility for commissioning most local NHS services. Starting in April 2013, Primary Care Trusts began to be replaced by General Practitioner -led organisations called Clinical Commissioning Groups. Under the new system, a new NHS Commissioning Board, called NHS England, oversees the NHS from the Department of Health.
The Act has become associated with the perception of increased private provision of NHS services. In reality, the provision of NHS services by private companies long precedes this legislation, but there are concerns that the new role of the healthcare regulator could lead to increased use of private sector competition, balancing care options between private companies, NHS organisations. NHS Trusts responded to the Nicholson challenge—which involved making £20 billion in savings across the service by 2015; some NHS organisations use referral management centres to help reduce inappropriate referrals, in an attempt to save the NHS money. Millions of pounds have been spent for these services, 32% of which are provided by private companies, since 2013. Of the 211 clinical commissioning groups surveyed by the British Medical Journal in 2016, 184 responded and 72 of those said they had used such schemes. Of those CCGs using these services, 14% could show savings, 12% showed no overall savings and 74% could not show whether money had been saved.
Because these services can prevent GPs from referring patients to hospitals, there are some concerns they may delay diagnosis and compromise patient safety. GPs are leaving the profession because they feel the government undervalues them, they feel the government pushes too much work onto them. GPs who do all the work needed to ensure patient safety fear that overwork compromises their own health. There were 33,302 GPs in England in October 2017, 34,495 the previous year; the Care Quality Commission found patient safety is compromised in hospitals because staff are overworked and do not have time for safety checks and procedures. Staff shortages, high staff turnover and confusion over which NHS body is responsible for patient safety contribute to lapses in safety; the CQC stated: "Staff at both leadership and frontline levels told us that they felt overwhelmed by the volume and nature of the demands placed on them. The number of alerts and amount of other information from multiple organisations, for example about different targets and initiatives, can be unmanageable."
There are 2m patient safety incidents every year and 21,500 of them are serious. Problems have included swabs being left in a patient's bod
National Historic Site (United States)
National Historic Site is a designation for an recognized area of national historic significance in the United States. An NHS contains a single historical feature directly associated with its subject. A related but separate designation, the National Historical Park, is an area that extends beyond single properties or buildings, its resources include a mix of historic and sometimes significant natural features; as of 2018, there are 89 NHSs. Most NHPs and NHSs are managed by the National Park Service; some federally designated sites are owned by local authorities or owned, but are authorized to request assistance from the NPS as affiliated areas. One property, Grey Towers National Historic Site, is managed by the U. S. Forest Service; as of October 15, 1966, all historic areas, including NHPs and NHSs, in the NPS are automatically listed on the National Register of Historic Places. There are about 90,000 NRHP sites, the large majority of which are neither owned nor managed by the NPS. Of these, about 2,500 have been designated at the highest status as National Historic Landmark sites.
National Historic Sites are federally owned and administered properties, though some remain under private or local government ownership. There are 89 NHSs, of which 77 are official NPS units, 11 are NPS affiliated areas, 1 is managed by the US Forest Service. Derived from the Historic Sites Act of 1935, a number of NHSs were established by United States Secretaries of the Interior, but most have been authorized by acts of Congress. In 1937, the first NHS was created in Salem, Massachusetts in order to preserve and interpret the maritime history of New England and the United States. There is one International Historic Site in the US park system, a unique designation given to Saint Croix Island, Maine, on the New Brunswick border; the title, given to the site of the first permanent French settlement in America, recognizes the influence that has had on both Canada and the United States. The NPS does not distinguish among these designations in terms of their preservation or management policies. In the United States, sites are "historic", while parks are "historical".
The NPS explains that a site can be intrinsically historic, while a park is a modern legal invention. As such, a park is not itself "historic", but can be called "historical" when it contains historic resources, it is the resources. Klondike Gold Rush International Historical Park was formally established in 1998 by the United States and Canada, the year of the centennial of the gold rush the park commemorates; the park comprises Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park in Washington and Alaska, Chilkoot Trail National Historic Site in British Columbia. It was this trail which so many prospectors took in hopes of making their fortunes in the Klondike River district of Yukon. National Historic Sites List of World Heritage Sites in North America Designation of National Park System Units
National Health Service
The NHS in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, the affiliated Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland were established together in 1948 as one of the major social reforms following the Second World War. The founding principles were that services should be comprehensive and free at the point of delivery; each service provides a comprehensive range of health services, free at the point of use for people ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom, apart from dental treatment and optical care. Dr Somerville Hastings, President of the Socialist Medical Association proposed a resolution at the 1934 Labour Party Conference that the party should be committed to the establishment of a State Health Service. Conservative MP and Health Minister, Henry Willink, first proposed the National Health Service in 1944 with the publication of a White Paper "A National Health Service", distributed in full and short versions as well as in newsreel by Henry Willink himself. Henry Willink's National Health Service received cross party support and became Westminster legislation for England and Wales from 1946 and Scotland from 1947, the Northern Ireland Parliament's Public Health Services Act 1947.
NHS Wales was split from NHS in 1969 when control was passed to the Secretary of State for Wales before transferring to the Welsh Executive and Assembly under devolution in 1999. Calls for a "unified medical service" can be dated back to the Minority Report of the Royal Commission on the Poor Law in 1909, but it was following the 1942 Beveridge Report's recommendation to create "comprehensive health and rehabilitation services for prevention and cure of disease" that cross-party consensus emerged on introducing a National Health Service of some description; when Clement Attlee's Labour Party won the 1945 election he appointed Aneurin Bevan as Health Minister. Bevan embarked upon what the official historian of the NHS, Charles Webster, called an "audacious campaign" to take charge of the form the NHS took; the NHS was born out of the ideal that good healthcare should be available to all, regardless of wealth. Although being accessible regardless of wealth maintained Henry Willink's principle of free healthcare for all, Conservative MPs were in favour of maintaining local administration of the NHS through existing arrangements with local authorities fearing that an NHS which owned hospitals on a national scale would lose the personal relationship between doctor and patient.
Conservative MPs voted in favour of their amendment to Bevan's Bill to maintain local control and ownership of hospitals and against Bevan's plan for national ownership of all hospitals. The Labour government defeated Conservative amendments and went ahead with the NHS as it remains today. Bevan's principle of ownership with no private sector involvement has since been diluted, with Labour governments implementing large scale financing arrangements with private builders in private finance initiatives and joint ventures. At its launch by Bevan on 5 July 1948 it had at its heart three core principles: That it meet the needs of everyone, that it be free at the point of delivery, that it be based on clinical need, not ability to pay. Three years after the founding of the NHS, Bevan resigned from the Labour government in opposition to the introduction of charges for the provision of dentures and glasses; the following year, Winston Churchill's Conservative government introduced prescription charges.
These charges were the first of many controversies over reforms to the NHS throughout its history. From its earliest days, the cultural history of the NHS has shown its place in British society reflected and debated in film, TV, cartoons and literature; the NHS had a prominent slot during the 2012 London Summer Olympics opening ceremony directed by Danny Boyle, being described as "the institution which more than any other unites our nation". Each of the UK's health service systems operates independently, is politically accountable to the relevant government: the Scottish Government. NHS Wales was part of the same structure as that of England until powers over the NHS in Wales were firstly transferred to the Secretary of State for Wales in 1969 and thereafter, in 1999, to the Welsh Assembly as part of Welsh devolution; some functions may be performed by one health service on behalf of another. For example, Northern Ireland has no high-security psychiatric hospitals and depends on hospitals in Great Britain at Carstairs hospital in Scotland for male patients and Rampton Secure Hospital in England for female patients.
Patients in North Wales use specialist facilities in Manchester and Liverpool which are much closer than facilities in Cardiff, more routine services at the Countess of Chester Hospital. There have been issues about cross-border payments. Taken together, the four National Health Services in 2015–16 employed around 1.6 million people with a combined budget of £136.7 billion. In 2014 the total health sector workforce across the UK was 2,165,043; this broke down into 1,789,586 in England, 198,368 in Scotland, 110,292 in Wales and 66,797 in Northern Ireland. In 2017, there were 691,000 nurses registered in the UK, down 1,783 from the previous year. However, this is the first time nursing numbers have fallen since 2008. Although there has been increasing policy divergence between the four National Health Services in the UK, it can b
New Hampton School
New Hampton School is an independent college preparatory high school in New Hampton, New Hampshire, United States. It has 305 students from over 22 countries; the average class size is eleven, the student-faculty ratio is five to one. New Hampton School does not require a uniform. New Hampton School is a member of the Independent Schools Association of Northern New England and is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges; the school became an International Baccalaureate World School in 2010. New Hampton School was founded on June 27, 1821, as a Free Will Baptist-oriented, coeducational institution. On that day the State of New Hampshire issued a charter to the New Hampton Academy, "having had three several readings," before the House of Representatives; that charter, issued to William B. Kelley, Nathaniel Norris and Joshua Drake, provided the framework for the institution that would become the New Hampton School and emphasized the "promotion of science and the useful arts."
From 1854 to 1870, the Cobb Divinity School was affiliated with the institute before moving to Bates College in Maine. Between 1925 and 1970 the school was a non-denominational school for boys, it returned to coeducation in 1970. New Hampton School offers the International Baccalaureate Diploma Program and Advanced Placement classes. School website
National Highway System (United States)
The National Highway System is a network of strategic highways within the United States, including the Interstate Highway System and other roads serving major airports, rail or truck terminals, railway stations, pipeline terminals and other strategic transport facilities. Altogether, it constitutes the largest highway system in the world. Individual states are encouraged to focus federal funds on improving the efficiency and safety of this network; the roads within the system were identified by the United States Department of Transportation in cooperation with the states, local officials, metropolitan planning organizations and approved by the United States Congress in 1995. The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 provided that certain key routes such as the Interstate Highway System, be included; the National Highway System Designation Act of 1995 is a United States Act of Congress, signed into law by President Bill Clinton on November 28, 1995. The legislation designated about 160,955 miles of roads, including the Interstate Highway System, as the NHS.
Aside from designating the system, the act served several other purposes, including restoring $5.4 billion in funding to state highway departments, giving Congress the power to prioritize highway system projects, repealing all federal speed limit controls, prohibits the federal government from requiring states to use federal-aid highway funds to convert existing signs or purchase new signs with metric units. The act created a State Infrastructure Bank pilot program. Ten states were chosen in 1996 for this new method of road financing; these banks would lend money like regular banks, with funding coming from the federal government or the private sector, they would be repaid through such means as highway tolls or taxes. In 1997, 28 more states asked to be part of the program. Ohio was the first state to use a state infrastructure bank to start building a road. An advantage to this method was completing projects faster. According to the Federal Highway Administration, the 160,000-mile National Highway System includes roads important to the United States' economy and mobility, from one or more of the following road networks: Interstate Highway System: The entire Interstate Highway System is included in the NHS, but retains its separate identity within the NHS.
Other Principal Arterials: Highways in rural and urban areas which provide access between an arterial and a major port, public transportation facility, or other intermodal transportation facility. Strategic Highway Network: The entire network of highways which are important to the United States’ strategic defense policy and which provide defense access and emergency capabilities for defense purposes. Major Strategic Highway Network Connectors: Highways which provide access between major military installations and routes which are part of STRAHNET. Intermodal Conectors: Routes which provide access between major intermodal facilities and the other four subsystems making up the NHS; the system includes 4% of the nation's roads, but carries more than 40% of all highway traffic, 75% of heavy truck traffic, 90% of tourist traffic. All urban areas with a population of over 50,000 and about 90% of America's population live within 5 miles of the network, the longest in the world. U. S. Roads portal This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of Transportation.
STRAHNET description at US military's Transportation Engineering Agency STRAHNET article at the GlobalSecurity.org Weingroff, Richard F. "Backbone: Creation Of The National Highway System" National Highways System Proposed in 1913 State-by-state maps of the National Highway System of the Federal Highway Administration